Patchwork [U-Boot,v13,1/9] nds32: add header files support for nds32

login
register
mail settings
Submitter Macpaul Lin
Date Sept. 21, 2011, 2:20 a.m.
Message ID <1316571644-27749-1-git-send-email-macpaul@andestech.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/115662/
State Superseded
Headers show

Comments

Macpaul Lin - Sept. 21, 2011, 2:20 a.m.
Add generic header files support for nds32 architecture.
Cache, ptregs, data type and other definitions are included.

Signed-off-by: Macpaul Lin <macpaul@andestech.com>
---
Changes for v1-v4:
   - Code cleanup and style formatting.
Changes for v5-v6:
   - This patch also updated the following changes against the
     change after master tree (v2010.12-rc1).
   - fix upper case definitions in cache.h
   - Support GD_FLG_ENV_READY and env_buf vars in nds32 global_data.h.
   - Add readsb, writesb functions into io.h.
Changes for v7:
   - clean up
   - volatile:
    - types.h
     - remove typedef volatile unsigned char  vuchar;
     - remove typedef volatile unsigned long  vulong;
     - remove typedef volatile unsigned short vushort;
    - u-boot.h: remove bd_info_ext bi_ext
    - bitops.h: add accessor function to bit operation with volatile var.
    - system.h: add system.h for local_irq operation with flag.
Changes for v8:
   - ptrace.h: rewrite the pt_reg structure, and merge ptregs.h.
   - ptregs.h: removed
Changes for v9:
   - No change.
Changes for v10:
   - macro.h: add writel and setbf macros
   - u-boot-nds32.h:
    - Remove obsolete andesboot_* symbols for relocation.
    - Add _bss_*_offset symbols for relocation.
   - config.h: add manual relocation support as default.
Changes for v11:
   - unaligned.h: replace asm/unaligned.h with asm-generic/unaligned.h
Changes for v12:
   - remove no used memory.h
   - remove seldom used bi_env parameter
   - u-boot-nds32.h:
    - remove duplicate timer_init()
Changes for v13:
   - No change.

 arch/nds32/include/asm/bitops.h       |  186 +++++++++++++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/byteorder.h    |   36 +++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/cache.h        |   54 +++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/config.h       |   28 +++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/global_data.h  |   89 +++++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/io.h           |  409 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/mach-types.h   |   29 +++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/macro.h        |   96 ++++++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/posix_types.h  |   84 +++++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/processor.h    |   25 ++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/ptrace.h       |   88 +++++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/string.h       |   57 +++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/system.h       |   88 +++++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/types.h        |   63 +++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/u-boot-nds32.h |   51 ++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/u-boot.h       |   60 +++++
 arch/nds32/include/asm/unaligned.h    |    1 +
 17 files changed, 1444 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/bitops.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/byteorder.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/cache.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/config.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/global_data.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/io.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/mach-types.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/macro.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/posix_types.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/processor.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/ptrace.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/string.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/system.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/types.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/u-boot-nds32.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/u-boot.h
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/include/asm/unaligned.h
Macpaul Lin - Sept. 21, 2011, 3:03 a.m.
HI all,

2011/9/21 Macpaul Lin <macpaul@andestech.com>

> Add generic header files support for nds32 architecture.
> Cache, ptregs, data type and other definitions are included.
>
> Signed-off-by: Macpaul Lin <macpaul@andestech.com>
>

Sorry, it is my fault.
I've forgot to fix only a single line from PATCH v12 to PATCH v13.
Hence please forget PATCH v13 away.
I'll fix it later and send PATCH v14 ASAP.
So you will see both PATCH v13 and PATCH v14 in your mailbox, please forget
PATCH v13.
Please review PATCH v14 only.

Thanks.

Patch

diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/bitops.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/bitops.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c56f04b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/bitops.h
@@ -0,0 +1,186 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright 1995, Russell King.
+ * Various bits and pieces copyrights include:
+ *  Linus Torvalds (test_bit).
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Shawn Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <nobuhiro@andestech.com>
+ *
+ * bit 0 is the LSB of addr; bit 32 is the LSB of (addr+1).
+ *
+ * Please note that the code in this file should never be included
+ * from user space.  Many of these are not implemented in assembler
+ * since they would be too costly.  Also, they require priviledged
+ * instructions (which are not available from user mode) to ensure
+ * that they are atomic.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_NDS_BITOPS_H
+#define __ASM_NDS_BITOPS_H
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+#include <asm/system.h>
+
+#define smp_mb__before_clear_bit()	do { } while (0)
+#define smp_mb__after_clear_bit()	do { } while (0)
+
+/*
+ * Function prototypes to keep gcc -Wall happy.
+ */
+extern void set_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr);
+
+static inline void __set_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr)
+{
+	int *a = (int *)addr;
+	int mask;
+
+	a += nr >> 5;
+	mask = 1 << (nr & 0x1f);
+	*a |= mask;
+}
+
+extern void clear_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr);
+
+static inline void __clear_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr)
+{
+	int *a = (int *)addr;
+	int mask;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	a += nr >> 5;
+	mask = 1 << (nr & 0x1f);
+	local_irq_save(flags);
+	*a &= ~mask;
+	local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+extern void change_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr);
+
+static inline void __change_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr)
+{
+	int mask;
+	unsigned long *ADDR = (unsigned long *)addr;
+
+	ADDR += nr >> 5;
+	mask = 1 << (nr & 31);
+	*ADDR ^= mask;
+}
+
+extern int test_and_set_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr);
+
+static inline int __test_and_set_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr)
+{
+	int mask, retval;
+	volatile unsigned int *a = (volatile unsigned int *)addr;
+
+	a += nr >> 5;
+	mask = 1 << (nr & 0x1f);
+	retval = (mask & *a) != 0;
+	*a |= mask;
+	return retval;
+}
+
+extern int test_and_clear_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr);
+
+static inline int __test_and_clear_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr)
+{
+	int mask, retval;
+	volatile unsigned int *a = (volatile unsigned int *)addr;
+
+	a += nr >> 5;
+	mask = 1 << (nr & 0x1f);
+	retval = (mask & *a) != 0;
+	*a &= ~mask;
+	return retval;
+}
+
+extern int test_and_change_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr);
+
+static inline int __test_and_change_bit(int nr, volatile void *addr)
+{
+	int mask, retval;
+	volatile unsigned int *a = (volatile unsigned int *)addr;
+
+	a += nr >> 5;
+	mask = 1 << (nr & 0x1f);
+	retval = (mask & *a) != 0;
+	*a ^= mask;
+	return retval;
+}
+
+extern int find_first_zero_bit(void *addr, unsigned size);
+extern int find_next_zero_bit(void *addr, int size, int offset);
+
+/*
+ * This routine doesn't need to be atomic.
