Patchwork [v2,4/5] fs: Introduce SINGLE dentries for pipes, socket, anon fd

login
register
mail settings
Submitter Eric Dumazet
Date Nov. 29, 2008, 8:44 a.m.
Message ID <493100E7.3030907@cosmosbay.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/11364/
State Not Applicable
Delegated to: David Miller
Headers show

Comments

Eric Dumazet - Nov. 29, 2008, 8:44 a.m.
Sockets, pipes and anonymous fds have interesting properties.

Like other files, they use a dentry and an inode.

But dentries for these kind of files are not hashed into dcache,
since there is no way someone can lookup such a file in the vfs tree.
(/proc/{pid}/fd/{number} uses a different mechanism)

Still, allocating and freeing such dentries are expensive processes,
because we currently take dcache_lock inside d_alloc(), d_instantiate(),
and dput(). This lock is very contended on SMP machines.

This patch defines a new DCACHE_SINGLE flag, to mark a dentry as
a single one (for sockets, pipes, anonymous fd), and a new
d_alloc_single(const struct qstr *name, struct inode *inode)
method, called by the three subsystems.

Internally, dput() can take a fast path to dput_single() for
SINGLE dentries. No more atomic_dec_and_lock()
for such dentries.


Differences betwen an SINGLE dentry and a normal one are :

1) SINGLE dentry has the DCACHE_SINGLE flag
2) SINGLE dentry's parent is itself (DCACHE_DISCONNECTED)
This to avoid taking a reference on sb 'root' dentry, shared
by too many dentries.
3) They are not hashed into global hash table (DCACHE_UNHASHED)
4) Their d_alias list is empty

(socket8 bench result : from 25s to 19.9s)

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com>
---
 fs/anon_inodes.c       |   16 ------------
 fs/dcache.c            |   51 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/pipe.c              |   23 +----------------
 include/linux/dcache.h |    9 ++++++
 net/socket.c           |   24 +-----------------
 5 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 58 deletions(-)
Jörn Engel - Nov. 29, 2008, 10:38 a.m.
On Sat, 29 November 2008 09:44:23 +0100, Eric Dumazet wrote:
>
> +struct dentry *d_alloc_single(const struct qstr *name, struct inode *inode)
> +{
> +	struct dentry *entry;
> +
> +	entry = d_alloc(NULL, name);
> +	if (entry) {
> +		entry->d_sb = inode->i_sb;
> +		entry->d_parent = entry;
> +		entry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SINGLE | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
> +		entry->d_inode = inode;
> +		fsnotify_d_instantiate(entry, inode);
> +		security_d_instantiate(entry, inode);
> +	}
> +	return entry;

Calling the struct dentry entry had me onfused a bit.  I believe
everyone else (including the code you removed) uses dentry.

> @@ -918,7 +906,7 @@ struct file *create_write_pipe(int flags)
>  	struct inode *inode;
>  	struct file *f;
>  	struct dentry *dentry;
> -	struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
> +	static const struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
>  
>  	err = -ENFILE;
>  	inode = get_pipe_inode();
...
> @@ -371,20 +358,13 @@ static int sock_alloc_fd(struct file **filep, int flags)
>  static int sock_attach_fd(struct socket *sock, struct file *file, int flags)
>  {
>  	struct dentry *dentry;
> -	struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
> +	static const struct qstr name = { .name = "" };

These two could even be combined.

And of course I realize that I comment on absolute trivialities.  On the
whole, I couldn't spot a real problem in your patches.

Jörn
Eric Dumazet - Nov. 29, 2008, 11:14 a.m.
Jörn Engel a écrit :
> On Sat, 29 November 2008 09:44:23 +0100, Eric Dumazet wrote:
>> +struct dentry *d_alloc_single(const struct qstr *name, struct inode *inode)
>> +{
>> +	struct dentry *entry;
>> +
>> +	entry = d_alloc(NULL, name);
>> +	if (entry) {
>> +		entry->d_sb = inode->i_sb;
>> +		entry->d_parent = entry;
>> +		entry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SINGLE | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
>> +		entry->d_inode = inode;
>> +		fsnotify_d_instantiate(entry, inode);
>> +		security_d_instantiate(entry, inode);
>> +	}
>> +	return entry;
> 
> Calling the struct dentry entry had me onfused a bit.  I believe
> everyone else (including the code you removed) uses dentry.

Ah yes, it seems I took it from d_instantiate(), I guess a cleanup
patch would be nice.

> 
>> @@ -918,7 +906,7 @@ struct file *create_write_pipe(int flags)
>>  	struct inode *inode;
>>  	struct file *f;
>>  	struct dentry *dentry;
>> -	struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
>> +	static const struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
>>  
>>  	err = -ENFILE;
>>  	inode = get_pipe_inode();
> ...
>> @@ -371,20 +358,13 @@ static int sock_alloc_fd(struct file **filep, int flags)
>>  static int sock_attach_fd(struct socket *sock, struct file *file, int flags)
>>  {
>>  	struct dentry *dentry;
>> -	struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
>> +	static const struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
> 
> These two could even be combined.
> 
> And of course I realize that I comment on absolute trivialities.  On the
> whole, I couldn't spot a real problem in your patches.

