[08/22] ext4: Provide function to handle transaction restarts
diff mbox series

Message ID 20191003220613.10791-8-jack@suse.cz
State Superseded
Headers show
Series
  • ext4: Fix transaction overflow due to revoke descriptors
Related show

Commit Message

Jan Kara Oct. 3, 2019, 10:05 p.m. UTC
Provide ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn() function to ensure transaction
has given amount of credits and call helper function to prepare for
restarting a transaction. This allows to remove some boilerplate code
from various places, add proper error handling for the case where
transaction extension or restart fails, and reduces following changes
needed for proper revoke record reservation tracking.

Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
---
 fs/ext4/ext4.h      |  4 ++-
 fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.c | 11 +++++++
 fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/ext4/extents.c   | 68 ++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 fs/ext4/indirect.c  | 93 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------
 fs/ext4/inode.c     | 26 ---------------
 fs/ext4/migrate.c   | 95 ++++++++++++++++++++---------------------------------
 fs/ext4/resize.c    | 46 ++++++--------------------
 fs/ext4/xattr.c     | 90 +++++++++++++++++++-------------------------------
 9 files changed, 234 insertions(+), 247 deletions(-)

Comments

Theodore Y. Ts'o Oct. 21, 2019, 4:20 p.m. UTC | #1
On Fri, Oct 04, 2019 at 12:05:54AM +0200, Jan Kara wrote:
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> index fb0f99dc8c22..32f2c22c7ef2 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c

> +/*
> + * Make sure 'handle' has at least 'check_cred' credits. If not, restart
> + * transaction with 'restart_cred' credits. The function drops i_data_sem
> + * when restarting transaction and gets it after transaction is restarted.
> + *
> + * The function returns 0 on success, 1 if transaction had to be restarted,
> + * and < 0 in case of fatal error.
> + */
> +int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
> +				int check_cred, int restart_cred)

This makes me super nervous.  This gets called by ext4_access_path(),
which in turn is called by the insert_range, and collapse_range (among
others) where we previously were not dropping i_data_sem.  This means
we will be dropping i_data_sem while they are in the middle of doing
surgery to the extent tree, which makes me super nervous.

Granted, insert_range and collapse_range take a lot of locks,
including the inode lock, but it's not obvious to me that this is
safe, and at the very least the documentation for ext4_access_path
should have a warning note in its comments that i_data_sem can get
dropped, and its call sites audited if they haven't already.

Thanks,

							- Ted
Jan Kara Oct. 23, 2019, 4:25 p.m. UTC | #2
On Mon 21-10-19 12:20:46, Theodore Y. Ts'o wrote:
> On Fri, Oct 04, 2019 at 12:05:54AM +0200, Jan Kara wrote:
> > diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> > index fb0f99dc8c22..32f2c22c7ef2 100644
> > --- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
> > +++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> 
> > +/*
> > + * Make sure 'handle' has at least 'check_cred' credits. If not, restart
> > + * transaction with 'restart_cred' credits. The function drops i_data_sem
> > + * when restarting transaction and gets it after transaction is restarted.
> > + *
> > + * The function returns 0 on success, 1 if transaction had to be restarted,
> > + * and < 0 in case of fatal error.
> > + */
> > +int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
> > +				int check_cred, int restart_cred)
> 
> This makes me super nervous.  This gets called by ext4_access_path(),
> which in turn is called by the insert_range, and collapse_range (among
> others) where we previously were not dropping i_data_sem.  This means
> we will be dropping i_data_sem while they are in the middle of doing
> surgery to the extent tree, which makes me super nervous.

But this patch changes nothing in that regard. Previously,
ext4_access_path() was using ext4_ext_truncate_extend_restart() which
called ext4_truncate_restart_trans() which was dropping i_data_sem as well.

> Granted, insert_range and collapse_range take a lot of locks,
> including the inode lock, but it's not obvious to me that this is
> safe, and at the very least the documentation for ext4_access_path
> should have a warning note in its comments that i_data_sem can get
> dropped, and its call sites audited if they haven't already.

Yeah, comment about that would be nice. I can add that when touching this
function anyway.

								Honza

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
index 03db3e71676c..67a6fcc11182 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -2604,7 +2604,6 @@  extern int ext4_can_truncate(struct inode *inode);
 extern int ext4_truncate(struct inode *);
 extern int ext4_break_layouts(struct inode *);
 extern int ext4_punch_hole(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length);
-extern int ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle_t *, struct inode *, int nblocks);
 extern void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *);
 extern int ext4_alloc_da_blocks(struct inode *inode);
 extern void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode);
@@ -3296,6 +3295,9 @@  extern int ext4_swap_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode1,
 			     ext4_lblk_t lblk2,  ext4_lblk_t count,
 			     int mark_unwritten,int *err);
 extern int ext4_clu_mapped(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lclu);
+extern int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+				       int check_cred, int restart_cred);
+
 
 /* move_extent.c */
 extern void ext4_double_down_write_data_sem(struct inode *first,
diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.c b/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.c
index 7c70b08d104c..2b98d893cda9 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.c
@@ -133,6 +133,17 @@  handle_t *__ext4_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int line,
 	return handle;
 }
 
+int __ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, int check_cred,
+				  int extend_cred)
+{
+	if (!ext4_handle_valid(handle))
+		return 0;
+	if (handle->h_buffer_credits >= check_cred)
+		return 0;
+	return ext4_journal_extend(handle,
+				   extend_cred - handle->h_buffer_credits);
+}
+
 static void ext4_journal_abort_handle(const char *caller, unsigned int line,
 				      const char *err_fn,
 				      struct buffer_head *bh,
diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h b/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h
index 99fe72522960..1920b976eef1 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4_jbd2.h
@@ -346,6 +346,54 @@  static inline int ext4_journal_restart(handle_t *handle, int nblocks)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+int __ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, int check_cred,
+				  int extend_cred);
+
+
+/*
+ * Ensure @handle has at least @check_creds credits available. If not,
+ * transaction will be extended or restarted to contain at least @extend_cred
+ * credits. Before restarting transaction @fn is executed to allow for cleanup
+ * before the transaction is restarted.
+ *
+ * The return value is < 0 in case of error, 0 in case the handle has enough
+ * credits or transaction extension succeeded, 1 in case transaction had to be
+ * restarted.
+ */
+#define ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, check_cred, extend_cred, fn) \
+({									\
+	__label__ __ensure_end;						\
+	int err = __ext4_journal_ensure_credits((handle), (check_cred),	\
+						(extend_cred));		\
+									\
+	if (err <= 0)							\
+		goto __ensure_end;					\
+	err = (fn);							\
+	if (err < 0)							\
+		goto __ensure_end;					\
+	err = ext4_journal_restart((handle), (extend_cred));		\
+	if (err == 0)							\
+		err = 1;						\
+__ensure_end:								\
+	err;								\
+})
+
+/*
+ * Ensure given handle has at least requested amount of credits available,
+ * possibly restarting transaction if needed.
+ */
+static inline int ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, int credits)
+{
+	return ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, credits, credits, 0);
+}
+
+static inline int ext4_journal_ensure_credits_batch(handle_t *handle,
+						    int credits)
+{
+	return ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, credits,
+					      EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA, 0);
+}
+
 static inline int ext4_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode)
 {
 	if (EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) != NULL)
diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
index fb0f99dc8c22..32f2c22c7ef2 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
@@ -100,29 +100,40 @@  static int ext4_split_extent_at(handle_t *handle,
 static int ext4_find_delayed_extent(struct inode *inode,
 				    struct extent_status *newes);
 