+ */
+static inline int test_bit(int nr, const void *addr)
+{
+	return ((unsigned char *) addr)[nr >> 3] & (1U << (nr & 7));
+}
+
+/*
+ * ffz = Find First Zero in word. Undefined if no zero exists,
+ * so code should check against ~0UL first..
+ */
+static inline unsigned long ffz(unsigned long word)
+{
+	int k;
+
+	word = ~word;
+	k = 31;
+	if (word & 0x0000ffff) {
+		k -= 16; word <<= 16;
+	}
+	if (word & 0x00ff0000) {
+		k -= 8;  word <<= 8;
+	}
+	if (word & 0x0f000000) {
+		k -= 4;  word <<= 4;
+	}
+	if (word & 0x30000000) {
+		k -= 2;  word <<= 2;
+	}
+	if (word & 0x40000000)
+		k -= 1;
+
+	return k;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ffs: find first bit set. This is defined the same way as
+ * the libc and compiler builtin ffs routines, therefore
+ * differs in spirit from the above ffz (man ffs).
+ */
+
+/*
+ * redefined in include/linux/bitops.h
+ * #define ffs(x) generic_ffs(x)
+ */
+
+/*
+ * hweightN: returns the hamming weight (i.e. the number
+ * of bits set) of a N-bit word
+ */
+
+#define hweight32(x) generic_hweight32(x)
+#define hweight16(x) generic_hweight16(x)
+#define hweight8(x) generic_hweight8(x)
+
+#define ext2_set_bit			test_and_set_bit
+#define ext2_clear_bit			test_and_clear_bit
+#define ext2_test_bit			test_bit
+#define ext2_find_first_zero_bit	find_first_zero_bit
+#define ext2_find_next_zero_bit		find_next_zero_bit
+
+/* Bitmap functions for the minix filesystem. */
+#define minix_test_and_set_bit(nr, addr)	test_and_set_bit(nr, addr)
+#define minix_set_bit(nr, addr)			set_bit(nr, addr)
+#define minix_test_and_clear_bit(nr, addr)	test_and_clear_bit(nr, addr)
+#define minix_test_bit(nr, addr)		test_bit(nr, addr)
+#define minix_find_first_zero_bit(addr, size)	find_first_zero_bit(addr, size)
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+
+#endif /* __ASM_NDS_BITOPS_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/byteorder.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/byteorder.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..39fd9ed
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/byteorder.h
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@ 
+/*
+ *  linux/include/asm-arm/byteorder.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Shawn Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <nobuhiro@andestech.com>
+ * Macpaul Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <macpaul@andestech.com>
+ *
+ * ARM Endian-ness.  In little endian mode, the data bus is connected such
+ * that byte accesses appear as:
+ *  0 = d0...d7, 1 = d8...d15, 2 = d16...d23, 3 = d24...d31
+ * and word accesses (data or instruction) appear as:
+ *  d0...d31
+ *
+ * When in big endian mode, byte accesses appear as:
+ *  0 = d24...d31, 1 = d16...d23, 2 = d8...d15, 3 = d0...d7
+ * and word accesses (data or instruction) appear as:
+ *  d0...d31
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_NDS_BYTEORDER_H
+#define __ASM_NDS_BYTEORDER_H
+
+#include <asm/types.h>
+
+#if !defined(__STRICT_ANSI__) || defined(__KERNEL__)
+#  define __BYTEORDER_HAS_U64__
+#  define __SWAB_64_THRU_32__
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __NDSEB__
+#include <linux/byteorder/big_endian.h>
+#else
+#include <linux/byteorder/little_endian.h>
+#endif
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/cache.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/cache.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d769196
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/cache.h
@@ -0,0 +1,54 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Shawn Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <nobuhiro@andestech.com>
+ * Macpaul Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <macpaul@andestech.com>
+ *
+ * See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
+ * project.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
+ * MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_CACHE_H
+#define _ASM_CACHE_H
+
+/* cache */
+int	icache_status(void);
+void	icache_enable(void);
+void	icache_disable(void);
+int	dcache_status(void);
+void	dcache_enable(void);
+void	dcache_disable(void);
+
+#define DEFINE_GET_SYS_REG(reg) \
+	static inline unsigned long GET_##reg(void)		\
+	{							\
+		unsigned long val;				\
+		__asm__ volatile (				\
+		"mfsr %0, $"#reg : "=&r" (val) : : "memory"	\
+		);						\
+		return val;					\
+	}
+
+enum cache_t {ICACHE, DCACHE};
+DEFINE_GET_SYS_REG(ICM_CFG);
+DEFINE_GET_SYS_REG(DCM_CFG);
+#define ICM_CFG_OFF_ISZ	6	/* I-cache line size */
+#define ICM_CFG_MSK_ISZ	(0x7UL << ICM_CFG_OFF_ISZ)
+#define DCM_CFG_OFF_DSZ	6	/* D-cache line size */
+#define DCM_CFG_MSK_DSZ	(0x7UL << DCM_CFG_OFF_DSZ)
+
+#endif /* _ASM_CACHE_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/config.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/config.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6f654d9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/config.h
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Shawn Lin (nobuhiro@andestech.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Macpaul Lin (macpaul@andestech.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.	 See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
+ * MA 02111-1307 USA
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_CONFIG_H_
+#define _ASM_CONFIG_H_
+
+#define CONFIG_NEEDS_MANUAL_RELOC
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/global_data.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/global_data.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..665266b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/global_data.h
@@ -0,0 +1,89 @@ 
+/*
+ * (C) Copyright 2002
+ * Wolfgang Denk, DENX Software Engineering, wd@denx.de.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Shawn Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <nobuhiro@andestech.com>
+ * Macpaul Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <macpaul@andestech.com>
+ *
+ * See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
+ * project.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
+ * MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+/**************************************************************
+ * CAUTION:
+ *   - do not implement for NDS32 Arch yet.
+ *   - so far no one uses the macros defined in this head file.
+ **************************************************************/
+
+#ifndef	__ASM_GBL_DATA_H
+#define __ASM_GBL_DATA_H
+/*
+ * The following data structure is placed in some memory wich is
+ * available very early after boot (like DPRAM on MPC8xx/MPC82xx, or
+ * some locked parts of the data cache) to allow for a minimum set of
+ * global variables during system initialization (until we have set
+ * up the memory controller so that we can use RAM).
+ *
+ * Keep it *SMALL* and remember to set CONFIG_GBL_DATA_SIZE > sizeof(gd_t)
+ */
+
+typedef	struct global_data {
+	bd_t		*bd;
+	unsigned long	flags;
+	unsigned long	baudrate;
+	unsigned long	have_console;	/* serial_init() was called */
+
+	unsigned long	reloc_off;	/* Relocation Offset */
+	unsigned long	env_addr;	/* Address  of Environment struct */
+	unsigned long	env_valid;	/* Checksum of Environment valid? */
+	unsigned long	fb_base;	/* base address of frame buffer */
+
+	unsigned long	relocaddr;	/* Start address of U-Boot in RAM */
+	phys_size_t	ram_size;	/* RAM size */
+	unsigned long	mon_len;	/* monitor len */
+	unsigned long	irq_sp;		/* irq stack pointer */
+	unsigned long	start_addr_sp;	/* start_addr_stackpointer */
+#if !(defined(CONFIG_SYS_ICACHE_OFF) && defined(CONFIG_SYS_DCACHE_OFF))
+	unsigned long	tlb_addr;
+#endif
+
+	void		**jt;		/* jump table */
+	char		env_buf[32];	/* buffer for getenv() before reloc. */
+} gd_t;
+
+/*
+ * Global Data Flags
+ */
+#define	GD_FLG_RELOC		0x00001	/* Code was relocated to RAM	*/
+#define	GD_FLG_DEVINIT		0x00002	/* Devices have been initialized */
+#define	GD_FLG_SILENT		0x00004	/* Silent mode			*/
+#define	GD_FLG_POSTFAIL		0x00008	/* Critical POST test failed	*/
+#define	GD_FLG_POSTSTOP		0x00010	/* POST seqeunce aborted	*/
+#define	GD_FLG_LOGINIT		0x00020	/* Log Buffer has been initialized */
+#define GD_FLG_DISABLE_CONSOLE	0x00040	/* Disable console (in & out)	*/
+#define GD_FLG_ENV_READY	0x00080	/* Environment imported into hash table	*/
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_GLOBAL_DATA_NOT_REG10
+extern volatile gd_t g_gd;
+#define DECLARE_GLOBAL_DATA_PTR		static volatile gd_t *gd = &g_gd
+#else
+#define DECLARE_GLOBAL_DATA_PTR		register volatile gd_t *gd asm ("$r10")
+#endif
+
+#endif /* __ASM_GBL_DATA_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/io.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/io.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..45b9c2e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/io.h
@@ -0,0 +1,409 @@ 
+/*
+ *  linux/include/asm-nds/io.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 1996-2000 Russell King
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Shawn Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <nobuhiro@andestech.com>
+ * Macpaul Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <macpaul@andestech.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * Modifications:
+ *  16-Sep-1996	RMK	Inlined the inx/outx functions & optimised for both
+ *			constant addresses and variable addresses.
+ *  04-Dec-1997	RMK	Moved a lot of this stuff to the new architecture
+ *			specific IO header files.
+ *  27-Mar-1999	PJB	Second parameter of memcpy_toio is const..
+ *  04-Apr-1999	PJB	Added check_signature.
+ *  12-Dec-1999	RMK	More cleanups
+ *  18-Jun-2000 RMK	Removed virt_to_* and friends definitions
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_NDS_IO_H
+#define __ASM_NDS_IO_H
+
+/*
+ * CAUTION:
+ *   - do not implement for NDS32 Arch yet.
+ *   - cmd_pci.c, cmd_scsi.c, Lynxkdi.c, usb.c, usb_storage.c, etc...
+ *     iinclude asm/io.h
+ */
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+
+static inline void sync(void)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * Given a physical address and a length, return a virtual address
+ * that can be used to access the memory range with the caching
+ * properties specified by "flags".
+ */
+#define MAP_NOCACHE	(0)
+#define MAP_WRCOMBINE	(0)
+#define MAP_WRBACK	(0)
+#define MAP_WRTHROUGH	(0)
+
+static inline void *
+map_physmem(phys_addr_t paddr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags)
+{
+	return (void *)paddr;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Take down a mapping set up by map_physmem().
+ */
+static inline void unmap_physmem(void *vaddr, unsigned long flags)
+{
+
+}
+
+static inline phys_addr_t virt_to_phys(void *vaddr)
+{
+	return (phys_addr_t)(vaddr);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generic virtual read/write.  Note that we don't support half-word
+ * read/writes.  We define __arch_*[bl] here, and leave __arch_*w
+ * to the architecture specific code.
+ */
+#define __arch_getb(a)			(*(volatile unsigned char *)(a))
+#define __arch_getw(a)			(*(volatile unsigned short *)(a))
+#define __arch_getl(a)			(*(volatile unsigned int *)(a))
+
+#define __arch_putb(v, a)		(*(volatile unsigned char *)(a) = (v))
+#define __arch_putw(v, a)		(*(volatile unsigned short *)(a) = (v))
+#define __arch_putl(v, a)		(*(volatile unsigned int *)(a) = (v))
+
+extern void __raw_writesb(unsigned int addr, const void *data, int bytelen);
+extern void __raw_writesw(unsigned int addr, const void *data, int wordlen);
+extern void __raw_writesl(unsigned int addr, const void *data, int longlen);
+
+extern void __raw_readsb(unsigned int addr, void *data, int bytelen);
+extern void __raw_readsw(unsigned int addr, void *data, int wordlen);
+extern void __raw_readsl(unsigned int addr, void *data, int longlen);
+
+#define __raw_writeb(v, a)		__arch_putb(v, a)
+#define __raw_writew(v, a)		__arch_putw(v, a)
+#define __raw_writel(v, a)		__arch_putl(v, a)
+
+#define __raw_readb(a)			__arch_getb(a)
+#define __raw_readw(a)			__arch_getw(a)
+#define __raw_readl(a)			__arch_getl(a)
+
+#define writeb(v, a)			__arch_putb(v, a)
+#define writew(v, a)			__arch_putw(v, a)
+#define writel(v, a)			__arch_putl(v, a)
+
+#define readb(a)			__arch_getb(a)
+#define readw(a)			__arch_getw(a)
+#define readl(a)			__arch_getl(a)
+
+/*
+ * The compiler seems to be incapable of optimising constants
+ * properly.  Spell it out to the compiler in some cases.