Well, at least you reviewed it, it's the important point !

Thanks Jörn

--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe netdev" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html

Patch

diff --git a/fs/anon_inodes.c b/fs/anon_inodes.c
index 3662dd4..8bf83cb 100644
--- a/fs/anon_inodes.c
+++ b/fs/anon_inodes.c
@@ -33,23 +33,12 @@  static int anon_inodefs_get_sb(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags,
 			     mnt);
 }
 
-static int anon_inodefs_delete_dentry(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
-	/*
-	 * We faked vfs to believe the dentry was hashed when we created it.
-	 * Now we restore the flag so that dput() will work correctly.
-	 */
-	dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_UNHASHED;
-	return 1;
-}
-
 static struct file_system_type anon_inode_fs_type = {
 	.name		= "anon_inodefs",
 	.get_sb		= anon_inodefs_get_sb,
 	.kill_sb	= kill_anon_super,
 };
 static struct dentry_operations anon_inodefs_dentry_operations = {
-	.d_delete	= anon_inodefs_delete_dentry,
 };
 
 /**
@@ -92,7 +81,7 @@  int anon_inode_getfd(const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops,
 	this.name = name;
 	this.len = strlen(name);
 	this.hash = 0;
-	dentry = d_alloc(anon_inode_mnt->mnt_sb->s_root, &this);
+	dentry = d_alloc_single(&this, anon_inode_inode);
 	if (!dentry)
 		goto err_put_unused_fd;
 
@@ -104,9 +93,6 @@  int anon_inode_getfd(const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops,
 	atomic_inc(&anon_inode_inode->i_count);
 
 	dentry->d_op = &anon_inodefs_dentry_operations;
-	/* Do not publish this dentry inside the global dentry hash table */
-	dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_UNHASHED;
-	d_instantiate(dentry, anon_inode_inode);
 
 	error = -ENFILE;
 	file = alloc_file(anon_inode_mnt, dentry,
diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
index 46d5d1e..35d4a25 100644
--- a/fs/dcache.c
+++ b/fs/dcache.c
@@ -219,6 +219,23 @@  static struct dentry *d_kill(struct dentry *dentry)
  */
 
 /*
+ * special version of dput() for pipes/sockets/anon.
+ * These dentries are not present in hash table, we can avoid
+ * taking/dirtying dcache_lock
+ */
+static void dput_single(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+	struct inode *inode;
+
+	if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&dentry->d_count))
+		return;
+	inode = dentry->d_inode;
+	if (inode)
+		iput(inode);
+	d_free(dentry);
+}
+
+/*
  * dput - release a dentry
  * @dentry: dentry to release 
  *
@@ -234,6 +251,11 @@  void dput(struct dentry *dentry)
 {
 	if (!dentry)
 		return;
+	/*
+	 * single dentries (sockets/pipes/anon) fast path
+	 */
+	if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SINGLE)
+		return dput_single(dentry);
 
 repeat:
 	if (atomic_read(&dentry->d_count) == 1)
@@ -1119,6 +1141,35 @@  struct dentry * d_alloc_root(struct inode * root_inode)
 	return res;
 }
 
+/**
+ * d_alloc_single - allocate SINGLE dentry
+ * @name: dentry name, given in a qstr structure
+ * @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for
+ *
+ * Allocate an SINGLE dentry for the inode given. The inode is
+ * instantiated and returned. %NULL is returned if there is insufficient
+ * memory.
+ * - SINGLE dentries have themselves as a parent.
+ * - SINGLE dentries are not hashed into global hash table
+ * - their d_alias list is empty
+ */
+struct dentry *d_alloc_single(const struct qstr *name, struct inode *inode)
+{
+	struct dentry *entry;
+
+	entry = d_alloc(NULL, name);
+	if (entry) {
+		entry->d_sb = inode->i_sb;
+		entry->d_parent = entry;
+		entry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SINGLE | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
+		entry->d_inode = inode;
+		fsnotify_d_instantiate(entry, inode);
+		security_d_instantiate(entry, inode);
+	}
+	return entry;
+}
+
+
 static inline struct hlist_head *d_hash(struct dentry *parent,
 					unsigned long hash)
 {
diff --git a/fs/pipe.c b/fs/pipe.c
index 7aea8b8..4de6dd5 100644
--- a/fs/pipe.c
+++ b/fs/pipe.c
@@ -849,17 +849,6 @@  void free_pipe_info(struct inode *inode)
 }
 
 static struct vfsmount *pipe_mnt __read_mostly;
-static int pipefs_delete_dentry(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
-	/*
-	 * At creation time, we pretended this dentry was hashed
-	 * (by clearing DCACHE_UNHASHED bit in d_flags)
-	 * At delete time, we restore the truth : not hashed.
-	 * (so that dput() can proceed correctly)
-	 */
-	dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_UNHASHED;
-	return 0;
-}
 
