Patchwork [v4] drivers/block/mtip32xx: Adding new driver mtip32xx

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Submitter Sam Bradshaw
Date Sept. 1, 2011, 10:23 p.m.
Message ID <4E6005FB.8020407@micon.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/113016/
State Not Applicable
Delegated to: David Miller
Headers show

Comments

Sam Bradshaw - Sept. 1, 2011, 10:23 p.m.
> "Jeff Moyer" <jmoyer@redhat.com> writes:
>
> Hi, Sam,
>
> The patch is line-wrapped.  Could you fix your mailer settings and
> re-send?
>
> Thanks,
> Jeff

Apologies.  Resend with line wrapping disabled.

---
 drivers/block/Kconfig             |    2 +
 drivers/block/Makefile            |    1 +
 drivers/block/mtip32xx/Kconfig    |    9 +
 drivers/block/mtip32xx/Makefile   |    5 +
 drivers/block/mtip32xx/mtip32xx.c | 3581 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/block/mtip32xx/mtip32xx.h |  445 +++++
 6 files changed, 4043 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/block/mtip32xx/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 drivers/block/mtip32xx/Makefile
 create mode 100644 drivers/block/mtip32xx/mtip32xx.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/block/mtip32xx/mtip32xx.h

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/block/Kconfig b/drivers/block/Kconfig
index 717d6e4..b729ae3 100644
--- a/drivers/block/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/block/Kconfig
@@ -116,6 +116,8 @@  config PARIDE

 source "drivers/block/paride/Kconfig"

+source "drivers/block/mtip32xx/Kconfig"
+
 config BLK_CPQ_DA
 	tristate "Compaq SMART2 support"
 	depends on PCI && VIRT_TO_BUS
diff --git a/drivers/block/Makefile b/drivers/block/Makefile
index 76646e9..ad7b74a 100644
--- a/drivers/block/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/block/Makefile
@@ -39,5 +39,6 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_BLKDEV_FRONTEND)	+= xen-blkfront.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_BLKDEV_BACKEND)	+= xen-blkback/
 obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_DRBD)     += drbd/
 obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_RBD)     += rbd.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_PCIESSD_MTIP32XX)	+= mtip32xx/

 swim_mod-y	:= swim.o swim_asm.o
diff --git a/drivers/block/mtip32xx/Kconfig b/drivers/block/mtip32xx/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b5dd14e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/block/mtip32xx/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@ 
+#
+# mtip32xx device driver configuration
+#
+
+config BLK_DEV_PCIESSD_MTIP32XX
+	tristate "Block Device Driver for Micron PCIe SSDs"
+	depends on HOTPLUG_PCI_PCIE
+	help
+          This enables the block driver for Micron PCIe SSDs.
diff --git a/drivers/block/mtip32xx/Makefile b/drivers/block/mtip32xx/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4fbef8c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/block/mtip32xx/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@ 
+#
+# Makefile for  Block device driver for Micron PCIe SSD
+#
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_PCIESSD_MTIP32XX) += mtip32xx.o
diff --git a/drivers/block/mtip32xx/mtip32xx.c b/drivers/block/mtip32xx/mtip32xx.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e329ca4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/block/mtip32xx/mtip32xx.c
@@ -0,0 +1,3581 @@ 
+/*
+ * Driver for the Micron P320 SSD
+ *   Copyright (C) 2011 Micron Technology, Inc.
+ *
+ * Portions of this code were derived from works subjected to the
+ * following copyright:
+ *    Copyright (C) 2009 Integrated Device Technology, Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/ata.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/hdreg.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/compat.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/genhd.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <../drivers/ata/ahci.h>
+#include "mtip32xx.h"
+
+#define HW_CMD_SLOT_SZ		(MTIP_MAX_COMMAND_SLOTS * 32)
+#define HW_CMD_TBL_SZ		(AHCI_CMD_TBL_HDR_SZ + (MTIP_MAX_SG * 16))
+#define HW_CMD_TBL_AR_SZ	(HW_CMD_TBL_SZ * MTIP_MAX_COMMAND_SLOTS)
+#define HW_PORT_PRIV_DMA_SZ \
+		(HW_CMD_SLOT_SZ + HW_CMD_TBL_AR_SZ + AHCI_RX_FIS_SZ)
+
+#define HOST_HSORG		0xFC
+#define HSORG_DISABLE_SLOTGRP_INTR (1<<24)
+#define HSORG_DISABLE_SLOTGRP_PXIS (1<<16)
+#define HSORG_HWREV		0xFF00
+#define HSORG_STYLE		0x8
+#define HSORG_SLOTGROUPS	0x7
+
+#define PORT_COMMAND_ISSUE	0x38
+#define PORT_SDBV		0x7C
+
+#define PORT_OFFSET		0x100
+#define PORT_MEM_SIZE		0x80
+
+#define PORT_IRQ_ERR \
+	(PORT_IRQ_HBUS_ERR | PORT_IRQ_IF_ERR | PORT_IRQ_CONNECT | \
+	 PORT_IRQ_PHYRDY | PORT_IRQ_UNK_FIS | PORT_IRQ_BAD_PMP | \
+	 PORT_IRQ_TF_ERR | PORT_IRQ_HBUS_DATA_ERR | PORT_IRQ_IF_NONFATAL | \
+	 PORT_IRQ_OVERFLOW)
+#define PORT_IRQ_LEGACY \
+	(PORT_IRQ_PIOS_FIS | PORT_IRQ_D2H_REG_FIS)
+#define PORT_IRQ_HANDLED \
+	(PORT_IRQ_SDB_FIS | PORT_IRQ_LEGACY | \
+	 PORT_IRQ_TF_ERR | PORT_IRQ_IF_ERR | \
+	 PORT_IRQ_CONNECT | PORT_IRQ_PHYRDY)
+#define DEF_PORT_IRQ \
+	(PORT_IRQ_ERR | PORT_IRQ_LEGACY | PORT_IRQ_SDB_FIS)
+
+/* product numbers */
+#define MTIP_PRODUCT_UNKNOWN	0x00
+#define MTIP_PRODUCT_ASICFPGA	0x11
+
+/* Device instance number, incremented each time a device is probed. */
+static int instance;
+
+/*
+ * Global variable used to hold the major block device number
+ * allocated in mtip_init().
+ */
+int mtip_major;
+
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(rssd_index_lock);
+static DEFINE_IDA(rssd_index_ida);
+
+struct mtip_compat_ide_task_request_s {
+	__u8		io_ports[8];
+	__u8		hob_ports[8];
+	ide_reg_valid_t	out_flags;
+	ide_reg_valid_t	in_flags;
+	int		data_phase;
+	int		req_cmd;
+	compat_ulong_t	out_size;
+	compat_ulong_t	in_size;
+};
+
+static int mtip_exec_internal_command(struct mtip_port *port,
+				void *fis,
+				int fisLen,
+				dma_addr_t buffer,
+				int bufLen,
+				u32 opts,
+				gfp_t atomic,
+				unsigned long timeout);
+
+/*
+ * Obtain an empty command slot.
+ *
+ * This function needs to be reentrant since it could be called
+ * at the same time on multiple CPUs. The allocation of the
+ * command slot must be atomic.
+ *
+ * @port Pointer to the port data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	>= 0	Index of command slot obtained.
+ *	-1	No command slots available.
+ */
+static int get_slot(struct mtip_port *port)
+{
+	int slot, i;
+	unsigned int num_command_slots = port->dd->slot_groups * 32;
+
+	/*
+	 * Try 10 times, because there is a small race here.
+	 *  that's ok, because it's still cheaper than a lock.
+	 *
+	 * Race: Since this section is not protected by lock, same bit
+	 * could be chosen by different process contexts running in
+	 * different processor. So instead of costly lock, we are going
+	 * with loop.
+	 */
+	for (i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
+		slot = find_next_zero_bit(port->allocated,
+					 num_command_slots, 1);
+		if ((slot < num_command_slots) &&
+		    (!test_and_set_bit(slot, port->allocated)))
+			return slot;
+	}
+	dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev, "Failed to get a tag.\n");
+
+	if (mtip_check_surprise_removal(port->dd->pdev)) {
+		/* Device not present, clean outstanding commands */
+		mtip_command_cleanup(port->dd);
+	}
+	return -1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Release a command slot.
+ *
+ * @port Pointer to the port data structure.