+ * These are only valid for small values of "off" (< 1<<12)
+ */
+#define __raw_base_writeb(val, base, off)	__arch_base_putb(val, base, off)
+#define __raw_base_writew(val, base, off)	__arch_base_putw(val, base, off)
+#define __raw_base_writel(val, base, off)	__arch_base_putl(val, base, off)
+
+#define __raw_base_readb(base, off)	__arch_base_getb(base, off)
+#define __raw_base_readw(base, off)	__arch_base_getw(base, off)
+#define __raw_base_readl(base, off)	__arch_base_getl(base, off)
+
+/*
+ * Now, pick up the machine-defined IO definitions
+ * #include <asm/arch/io.h>
+ */
+
+/*
+ *  IO port access primitives
+ *  -------------------------
+ *
+ * The NDS32 doesn't have special IO access instructions just like ARM;
+ * all IO is memory mapped.
+ * Note that these are defined to perform little endian accesses
+ * only.  Their primary purpose is to access PCI and ISA peripherals.
+ *
+ * Note that for a big endian machine, this implies that the following
+ * big endian mode connectivity is in place, as described by numerious
+ * ARM documents:
+ *
+ *    PCI:  D0-D7   D8-D15 D16-D23 D24-D31
+ *    ARM: D24-D31 D16-D23  D8-D15  D0-D7
+ *
+ * The machine specific io.h include defines __io to translate an "IO"
+ * address to a memory address.
+ *
+ * Note that we prevent GCC re-ordering or caching values in expressions
+ * by introducing sequence points into the in*() definitions.  Note that
+ * __raw_* do not guarantee this behaviour.
+ *
+ * The {in,out}[bwl] macros are for emulating x86-style PCI/ISA IO space.
+ */
+#ifdef __io
+#define outb(v, p)			__raw_writeb(v, __io(p))
+#define outw(v, p)			__raw_writew(cpu_to_le16(v), __io(p))
+#define outl(v, p)			__raw_writel(cpu_to_le32(v), __io(p))
+
+#define inb(p)	({ unsigned int __v = __raw_readb(__io(p)); __v; })
+#define inw(p)	({ unsigned int __v = le16_to_cpu(__raw_readw(__io(p))); __v; })
+#define inl(p)	({ unsigned int __v = le32_to_cpu(__raw_readl(__io(p))); __v; })
+
+#define outsb(p, d, l)			writesb(__io(p), d, l)
+#define outsw(p, d, l)			writesw(__io(p), d, l)
+#define outsl(p, d, l)			writesl(__io(p), d, l)
+
+#define insb(p, d, l)			readsb(__io(p), d, l)
+#define insw(p, d, l)			readsw(__io(p), d, l)
+#define insl(p, d, l)			readsl(__io(p), d, l)
+
+static inline void readsb(unsigned int *addr, void * data, int bytelen)
+{
+	unsigned char *ptr = (unsigned char *)addr;
+	unsigned char *ptr2 = (unsigned char *)data;
+	while (bytelen) {
+		*ptr2 = *ptr;
+		ptr2++;
+		bytelen--;
+	}
+}
+
+static inline void readsw(unsigned int *addr, void * data, int wordlen)
+{
+	unsigned short *ptr = (unsigned short *)addr;
+	unsigned short *ptr2 = (unsigned short *)data;
+	while (wordlen) {
+		*ptr2 = *ptr;
+		ptr2++;
+		wordlen--;
+	}
+}
+
+static inline void readsl(unsigned int *addr, void * data, int longlen)
+{
+	unsigned int *ptr = (unsigned int *)addr;
+	unsigned int *ptr2 = (unsigned int *)data;
+	while (longlen) {
+		*ptr2 = *ptr;
+		ptr2++;
+		longlen--;
+	}
+}
+static inline void writesb(unsigned int *addr, const void * data, int bytelen)
+{
+	unsigned char *ptr = (unsigned char *)addr;
+	unsigned char *ptr2 = (unsigned char *)data;
+	while (bytelen) {
+		*ptr = *ptr2;
+		ptr2++;
+		bytelen--;
+	}
+}
+static inline void writesw(unsigned int *addr, const void * data, int wordlen)
+{
+	unsigned short *ptr = (unsigned short *)addr;
+	unsigned short *ptr2 = (unsigned short *)data;
+	while (wordlen) {
+		*ptr = *ptr2;
+		ptr2++;
+		wordlen--;
+	}
+}
+static inline void writesl(unsigned int *addr, const void * data, int longlen)
+{
+	unsigned int *ptr = (unsigned int *)addr;
+	unsigned int *ptr2 = (unsigned int *)data;
+	while (longlen) {
+		*ptr = *ptr2;
+		ptr2++;
+		longlen--;
+	}
+}
+#endif
+
+#define outb_p(val, port)		outb((val), (port))
+#define outw_p(val, port)		outw((val), (port))
+#define outl_p(val, port)		outl((val), (port))
+#define inb_p(port)			inb((port))
+#define inw_p(port)			inw((port))
+#define inl_p(port)			inl((port))
+
+#define outsb_p(port, from, len)	outsb(port, from, len)
+#define outsw_p(port, from, len)	outsw(port, from, len)
+#define outsl_p(port, from, len)	outsl(port, from, len)
+#define insb_p(port, to, len)		insb(port, to, len)
+#define insw_p(port, to, len)		insw(port, to, len)
+#define insl_p(port, to, len)		insl(port, to, len)
+
+/*
+ * ioremap and friends.
+ *
+ * ioremap takes a PCI memory address, as specified in
+ * linux/Documentation/IO-mapping.txt.  If you want a
+ * physical address, use __ioremap instead.
+ */
+extern void *__ioremap(unsigned long offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags);
+extern void __iounmap(void *addr);
+
+/*
+ * Generic ioremap support.
+ *
+ * Define:
+ *  iomem_valid_addr(off,size)
+ *  iomem_to_phys(off)
+ */
+#ifdef iomem_valid_addr
+#define __arch_ioremap(off, sz, nocache)				\
+({									\
+	unsigned long _off = (off), _size = (sz);			\
+	void *_ret = (void *)0;						\
+	if (iomem_valid_addr(_off, _size))				\
+		_ret = __ioremap(iomem_to_phys(_off), _size, 0);	\
+	_ret;								\
+})
+
+#define __arch_iounmap __iounmap
+#endif
+
+#define ioremap(off, sz)		__arch_ioremap((off), (sz), 0)
+#define ioremap_nocache(off, sz)	__arch_ioremap((off), (sz), 1)
+#define iounmap(_addr)			__arch_iounmap(_addr)
+
+/*
+ * DMA-consistent mapping functions.  These allocate/free a region of
+ * uncached, unwrite-buffered mapped memory space for use with DMA
+ * devices.  This is the "generic" version.  The PCI specific version
+ * is in pci.h
+ */
+extern void *consistent_alloc(int gfp, size_t size, dma_addr_t *handle);
+extern void consistent_free(void *vaddr, size_t size, dma_addr_t handle);
+extern void consistent_sync(void *vaddr, size_t size, int rw);
+
+/*
+ * String version of IO memory access ops:
+ */
+extern void _memcpy_fromio(void *, unsigned long, size_t);
+extern void _memcpy_toio(unsigned long, const void *, size_t);
+extern void _memset_io(unsigned long, int, size_t);
+
+extern void __readwrite_bug(const char *fn);
+
+/*
+ * If this architecture has PCI memory IO, then define the read/write
+ * macros.  These should only be used with the cookie passed from
+ * ioremap.
+ */
+#ifdef __mem_pci
+
+#define readb(c) ({ unsigned int __v = __raw_readb(__mem_pci(c)); __v; })
+#define readw(c) ({ unsigned int __v = le16_to_cpu(__raw_readw(__mem_pci(c))); __v; })
+#define readl(c) ({ unsigned int __v = le32_to_cpu(__raw_readl(__mem_pci(c))); __v; })
+
+#define writeb(v, c)		__raw_writeb(v, __mem_pci(c))
+#define writew(v, c)		__raw_writew(cpu_to_le16(v), __mem_pci(c))
+#define writel(v, c)		__raw_writel(cpu_to_le32(v), __mem_pci(c))
+
+#define memset_io(c, v, l)	_memset_io(__mem_pci(c), (v), (l))
+#define memcpy_fromio(a, c, l)	_memcpy_fromio((a), __mem_pci(c), (l))
+#define memcpy_toio(c, a, l)	_memcpy_toio(__mem_pci(c), (a), (l))
+
+#define eth_io_copy_and_sum(s, c, l, b) \
+	eth_copy_and_sum((s), __mem_pci(c), (l), (b))
+
+static inline int
+check_signature(unsigned long io_addr, const unsigned char *signature,
+		int length)
+{
+	int retval = 0;
+	do {
+		if (readb(io_addr) != *signature)
+			goto out;
+		io_addr++;
+		signature++;
+		length--;
+	} while (length);
+	retval = 1;
+out:
+	return retval;
+}
+
+#elif !defined(readb)
+
+#define readb(addr)			(__readwrite_bug("readb"), 0)
+#define readw(addr)			(__readwrite_bug("readw"), 0)
+#define readl(addr)			(__readwrite_bug("readl"), 0)
+#define writeb(v, addr)			__readwrite_bug("writeb")
+#define writew(v, addr)			__readwrite_bug("writew")
+#define writel(v, addr)			__readwrite_bug("writel")
+
+#define eth_io_copy_and_sum(a, b, c, d)	__readwrite_bug("eth_io_copy_and_sum")
+
+#define check_signature(io, sig, len)	(0)
+
+#endif	/* __mem_pci */
+
+/*
+ * If this architecture has ISA IO, then define the isa_read/isa_write
+ * macros.
+ */
+#ifdef __mem_isa
+
+#define isa_readb(addr)			__raw_readb(__mem_isa(addr))
+#define isa_readw(addr)			__raw_readw(__mem_isa(addr))
+#define isa_readl(addr)			__raw_readl(__mem_isa(addr))
+#define isa_writeb(val, addr)		__raw_writeb(val, __mem_isa(addr))
+#define isa_writew(val, addr)		__raw_writew(val, __mem_isa(addr))
+#define isa_writel(val, addr)		__raw_writel(val, __mem_isa(addr))
+#define isa_memset_io(a, b, c)		_memset_io(__mem_isa(a), (b), (c))
+#define isa_memcpy_fromio(a, b, c)	_memcpy_fromio((a), __mem_isa(b), (c))
+#define isa_memcpy_toio(a, b, c)	_memcpy_toio(__mem_isa((a)), (b), (c))
+
+#define isa_eth_io_copy_and_sum(a, b, c, d) \
+	eth_copy_and_sum((a), __mem_isa(b), (c), (d))
+
+static inline int
+isa_check_signature(unsigned long io_addr, const unsigned char *signature,
+			int length)
+{
+	int retval = 0;
+	do {
+		if (isa_readb(io_addr) != *signature)
+			goto out;
+		io_addr++;
+		signature++;
+		length--;
+	} while (length);
+	retval = 1;
+out:
+	return retval;
+}
+
+#else	/* __mem_isa */
+
+#define isa_readb(addr)			(__readwrite_bug("isa_readb"), 0)
+#define isa_readw(addr)			(__readwrite_bug("isa_readw"), 0)
+#define isa_readl(addr)			(__readwrite_bug("isa_readl"), 0)
+#define isa_writeb(val, addr)		__readwrite_bug("isa_writeb")
+#define isa_writew(val, addr)		__readwrite_bug("isa_writew")
+#define isa_writel(val, addr)		__readwrite_bug("isa_writel")
+#define isa_memset_io(a, b, c)		__readwrite_bug("isa_memset_io")
+#define isa_memcpy_fromio(a, b, c)	__readwrite_bug("isa_memcpy_fromio")
+#define isa_memcpy_toio(a, b, c)	__readwrite_bug("isa_memcpy_toio")
+
+#define isa_eth_io_copy_and_sum(a, b, c, d) \
+	__readwrite_bug("isa_eth_io_copy_and_sum")
+
+#define isa_check_signature(io, sig, len)	(0)
+
+#endif	/* __mem_isa */
+#endif	/* __KERNEL__ */
+#endif	/* __ASM_NDS_IO_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/mach-types.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/mach-types.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a6f1c93
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/mach-types.h
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@ 
+/*
+ * This was automagically generated from arch/nds/tools/mach-types!