 /*
  * pipefs_dname() is called from d_path().
@@ -871,7 +860,6 @@  static char *pipefs_dname(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, int buflen)
 }
 
 static struct dentry_operations pipefs_dentry_operations = {
-	.d_delete	= pipefs_delete_dentry,
 	.d_dname	= pipefs_dname,
 };
 
@@ -918,7 +906,7 @@  struct file *create_write_pipe(int flags)
 	struct inode *inode;
 	struct file *f;
 	struct dentry *dentry;
-	struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
+	static const struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
 
 	err = -ENFILE;
 	inode = get_pipe_inode();
@@ -926,18 +914,11 @@  struct file *create_write_pipe(int flags)
 		goto err;
 
 	err = -ENOMEM;
-	dentry = d_alloc(pipe_mnt->mnt_sb->s_root, &name);
+	dentry = d_alloc_single(&name, inode);
 	if (!dentry)
 		goto err_inode;
 
 	dentry->d_op = &pipefs_dentry_operations;
-	/*
-	 * We dont want to publish this dentry into global dentry hash table.
-	 * We pretend dentry is already hashed, by unsetting DCACHE_UNHASHED
-	 * This permits a working /proc/$pid/fd/XXX on pipes
-	 */
-	dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_UNHASHED;
-	d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
 
 	err = -ENFILE;
 	f = alloc_file(pipe_mnt, dentry, FMODE_WRITE, &write_pipefifo_fops);
diff --git a/include/linux/dcache.h b/include/linux/dcache.h
index a37359d..ca8d269 100644
--- a/include/linux/dcache.h
+++ b/include/linux/dcache.h
@@ -176,6 +176,14 @@  d_iput:		no		no		no       yes
 #define DCACHE_UNHASHED		0x0010	
 
 #define DCACHE_INOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED	0x0020 /* Parent inode is watched */
+#define DCACHE_SINGLE		0x0040
+	/*
+	 * socket, pipe or anonymous fd dentry
+	 * - SINGLE dentries have themselves as a parent.
+	 * - SINGLE dentries are not hashed into global hash table
+	 * - Their d_alias list is empty
+	 * - They dont need dcache_lock synchronization
+	 */
 
 extern spinlock_t dcache_lock;
 extern seqlock_t rename_lock;
@@ -235,6 +243,7 @@  extern void shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block *);
 extern void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry *);
 extern void shrink_dcache_for_umount(struct super_block *);
 extern int d_invalidate(struct dentry *);
+extern struct dentry *d_alloc_single(const struct qstr *, struct inode *);
 
 /* only used at mount-time */
 extern struct dentry * d_alloc_root(struct inode *);
diff --git a/net/socket.c b/net/socket.c
index e9d65ea..231cd66 100644
--- a/net/socket.c
+++ b/net/socket.c
@@ -307,18 +307,6 @@  static struct file_system_type sock_fs_type = {
 	.kill_sb =	kill_anon_super,
 };
 
-static int sockfs_delete_dentry(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
-	/*
-	 * At creation time, we pretended this dentry was hashed
-	 * (by clearing DCACHE_UNHASHED bit in d_flags)
-	 * At delete time, we restore the truth : not hashed.
-	 * (so that dput() can proceed correctly)
-	 */
-	dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_UNHASHED;
-	return 0;
-}
-
 /*
  * sockfs_dname() is called from d_path().
  */
@@ -329,7 +317,6 @@  static char *sockfs_dname(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, int buflen)
 }
 
 static struct dentry_operations sockfs_dentry_operations = {
-	.d_delete = sockfs_delete_dentry,
 	.d_dname  = sockfs_dname,
 };
 
@@ -371,20 +358,13 @@  static int sock_alloc_fd(struct file **filep, int flags)
 static int sock_attach_fd(struct socket *sock, struct file *file, int flags)
 {
 	struct dentry *dentry;
-	struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
+	static const struct qstr name = { .name = "" };
 
-	dentry = d_alloc(sock_mnt->mnt_sb->s_root, &name);
+	dentry = d_alloc_single(&name, SOCK_INODE(sock));
 	if (unlikely(!dentry))
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	dentry->d_op = &sockfs_dentry_operations;
-	/*
-	 * We dont want to push this dentry into global dentry hash table.
-	 * We pretend dentry is already hashed, by unsetting DCACHE_UNHASHED
-	 * This permits a working /proc/$pid/fd/XXX on sockets
-	 */
-	dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_UNHASHED;
-	d_instantiate(dentry, SOCK_INODE(sock));
 
 	sock->file = file;
 	init_file(file, sock_mnt, dentry, FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE,