[V3,2/2] mm/pgtable/debug: Add test validating architecture page table helpers
diff mbox series

Message ID 1568961203-18660-3-git-send-email-anshuman.khandual@arm.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • mm/debug: Add tests for architecture exported page table helpers
Related show

Commit Message

Anshuman Khandual Sept. 20, 2019, 6:33 a.m. UTC
This adds a test module which will validate architecture page table helpers
and accessors regarding compliance with generic MM semantics expectations.
This will help various architectures in validating changes to the existing
page table helpers or addition of new ones.

Test page table and memory pages creating it's entries at various level are
all allocated from system memory with required alignments. If memory pages
with required size and alignment could not be allocated, then all depending
individual tests are skipped.

Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Price <Steven.Price@arm.com>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Sri Krishna chowdary <schowdary@nvidia.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Russell King - ARM Linux <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>
Cc: James Hogan <jhogan@kernel.org>
Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Cc: linux-snps-arc@lists.infradead.org
Cc: linux-mips@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Cc: linux-ia64@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: linux-s390@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-sh@vger.kernel.org
Cc: sparclinux@vger.kernel.org
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org

Suggested-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Tested-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>		(PPC32)
Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h |   2 +
 mm/Kconfig.debug                        |  14 +
 mm/Makefile                             |   1 +
 mm/arch_pgtable_test.c                  | 440 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 457 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 mm/arch_pgtable_test.c

Comments

kernel test robot Sept. 21, 2019, 4 p.m. UTC | #1
Hi Anshuman,

Thank you for the patch! Yet something to improve:

[auto build test ERROR on linus/master]
[cannot apply to v5.3 next-20190919]
[if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help
improve the system. BTW, we also suggest to use '--base' option to specify the
base tree in git format-patch, please see https://stackoverflow.com/a/37406982]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/Anshuman-Khandual/mm-debug-Add-tests-for-architecture-exported-page-table-helpers/20190920-143746
config: ia64-allmodconfig (attached as .config)
compiler: ia64-linux-gcc (GCC) 7.4.0
reproduce:
        wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/intel/lkp-tests/master/sbin/make.cross -O ~/bin/make.cross
        chmod +x ~/bin/make.cross
        # save the attached .config to linux build tree
        GCC_VERSION=7.4.0 make.cross ARCH=ia64 
:::::: branch date: 3 hours ago
:::::: commit date: 3 hours ago

If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>

All error/warnings (new ones prefixed by >>):

   In file included from include/asm-generic/pgtable-nopud.h:8:0,
                    from arch/ia64/include/asm/pgtable.h:591,
                    from include/linux/mm.h:99,
                    from include/linux/highmem.h:8,
                    from mm/arch_pgtable_test.c:14:
   mm/arch_pgtable_test.c: In function 'pud_clear_tests':
>> include/asm-generic/pgtable-nop4d-hack.h:47:32: error: implicit declaration of function '__pgd'; did you mean '__p4d'? [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration]
    #define __pud(x)    ((pud_t) { __pgd(x) })
                                   ^
>> mm/arch_pgtable_test.c:162:8: note: in expansion of macro '__pud'
     pud = __pud(pud_val(pud) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
           ^~~~~
>> include/asm-generic/pgtable-nop4d-hack.h:47:22: warning: missing braces around initializer [-Wmissing-braces]
    #define __pud(x)    ((pud_t) { __pgd(x) })
                         ^
>> mm/arch_pgtable_test.c:162:8: note: in expansion of macro '__pud'
     pud = __pud(pud_val(pud) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
           ^~~~~
   cc1: some warnings being treated as errors

# https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commit/49047f93b076974eefa5b019311bd3b734d61f8c
git remote add linux-review https://github.com/0day-ci/linux
git remote update linux-review
git checkout 49047f93b076974eefa5b019311bd3b734d61f8c
vim +47 include/asm-generic/pgtable-nop4d-hack.h

30ec842660bd0d Kirill A. Shutemov 2017-03-09  45  
30ec842660bd0d Kirill A. Shutemov 2017-03-09  46  #define pud_val(x)				(pgd_val((x).pgd))
30ec842660bd0d Kirill A. Shutemov 2017-03-09 @47  #define __pud(x)				((pud_t) { __pgd(x) })
30ec842660bd0d Kirill A. Shutemov 2017-03-09  48  

:::::: The code at line 47 was first introduced by commit
:::::: 30ec842660bd0d056d4a7028ac5bd4a82b113d4f asm-generic: introduce __ARCH_USE_5LEVEL_HACK

