[bpf-next,v5,1/2] xsk: remove AF_XDP socket from map when the socket is released
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190815093014.31174-2-bjorn.topel@gmail.com
State Accepted
Delegated to: BPF Maintainers
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Series
  • [bpf-next,v5,1/2] xsk: remove AF_XDP socket from map when the socket is released
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Commit Message

Björn Töpel Aug. 15, 2019, 9:30 a.m. UTC
From: Björn Töpel <bjorn.topel@intel.com>

When an AF_XDP socket is released/closed the XSKMAP still holds a
reference to the socket in a "released" state. The socket will still
use the netdev queue resource, and block newly created sockets from
attaching to that queue, but no user application can access the
fill/complete/rx/tx queues. This results in that all applications need
to explicitly clear the map entry from the old "zombie state"
socket. This should be done automatically.

In this patch, the sockets tracks, and have a reference to, which maps
it resides in. When the socket is released, it will remove itself from
all maps.

Suggested-by: Bruce Richardson <bruce.richardson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Björn Töpel <bjorn.topel@intel.com>
---
 include/net/xdp_sock.h |  18 ++++++
 kernel/bpf/xskmap.c    | 125 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 net/xdp/xsk.c          |  50 +++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 173 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/include/net/xdp_sock.h b/include/net/xdp_sock.h
index 69796d264f06..066e3ae446a8 100644
--- a/include/net/xdp_sock.h
+++ b/include/net/xdp_sock.h
@@ -50,6 +50,16 @@  struct xdp_umem {
 	struct list_head xsk_list;
 };
 
+/* Nodes are linked in the struct xdp_sock map_list field, and used to
+ * track which maps a certain socket reside in.
+ */
+struct xsk_map;
+struct xsk_map_node {
+	struct list_head node;
+	struct xsk_map *map;
+	struct xdp_sock **map_entry;
+};
+
 struct xdp_sock {
 	/* struct sock must be the first member of struct xdp_sock */
 	struct sock sk;
@@ -75,6 +85,9 @@  struct xdp_sock {
 	/* Protects generic receive. */
 	spinlock_t rx_lock;
 	u64 rx_dropped;
+	struct list_head map_list;
+	/* Protects map_list */
+	spinlock_t map_list_lock;
 };
 
 struct xdp_buff;
@@ -96,6 +109,11 @@  struct xdp_umem_fq_reuse *xsk_reuseq_swap(struct xdp_umem *umem,
 void xsk_reuseq_free(struct xdp_umem_fq_reuse *rq);
 struct xdp_umem *xdp_get_umem_from_qid(struct net_device *dev, u16 queue_id);
 
+void xsk_map_try_sock_delete(struct xsk_map *map, struct xdp_sock *xs,
+			     struct xdp_sock **map_entry);
+int xsk_map_inc(struct xsk_map *map);
+void xsk_map_put(struct xsk_map *map);
+
 static inline char *xdp_umem_get_data(struct xdp_umem *umem, u64 addr)
 {
 	return umem->pages[addr >> PAGE_SHIFT].addr + (addr & (PAGE_SIZE - 1));
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/xskmap.c b/kernel/bpf/xskmap.c
index 9bb96ace9fa1..16031d489173 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/xskmap.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/xskmap.c
@@ -13,8 +13,71 @@  struct xsk_map {
 	struct bpf_map map;
 	struct xdp_sock **xsk_map;
 	struct list_head __percpu *flush_list;
+	spinlock_t lock; /* Synchronize map updates */
 };
 