+ * @tag  Tag of command to release
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static inline void release_slot(struct mtip_port *port, int tag)
+{
+	smp_mb__before_clear_bit();
+	clear_bit(tag, port->allocated);
+	smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Issue a command to the hardware.
+ *
+ * Set the appropriate bit in the s_active and Command Issue hardware
+ * registers, causing hardware command processing to begin.
+ *
+ * @port Pointer to the port structure.
+ * @tag  The tag of the command to be issued.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *      None
+ */
+static inline void mtip_issue_ncq_command(struct mtip_port *port, int tag)
+{
+	unsigned long flags = 0;
+
+	atomic_set(&port->commands[tag].active, 1);
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&port->cmd_issue_lock, flags);
+
+	writel((1 << MTIP_TAG_BIT(tag)),
+			port->s_active[MTIP_TAG_INDEX(tag)]);
+	writel((1 << MTIP_TAG_BIT(tag)),
+			port->cmd_issue[MTIP_TAG_INDEX(tag)]);
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&port->cmd_issue_lock, flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called periodically to see if any read/write commands are
+ * taking too long to complete.
+ *
+ * @data Pointer to the PORT data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+void mtip_timeout_function(unsigned long int data)
+{
+	struct mtip_port *port = (struct mtip_port *) data;
+	struct host_to_dev_fis *fis;
+	struct mtip_cmd *command;
+	int tag, cmdto_cnt = 0;
+	unsigned int bit, group;
+	unsigned int num_command_slots = port->dd->slot_groups * 32;
+
+	if (unlikely(!port))
+		return;
+
+	if (atomic_read(&port->dd->resumeflag) == true) {
+		mod_timer(&port->cmd_timer,
+			jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(30000));
+		return;
+	}
+
+	for (tag = 0; tag < num_command_slots; tag++) {
+		/*
+		 * Skip internal command slot as it has
+		 * its own timeout mechanism
+		 */
+		if (tag == MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL)
+			continue;
+
+		if (atomic_read(&port->commands[tag].active) &&
+		   (time_after(jiffies, port->commands[tag].comp_time))) {
+			group = tag >> 5;
+			bit = tag & 0x1f;
+
+			command = &port->commands[tag];
+			fis = (struct host_to_dev_fis *) command->command;
+
+			dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+				"Timeout for command tag %d\n", tag);
+
+			cmdto_cnt++;
+			if (cmdto_cnt == 1)
+				atomic_inc(&port->dd->eh_active);
+
+			/*
+			 * Clear the completed bit. This should prevent
+			 *  any interrupt handlers from trying to retire
+			 *  the command.
+			 */
+			writel(1 << bit, port->completed[group]);
+
+			/* Call the async completion callback. */
+			if (likely(command->async_callback))
+				command->async_callback(command->async_data,
+							 -EIO);
+			command->async_callback = NULL;
+			command->comp_func = NULL;
+
+			/* Unmap the DMA scatter list entries */
+			dma_unmap_sg(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+					command->sg,
+					command->scatter_ents,
+					command->direction);
+
+			/*
+			 * Clear the allocated bit and active tag for the
+			 * command.
+			 */
+			atomic_set(&port->commands[tag].active, 0);
+			release_slot(port, tag);
+
+			up(&port->cmd_slot);
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (cmdto_cnt) {
+		dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+			"%d commands timed out: restarting port",
+			cmdto_cnt);
+		mtip_restart_port(port);
+		atomic_dec(&port->dd->eh_active);
+	}
+
+	/* Restart the timer */
+	mod_timer(&port->cmd_timer,
+		jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(MTIP_TIMEOUT_CHECK_PERIOD));
+}
+
+/*
+ * IO completion function.
+ *
+ * This completion function is called by the driver ISR when a
+ * command that was issued by the kernel completes. It first calls the
+ * asynchronous completion function which normally calls back into the block
+ * layer passing the asynchronous callback data, then unmaps the
+ * scatter list associated with the completed command, and finally
+ * clears the allocated bit associated with the completed command.
+ *
+ * @port   Pointer to the port data structure.
+ * @tag    Tag of the command.
+ * @data   Pointer to driver_data.
+ * @status Completion status.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static void mtip_async_complete(struct mtip_port *port,
+				int tag,
+				void *data,
+				int status)
+{
+	struct mtip_cmd *command;
+	struct driver_data *dd = data;
+	int cb_status = status ? -EIO : 0;
+
+	if (unlikely(!dd) || unlikely(!port))
+		return;
+
+	command = &port->commands[tag];
+
+	if (unlikely(status == PORT_IRQ_TF_ERR)) {
+		dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Command tag %d failed due to TFE\n", tag);
+	}
+
+	/* Upper layer callback */
+	if (likely(command->async_callback))
+		command->async_callback(command->async_data, cb_status);
+
+	command->async_callback = NULL;
+	command->comp_func = NULL;
+
+	/* Unmap the DMA scatter list entries */
+	dma_unmap_sg(&dd->pdev->dev,
+		command->sg,
+		command->scatter_ents,
+		command->direction);
+
+	/* Clear the allocated and active bits for the command */
+	atomic_set(&port->commands[tag].active, 0);
+	release_slot(port, tag);
+
+	up(&port->cmd_slot);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Internal command completion callback function.
+ *
+ * This function is normally called by the driver ISR when an internal
+ * command completed. This function signals the command completion by
+ * calling complete().
+ *
+ * @port   Pointer to the port data structure.
+ * @tag    Tag of the command that has completed.
+ * @data   Pointer to a completion structure.
+ * @status Completion status.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static void mtip_completion(struct mtip_port *port,
+			    int tag,
+			    void *data,
+			    int status)
+{
+	struct mtip_cmd *command = &port->commands[tag];
+	struct completion *waiting = data;
+	if (unlikely(status == PORT_IRQ_TF_ERR))
+		dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Internal command %d completed with TFE\n", tag);
+
+	command->async_callback = NULL;
+	command->comp_func = NULL;
+
+	complete(waiting);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Enable/disable the reception of FIS
+ *
+ * @port   Pointer to the port data structure
+ * @enable 1 to enable, 0 to disable
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	Previous state: 1 enabled, 0 disabled
+ */
+static int mtip_enable_fis(struct mtip_port *port, int enable)
+{
+	u32 tmp;
+
+	/* enable FIS reception */
+	tmp = readl(port->mmio + PORT_CMD);
+	if (enable)
+		writel(tmp | PORT_CMD_FIS_RX, port->mmio + PORT_CMD);
+	else
+		writel(tmp & ~PORT_CMD_FIS_RX, port->mmio + PORT_CMD);
+
+	/* Flush */
+	readl(port->mmio + PORT_CMD);
+
+	return (((tmp & PORT_CMD_FIS_RX) == PORT_CMD_FIS_RX));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Enable/disable the DMA engine
+ *
+ * @port   Pointer to the port data structure
+ * @enable 1 to enable, 0 to disable
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	Previous state: 1 enabled, 0 disabled.
+ */
+static int mtip_enable_engine(struct mtip_port *port, int enable)
+{
+	u32 tmp;
+
+	/* enable FIS reception */
+	tmp = readl(port->mmio + PORT_CMD);
+	if (enable)
+		writel(tmp | PORT_CMD_START, port->mmio + PORT_CMD);
+	else
+		writel(tmp & ~PORT_CMD_START, port->mmio + PORT_CMD);
+
+	readl(port->mmio + PORT_CMD);
+	return (((tmp & PORT_CMD_START) == PORT_CMD_START));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Enables the port DMA engine and FIS reception.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static inline void mtip_start_port(struct mtip_port *port)
+{
+	/* Enable FIS reception */
+	mtip_enable_fis(port, 1);
+
+	/* Enable the DMA engine */
+	mtip_enable_engine(port, 1);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Deinitialize a port by disabling port interrupts, the DMA engine,
+ * and FIS reception.
+ *
+ * @port Pointer to the port structure
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static inline void mtip_deinit_port(struct mtip_port *port)
+{
+	/* Disable interrupts on this port */
+	writel(0, port->mmio + PORT_IRQ_MASK);
+
+	/* Disable the DMA engine */
+	mtip_enable_engine(port, 0);
+
+	/* Disable FIS reception */
+	mtip_enable_fis(port, 0);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize a port.
+ *
+ * This function deinitializes the port by calling mtip_deinit_port() and
+ * then initializes it by setting the command header and RX FIS addresses,
+ * clearing the SError register and any pending port interrupts before
+ * re-enabling the default set of port interrupts.