+ * Do NOT edit
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_NDS32_MACH_TYPE_H
+#define __ASM_NDS32_MACH_TYPE_H
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+/* The type of machine we're running on */
+extern unsigned int __machine_arch_type;
+#endif
+
+/* see arch/arm/kernel/arch.c for a description of these */
+#define MACH_TYPE_ADPAG101             0
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ADPAG101
+# ifdef machine_arch_type
+#  undef machine_arch_type
+#  define machine_arch_type	__machine_arch_type
+# else
+#  define machine_arch_type	MACH_TYPE_ADPAG101
+# endif
+# define machine_is_adpag101()	(machine_arch_type == MACH_TYPE_ADPAG101)
+#else
+# define machine_is_adpag101()	(0)
+#endif
+
+#endif /* __ASM_NDS32_MACH_TYPE_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/macro.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/macro.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..acda060
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/macro.h
@@ -0,0 +1,96 @@ 
+/*
+ * include/asm-nds32/macro.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 Jean-Christophe PLAGNIOL-VILLARD <plagnioj@jcrosoft.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Macpaul Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <macpaul@andestech.com>
+ *
+ * See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
+ * project.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
+ * MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_NDS_MACRO_H
+#define __ASM_NDS_MACRO_H
+#ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+/*
+ * These macros provide a convenient way to write 8, 16 and 32 bit data
+ * to an "immediate address (address used by periphal)" only.
+ * Registers r4 and r5 are used, any data in these registers are
+ * overwritten by the macros.
+ * The macros are valid for any NDS32 architecture, they do not implement
+ * any memory barriers so caution is recommended when using these when the
+ * caches are enabled or on a multi-core system.
+ */
+
+.macro	write32, addr, data
+	li	$r4, addr
+	li	$r5, data
+	swi	$r5, [$r4]
+.endm
+
+.macro	write16, addr, data
+	li	$r4, addr
+	li	$r5, data
+	shi	$r5, [$r4]
+.endm
+
+.macro	write8, addr, data
+	li	$r4, addr
+	li	$r5, data
+	sbi	$r5, [$r4]
+.endm
+
+/*
+ * This macro read a value from a register, then do OR operation
+ * (set bit fields) to the value, and then store it back to the register.
+ * Note: Instruction 'ori' supports immediate value up to 15 bits.
+ */
+.macro	setbf32, addr, data
+	li	$r4, addr
+	lwi	$r5, [$r4]
+	li	$r6, data
+	or	$r5, $r5, $r6
+	swi	$r5, [$r4]
+.endm
+
+.macro	setbf15, addr, data
+	li	$r4, addr
+	lwi	$r5, [$r4]
+	ori	$r5, $r5, data
+	swi	$r5, [$r4]
+.endm
+
+/*
+ * This macro generates a loop that can be used for delays in the code.
+ * Register r4 is used, any data in this register is overwritten by the
+ * macro.
+ * The macro is valid for any NDS32 architeture. The actual time spent in the
+ * loop will vary from CPU to CPU though.
+ */
+
+.macro	wait_timer, time
+	li	$r4, time
+1:
+	nop
+	addi	$r4, $r4, -1
+	bnez    $r4, 1b
+.endm
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* __ASM_ARM_MACRO_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/posix_types.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/posix_types.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a928038
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/posix_types.h
@@ -0,0 +1,84 @@ 
+/*
+ * linux/include/asm-arm/posix_types.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 1996-1998 Russell King.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Shawn Lin (nobuhiro@andestech.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Macpaul Lin (macpaul@andestech.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ *  Changelog:
+ *   27-06-1996	RMK	Created
+ *   05-03-2010	Modified for arch NDS32
+ */
+#ifndef __ARCH_NDS_POSIX_TYPES_H
+#define __ARCH_NDS_POSIX_TYPES_H
+
+/*
+ * This file is generally used by user-level software, so you need to
+ * be a little careful about namespace pollution etc.  Also, we cannot
+ * assume GCC is being used.
+ */
+
+typedef unsigned short		__kernel_dev_t;
+typedef unsigned long		__kernel_ino_t;
+typedef unsigned short		__kernel_mode_t;
+typedef unsigned short		__kernel_nlink_t;
+typedef long			__kernel_off_t;
+typedef int			__kernel_pid_t;
+typedef unsigned short		__kernel_ipc_pid_t;
+typedef unsigned short		__kernel_uid_t;
+typedef unsigned short		__kernel_gid_t;
+typedef unsigned int		__kernel_size_t;
+typedef int			__kernel_ssize_t;
+typedef int			__kernel_ptrdiff_t;
+typedef long			__kernel_time_t;
+typedef long			__kernel_suseconds_t;
+typedef long			__kernel_clock_t;
+typedef int			__kernel_daddr_t;
+typedef char			*__kernel_caddr_t;
+typedef unsigned short		__kernel_uid16_t;
+typedef unsigned short		__kernel_gid16_t;
+typedef unsigned int		__kernel_uid32_t;
+typedef unsigned int		__kernel_gid32_t;
+
+typedef unsigned short		__kernel_old_uid_t;
+typedef unsigned short		__kernel_old_gid_t;
+
+#ifdef __GNUC__
+typedef long long		__kernel_loff_t;
+#endif
+
+typedef struct {
+#if defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__USE_ALL)
+	int	val[2];
+#else /* !defined(__KERNEL__) && !defined(__USE_ALL) */
+	int	__val[2];
+#endif /* !defined(__KERNEL__) && !defined(__USE_ALL) */
+} __kernel_fsid_t;
+
+#if defined(__KERNEL__) || !defined(__GLIBC__) || (__GLIBC__ < 2)
+
+#undef	__FD_SET
+#define __FD_SET(fd, fdsetp) \
+		(((fd_set *)fdsetp)->fds_bits[fd >> 5] |= (1<<(fd & 31)))
+
+#undef	__FD_CLR
+#define __FD_CLR(fd, fdsetp) \
+		(((fd_set *)fdsetp)->fds_bits[fd >> 5] &= ~(1<<(fd & 31)))
+
+#undef	__FD_ISSET
+#define __FD_ISSET(fd, fdsetp) \
+		((((fd_set *)fdsetp)->fds_bits[fd >> 5] & (1<<(fd & 31))) != 0)
+
+#undef	__FD_ZERO
+#define __FD_ZERO(fdsetp) \
+		(memset(fdsetp, 0, sizeof(*(fd_set *) fdsetp)))
+
+#endif
+
+#endif /* __ARCH_NDS_POSIX_TYPES_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/processor.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e5d186c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@ 
+/*
+ * linux/include/asm-arm/processor.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 1995-2002 Russell King
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Shawn Lin (nobuhiro@andestech.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Macpaul Lin (macpaul@andestech.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_NDS_PROCESSOR_H
+#define __ASM_NDS_PROCESSOR_H
+
+/**************************************************************
+ * CAUTION:
+ *   - do not implement for NDS32 Arch yet.