-static int ext4_ext_truncate_extend_restart(handle_t *handle,
-					    struct inode *inode,
-					    int needed)
+static int ext4_ext_trunc_restart_fn(struct inode *inode, int *dropped)
 {
-	int err;
-
-	if (!ext4_handle_valid(handle))
-		return 0;
-	if (handle->h_buffer_credits >= needed)
-		return 0;
 	/*
-	 * If we need to extend the journal get a few extra blocks
-	 * while we're at it for efficiency's sake.
+	 * Drop i_data_sem to avoid deadlock with ext4_map_blocks.  At this
+	 * moment, get_block can be called only for blocks inside i_size since
+	 * page cache has been already dropped and writes are blocked by
+	 * i_mutex. So we can safely drop the i_data_sem here.
 	 */
-	needed += 3;
-	err = ext4_journal_extend(handle, needed - handle->h_buffer_credits);
-	if (err <= 0)
-		return err;
-	err = ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle, inode, needed);
-	if (err == 0)
-		err = -EAGAIN;
+	BUG_ON(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) == NULL);
+	ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
+	up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
+	*dropped = 1;
+	return 0;
+}
 
-	return err;
+/*
+ * Make sure 'handle' has at least 'check_cred' credits. If not, restart
+ * transaction with 'restart_cred' credits. The function drops i_data_sem
+ * when restarting transaction and gets it after transaction is restarted.
+ *
+ * The function returns 0 on success, 1 if transaction had to be restarted,
+ * and < 0 in case of fatal error.
+ */
+int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+				int check_cred, int restart_cred)
+{
+	int ret;
+	int dropped = 0;
+
+	ret = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, check_cred, restart_cred,
+			ext4_ext_trunc_restart_fn(inode, &dropped));
+	if (dropped)
+		down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -2820,9 +2831,13 @@  ext4_ext_rm_leaf(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
 		}
 		credits += EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb);
 
-		err = ext4_ext_truncate_extend_restart(handle, inode, credits);
-		if (err)
+		err = ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle, inode, credits,
+						  credits);
+		if (err) {
+			if (err > 0)
+				err = -EAGAIN;
 			goto out;
+		}
 
 		err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path + depth);
 		if (err)
@@ -5206,13 +5221,10 @@  ext4_access_path(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
 	 * descriptor) for each block group; assume two block
 	 * groups
 	 */
-	if (handle->h_buffer_credits < 7) {
-		credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
-		err = ext4_ext_truncate_extend_restart(handle, inode, credits);
-		/* EAGAIN is success */
-		if (err && err != -EAGAIN)
-			return err;
-	}
+	credits = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);
+	err = ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle, inode, 7, credits);
+	if (err < 0)
+		return err;
 
 	err = ext4_ext_get_access(handle, inode, path);
 	return err;
diff --git a/fs/ext4/indirect.c b/fs/ext4/indirect.c
index 602abae08387..63e1d5846442 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/indirect.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/indirect.c
@@ -699,27 +699,62 @@  int ext4_ind_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks)
 	return DIV_ROUND_UP(nrblocks, EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(inode->i_sb)) + 4;
 }
 
+static int ext4_ind_trunc_restart_fn(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+				     struct buffer_head *bh, int *dropped)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	if (bh) {
+		BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata");
+		err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh);
+		if (unlikely(err))
+			return err;
+	}
+	err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
+	if (unlikely(err))
+		return err;
+	/*
+	 * Drop i_data_sem to avoid deadlock with ext4_map_blocks.  At this
+	 * moment, get_block can be called only for blocks inside i_size since
+	 * page cache has been already dropped and writes are blocked by
+	 * i_mutex. So we can safely drop the i_data_sem here.
+	 */
+	BUG_ON(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) == NULL);
+	ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
+	up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
+	*dropped = 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /*
  * Truncate transactions can be complex and absolutely huge.  So we need to
  * be able to restart the transaction at a conventient checkpoint to make
  * sure we don't overflow the journal.
  *
  * Try to extend this transaction for the purposes of truncation.  If
- * extend fails, we need to propagate the failure up and restart the
- * transaction in the top-level truncate loop. --sct
- *
- * Returns 0 if we managed to create more room.  If we can't create more
- * room, and the transaction must be restarted we return 1.
+ * extend fails, we restart transaction.
  */
-static int try_to_extend_transaction(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode)
+static int ext4_ind_truncate_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle,
+					    struct inode *inode,
+					    struct buffer_head *bh)
 {
-	if (!ext4_handle_valid(handle))
-		return 0;
-	if (ext4_handle_has_enough_credits(handle, EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS+1))
-		return 0;
-	if (!ext4_journal_extend(handle, ext4_blocks_for_truncate(inode)))
-		return 0;
-	return 1;
+	int ret;
+	int dropped = 0;
+
+	ret = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS,
+			ext4_blocks_for_truncate(inode),
+			ext4_ind_trunc_restart_fn(handle, inode, bh, &dropped));
+	if (dropped)
+		down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
+	if (ret <= 0)
+		return ret;
+	if (bh) {
+		BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "retaking write access");
+		ret = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh);
+		if (unlikely(ret))
+			return ret;
+	}
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -854,27 +889,9 @@  static int ext4_clear_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
 		return 1;
 	}
 