+ *
+ * @port Pointer to the port structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static void mtip_init_port(struct mtip_port *port)
+{
+	int i;
+	mtip_deinit_port(port);
+
+	/* Program the command list base and FIS base addresses */
+	if (readl(port->dd->mmio + HOST_CAP) & HOST_CAP_64) {
+		writel((port->command_list_dma >> 16) >> 16,
+			 port->mmio + PORT_LST_ADDR_HI);
+		writel((port->rxfis_dma >> 16) >> 16,
+			 port->mmio + PORT_FIS_ADDR_HI);
+	}
+
+	writel(port->command_list_dma & 0xffffffff,
+			port->mmio + PORT_LST_ADDR);
+	writel(port->rxfis_dma & 0xffffffff, port->mmio + PORT_FIS_ADDR);
+
+	/* Clear SError */
+	writel(readl(port->mmio + PORT_SCR_ERR), port->mmio + PORT_SCR_ERR);
+
+	/* reset the completed registers.*/
+	for (i = 0; i < port->dd->slot_groups; i++)
+		writel(0xFFFFFFFF, port->completed[i]);
+
+	/* Clear any pending interrupts for this port */
+	writel(readl(port->mmio + PORT_IRQ_STAT), port->mmio + PORT_IRQ_STAT);
+
+	/* Enable port interrupts */
+	writel(DEF_PORT_IRQ, port->mmio + PORT_IRQ_MASK);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Reset the HBA (without sleeping)
+ *
+ * Just like hba_reset, except does not call sleep, so can be
+ * run from interrupt/tasklet context.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	The reset was successful.
+ *	-1	The HBA Reset bit did not clear.
+ */
+int hba_reset_nosleep(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	unsigned long timeout;
+
+	/* Chip quirk: quiesce any chip function */
+	mdelay(10);
+
+	/* Set the reset bit */
+	writel(HOST_RESET, dd->mmio + HOST_CTL);
+
+	/* Flush */
+	readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CTL);
+
+	/*
+	 * Wait 10ms then spin for up to 1 second
+	 * waiting for reset acknowledgement
+	 */
+	timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(1000);
+	mdelay(10);
+	while ((readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CTL) & HOST_RESET)
+		 && time_before(jiffies, timeout))
+		mdelay(1);
+
+	if (readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CTL) & HOST_RESET)
+		return -1;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Restart a port
+ *
+ * @port Pointer to the port data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+void mtip_restart_port(struct mtip_port *port)
+{
+	unsigned long timeout;
+
+	/* Disable the DMA engine */
+	mtip_enable_engine(port, 0);
+
+	/* Chip quirk: wait up to 500ms for PxCMD.CR == 0 */
+	timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(500);
+	while ((readl(port->mmio + PORT_CMD) & PORT_CMD_LIST_ON)
+		 && time_before(jiffies, timeout))
+		;
+
+	/*
+	 * Chip quirk: escalate to hba reset if
+	 * PxCMD.CR not clear after 500 ms
+	 */
+	if (readl(port->mmio + PORT_CMD) & PORT_CMD_LIST_ON) {
+		dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+			"PxCMD.CR not clear, escalating reset\n");
+
+		if (hba_reset_nosleep(port->dd))
+			dev_err(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+				"HBA reset escalation failed.\n");
+
+		/* 30 ms delay before com reset to quiesce chip */
+		mdelay(30);
+	}
+
+	dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev, "Issuing COM reset\n");
+
+	/* Set PxSCTL.DET */
+	writel(readl(port->mmio + PORT_SCR_CTL) |
+			 1, port->mmio + PORT_SCR_CTL);
+	readl(port->mmio + PORT_SCR_CTL);
+
+	/* Wait 1 ms to quiesce chip function */
+	timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(1);
+	while (time_before(jiffies, timeout))
+		;
+
+	/* Clear PxSCTL.DET */
+	writel(readl(port->mmio + PORT_SCR_CTL) & ~1,
+			 port->mmio + PORT_SCR_CTL);
+	readl(port->mmio + PORT_SCR_CTL);
+
+	/* Wait 500 ms for bit 0 of PORT_SCR_STS to be set */
+	timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(500);
+	while (((readl(port->mmio + PORT_SCR_STAT) & 0x01) == 0)
+			 && time_before(jiffies, timeout))
+		;
+
+	if ((readl(port->mmio + PORT_SCR_STAT) & 0x01) == 0)
+		dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+			"COM reset failed\n");
+
+	/* Clear SError, the PxSERR.DIAG.x should be set so clear it */
+	writel(readl(port->mmio + PORT_SCR_ERR), port->mmio + PORT_SCR_ERR);
+
+	/* Enable the DMA engine */
+	mtip_enable_engine(port, 1);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Helper function for tag logging
+ */
+static void print_tags(struct driver_data *dd,
+			char *msg,
+			unsigned long *tagbits)
+{
+	unsigned int tag, count = 0;
+
+	for (tag = 0; tag < (dd->slot_groups) * 32; tag++) {
+		if (test_bit(tag, tagbits))
+			count++;
+	}
+	if (count)
+		dev_info(&dd->pdev->dev, "%s [%i tags]\n", msg, count);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Handle an error.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the DRIVER_DATA structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static void mtip_handle_tfe(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	int group, tag, bit, reissue;
+	struct mtip_port *port;
+	struct mtip_cmd  *command;
+	u32 completed;
+	struct host_to_dev_fis *fis;
+	unsigned long tagaccum[SLOTBITS_IN_LONGS];
+
+	dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev, "Taskfile error\n");
+
+	port = dd->port;
+
+	/* Stop the timer to prevent command timeouts. */
+	del_timer(&port->cmd_timer);
+
+	/* Set eh_active */
+	atomic_inc(&dd->eh_active);
+
+	/* Loop through all the groups */
+	for (group = 0; group < dd->slot_groups; group++) {
+		completed = readl(port->completed[group]);
+
+		/* clear completed status register in the hardware.*/
+		writel(completed, port->completed[group]);
+
+		/* clear the tag accumulator */
+		memset(tagaccum, 0, SLOTBITS_IN_LONGS * sizeof(long));
+
+		/* Process successfully completed commands */
+		for (bit = 0; bit < 32 && completed; bit++) {
+			if (!(completed & (1<<bit)))
+				continue;
+			tag = (group << 5) + bit;
+
+			/* Skip the internal command slot */
+			if (tag == MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL)
+				continue;
+
+			command = &port->commands[tag];
+			if (likely(command->comp_func)) {
+				set_bit(tag, tagaccum);
+				atomic_set(&port->commands[tag].active, 0);
+				command->comp_func(port,
+					 tag,
+					 command->comp_data,
+					 0);
+			} else {
+				dev_err(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+					"Missing completion func for tag %d",
+					tag);
+				if (mtip_check_surprise_removal(dd->pdev)) {
+					mtip_command_cleanup(dd);
+					/* don't proceed further */
+					return;
+				}
+			}
+		}
+	}
+	print_tags(dd, "TFE tags completed:", tagaccum);
+
+	/* Restart the port */
+	mdelay(20);
+	mtip_restart_port(port);
+
+	/* clear the tag accumulator */
+	memset(tagaccum, 0, SLOTBITS_IN_LONGS * sizeof(long));
+
+	/* Loop through all the groups */
+	for (group = 0; group < dd->slot_groups; group++) {
+		for (bit = 0; bit < 32; bit++) {
+			reissue = 1;
+			tag = (group << 5) + bit;
+
+			/* If the active bit is set re-issue the command */
+			if (atomic_read(&port->commands[tag].active) == 0)
+				continue;
+
+			fis = (struct host_to_dev_fis *)
+				port->commands[tag].command;
+
+			/* Should re-issue? */
+			if (tag == MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL ||
+			    fis->command == ATA_CMD_SET_FEATURES)
+				reissue = 0;
+
+			/*
+			 * First check if this command has
+			 *  exceeded its retries.