:::::: TO: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
:::::: CC: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

---
0-DAY kernel test infrastructure                Open Source Technology Center
https://lists.01.org/pipermail/kbuild-all                   Intel Corporation
Anshuman Khandual Sept. 23, 2019, 6:27 a.m. UTC | #2
On 09/21/2019 09:30 PM, kbuild test robot wrote:
> Hi Anshuman,
> 
> Thank you for the patch! Yet something to improve:
> 
> [auto build test ERROR on linus/master]
> [cannot apply to v5.3 next-20190919]
> [if your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, please drop us a note to help
> improve the system. BTW, we also suggest to use '--base' option to specify the
> base tree in git format-patch, please see https://stackoverflow.com/a/37406982]
> 
> url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/Anshuman-Khandual/mm-debug-Add-tests-for-architecture-exported-page-table-helpers/20190920-143746
> config: ia64-allmodconfig (attached as .config)
> compiler: ia64-linux-gcc (GCC) 7.4.0
> reproduce:
>         wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/intel/lkp-tests/master/sbin/make.cross -O ~/bin/make.cross
>         chmod +x ~/bin/make.cross
>         # save the attached .config to linux build tree
>         GCC_VERSION=7.4.0 make.cross ARCH=ia64 
> :::::: branch date: 3 hours ago
> :::::: commit date: 3 hours ago
> 
> If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
> Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>
> 
> All error/warnings (new ones prefixed by >>):
> 
>    In file included from include/asm-generic/pgtable-nopud.h:8:0,
>                     from arch/ia64/include/asm/pgtable.h:591,
>                     from include/linux/mm.h:99,
>                     from include/linux/highmem.h:8,
>                     from mm/arch_pgtable_test.c:14:
>    mm/arch_pgtable_test.c: In function 'pud_clear_tests':
>>> include/asm-generic/pgtable-nop4d-hack.h:47:32: error: implicit declaration of function '__pgd'; did you mean '__p4d'? [-Werror=implicit-function-declaration]
>     #define __pud(x)    ((pud_t) { __pgd(x) })
>                                    ^
>>> mm/arch_pgtable_test.c:162:8: note: in expansion of macro '__pud'
>      pud = __pud(pud_val(pud) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
>            ^~~~~
>>> include/asm-generic/pgtable-nop4d-hack.h:47:22: warning: missing braces around initializer [-Wmissing-braces]
>     #define __pud(x)    ((pud_t) { __pgd(x) })
>                          ^
>>> mm/arch_pgtable_test.c:162:8: note: in expansion of macro '__pud'
>      pud = __pud(pud_val(pud) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
>            ^~~~~
>    cc1: some warnings being treated as errors
> 
> # https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commit/49047f93b076974eefa5b019311bd3b734d61f8c
> git remote add linux-review https://github.com/0day-ci/linux
> git remote update linux-review
> git checkout 49047f93b076974eefa5b019311bd3b734d61f8c
> vim +47 include/asm-generic/pgtable-nop4d-hack.h
> 
> 30ec842660bd0d Kirill A. Shutemov 2017-03-09  45  
> 30ec842660bd0d Kirill A. Shutemov 2017-03-09  46  #define pud_val(x)				(pgd_val((x).pgd))
> 30ec842660bd0d Kirill A. Shutemov 2017-03-09 @47  #define __pud(x)				((pud_t) { __pgd(x) })

I had mentioned about this build failure in the cover letter. The same
problem also exists on arm32 platform.

- Anshuman

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h
index 52e5f5f..b882792 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64_types.h
@@ -40,6 +40,8 @@  static inline bool pgtable_l5_enabled(void)
 #define pgtable_l5_enabled() 0
 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_5LEVEL */
 
+#define mm_p4d_folded(mm) (!pgtable_l5_enabled())
+
 extern unsigned int pgdir_shift;
 extern unsigned int ptrs_per_p4d;
 