+ *   - so far some files include /asm/processor.h, but
+ *     no one uses the macros defined in this head file.
+ **************************************************************/
+
+#endif /* __ASM_ARM_PROCESSOR_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/ptrace.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4336083
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Shawn Lin (nobuhiro@andestech.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Macpaul Lin (macpaul@andestech.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_NDS_PTRACE_H
+#define __ASM_NDS_PTRACE_H
+
+#define USR_MODE	0x00
+#define SU_MODE		0x01
+#define HV_MODE		0x10
+#define MODE_MASK	(0x03<<3)
+#define GIE_BIT		0x01
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+/* this struct defines the way the registers are stored on the
+   stack during a system call. */
+
+#define NDS32_REG long
+
+struct pt_regs {
+	NDS32_REG ir0;
+	NDS32_REG ipsw;
+	NDS32_REG ipc;
+	NDS32_REG sp;
+	NDS32_REG orig_r0;
+	NDS32_REG pipsw;
+	NDS32_REG pipc;
+	NDS32_REG pp0;
+	NDS32_REG pp1;
+	NDS32_REG d0hi;
+	NDS32_REG d0lo;
+	NDS32_REG d1hi;
+	NDS32_REG d1lo;
+	NDS32_REG r[26];	/* r0 - r25 */
+	NDS32_REG fp;		/* r28 */
+	NDS32_REG gp;		/* r29 */
+	NDS32_REG lp;		/* r30 */
+	NDS32_REG fucop_ctl;
+	NDS32_REG osp;
+};
+
+#define processor_mode(regs) \
+	(((regs)->ipsw & MODE_MASK) >> 3)
+
+#define interrupts_enabled(regs) \
+	((regs)->ipsw & GIE_BIT)
+
+/*
+ * Offsets used by 'ptrace' system call interface.
+ * These can't be changed without breaking binary compatibility
+ * with MkLinux, etc.
+ */
+#define PT_R0	0
+#define PT_R1	1
+#define PT_R2	2
+#define PT_R3	3
+#define PT_R4	4
+#define PT_R5	5
+#define PT_R6	6
+#define PT_R7	7
+#define PT_R8	8
+#define PT_R9	9
+#define PT_R10	10
+#define PT_R11	11
+#define PT_R12	12
+#define PT_R13	13
+#define PT_R14	14
+#define PT_R15	15
+#define PT_R16	16
+#define PT_R17	17
+#define PT_R18	18
+#define PT_R19	19
+#define PT_R20	20
+#define PT_R21	21
+#define PT_R22	22
+#define PT_R23	23
+#define PT_R24	24
+#define PT_R25	25
+
+#endif	/* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* __ASM_NDS_PTRACE_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/string.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/string.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..610aa9e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/string.h
@@ -0,0 +1,57 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Shawn Lin (nobuhiro@andestech.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Macpaul Lin (macpaul@andestech.com)
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License.  See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive
+ * for more details.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_NDS_STRING_H
+#define __ASM_NDS_STRING_H
+
+/*
+ * We don't do inline string functions, since the
+ * optimised inline asm versions are not small.
+ */
+
+#undef __HAVE_ARCH_STRRCHR
+extern char *strrchr(const char *s, int c);
+
+#undef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCHR
+extern char *strchr(const char *s, int c);
+
+#undef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY
+extern void *memcpy(void *, const void *, __kernel_size_t);
+
+#undef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMMOVE
+extern void *memmove(void *, const void *, __kernel_size_t);
+
+#undef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCHR
+extern void *memchr(const void *, int, __kernel_size_t);
+
+#undef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMZERO
+#undef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET
+extern void *memset(void *, int, __kernel_size_t);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MARCO_MEMSET
+extern void __memzero(void *ptr, __kernel_size_t n);
+
+#define memset(p, v, n)							\
+	({								\
+		if ((n) != 0) {						\
+			if (__builtin_constant_p((v)) && (v) == 0)	\
+				__memzero((p), (n));			\
+			else						\
+				memset((p), (v), (n));			\
+		}							\
+		(p);							\
+	})
+
+#define memzero(p, n) ({ if ((n) != 0) __memzero((p), (n)); (p); })
+#else
+extern void memzero(void *ptr, __kernel_size_t n);
+#endif
+
+#endif /* __ASM_NDS_STRING_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/system.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/system.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..97f59e9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/system.h
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Macpaul Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <macpaul@andestech.com>
+ *
+ * See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
+ * project.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston,
+ * MA 02110-1301 USA
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_NDS_SYSTEM_H
+#define __ASM_NDS_SYSTEM_H
+
+/*
+ * Interrupt configuring macros.