+			 */
+			if (reissue &&
+			    (port->commands[tag].retries-- > 0)) {
+
+				set_bit(tag, tagaccum);
+
+				/* Update the timeout value. */
+				port->commands[tag].comp_time =
+					jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(
+					MTIP_NCQ_COMMAND_TIMEOUT_MS);
+				/* Re-issue the command. */
+				mtip_issue_ncq_command(port, tag);
+
+				continue;
+			}
+
+			/* Retire a command that will not be reissued */
+			dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+				"retiring tag %d\n", tag);
+			atomic_set(&port->commands[tag].active, 0);
+
+			if (port->commands[tag].comp_func)
+				port->commands[tag].comp_func(
+					port,
+					tag,
+					port->commands[tag].comp_data,
+					PORT_IRQ_TF_ERR);
+			else
+				dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+					"Bad completion for tag %d\n",
+					tag);
+		}
+	}
+	print_tags(dd, "TFE tags reissued:", tagaccum);
+
+	/* Decrement eh_active */
+	atomic_dec(&dd->eh_active);
+
+	mod_timer(&port->cmd_timer,
+		 jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(MTIP_TIMEOUT_CHECK_PERIOD));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Handle a set device bits interrupt
+ */
+static inline void mtip_process_sdbf(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	struct mtip_port  *port = dd->port;
+	int group, tag, bit;
+	u32 completed;
+	struct mtip_cmd *command;
+
+	/* walk all bits in all slot groups */
+	for (group = 0; group < dd->slot_groups; group++) {
+		completed = readl(port->completed[group]);
+
+		/* clear completed status register in the hardware.*/
+		writel(completed, port->completed[group]);
+
+		/* Process completed commands. */
+		for (bit = 0;
+		     (bit < 32) && completed;
+		     bit++, completed >>= 1) {
+			if (completed & 0x01) {
+				tag = (group << 5) | bit;
+
+				/* skip internal command slot. */
+				if (unlikely(tag == MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL))
+					continue;
+
+				command = &port->commands[tag];
+
+				/* make internal callback */
+				if (likely(command->comp_func)) {
+					command->comp_func(
+						port,
+						tag,
+						command->comp_data,
+						0);
+				} else {
+					dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+						"Null completion "
+						"for tag %d",
+						tag);
+
+					if (mtip_check_surprise_removal(
+						dd->pdev)) {
+						mtip_command_cleanup(dd);
+						return;
+					}
+				}
+			}
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Process legacy pio and d2h interrupts
+ */
+static inline void mtip_process_legacy(struct driver_data *dd, u32 port_stat)
+{
+	struct mtip_port *port = dd->port;
+	struct mtip_cmd *cmd = &port->commands[MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL];
+
+	if (port->internal_cmd_in_progress &&
+	    cmd != NULL &&
+	    !(readl(port->cmd_issue[MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL])
+		& (1 << MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL))) {
+		if (cmd->comp_func) {
+			cmd->comp_func(port,
+				MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL,
+				cmd->comp_data,
+				0);
+			return;
+		}
+	}
+
+	dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev, "IRQ status 0x%x ignored.\n", port_stat);
+
+	return;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Demux and handle errors
+ */
+static inline void mtip_process_errors(struct driver_data *dd, u32 port_stat)
+{
+	if (likely(port_stat & (PORT_IRQ_TF_ERR | PORT_IRQ_IF_ERR)))
+		mtip_handle_tfe(dd);
+
+	if (unlikely(port_stat & PORT_IRQ_CONNECT)) {
+		dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Clearing PxSERR.DIAG.x\n");
+		writel((1 << 26), dd->port->mmio + PORT_SCR_ERR);
+	}
+
+	if (unlikely(port_stat & PORT_IRQ_PHYRDY)) {
+		dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Clearing PxSERR.DIAG.n\n");
+		writel((1 << 16), dd->port->mmio + PORT_SCR_ERR);
+	}
+
+	if (unlikely(port_stat & ~PORT_IRQ_HANDLED)) {
+		dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Port stat errors %x unhandled\n",
+			(port_stat & ~PORT_IRQ_HANDLED));
+	}
+}
+
+static inline irqreturn_t mtip_handle_irq(struct driver_data *data)
+{
+	struct driver_data *dd = (struct driver_data *) data;
+	struct mtip_port *port = dd->port;
+	u32 hba_stat, port_stat;
+	int rv = IRQ_NONE;
+
+	hba_stat = readl(dd->mmio + HOST_IRQ_STAT);
+	if (hba_stat) {
+		rv = IRQ_HANDLED;
+
+		/* Acknowledge the interrupt status on the port.*/
+		port_stat = readl(port->mmio + PORT_IRQ_STAT);
+		writel(port_stat, port->mmio + PORT_IRQ_STAT);
+
+		/* Demux port status */
+		if (likely(port_stat & PORT_IRQ_SDB_FIS))
+			mtip_process_sdbf(dd);
+
+		if (unlikely(port_stat & PORT_IRQ_ERR)) {
+			if (unlikely(mtip_check_surprise_removal(dd->pdev))) {
+				mtip_command_cleanup(dd);
+				/* don't proceed further */
+				return IRQ_HANDLED;
+			}
+
+			mtip_process_errors(dd, port_stat & PORT_IRQ_ERR);
+		}
+
+		if (unlikely(port_stat & PORT_IRQ_LEGACY))
+			mtip_process_legacy(dd, port_stat & PORT_IRQ_LEGACY);
+	}
+
+	/* acknowledge interrupt */
+	writel(hba_stat, dd->mmio + HOST_IRQ_STAT);
+
+	return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Wrapper for mtip_handle_irq
+ * (ignores return code)
+ */
+static void mtip_tasklet(unsigned long data)
+{
+	mtip_handle_irq((struct driver_data *) data);
+}
+
+/*
+ * HBA interrupt subroutine.
+ *
+ * @irq		IRQ number.
+ * @instance	Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	IRQ_HANDLED	A HBA interrupt was pending and handled.
+ *	IRQ_NONE	This interrupt was not for the HBA.
+ */
+static irqreturn_t mtip_irq_handler(int irq, void *instance)
+{
+	struct driver_data *dd = instance;
+	tasklet_schedule(&dd->tasklet);
+	return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static void mtip_issue_non_ncq_command(struct mtip_port *port, int tag)
+{
+	atomic_set(&port->commands[tag].active, 1);
+	writel(1 << MTIP_TAG_BIT(tag),
+		port->cmd_issue[MTIP_TAG_INDEX(tag)]);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Wait for port to quiesce
+ *
+ * @port    Pointer to port data structure
+ * @timeout Max duration to wait (ms)
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	Success
+ *	-EBUSY  Commands still active
+ */
+static int mtip_quiesce_io(struct mtip_port *port, unsigned long timeout)
+{
+	unsigned long to;
+	unsigned int n, active;
+
+	to = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(timeout);
+	do {
+		/*
+		 * Ignore s_active bit 0 of array element 0.
+		 * This bit will always be set
+		 */
+		active = readl(port->s_active[0]) & 0xfffffffe;
+		for (n = 1; n < port->dd->slot_groups; n++)
+			active |= readl(port->s_active[n]);
+
+		if (!active)
+			break;
+
+		msleep(20);
+	} while (time_before(jiffies, to));
+
+	return active ? -EBUSY : 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Execute an internal command and wait for the completion.
+ *
+ * @port    Pointer to the port data structure.
+ * @fis     Pointer to the FIS that describes the command.
+ * @fisLen  Length in WORDS of the FIS.
+ * @buffer  DMA accessible for command data.
+ * @bufLen  Length, in bytes, of the data buffer.
+ * @opts    Command header options, excluding the FIS length
+ *             and the number of PRD entries.
+ * @timeout Time in ms to wait for the command to complete.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	 Command completed successfully.
+ *	-EFAULT  The buffer address is not correctly aligned.
+ *	-EBUSY   Internal command or other IO in progress.
+ *	-EAGAIN  Time out waiting for command to complete.
+ */
+static int mtip_exec_internal_command(struct mtip_port *port,
+					void *fis,
+					int fisLen,
+					dma_addr_t buffer,
+					int bufLen,
+					u32 opts,
+					gfp_t atomic,
+					unsigned long timeout)
+{
+	struct mtip_cmd_sg *command_sg;
+	DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(wait);
+	int rv = 0;
+	struct mtip_cmd *int_cmd = &port->commands[MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL];
+
+	/* Make sure the buffer is 8 byte aligned. This is asic specific. */
+	if (buffer & 0x00000007) {
+		dev_err(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+			"SG buffer is not 8 byte aligned\n");
+		return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	/* Only one internal command should be running at a time */
+	if (test_and_set_bit(MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL, port->allocated)) {
+		dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Internal command already active\n");
+		return -EBUSY;
+	}
+	port->internal_cmd_in_progress = 1;
+
+	if (atomic == GFP_KERNEL) {
+		/* wait for io to complete if non atomic */
+		if (mtip_quiesce_io(port, 5000) < 0) {
+			dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+				"Failed to quiesce IO\n");
+			release_slot(port, MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL);
+			port->internal_cmd_in_progress = 0;
+			return -EBUSY;
+		}
+
+		/* Set the completion function and data for the command. */
+		int_cmd->comp_data = &wait;
+		int_cmd->comp_func = mtip_completion;
+
+	} else {
+		/* Clear completion - we're going to poll */
+		int_cmd->comp_data = NULL;
+		int_cmd->comp_func = NULL;
+	}
+
+	/* Copy the command to the command table */
+	memcpy(int_cmd->command, fis, fisLen*4);
+
+	/* Populate the SG list */
+	int_cmd->command_header->opts =
+		 cpu_to_le32(opts | fisLen);
+	if (bufLen) {
+		command_sg = int_cmd->command + AHCI_CMD_TBL_HDR_SZ;
+
+		command_sg->info = cpu_to_le32((bufLen-1) & 0x3fffff);
+		command_sg->dba	= cpu_to_le32(buffer & 0xffffffff);
+		command_sg->dba_upper = cpu_to_le32((buffer >> 16) >> 16);
+
+		int_cmd->command_header->opts |= cpu_to_le32((1 << 16));
+	}
+
+	/* Populate the command header */
+	int_cmd->command_header->byte_count = 0;
+
+	/* Issue the command to the hardware */
+	mtip_issue_non_ncq_command(port, MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL);
+
+	/* Poll if atomic, wait_for_completion otherwise */
+	if (atomic == GFP_KERNEL) {
+		/* Wait for the command to complete or timeout. */
+		if (wait_for_completion_timeout(
+				&wait,
+				msecs_to_jiffies(timeout)) == 0) {
+			dev_err(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+				"Internal command did not complete [%d]\n",
+				atomic);
+			rv = -EAGAIN;
+		}
+
+		if (readl(port->cmd_issue[MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL])
+			& (1 << MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL)) {
+			dev_warn(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+				"Retiring internal command but CI is 1.\n");
+		}
+
+	} else {
+		/* Spin for <timeout> checking if command still outstanding */
+		timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(timeout);
+
+		while ((readl(
+			port->cmd_issue[MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL])
+			& (1 << MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL))
+			&& time_before(jiffies, timeout))
+			;
+
+		if (readl(port->cmd_issue[MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL])
+			& (1 << MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL)) {
+			dev_err(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+				"Internal command did not complete [%d]\n",
+				atomic);
+			rv = -EAGAIN;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Clear the allocated and active bits for the internal command. */
+	atomic_set(&int_cmd->active, 0);
+	release_slot(port, MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL);
+	port->internal_cmd_in_progress = 0;
+
+	return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Byte-swap ATA ID strings.
+ *
+ * ATA identify data contains strings in byte-swapped 16-bit words.
+ * They must be swapped (on all architectures) to be usable as C strings.
+ * This function swaps bytes in-place.
+ *
+ * @buf The buffer location of the string
+ * @len The number of bytes to swap
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static inline void ata_swap_string(u16 *buf, unsigned int len)
+{
+	int i;
+	for (i = 0; i < (len/2); i++)
+		be16_to_cpus(&buf[i]);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Request the device identity information.
+ *
+ * If a user space buffer is not specified, i.e. is NULL, the
+ * identify information is still read from the drive and placed
+ * into the identify data buffer (@e port->identify) in the
+ * port data structure.
+ * When the identify buffer contains valid identify information @e
+ * port->identify_valid is non-zero.
+ *
+ * @port	 Pointer to the port structure.
+ * @user_buffer  A user space buffer where the identify data should be
+ *                    copied.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	Command completed successfully.
+ *	-EFAULT An error occurred while coping data to the user buffer.
+ *	-1	Command failed.
+ */
+static int mtip_get_identify(struct mtip_port *port, void __user *user_buffer)
+{
+	int rv = 0;
+	struct host_to_dev_fis fis;
+
+	down_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+
+	/* Build the FIS. */
+	memset(&fis, 0, sizeof(struct host_to_dev_fis));
+	fis.type	= 0x27;
+	fis.opts	= 1 << 7;
+	fis.command	= ATA_CMD_ID_ATA;
+
+	/* Set the identify information as invalid. */
+	port->identify_valid = 0;
+
+	/* Clear the identify information. */
+	memset(port->identify, 0, sizeof(u16) * ATA_ID_WORDS);
+
+	/* Execute the command. */
+	if (mtip_exec_internal_command(port,
+				&fis,
+				5,
+				port->identify_dma,
+				sizeof(u16) * ATA_ID_WORDS,
+				0,
+				GFP_KERNEL,
+				MTIP_INTERNAL_COMMAND_TIMEOUT_MS)
+				< 0) {
+		rv = -1;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Perform any necessary byte-swapping.  Yes, the kernel does in fact
+	 * perform field-sensitive swapping on the string fields.
+	 * See the kernel use of ata_id_string() for proof of this.
+	 */
+#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
+	ata_swap_string(port->identify + 27, 40);  /* model string*/
+	ata_swap_string(port->identify + 23, 8);   /* firmware string*/
+	ata_swap_string(port->identify + 10, 20);  /* serial# string*/
+#else
+	{
+		int i;
+		for (i = 0; i < ATA_ID_WORDS; i++)
+			port->identify[i] = le16_to_cpu(port->identify[i]);
+	}
+#endif
+
+	/* Set the identify buffer as valid. */
+	port->identify_valid = 1;
+
+	if (user_buffer) {
+		if (copy_to_user(
+			user_buffer,
+			port->identify,
+			ATA_ID_WORDS * sizeof(u16))) {
+			rv = -EFAULT;
+			goto out;
+		}
+	}
+
+out:
+	up_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+	return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Issue a standby immediate command to the device.
+ *
+ * @port Pointer to the port structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	Command was executed successfully.
+ *	-1	An error occurred while executing the command.
+ */
+static int mtip_standby_immediate(struct mtip_port *port)
+{
+	int rv;
+	struct host_to_dev_fis	fis;
+
+	down_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+
+	/* Build the FIS. */
+	memset(&fis, 0, sizeof(struct host_to_dev_fis));
+	fis.type	= 0x27;
+	fis.opts	= 1 << 7;
+	fis.command	= ATA_CMD_STANDBYNOW1;
+
+	/* Execute the command.  Use a 15-second timeout for large drives. */
+	rv = mtip_exec_internal_command(port,
+					&fis,
+					5,
+					0,
+					0,
+					0,
+					GFP_KERNEL,
+					15000);
+
+	up_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+
+	return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Get the drive capacity.
+ *
+ * @dd      Pointer to the device data structure.
+ * @sectors Pointer to the variable that will receive the sector count.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	1 Capacity was returned successfully.
+ *	0 The identify information is invalid.
+ */
+bool mtip_hw_get_capacity(struct driver_data *dd, sector_t *sectors)
+{
+	struct mtip_port *port = dd->port;
+	u64 total, raw0, raw1, raw2, raw3;
+	raw0 = port->identify[100];
+	raw1 = port->identify[101];
+	raw2 = port->identify[102];
+	raw3 = port->identify[103];
+	total = raw0 | raw1<<16 | raw2<<32 | raw3<<48;
+	*sectors = total;
+	return (bool) !!port->identify_valid;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Reset the HBA.
+ *
+ * Resets the HBA by setting the HBA Reset bit in the Global
+ * HBA Control register. After setting the HBA Reset bit the
+ * function waits for 1 second before reading the HBA Reset
+ * bit to make sure it has cleared. If HBA Reset is not clear
+ * an error is returned. Cannot be used in non-blockable
+ * context.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0  The reset was successful.
+ *	-1 The HBA Reset bit did not clear.
+ */
+static int mtip_hba_reset(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	mtip_deinit_port(dd->port);
+
+	/* Set the reset bit */
+	writel(HOST_RESET, dd->mmio + HOST_CTL);
+
+	/* Flush */
+	readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CTL);
+
+	/* Wait for reset to clear */
+	ssleep(1);
+
+	/* Check the bit has cleared */
+	if (readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CTL) & HOST_RESET) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Reset bit did not clear.\n");
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Display the identify command data.