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig.debug b/mm/Kconfig.debug
index 327b3eb..ce9c397 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/mm/Kconfig.debug
@@ -117,3 +117,17 @@  config DEBUG_RODATA_TEST
     depends on STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
     ---help---
       This option enables a testcase for the setting rodata read-only.
+
+config DEBUG_ARCH_PGTABLE_TEST
+	bool "Test arch page table helpers for semantics compliance"
+	depends on MMU
+	depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
+	help
+	  This options provides a kernel module which can be used to test
+	  architecture page table helper functions on various platform in
+	  verifying if they comply with expected generic MM semantics. This
+	  will help architectures code in making sure that any changes or
+	  new additions of these helpers will still conform to generic MM
+	  expected semantics.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index d996846..bb572c5 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -86,6 +86,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_HWPOISON_INJECT) += hwpoison-inject.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK) += kmemleak.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK_TEST) += kmemleak-test.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA_TEST) += rodata_test.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_ARCH_PGTABLE_TEST) += arch_pgtable_test.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_OWNER) += page_owner.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CLEANCACHE) += cleancache.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION) += page_isolation.o
diff --git a/mm/arch_pgtable_test.c b/mm/arch_pgtable_test.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2942a04
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/arch_pgtable_test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,440 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * This kernel module validates architecture page table helpers &
+ * accessors and helps in verifying their continued compliance with
+ * generic MM semantics.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * Author: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
+ */
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "arch_pgtable_test: %s " fmt, __func__
+
+#include <linux/gfp.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kconfig.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/mman.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/pfn_t.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/swapops.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
+#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+
+/*
+ * Basic operations
+ *
+ * mkold(entry)			= An old and not a young entry
+ * mkyoung(entry)		= A young and not an old entry
+ * mkdirty(entry)		= A dirty and not a clean entry
+ * mkclean(entry)		= A clean and not a dirty entry
+ * mkwrite(entry)		= A write and not a write protected entry
+ * wrprotect(entry)		= A write protected and not a write entry
+ * pxx_bad(entry)		= A mapped and non-table entry
+ * pxx_same(entry1, entry2)	= Both entries hold the exact same value
+ */
+#define VMFLAGS	(VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC)
+
+/*
+ * On s390 platform, the lower 12 bits are used to identify given page table
+ * entry type and for other arch specific requirements. But these bits might
+ * affect the ability to clear entries with pxx_clear(). So while loading up
+ * the entries skip all lower 12 bits in order to accommodate s390 platform.
+ * It does not have affect any other platform.
+ */
+#define RANDOM_ORVALUE	(0xfffffffffffff000UL)
+#define RANDOM_NZVALUE	(0xff)
+
+static bool pud_aligned __initdata;
+static bool pmd_aligned __initdata;
+
+static void __init pte_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	pte_t pte = mk_pte(page, prot);
+
+	WARN_ON(!pte_same(pte, pte));
+	WARN_ON(!pte_young(pte_mkyoung(pte)));
+	WARN_ON(!pte_dirty(pte_mkdirty(pte)));
+	WARN_ON(!pte_write(pte_mkwrite(pte)));
+	WARN_ON(pte_young(pte_mkold(pte)));
+	WARN_ON(pte_dirty(pte_mkclean(pte)));
+	WARN_ON(pte_write(pte_wrprotect(pte)));
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
+static void __init pmd_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	pmd_t pmd;
+
+	/*
+	 * Memory block here must be PMD_SIZE aligned. Abort this
+	 * test in case we could not allocate such a memory block.
+	 */
+	if (!pmd_aligned) {
+		pr_warn("Could not proceed with PMD tests\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	pmd = mk_pmd(page, prot);
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_same(pmd, pmd));
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_young(pmd_mkyoung(pmd)));