-	if (try_to_extend_transaction(handle, inode)) {
-		if (bh) {
-			BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata");
-			err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh);
-			if (unlikely(err))
-				goto out_err;
-		}
-		err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
-		if (unlikely(err))
-			goto out_err;
-		err = ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle, inode,
-					ext4_blocks_for_truncate(inode));
-		if (unlikely(err))
-			goto out_err;
-		if (bh) {
-			BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "retaking write access");
-			err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh);
-			if (unlikely(err))
-				goto out_err;
-		}
-	}
+	err = ext4_ind_truncate_ensure_credits(handle, inode, bh);
+	if (err < 0)
+		goto out_err;
 
 	for (p = first; p < last; p++)
 		*p = 0;
@@ -1057,11 +1074,9 @@  static void ext4_free_branches(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
 			 */
 			if (ext4_handle_is_aborted(handle))
 				return;
-			if (try_to_extend_transaction(handle, inode)) {
-				ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
-				ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle, inode,
-					    ext4_blocks_for_truncate(inode));
-			}
+			if (ext4_ind_truncate_ensure_credits(handle, inode,
+							     NULL) < 0)
+				return;
 
 			/*
 			 * The forget flag here is critical because if
diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index 042d23a81f44..5a60176edc25 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -163,32 +163,6 @@  int ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(struct inode *inode)
 	       (inode->i_size < EXT4_N_BLOCKS * 4);
 }
 
-/*
- * Restart the transaction associated with *handle.  This does a commit,
- * so before we call here everything must be consistently dirtied against
- * this transaction.
- */
-int ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
-				 int nblocks)
-{
-	int ret;
-
-	/*
-	 * Drop i_data_sem to avoid deadlock with ext4_map_blocks.  At this
-	 * moment, get_block can be called only for blocks inside i_size since
-	 * page cache has been already dropped and writes are blocked by
-	 * i_mutex. So we can safely drop the i_data_sem here.
-	 */
-	BUG_ON(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode) == NULL);
-	jbd_debug(2, "restarting handle %p\n", handle);
-	up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
-	ret = ext4_journal_restart(handle, nblocks);
-	down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
-	ext4_discard_preallocations(inode);
-
-	return ret;
-}
-
 /*
  * Called at the last iput() if i_nlink is zero.
  */
diff --git a/fs/ext4/migrate.c b/fs/ext4/migrate.c
index b1e4d359f73b..65f09dc9d941 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/migrate.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/migrate.c
@@ -50,29 +50,9 @@  static int finish_range(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
 	needed = ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent(inode,
 		    lb->last_block - lb->first_block + 1, path);
 