+ *
+ * @port Pointer to the port data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static void mtip_dump_identify(struct mtip_port *port)
+{
+	sector_t sectors;
+	unsigned short revid;
+	char cbuf[42];
+
+	if (!port->identify_valid)
+		return;
+
+	strlcpy(cbuf, (char *)(port->identify+10), 21);
+	dev_info(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+		"Serial No.: %s\n", cbuf);
+
+	strlcpy(cbuf, (char *)(port->identify+23), 9);
+	dev_info(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+		"Firmware Ver.: %s\n", cbuf);
+
+	strlcpy(cbuf, (char *)(port->identify+27), 41);
+	dev_info(&port->dd->pdev->dev, "Model: %s\n", cbuf);
+
+	if (mtip_hw_get_capacity(port->dd, &sectors))
+		dev_info(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Capacity: %llu sectors (%llu MB)\n",
+			 (u64)sectors,
+			 ((u64)sectors) * ATA_SECT_SIZE >> 20);
+
+	pci_read_config_word(port->dd->pdev, PCI_REVISION_ID, &revid);
+	switch (revid & 0xff) {
+	case 0x1:
+		strlcpy(cbuf, "A0", 3);
+		break;
+	case 0x3:
+		strlcpy(cbuf, "A2", 3);
+		break;
+	default:
+		strlcpy(cbuf, "?", 2);
+		break;
+	}
+	dev_info(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+		"Card Type: %s\n", cbuf);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Map the commands scatter list into the command table.
+ *
+ * @command Pointer to the command.
+ * @nents Number of scatter list entries.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static inline void fill_command_sg(struct driver_data *dd,
+				struct mtip_cmd *command,
+				int nents)
+{
+	int n;
+	unsigned int dma_len;
+	struct mtip_cmd_sg *command_sg;
+	struct scatterlist *sg = command->sg;
+
+	command_sg = command->command + AHCI_CMD_TBL_HDR_SZ;
+
+	for (n = 0; n < nents; n++) {
+		dma_len = sg_dma_len(sg);
+		if (dma_len > 0x400000)
+			dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+				"DMA segment length truncated\n");
+		command_sg->info = cpu_to_le32((dma_len-1) & 0x3fffff);
+#if (BITS_PER_LONG == 64)
+		*((unsigned long *) &command_sg->dba) =
+			 cpu_to_le64(sg_dma_address(sg));
+#else
+		command_sg->dba	= cpu_to_le32(sg_dma_address(sg));
+		command_sg->dba_upper	=
+			 cpu_to_le32((sg_dma_address(sg) >> 16) >> 16);
+#endif
+		command_sg++;
+		sg++;
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * @brief Execute a drive command.
+ *
+ * return value 0 The command completed successfully.
+ * return value -1 An error occurred while executing the command.
+ */
+int exec_drive_task(struct mtip_port *port, u8 *command)
+{
+	struct host_to_dev_fis	fis;
+	struct host_to_dev_fis *reply = (port->rxfis + RX_FIS_D2H_REG);
+
+	/* Lock the internal command semaphore. */
+	down_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+
+	/* Build the FIS. */
+	memset(&fis, 0, sizeof(struct host_to_dev_fis));
+	fis.type	= 0x27;
+	fis.opts	= 1 << 7;
+	fis.command	= command[0];
+	fis.features	= command[1];
+	fis.sect_count	= command[2];
+	fis.sector	= command[3];
+	fis.cyl_low	= command[4];
+	fis.cyl_hi	= command[5];
+	fis.device	= command[6] & ~0x10; /* Clear the dev bit*/
+
+
+	dbg_printk(MTIP_DRV_NAME "%s: User Command: cmd %x, feat %x, "
+		"nsect %x, sect %x, lcyl %x, "
+		"hcyl %x, sel %x\n",
+		__func__,
+		command[0],
+		command[1],
+		command[2],
+		command[3],
+		command[4],
+		command[5],
+		command[6]);
+
+	/* Execute the command. */
+	if (mtip_exec_internal_command(port,
+				 &fis,
+				 5,
+				 0,
+				 0,
+				 0,
+				 GFP_KERNEL,
+				 MTIP_IOCTL_COMMAND_TIMEOUT_MS) < 0) {
+		up_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	command[0] = reply->command; /* Status*/
+	command[1] = reply->features; /* Error*/
+	command[4] = reply->cyl_low;
+	command[5] = reply->cyl_hi;
+
+	dbg_printk(MTIP_DRV_NAME "%s: Completion Status: stat %x, "
+		"err %x , cyl_lo %x cyl_hi %x\n",
+		__func__,
+		command[0],
+		command[1],
+		command[4],
+		command[5]);
+
+	up_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * @brief Execute a drive command.
+ *
+ * @param port Pointer to the port data structure.
+ * @param command Pointer to the user specified command parameters.
+ * @param user_buffer Pointer to the user space buffer where read sector
+ *                   data should be copied.
+ *
+ * return value 0 The command completed successfully.
+ * return value -EFAULT An error occurred while copying the completion
+ *                 data to the user space buffer.
+ * return value -1 An error occurred while executing the command.
+ */
+int exec_drive_command(struct mtip_port *port, u8 *command,
+			void __user *user_buffer)
+{
+	struct host_to_dev_fis	fis;
+	struct host_to_dev_fis *reply = (port->rxfis + RX_FIS_D2H_REG);
+
+	/* Lock the internal command semaphore. */
+	down_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+
+	/* Build the FIS. */
+	memset(&fis, 0, sizeof(struct host_to_dev_fis));
+	fis.type		= 0x27;
+	fis.opts		= 1 << 7;
+	fis.command		= command[0];
+	fis.features	= command[2];
+	fis.sect_count	= command[3];
+	if (fis.command == ATA_CMD_SMART) {
+		fis.sector	= command[1];
+		fis.cyl_low	= 0x4f;
+		fis.cyl_hi	= 0xc2;
+	}
+
+	dbg_printk(MTIP_DRV_NAME
+		"%s: User Command: cmd %x, sect %x, "
+		"feat %x, sectcnt %x\n",
+		__func__,
+		command[0],
+		command[1],
+		command[2],
+		command[3]);
+
+	memset(port->sector_buffer, 0x00, ATA_SECT_SIZE);
+
+	/* Execute the command. */
+	if (mtip_exec_internal_command(port,
+				&fis,
+				 5,
+				 port->sector_buffer_dma,
+				 (command[3] != 0) ? ATA_SECT_SIZE : 0,
+				 0,
+				 GFP_KERNEL,
+				 MTIP_IOCTL_COMMAND_TIMEOUT_MS)
+				 < 0) {
+		up_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+		return -1;
+	}
+
+	/* Collect the completion status. */
+	command[0] = reply->command; /* Status*/
+	command[1] = reply->features; /* Error*/
+	command[2] = command[3];
+
+	dbg_printk(MTIP_DRV_NAME
+		"%s: Completion Status: stat %x, "
+		"err %x, cmd %x\n",
+		__func__,
+		command[0],
+		command[1],
+		command[2]);
+
+	if (user_buffer && command[3]) {
+		if (copy_to_user(user_buffer,
+				 port->sector_buffer,
+				 ATA_SECT_SIZE * command[3])) {
+			up_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+			return -EFAULT;
+		}
+	}
+
+	up_write(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ *  Indicates whether a command has a single sector payload.
+ *
+ *  @command passed to the device to perform the certain event.
+ *  @features passed to the device to perform the certain event.
+ *
+ *  return value
+ *	1	command is one that always has a single sector payload,
+ *		regardless of the value in the Sector Count field.