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_dirty(pmd_mkdirty(pmd)));
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_write(pmd_mkwrite(pmd)));
+	WARN_ON(pmd_young(pmd_mkold(pmd)));
+	WARN_ON(pmd_dirty(pmd_mkclean(pmd)));
+	WARN_ON(pmd_write(pmd_wrprotect(pmd)));
+	/*
+	 * A huge page does not point to next level page table
+	 * entry. Hence this must qualify as pmd_bad().
+	 */
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_bad(pmd_mkhuge(pmd)));
+}
+#else
+static void __init pmd_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { }
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD
+static void __init pud_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	pud_t pud;
+
+	/*
+	 * Memory block here must be PUD_SIZE aligned. Abort this
+	 * test in case we could not allocate such a memory block.
+	 */
+	if (!pud_aligned) {
+		pr_warn("Could not proceed with PUD tests\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	pud = pfn_pud(page_to_pfn(page), prot);
+	WARN_ON(!pud_same(pud, pud));
+	WARN_ON(!pud_young(pud_mkyoung(pud)));
+	WARN_ON(!pud_write(pud_mkwrite(pud)));
+	WARN_ON(pud_write(pud_wrprotect(pud)));
+	WARN_ON(pud_young(pud_mkold(pud)));
+
+	if (mm_pmd_folded(mm) || __is_defined(ARCH_HAS_4LEVEL_HACK))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * A huge page does not point to next level page table
+	 * entry. Hence this must qualify as pud_bad().
+	 */
+	WARN_ON(!pud_bad(pud_mkhuge(pud)));
+}
+#else
+static void __init pud_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { }
+#endif
+
+static void __init p4d_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	p4d_t p4d;
+
+	memset(&p4d, RANDOM_NZVALUE, sizeof(p4d_t));
+	WARN_ON(!p4d_same(p4d, p4d));
+}
+
+static void __init pgd_basic_tests(struct page *page, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+	pgd_t pgd;
+
+	memset(&pgd, RANDOM_NZVALUE, sizeof(pgd_t));
+	WARN_ON(!pgd_same(pgd, pgd));
+}
+
+#ifndef __ARCH_HAS_4LEVEL_HACK
+static void __init pud_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp)
+{
+	pud_t pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
+
+	if (mm_pmd_folded(mm))
+		return;
+
+	pud = __pud(pud_val(pud) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*pudp, pud);
+	pud_clear(pudp);
+	pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
+	WARN_ON(!pud_none(pud));
+}
+
+static void __init pud_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp,
+				      pmd_t *pmdp)
+{
+	pud_t pud;
+
+	if (mm_pmd_folded(mm))
+		return;
+	/*
+	 * This entry points to next level page table page.
+	 * Hence this must not qualify as pud_bad().
+	 */
+	pmd_clear(pmdp);
+	pud_clear(pudp);
+	pud_populate(mm, pudp, pmdp);
+	pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
+	WARN_ON(pud_bad(pud));
+}
+#else
+static void __init pud_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp) { }
+static void __init pud_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp,
+				      pmd_t *pmdp)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifndef __ARCH_HAS_5LEVEL_HACK
+static void __init p4d_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp)
+{
+	p4d_t p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);
+
+	if (mm_pud_folded(mm))
+		return;
+
+	p4d = __p4d(p4d_val(p4d) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, p4d);
+	p4d_clear(p4dp);
+	p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);
+	WARN_ON(!p4d_none(p4d));
+}
+
+static void __init p4d_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp,
+				      pud_t *pudp)
+{
+	p4d_t p4d;
+
+	if (mm_pud_folded(mm))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * This entry points to next level page table page.
+	 * Hence this must not qualify as p4d_bad().
+	 */
+	pud_clear(pudp);
+	p4d_clear(p4dp);
+	p4d_populate(mm, p4dp, pudp);
+	p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);
+	WARN_ON(p4d_bad(p4d));
+}
+
+static void __init pgd_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp)
+{
+	pgd_t pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
+
+	if (mm_p4d_folded(mm))
+		return;
+
+	pgd = __pgd(pgd_val(pgd) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*pgdp, pgd);
+	pgd_clear(pgdp);
+	pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
+	WARN_ON(!pgd_none(pgd));
+}
+
+static void __init pgd_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp,
+				      p4d_t *p4dp)
+{
+	pgd_t pgd;
+
+	if (mm_p4d_folded(mm))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * This entry points to next level page table page.
+	 * Hence this must not qualify as pgd_bad().
+	 */
+	p4d_clear(p4dp);
+	pgd_clear(pgdp);
+	pgd_populate(mm, pgdp, p4dp);
+	pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
+	WARN_ON(pgd_bad(pgd));
+}
+#else
+static void __init p4d_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp) { }