-	/*
-	 * Make sure the credit we accumalated is not really high
-	 */
-	if (needed && ext4_handle_has_enough_credits(handle,
-						EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS)) {
-		up_write((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem));
-		retval = ext4_journal_restart(handle, needed);
-		down_write((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem));
-		if (retval)
-			goto err_out;
-	} else if (needed) {
-		retval = ext4_journal_extend(handle, needed);
-		if (retval) {
-			/*
-			 * IF not able to extend the journal restart the journal
-			 */
-			up_write((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem));
-			retval = ext4_journal_restart(handle, needed);
-			down_write((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem));
-			if (retval)
-				goto err_out;
-		}
-	}
+	retval = ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle, inode, needed, needed);
+	if (retval < 0)
+		goto err_out;
 	retval = ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle, inode, &path, &newext, 0);
 err_out:
 	up_write((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem));
@@ -196,26 +176,6 @@  static int update_tind_extent_range(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
 
 }
 
-static int extend_credit_for_blkdel(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode)
-{
-	int retval = 0, needed;
-
-	if (ext4_handle_has_enough_credits(handle, EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS+1))
-		return 0;
-	/*
-	 * We are freeing a blocks. During this we touch
-	 * superblock, group descriptor and block bitmap.
-	 * So allocate a credit of 3. We may update
-	 * quota (user and group).
-	 */
-	needed = 3 + EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb);
-
-	if (ext4_journal_extend(handle, needed) != 0)
-		retval = ext4_journal_restart(handle, needed);
-
-	return retval;
-}
-
 static int free_dind_blocks(handle_t *handle,
 				struct inode *inode, __le32 i_data)
 {
@@ -223,6 +183,7 @@  static int free_dind_blocks(handle_t *handle,
 	__le32 *tmp_idata;
 	struct buffer_head *bh;
 	unsigned long max_entries = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize >> 2;
+	int err;
 
 	bh = ext4_sb_bread(inode->i_sb, le32_to_cpu(i_data), 0);
 	if (IS_ERR(bh))
@@ -231,7 +192,12 @@  static int free_dind_blocks(handle_t *handle,
 	tmp_idata = (__le32 *)bh->b_data;
 	for (i = 0; i < max_entries; i++) {
 		if (tmp_idata[i]) {
-			extend_credit_for_blkdel(handle, inode);
+			err = ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle,
+						EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS);
+			if (err < 0) {
+				put_bh(bh);
+				return err;
+			}
 			ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL,
 					 le32_to_cpu(tmp_idata[i]), 1,
 					 EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA |
@@ -239,7 +205,9 @@  static int free_dind_blocks(handle_t *handle,
 		}
 	}
 	put_bh(bh);
-	extend_credit_for_blkdel(handle, inode);
+	err = ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle, EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS);
+	if (err < 0)
+		return err;
 	ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, le32_to_cpu(i_data), 1,
 			 EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA |
 			 EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET);
@@ -270,7 +238,9 @@  static int free_tind_blocks(handle_t *handle,
 		}
 	}
 	put_bh(bh);
-	extend_credit_for_blkdel(handle, inode);
+	retval = ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle, EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS);
+	if (retval < 0)
+		return retval;
 	ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, le32_to_cpu(i_data), 1,
 			 EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA |
 			 EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET);
@@ -283,7 +253,10 @@  static int free_ind_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, __le32 *i_data)
 
 	/* ei->i_data[EXT4_IND_BLOCK] */
 	if (i_data[0]) {
-		extend_credit_for_blkdel(handle, inode);
+		retval = ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle,
+						     EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS);
+		if (retval < 0)
+			return retval;
 		ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL,
 				le32_to_cpu(i_data[0]), 1,
 				 EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA |
@@ -318,12 +291,9 @@  static int ext4_ext_swap_inode_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
 	 * One credit accounted for writing the
 	 * i_data field of the original inode
 	 */
-	retval = ext4_journal_extend(handle, 1);
-	if (retval) {
-		retval = ext4_journal_restart(handle, 1);
-		if (retval)
-			goto err_out;
-	}
+	retval = ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle, 1);
+	if (retval < 0)
+		goto err_out;
 