+ */
+
+extern int irq_flags;
+
+#define local_irq_enable() \
+	__asm__ __volatile__ ( \
+		"mfsr	%0, $psw\n\t" \
+		"andi	%0, %0, 0x1\n\t" \
+		"setgie.e\n\t" \
+		: \
+		: "r" (irq_flags) \
+	)
+
+#define local_irq_disable() \
+	do { \
+		int __tmp_dummy; \
+		__asm__ __volatile__ ( \
+			"mfsr	%0, $psw\n\t" \
+			"andi	%0, %0, 0x1\n\t" \
+			"setgie.d\n\t" \
+			"dsb\n\t" \
+			: "=r" (__tmp_dummy) \
+		); \
+	} while (0)
+
+#define local_irq_save(x) \
+	__asm__ __volatile__ ( \
+		"mfsr	%0, $psw\n\t" \
+		"andi	%0, %0, 0x1\n\t" \
+		"setgie.d\n\t" \
+		"dsb\n\t" \
+		: "=&r" (x) \
+	)
+
+#define local_save_flags(x) \
+	__asm__ __volatile__ ( \
+		"mfsr	%0, $psw\n\t" \
+		"andi	%0, %0, 0x1\n\t" \
+		"setgie.e\n\t" \
+		"setgie.d\n\t" \
+		: "=r" (x) \
+	)
+
+#define irqs_enabled_from_flags(x) ((x) != 0x1f)
+
+#define local_irq_restore(x) \
+	do { \
+		if (irqs_enabled_from_flags(x)) \
+			local_irq_enable(); \
+	} while (0)
+
+/*
+ * Force strict CPU ordering.
+ */
+#define nop()			asm volatile ("nop;\n\t" : : )
+#define mb()			asm volatile (""   : : : "memory")
+#define rmb()			asm volatile (""   : : : "memory")
+#define wmb()			asm volatile (""   : : : "memory")
+
+#endif	/* __ASM_NDS_SYSTEM_H */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/types.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/types.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2e8924f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/types.h
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@ 
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Shawn Lin (nobuhiro@andestech.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Macpaul Lin (macpaul@andestech.com)
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License.  See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive
+ * for more details.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_NDS_TYPES_H
+#define __ASM_NDS_TYPES_H
+
+typedef unsigned short umode_t;
+
+/*
+ * __xx is ok: it doesn't pollute the POSIX namespace. Use these in the
+ * header files exported to user space
+ */
+
+typedef __signed__ char __s8;
+typedef unsigned char __u8;
+
+typedef __signed__ short __s16;
+typedef unsigned short __u16;
+
+typedef __signed__ int __s32;
+typedef unsigned int __u32;
+
+#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(__STRICT_ANSI__)
+typedef __signed__ long long __s64;
+typedef unsigned long long __u64;
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * These aren't exported outside the kernel to avoid name space clashes
+ */
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+typedef signed char s8;
+typedef unsigned char u8;
+
+typedef signed short s16;
+typedef unsigned short u16;
+
+typedef signed int s32;
+typedef unsigned int u32;
+
+typedef signed long long s64;
+typedef unsigned long long u64;
+
+#define BITS_PER_LONG 32
+
+#include <stddef.h>
+
+typedef u32 dma_addr_t;
+
+typedef unsigned long phys_addr_t;
+typedef unsigned long phys_size_t;
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/u-boot-nds32.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/u-boot-nds32.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ae1918d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/u-boot-nds32.h
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@ 
+/*
+ * (C) Copyright 2002
+ * Sysgo Real-Time Solutions, GmbH <www.elinos.com>
+ * Marius Groeger <mgroeger@sysgo.de>
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Shawn Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <nobuhiro@andestech.com>
+ * Macpaul Lin, Andes Technology Corporation <macpaul@andestech.com>
+ *
+ * See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
+ * project.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
+ * MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#ifndef _U_BOOT_NDS32_H_
+#define _U_BOOT_NDS32_H_	1
+
+/* for the following variables, see start.S */
+extern ulong __bss_start;	/* BSS start relative to _start */
+extern ulong __bss_end__;	/* BSS end relative to _start */
+extern ulong _end;		/* end of image relative to _start */
+extern ulong _start;		/* start of image relative to _start */
+extern ulong _TEXT_BASE;	/* code start */
+extern ulong IRQ_STACK_START;	/* top of IRQ stack */
+extern ulong FIQ_STACK_START;	/* top of FIQ stack */
+
+/* cpu/.../cpu.c */
+int	cleanup_before_linux(void);
+
+/* board/.../... */
+int	board_init(void);
+int	dram_init(void);
+
+/* cpu/.../interrupt.c */
+void	reset_timer_masked(void);
+
+#endif	/* _U_BOOT_NDS32_H_ */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/u-boot.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/u-boot.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fe4bfcb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/u-boot.h
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@ 
+/*
+ * (C) Copyright 2002
+ * Sysgo Real-Time Solutions, GmbH <www.elinos.com>
+ * Marius Groeger <mgroeger@sysgo.de>
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Andes Technology Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Shawn Lin (nobuhiro@andestech.com)
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Macpaul Lin (macpaul@andestech.com)
+ *
+ * See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
+ * project.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
+ * the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
+ * MA 02111-1307 USA
+ *
+ ********************************************************************
+ * NOTE: This header file defines an interface to U-Boot. Including
+ * this (unmodified) header file in another file is considered normal
+ * use of U-Boot, and does *not* fall under the heading of "derived
+ * work".
+ ********************************************************************
+ */
+
+#ifndef _U_BOOT_H_
+#define _U_BOOT_H_	1
+
+#include <environment.h>
+
+typedef struct bd_info {
+	int		bi_baudrate;	/* serial console baudrate */
+	unsigned long	bi_ip_addr;	/* IP Address */
+	unsigned char	bi_enetaddr[6]; /* Ethernet adress */
+	unsigned long	bi_arch_number;	/* unique id for this board */
+	unsigned long	bi_boot_params;	/* where this board expects params */
+	unsigned long	bi_memstart;	/* start of DRAM memory */
+	unsigned long	bi_memsize;	/* size	 of DRAM memory in bytes */
+	unsigned long	bi_flashstart;	/* start of FLASH memory */
+	unsigned long	bi_flashsize;	/* size	 of FLASH memory */
+	unsigned long	bi_flashoffset; /* reserved area for startup monitor */
+
+	struct				/* RAM configuration */
+	{
+		unsigned long start;
+		unsigned long size;
+	} bi_dram[CONFIG_NR_DRAM_BANKS];
+} bd_t;
+
+#endif	/* _U_BOOT_H_ */
diff --git a/arch/nds32/include/asm/unaligned.h b/arch/nds32/include/asm/unaligned.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6cecbbb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/include/asm/unaligned.h
@@ -0,0 +1 @@ 
+#include <asm-generic/unaligned.h>