+ *      0       otherwise
+ *
+ */
+static unsigned int implicit_sector(unsigned char command,
+				    unsigned char features)
+{
+	unsigned int rv = 0;
+
+	/* list of commands that have an implicit sector count of 1 */
+	switch (command) {
+	case 0xF1:
+	case 0xF2:
+	case 0xF3:
+	case 0xF4:
+	case 0xF5:
+	case 0xF6:
+	case 0xE4:
+	case 0xE8:
+		rv = 1;
+		break;
+	case 0xF9:
+		if (features == 0x03)
+			rv = 1;
+		break;
+	case 0xB0:
+		if ((features == 0xD0) || (features == 0xD1))
+			rv = 1;
+		break;
+	case 0xB1:
+		if ((features == 0xC2) || (features == 0xC3))
+			rv = 1;
+		break;
+	}
+	return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Executes a taskfile
+ * See ide_taskfile_ioctl() for derivation
+ */
+static int exec_drive_taskfile(struct driver_data *dd,
+				unsigned long arg,
+				unsigned char compat)
+{
+	struct host_to_dev_fis	fis;
+	struct host_to_dev_fis *reply;
+	ide_task_request_t *req_task;
+	u8 *outbuf = NULL;
+	u8 *inbuf = NULL;
+	dma_addr_t outbuf_dma = (dma_addr_t)NULL;
+	dma_addr_t inbuf_dma = (dma_addr_t)NULL;
+	dma_addr_t dma_buffer = (dma_addr_t)NULL;
+	int err = 0;
+	int tasksize = sizeof(struct ide_task_request_s);
+	unsigned int taskin = 0;
+	unsigned int taskout = 0;
+	u8 nsect = 0;
+	char __user *buf = (char __user *)arg;
+	unsigned int timeout = MTIP_IOCTL_COMMAND_TIMEOUT_MS;
+	unsigned int force_single_sector;
+	unsigned int transfer_size;
+	unsigned long task_file_data;
+	int intotal, outtotal;
+	struct mtip_compat_ide_task_request_s *compat_req_task = NULL;
+	int compat_tasksize = sizeof(struct mtip_compat_ide_task_request_s);
+
+	req_task = kzalloc(tasksize, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (req_task == NULL)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	if (compat == 1) {
+		compat_req_task =
+			(struct mtip_compat_ide_task_request_s __user *) arg;
+
+		if (copy_from_user(req_task, buf,
+				compat_tasksize -
+				(2 * sizeof(compat_long_t)))) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+
+		if (get_user(req_task->out_size, &compat_req_task->out_size)) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+
+		if (get_user(req_task->in_size, &compat_req_task->in_size)) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+
+		outtotal = compat_tasksize;
+		intotal = compat_tasksize + req_task->out_size;
+	} else {
+		if (copy_from_user(req_task, buf, tasksize)) {
+			kfree(req_task);
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+
+		outtotal = tasksize;
+		intotal = tasksize + req_task->out_size;
+	}
+
+	taskout = req_task->out_size;
+	taskin = req_task->in_size;
+	/* 130560 = 512 * 0xFF*/
+	if (taskin > 130560 || taskout > 130560) {
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		goto abort;
+	}
+
+	if (taskout) {
+		outbuf = kzalloc(taskout, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (outbuf == NULL) {
+			err = -ENOMEM;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+		if (copy_from_user(outbuf, buf + outtotal, taskout)) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+		outbuf_dma = pci_map_single(dd->pdev,
+					 outbuf,
+					 taskout,
+					 DMA_TO_DEVICE);
+		if (outbuf_dma == (dma_addr_t)NULL) {
+			err = -ENOMEM;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+		dma_buffer = outbuf_dma;
+	}
+
+	if (taskin) {
+		inbuf = kzalloc(taskin, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (inbuf == NULL) {
+			err = -ENOMEM;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+
+		if (copy_from_user(inbuf, buf + intotal, taskin)) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+		inbuf_dma = pci_map_single(dd->pdev,
+					 inbuf,
+					 taskin, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
+		if (inbuf_dma == (dma_addr_t)NULL) {
+			err = -ENOMEM;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+		dma_buffer = inbuf_dma;
+	}
+
+	/* only supports PIO and non-data commands from this ioctl. */
+	switch (req_task->data_phase) {
+	case TASKFILE_OUT:
+		nsect = taskout / ATA_SECT_SIZE;
+		reply = (dd->port->rxfis + RX_FIS_PIO_SETUP);
+		break;
+	case TASKFILE_IN:
+		reply = (dd->port->rxfis + RX_FIS_PIO_SETUP);
+		break;
+	case TASKFILE_NO_DATA:
+		reply = (dd->port->rxfis + RX_FIS_D2H_REG);
+		break;
+	default:
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		goto abort;
+	}
+
+	/* Lock the internal command semaphore. */
+	down_write(&dd->internal_sem);
+
+	/* Build the FIS. */
+	memset(&fis, 0, sizeof(struct host_to_dev_fis));
+
+	fis.type	= 0x27;
+	fis.opts	= 1 << 7;
+	fis.command	= req_task->io_ports[7];
+	fis.features	= req_task->io_ports[1];
+	fis.sect_count	= req_task->io_ports[2];
+	fis.lba_low	= req_task->io_ports[3];
+	fis.lba_mid	= req_task->io_ports[4];
+	fis.lba_hi	= req_task->io_ports[5];
+	 /* Clear the dev bit*/
+	fis.device	= req_task->io_ports[6] & ~0x10;
+
+	if ((req_task->in_flags.all == 0) && (req_task->out_flags.all & 1)) {
+		req_task->in_flags.all	=
+			IDE_TASKFILE_STD_IN_FLAGS |
+			(IDE_HOB_STD_IN_FLAGS << 8);
+		fis.lba_low_ex		= req_task->hob_ports[3];
+		fis.lba_mid_ex		= req_task->hob_ports[4];
+		fis.lba_hi_ex		= req_task->hob_ports[5];
+		fis.features_ex		= req_task->hob_ports[1];
+		fis.sect_cnt_ex		= req_task->hob_ports[2];
+
+	} else {
+		req_task->in_flags.all = IDE_TASKFILE_STD_IN_FLAGS;
+	}
+
+	force_single_sector = implicit_sector(fis.command, fis.features);
+
+	if ((taskin || taskout) && (!fis.sect_count)) {
+		if (nsect)
+			fis.sect_count = nsect;
+		else {
+			if (!force_single_sector) {
+				dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+					"data movement but "
+					"sect_count is 0\n");
+					up_write(&dd->internal_sem);
+					err = -EINVAL;
+					goto abort;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	dbg_printk(MTIP_DRV_NAME
+		"taskfile: cmd %x, feat %x, nsect %x,"
+		" sect/lbal %x, lcyl/lbam %x, hcyl/lbah %x,"
+		" head/dev %x\n",
+		fis.command,
+		fis.features,
+		fis.sect_count,
+		fis.lba_low,
+		fis.lba_mid,
+		fis.lba_hi,
+		fis.device);
+
+	switch (fis.command) {
+	case 0x92: /* Change timeout for Download Microcode to 60 seconds.*/
+		timeout = 60000;
+		break;
+	case 0xf4: /* Change timeout for Security Erase Unit to 4 minutes.*/
+		timeout = 240000;
+		break;
+	case 0xe0: /* Change timeout for standby immediate to 10 seconds.*/
+		timeout = 10000;
+		break;
+	case 0xf7: /* Change timeout for vendor unique command to 10 secs */
+		timeout = 10000;
+		break;
+	case 0xfa: /* Change timeout for vendor unique command to 10 secs */
+		timeout = 10000;
+		break;
+	default:
+		timeout = MTIP_IOCTL_COMMAND_TIMEOUT_MS;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	/* Determine the correct transfer size.*/
+	if (force_single_sector)
+		transfer_size = ATA_SECT_SIZE;
+	else
+		transfer_size = ATA_SECT_SIZE * fis.sect_count;
+
+	/* Execute the command.*/
+	if (mtip_exec_internal_command(dd->port,
+				 &fis,
+				 5,
+				 dma_buffer,
+				 transfer_size,
+				 0,
+				 GFP_KERNEL,
+				 timeout) < 0) {
+		up_write(&dd->internal_sem);
+		err = -EIO;
+		goto abort;
+	}
+
+	task_file_data = readl(dd->port->mmio+PORT_TFDATA);
+
+	if ((req_task->data_phase == TASKFILE_IN) && !(task_file_data & 1)) {
+		reply = dd->port->rxfis + RX_FIS_PIO_SETUP;
+		req_task->io_ports[7] = reply->control;
+	} else {
+		reply = dd->port->rxfis + RX_FIS_D2H_REG;
+		req_task->io_ports[7] = reply->command;
+	}
+
+	/* reclaim the DMA buffers.*/
+	if (inbuf_dma)
+		pci_unmap_single(dd->pdev, inbuf_dma,
+			taskin, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
+	if (outbuf_dma)
+		pci_unmap_single(dd->pdev, outbuf_dma,
+			taskout, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
+	inbuf_dma  = (dma_addr_t) NULL;
+	outbuf_dma = (dma_addr_t) NULL;
+
+	/* return the ATA registers to the caller.*/
+	req_task->io_ports[1] = reply->features;
+	req_task->io_ports[2] = reply->sect_count;
+	req_task->io_ports[3] = reply->lba_low;
+	req_task->io_ports[4] = reply->lba_mid;
+	req_task->io_ports[5] = reply->lba_hi;
+	req_task->io_ports[6] = reply->device;
+
+	if (req_task->out_flags.all & 1)  {
+
+		req_task->hob_ports[3] = reply->lba_low_ex;
+		req_task->hob_ports[4] = reply->lba_mid_ex;
+		req_task->hob_ports[5] = reply->lba_hi_ex;
+		req_task->hob_ports[1] = reply->features_ex;
+		req_task->hob_ports[2] = reply->sect_cnt_ex;
+	}
+
+	/* Com rest after secure erase or lowlevel format */
+	if (((fis.command == 0xF4) ||
+		((fis.command == 0xFC) &&
+			(fis.features == 0x27 || fis.features == 0x72 ||
+			 fis.features == 0x62 || fis.features == 0x26))) &&
+		!(reply->command & 1)) {
+		mtip_restart_port(dd->port);
+	}
+
+	dbg_printk(MTIP_DRV_NAME
+		"%s: Completion: stat %x,"
+		"err %x, sect_cnt %x, lbalo %x,"
+		"lbamid %x, lbahi %x, dev %x\n",
+		__func__,
+		req_task->io_ports[7],
+		req_task->io_ports[1],
+		req_task->io_ports[2],
+		req_task->io_ports[3],
+		req_task->io_ports[4],
+		req_task->io_ports[5],
+		req_task->io_ports[6]);
+
+	up_write(&dd->internal_sem);
+
+	if (compat == 1) {
+		if (copy_to_user(buf, req_task,
+				compat_tasksize -
+				(2 * sizeof(compat_long_t)))) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+		if (put_user(req_task->out_size,
+				&compat_req_task->out_size)) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+		if (put_user(req_task->in_size, &compat_req_task->in_size)) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+	} else {
+		if (copy_to_user(buf, req_task, tasksize)) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+	}
+	if (taskout) {
+		if (copy_to_user(buf + outtotal, outbuf, taskout)) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+	}
+	if (taskin) {
+		if (copy_to_user(buf + intotal, inbuf, taskin)) {
+			err = -EFAULT;
+			goto abort;
+		}
+	}
+abort:
+	if (inbuf_dma)
+		pci_unmap_single(dd->pdev, inbuf_dma,
+					taskin, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
+	if (outbuf_dma)
+		pci_unmap_single(dd->pdev, outbuf_dma,
+					taskout, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
+	kfree(req_task);
+	kfree(outbuf);
+	kfree(inbuf);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Handle IOCTL calls from the Block Layer.