 	i_data[0] = ei->i_data[EXT4_IND_BLOCK];
 	i_data[1] = ei->i_data[EXT4_DIND_BLOCK];
@@ -391,15 +361,19 @@  static int free_ext_idx(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
 		ix = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh);
 		for (i = 0; i < le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries); i++, ix++) {
 			retval = free_ext_idx(handle, inode, ix);
-			if (retval)
-				break;
+			if (retval) {
+				put_bh(bh);
+				return retval;
+			}
 		}
 	}
 	put_bh(bh);
-	extend_credit_for_blkdel(handle, inode);
+	retval = ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle, EXT4_RESERVE_TRANS_BLOCKS);
+	if (retval < 0)
+		return retval;
 	ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, block, 1,
 			 EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET);
-	return retval;
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -574,9 +548,9 @@  int ext4_ext_migrate(struct inode *inode)
 	}
 
 	/* We mark the tmp_inode dirty via ext4_ext_tree_init. */
-	if (ext4_journal_extend(handle, 1) != 0)
-		ext4_journal_restart(handle, 1);
-
+	retval = ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle, 1);
+	if (retval < 0)
+		goto out_stop;
 	/*
 	 * Mark the tmp_inode as of size zero
 	 */
@@ -594,6 +568,7 @@  int ext4_ext_migrate(struct inode *inode)
 
 	/* Reset the extent details */
 	ext4_ext_tree_init(handle, tmp_inode);
+out_stop:
 	ext4_journal_stop(handle);
 out:
 	unlock_new_inode(tmp_inode);
diff --git a/fs/ext4/resize.c b/fs/ext4/resize.c
index c0e9aef376a7..3e4286b3901f 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/resize.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/resize.c
@@ -388,30 +388,6 @@  static struct buffer_head *bclean(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb,
 	return bh;
 }
 
-/*
- * If we have fewer than thresh credits, extend by EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA.
- * If that fails, restart the transaction & regain write access for the
- * buffer head which is used for block_bitmap modifications.
- */
-static int extend_or_restart_transaction(handle_t *handle, int thresh)
-{
-	int err;
-
-	if (ext4_handle_has_enough_credits(handle, thresh))
-		return 0;
-
-	err = ext4_journal_extend(handle, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA);
-	if (err < 0)
-		return err;
-	if (err) {
-		err = ext4_journal_restart(handle, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA);
-		if (err)
-			return err;
-	}
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
 /*
  * set_flexbg_block_bitmap() mark clusters [@first_cluster, @last_cluster] used.
  *
@@ -451,8 +427,8 @@  static int set_flexbg_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, handle_t *handle,
 			continue;
 		}
 
-		err = extend_or_restart_transaction(handle, 1);
-		if (err)
+		err = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_batch(handle, 1);
+		if (err < 0)
 			return err;
 
 		bh = sb_getblk(sb, flex_gd->groups[group].block_bitmap);
@@ -544,8 +520,8 @@  static int setup_new_flex_group_blocks(struct super_block *sb,
 			struct buffer_head *gdb;
 
 			ext4_debug("update backup group %#04llx\n", block);
-			err = extend_or_restart_transaction(handle, 1);
-			if (err)
+			err = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_batch(handle, 1);
+			if (err < 0)
 				goto out;
 
 			gdb = sb_getblk(sb, block);
@@ -602,8 +578,8 @@  static int setup_new_flex_group_blocks(struct super_block *sb,
 
 		/* Initialize block bitmap of the @group */
 		block = group_data[i].block_bitmap;
-		err = extend_or_restart_transaction(handle, 1);
-		if (err)
+		err = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_batch(handle, 1);
+		if (err < 0)
 			goto out;
 
 		bh = bclean(handle, sb, block);
@@ -631,8 +607,8 @@  static int setup_new_flex_group_blocks(struct super_block *sb,
 
 		/* Initialize inode bitmap of the @group */
 		block = group_data[i].inode_bitmap;
-		err = extend_or_restart_transaction(handle, 1);
-		if (err)
+		err = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_batch(handle, 1);
+		if (err < 0)
 			goto out;
 		/* Mark unused entries in inode bitmap used */
 		bh = bclean(handle, sb, block);
@@ -1109,10 +1085,8 @@  static void update_backups(struct super_block *sb, sector_t blk_off, char *data,
 		ext4_fsblk_t backup_block;
 