+static void __init pgd_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp) { }
+static void __init p4d_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp,
+				      pud_t *pudp)
+{
+}
+static void __init pgd_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp,
+				      p4d_t *p4dp)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+static void __init pte_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *ptep)
+{
+	pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
+
+	pte = __pte(pte_val(pte) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*ptep, pte);
+	pte_clear(mm, 0, ptep);
+	pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
+	WARN_ON(!pte_none(pte));
+}
+
+static void __init pmd_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp)
+{
+	pmd_t pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+
+	pmd = __pmd(pmd_val(pmd) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd);
+	pmd_clear(pmdp);
+	pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+	WARN_ON(!pmd_none(pmd));
+}
+
+static void __init pmd_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp,
+				      pgtable_t pgtable)
+{
+	pmd_t pmd;
+
+	/*
+	 * This entry points to next level page table page.
+	 * Hence this must not qualify as pmd_bad().
+	 */
+	pmd_clear(pmdp);
+	pmd_populate(mm, pmdp, pgtable);
+	pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+	WARN_ON(pmd_bad(pmd));
+}
+
+static struct page * __init alloc_mapped_page(void)
+{
+	struct page *page;
+	gfp_t gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO;
+
+	page = alloc_gigantic_page_order(get_order(PUD_SIZE), gfp_mask,
+				first_memory_node, &node_states[N_MEMORY]);
+	if (page) {
+		pud_aligned = true;
+		pmd_aligned = true;
+		return page;
+	}
+
+	page = alloc_pages(gfp_mask, get_order(PMD_SIZE));
+	if (page) {
+		pmd_aligned = true;
+		return page;
+	}
+	return alloc_page(gfp_mask);
+}
+
+static void __init free_mapped_page(struct page *page)
+{
+	if (pud_aligned) {
+		unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
+
+		free_contig_range(pfn, 1ULL << get_order(PUD_SIZE));
+		return;
+	}
+
+	if (pmd_aligned) {
+		int order = get_order(PMD_SIZE);
+
+		free_pages((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
+		return;
+	}
+	free_page((unsigned long)page_address(page));
+}
+
+static unsigned long __init get_random_vaddr(void)
+{
+	unsigned long random_vaddr, random_pages, total_user_pages;
+
+	total_user_pages = (TASK_SIZE - FIRST_USER_ADDRESS) / PAGE_SIZE;
+
+	random_pages = get_random_long() % total_user_pages;
+	random_vaddr = FIRST_USER_ADDRESS + random_pages * PAGE_SIZE;
+
+	WARN_ON(random_vaddr > TASK_SIZE);
+	WARN_ON(random_vaddr < FIRST_USER_ADDRESS);
+	return random_vaddr;
+}
+
+static int __init arch_pgtable_tests_init(void)
+{
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+	struct page *page;
+	pgd_t *pgdp;
+	p4d_t *p4dp, *saved_p4dp;
+	pud_t *pudp, *saved_pudp;
+	pmd_t *pmdp, *saved_pmdp, pmd;
+	pte_t *ptep;
+	pgtable_t saved_ptep;
+	pgprot_t prot;
+	unsigned long vaddr;
+
+	prot = vm_get_page_prot(VMFLAGS);
+	vaddr = get_random_vaddr();
+	mm = mm_alloc();
+	if (!mm) {
+		pr_err("mm_struct allocation failed\n");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	page = alloc_mapped_page();
+	if (!page) {
+		pr_err("memory allocation failed\n");
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, vaddr);
+	p4dp = p4d_alloc(mm, pgdp, vaddr);
+	pudp = pud_alloc(mm, p4dp, vaddr);
+	pmdp = pmd_alloc(mm, pudp, vaddr);
+	ptep = pte_alloc_map(mm, pmdp, vaddr);
+
+	/*
+	 * Save all the page table page addresses as the page table
+	 * entries will be used for testing with random or garbage
+	 * values. These saved addresses will be used for freeing
+	 * page table pages.
+	 */
+	pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+	saved_p4dp = p4d_offset(pgdp, 0UL);
+	saved_pudp = pud_offset(p4dp, 0UL);
+	saved_pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, 0UL);
+	saved_ptep = pmd_pgtable(pmd);
+
+	pte_basic_tests(page, prot);
+	pmd_basic_tests(page, prot);
+	pud_basic_tests(page, prot);
+	p4d_basic_tests(page, prot);
+	pgd_basic_tests(page, prot);
+
+	pte_clear_tests(mm, ptep);
+	pmd_clear_tests(mm, pmdp);
+	pud_clear_tests(mm, pudp);
+	p4d_clear_tests(mm, p4dp);
+	pgd_clear_tests(mm, pgdp);
+
+	pte_unmap(ptep);
+
+	pmd_populate_tests(mm, pmdp, saved_ptep);
+	pud_populate_tests(mm, pudp, saved_pmdp);
+	p4d_populate_tests(mm, p4dp, saved_pudp);
+	pgd_populate_tests(mm, pgdp, saved_p4dp);
+
+	p4d_free(mm, saved_p4dp);
+	pud_free(mm, saved_pudp);
+	pmd_free(mm, saved_pmdp);
+	pte_free(mm, saved_ptep);
+
+	mm_dec_nr_puds(mm);
+	mm_dec_nr_pmds(mm);
+	mm_dec_nr_ptes(mm);
+	__mmdrop(mm);
+
+	free_mapped_page(page);
+	return 0;
+}
+late_initcall(arch_pgtable_tests_init);