+int xsk_map_inc(struct xsk_map *map)
+{
+	struct bpf_map *m = &map->map;
+
+	m = bpf_map_inc(m, false);
+	return IS_ERR(m) ? PTR_ERR(m) : 0;
+}
+
+void xsk_map_put(struct xsk_map *map)
+{
+	bpf_map_put(&map->map);
+}
+
+static struct xsk_map_node *xsk_map_node_alloc(struct xsk_map *map,
+					       struct xdp_sock **map_entry)
+{
+	struct xsk_map_node *node;
+	int err;
+
+	node = kzalloc(sizeof(*node), GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_NOWARN);
+	if (!node)
+		return NULL;
+
+	err = xsk_map_inc(map);
+	if (err) {
+		kfree(node);
+		return ERR_PTR(err);
+	}
+
+	node->map = map;
+	node->map_entry = map_entry;
+	return node;
+}
+
+static void xsk_map_node_free(struct xsk_map_node *node)
+{
+	xsk_map_put(node->map);
+	kfree(node);
+}
+
+static void xsk_map_sock_add(struct xdp_sock *xs, struct xsk_map_node *node)
+{
+	spin_lock_bh(&xs->map_list_lock);
+	list_add_tail(&node->node, &xs->map_list);
+	spin_unlock_bh(&xs->map_list_lock);
+}
+
+static void xsk_map_sock_delete(struct xdp_sock *xs,
+				struct xdp_sock **map_entry)
+{
+	struct xsk_map_node *n, *tmp;
+
+	spin_lock_bh(&xs->map_list_lock);
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(n, tmp, &xs->map_list, node) {
+		if (map_entry == n->map_entry) {
+			list_del(&n->node);
+			xsk_map_node_free(n);
+		}
+	}
+	spin_unlock_bh(&xs->map_list_lock);
+}
+
 static struct bpf_map *xsk_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
 {
 	struct xsk_map *m;
@@ -34,6 +97,7 @@  static struct bpf_map *xsk_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 
 	bpf_map_init_from_attr(&m->map, attr);
+	spin_lock_init(&m->lock);
 
 	cost = (u64)m->map.max_entries * sizeof(struct xdp_sock *);
 	cost += sizeof(struct list_head) * num_possible_cpus();
@@ -71,21 +135,9 @@  static struct bpf_map *xsk_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
 static void xsk_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
 {
 	struct xsk_map *m = container_of(map, struct xsk_map, map);
-	int i;
 
 	bpf_clear_redirect_map(map);
 	synchronize_net();
-
-	for (i = 0; i < map->max_entries; i++) {
-		struct xdp_sock *xs;
-
-		xs = m->xsk_map[i];
-		if (!xs)
-			continue;
-
-		sock_put((struct sock *)xs);
-	}
-
 	free_percpu(m->flush_list);
 	bpf_map_area_free(m->xsk_map);
 	kfree(m);
@@ -164,8 +216,9 @@  static int xsk_map_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value,
 			       u64 map_flags)
 {
 	struct xsk_map *m = container_of(map, struct xsk_map, map);
+	struct xdp_sock *xs, *old_xs, **map_entry;
 	u32 i = *(u32 *)key, fd = *(u32 *)value;
-	struct xdp_sock *xs, *old_xs;
+	struct xsk_map_node *node;
 	struct socket *sock;
 	int err;
 
@@ -192,32 +245,64 @@  static int xsk_map_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value,
 		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 	}
 
-	sock_hold(sock->sk);
+	map_entry = &m->xsk_map[i];
+	node = xsk_map_node_alloc(m, map_entry);
+	if (IS_ERR(node)) {
+		sockfd_put(sock);
+		return PTR_ERR(node);
+	}
 
-	old_xs = xchg(&m->xsk_map[i], xs);
+	spin_lock_bh(&m->lock);
+	old_xs = READ_ONCE(*map_entry);
+	if (old_xs == xs) {
+		err = 0;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	xsk_map_sock_add(xs, node);
+	WRITE_ONCE(*map_entry, xs);
 	if (old_xs)
-		sock_put((struct sock *)old_xs);
-
+		xsk_map_sock_delete(old_xs, map_entry);
+	spin_unlock_bh(&m->lock);
 	sockfd_put(sock);
 	return 0;
+
+out:
+	spin_unlock_bh(&m->lock);
+	sockfd_put(sock);
+	xsk_map_node_free(node);
+	return err;
 }
 
 static int xsk_map_delete_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
 {
 	struct xsk_map *m = container_of(map, struct xsk_map, map);
-	struct xdp_sock *old_xs;
+	struct xdp_sock *old_xs, **map_entry;
 	int k = *(u32 *)key;
 
 	if (k >= map->max_entries)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	old_xs = xchg(&m->xsk_map[k], NULL);
+	spin_lock_bh(&m->lock);
+	map_entry = &m->xsk_map[k];
+	old_xs = xchg(map_entry, NULL);
 	if (old_xs)
-		sock_put((struct sock *)old_xs);
+		xsk_map_sock_delete(old_xs, map_entry);
+	spin_unlock_bh(&m->lock);
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
+void xsk_map_try_sock_delete(struct xsk_map *map, struct xdp_sock *xs,
+			     struct xdp_sock **map_entry)
+{
+	spin_lock_bh(&map->lock);
+	if (READ_ONCE(*map_entry) == xs) {
+		WRITE_ONCE(*map_entry, NULL);
+		xsk_map_sock_delete(xs, map_entry);
+	}
+	spin_unlock_bh(&map->lock);
+}
+
 const struct bpf_map_ops xsk_map_ops = {
 	.map_alloc = xsk_map_alloc,
 	.map_free = xsk_map_free,
diff --git a/net/xdp/xsk.c b/net/xdp/xsk.c
index 59b57d708697..c3d027aa693d 100644
--- a/net/xdp/xsk.c
+++ b/net/xdp/xsk.c
@@ -362,6 +362,52 @@  static void xsk_unbind_dev(struct xdp_sock *xs)
 	dev_put(dev);
 }
 
+static struct xsk_map *xsk_get_map_list_entry(struct xdp_sock *xs,
+					      struct xdp_sock ***map_entry)
+{
+	struct xsk_map *map = NULL;
+	struct xsk_map_node *node;
+
+	*map_entry = NULL;
+
+	spin_lock_bh(&xs->map_list_lock);
+	node = list_first_entry_or_null(&xs->map_list, struct xsk_map_node,
+					node);
+	if (node) {
+		WARN_ON(xsk_map_inc(node->map));
+		map = node->map;
+		*map_entry = node->map_entry;
+	}
+	spin_unlock_bh(&xs->map_list_lock);
+	return map;
+}
+
+static void xsk_delete_from_maps(struct xdp_sock *xs)
+{
+	/* This function removes the current XDP socket from all the
+	 * maps it resides in. We need to take extra care here, due to
+	 * the two locks involved. Each map has a lock synchronizing
+	 * updates to the entries, and each socket has a lock that
+	 * synchronizes access to the list of maps (map_list). For
+	 * deadlock avoidance the locks need to be taken in the order
+	 * "map lock"->"socket map list lock". We start off by
+	 * accessing the socket map list, and take a reference to the
+	 * map to guarantee existence between the
+	 * xsk_get_map_list_entry() and xsk_map_try_sock_delete()
+	 * calls. Then we ask the map to remove the socket, which
+	 * tries to remove the socket from the map. Note that there
+	 * might be updates to the map between
+	 * xsk_get_map_list_entry() and xsk_map_try_sock_delete().
+	 */
+	struct xdp_sock **map_entry = NULL;
+	struct xsk_map *map;
+
+	while ((map = xsk_get_map_list_entry(xs, &map_entry))) {
+		xsk_map_try_sock_delete(map, xs, map_entry);
+		xsk_map_put(map);
+	}
+}
+
 static int xsk_release(struct socket *sock)
 {
 	struct sock *sk = sock->sk;
@@ -381,6 +427,7 @@  static int xsk_release(struct socket *sock)
 	sock_prot_inuse_add(net, sk->sk_prot, -1);
 	local_bh_enable();
 
+	xsk_delete_from_maps(xs);
 	xsk_unbind_dev(xs);
 
 	xskq_destroy(xs->rx);
@@ -855,6 +902,9 @@  static int xsk_create(struct net *net, struct socket *sock, int protocol,
 	spin_lock_init(&xs->rx_lock);
 	spin_lock_init(&xs->tx_completion_lock);
 
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xs->map_list);
+	spin_lock_init(&xs->map_list_lock);
+
 	mutex_lock(&net->xdp.lock);
 	sk_add_node_rcu(sk, &net->xdp.list);
 	mutex_unlock(&net->xdp.lock);