 		/* Out of journal space, and can't get more - abort - so sad */
-		if (ext4_handle_valid(handle) &&
-		    handle->h_buffer_credits == 0 &&
-		    ext4_journal_extend(handle, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA) &&
-		    (err = ext4_journal_restart(handle, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA)))
+		err = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_batch(handle, 1);
+		if (err < 0)
 			break;
 
 		if (meta_bg == 0)
diff --git a/fs/ext4/xattr.c b/fs/ext4/xattr.c
index 491f9ee4040e..b79d8ffd3e9b 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/xattr.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/xattr.c
@@ -967,55 +967,6 @@  int __ext4_xattr_set_credits(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode,
 	return credits;
 }
 
-static int ext4_xattr_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
-				     int credits, struct buffer_head *bh,
-				     bool dirty, bool block_csum)
-{
-	int error;
-
-	if (!ext4_handle_valid(handle))
-		return 0;
-
-	if (handle->h_buffer_credits >= credits)
-		return 0;
-
-	error = ext4_journal_extend(handle, credits - handle->h_buffer_credits);
-	if (!error)
-		return 0;
-	if (error < 0) {
-		ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Extend journal (error %d)", error);
-		return error;
-	}
-
-	if (bh && dirty) {
-		if (block_csum)
-			ext4_xattr_block_csum_set(inode, bh);
-		error = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh);
-		if (error) {
-			ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Handle metadata (error %d)",
-				     error);
-			return error;
-		}
-	}
-
-	error = ext4_journal_restart(handle, credits);
-	if (error) {
-		ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Restart journal (error %d)", error);
-		return error;
-	}
-
-	if (bh) {
-		error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh);
-		if (error) {
-			ext4_warning(inode->i_sb,
-				     "Get write access failed (error %d)",
-				     error);
-			return error;
-		}
-	}
-	return 0;
-}
-
 static int ext4_xattr_inode_update_ref(handle_t *handle, struct inode *ea_inode,
 				       int ref_change)
 {
@@ -1149,6 +1100,24 @@  static int ext4_xattr_inode_inc_ref_all(handle_t *handle, struct inode *parent,
 	return saved_err;
 }
 
+static int ext4_xattr_restart_fn(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+			struct buffer_head *bh, bool block_csum, bool dirty)
+{
+	int error;
+
+	if (bh && dirty) {
+		if (block_csum)
+			ext4_xattr_block_csum_set(inode, bh);
+		error = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh);
+		if (error) {
+			ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Handle metadata (error %d)",
+				     error);
+			return error;
+		}
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static void
 ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref_all(handle_t *handle, struct inode *parent,
 			     struct buffer_head *bh,
@@ -1185,13 +1154,23 @@  ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref_all(handle_t *handle, struct inode *parent,
 			continue;
 		}
 
-		err = ext4_xattr_ensure_credits(handle, parent, credits, bh,
-						dirty, block_csum);
-		if (err) {
+		err = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, credits, credits,
+			ext4_xattr_restart_fn(handle, parent, bh, block_csum,
+					      dirty));
+		if (err < 0) {
 			ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "Ensure credits err=%d",
 					   err);
 			continue;
 		}
+		if (err > 0) {
+			err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh);
+			if (err) {
+				ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode,
+						"Re-get write access err=%d",
+						err);
+				continue;
+			}
+		}
 
 		err = ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref(handle, ea_inode);
 		if (err) {
@@ -2862,11 +2841,8 @@  int ext4_xattr_delete_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
 	struct inode *ea_inode;
 	int error;
 
-	error = ext4_xattr_ensure_credits(handle, inode, extra_credits,
-					  NULL /* bh */,
-					  false /* dirty */,
-					  false /* block_csum */);
-	if (error) {
+	error = ext4_journal_ensure_credits(handle, extra_credits);
+	if (error < 0) {
 		EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "ensure credits (error %d)", error);
 		goto cleanup;
 	}