+ *
+ * This function is called by the Block Layer when it receives an IOCTL
+ * command that it does not understand. If the IOCTL command is not supported
+ * this function returns -ENOTTY.
+ *
+ * @dd  Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ * @cmd IOCTL command passed from the Block Layer.
+ * @arg IOCTL argument passed from the Block Layer.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	The IOCTL completed successfully.
+ *	-ENOTTY The specified command is not supported.
+ *	-EFAULT An error occurred copying data to a user space buffer.
+ *	-EIO	An error occurred while executing the command.
+ */
+int mtip_hw_ioctl(struct driver_data *dd,
+		  unsigned int cmd,
+		  unsigned long arg,
+		  unsigned char compat)
+{
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case HDIO_GET_IDENTITY:
+		if (mtip_get_identify(dd->port, (void __user *) arg) < 0) {
+			dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+				"Unable to read identity\n");
+			return -EIO;
+		}
+
+		break;
+	case HDIO_DRIVE_CMD:
+	{
+		u8 drive_command[4];
+
+		/* Copy the user command info to our buffer. */
+		if (copy_from_user(drive_command,
+					 (void __user *) arg,
+					 sizeof(drive_command)))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		/* Execute the drive command. */
+		if (exec_drive_command(dd->port,
+					 drive_command,
+					 (void __user *) (arg+4)))
+			return -EIO;
+
+		/* Copy the status back to the users buffer. */
+		if (copy_to_user((void __user *) arg,
+					 drive_command,
+					 sizeof(drive_command)))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		break;
+	}
+	case HDIO_DRIVE_TASK:
+	{
+		u8 drive_command[7];
+
+		/* Copy the user command info to our buffer. */
+		if (copy_from_user(drive_command,
+					 (void __user *) arg,
+					 sizeof(drive_command)))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		/* Execute the drive command. */
+		if (exec_drive_task(dd->port, drive_command))
+			return -EIO;
+
+		/* Copy the status back to the users buffer. */
+		if (copy_to_user((void __user *) arg,
+					 drive_command,
+					 sizeof(drive_command)))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		break;
+	}
+	case HDIO_DRIVE_TASKFILE:
+		return exec_drive_taskfile(dd, arg, compat);
+
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Submit an IO to the hw
+ *
+ * This function is called by the block layer to issue an io
+ * to the device. Upon completion, the callback function will
+ * be called with the data parameter passed as the callback data.
+ *
+ * @dd       Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ * @start    First sector to read.
+ * @nsect    Number of sectors to read.
+ * @nents    Number of entries in scatter list for the read command.
+ * @tag      The tag of this read command.
+ * @callback Pointer to the function that should be called
+ *	     when the read completes.
+ * @data     Callback data passed to the callback function
+ *	     when the read completes.
+ * @barrier  If non-zero, this command must be completed before
+ *	     issuing any other commands.
+ * @dir      Direction (read or write)
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+void mtip_hw_submit_io(struct driver_data *dd,
+			sector_t start,
+			int nsect,
+			int nents,
+			int tag,
+			void *callback,
+			void *data,
+			int barrier,
+			int dir)
+{
+	struct host_to_dev_fis	*fis;
+	struct mtip_port *port = dd->port;
+	struct mtip_cmd *command = &port->commands[tag];
+
+	/* Map the scatter list for DMA access */
+	if (dir == READ)
+		nents = dma_map_sg(&dd->pdev->dev, command->sg,
+					nents, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
+	else
+		nents = dma_map_sg(&dd->pdev->dev, command->sg,
+					nents, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
+
+	command->scatter_ents = nents;
+
+	/*
+	 * The number of retries for this command before it is
+	 * reported as a failure to the upper layers.
+	 */
+	command->retries = MTIP_MAX_RETRIES;
+
+	/* Fill out fis */
+	fis = command->command;
+	fis->type        = 0x27;
+	fis->opts        = 1 << 7;
+	fis->command     =
+		(dir == READ ? ATA_CMD_FPDMA_READ : ATA_CMD_FPDMA_WRITE);
+	*((unsigned int *) &fis->lba_low) = (start & 0xffffff);
+	*((unsigned int *) &fis->lba_low_ex) = ((start >> 24) & 0xffffff);
+	fis->device	 = 1 << 6;
+	if (barrier)
+		fis->device |= FUA_BIT;
+	fis->features    = nsect & 0xff;
+	fis->features_ex = (nsect >> 8) & 0xff;
+	fis->sect_count  = ((tag << 3) | (tag >> 5));
+	fis->sect_cnt_ex = 0;
+	fis->control     = 0;
+	fis->res2        = 0;
+	fis->res3        = 0;
+	fill_command_sg(dd, command, nents);
+
+	/* Populate the command header */
+	command->command_header->opts = cpu_to_le32(
+			(nents << 16) | 5 | AHCI_CMD_PREFETCH);
+	command->command_header->byte_count = 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * Set the completion function and data for the command
+	 * within this layer.
+	 */
+	command->comp_data = dd;
+	command->comp_func = mtip_async_complete;
+	command->direction = (dir == READ ? DMA_FROM_DEVICE : DMA_TO_DEVICE);
+
+	/*
+	 * Set the completion function and data for the command passed
+	 * from the upper layer.
+	 */
+	command->async_data = data;
+	command->async_callback = callback;
+
+	/*
+	 * Lock used to prevent this command from being issued
+	 * if an internal command is in progress.
+	 */
+	down_read(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+
+	/* Issue the command to the hardware */
+	mtip_issue_ncq_command(port, tag);
+
+	/* Set the command's timeout value.*/
+	port->commands[tag].comp_time = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(
+					MTIP_NCQ_COMMAND_TIMEOUT_MS);
+
+	up_read(&port->dd->internal_sem);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Release a command slot.
+ *
+ * @dd  Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ * @tag Slot tag
+ *
+ * return value
+ *      None
+ */
+void mtip_hw_release_scatterlist(struct driver_data *dd, int tag)
+{
+	release_slot(dd->port, tag);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Obtain a command slot and return its associated scatter list.
+ *
+ * @dd  Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ * @tag Pointer to an int that will receive the allocated command
+ *            slot tag.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	Pointer to the scatter list for the allocated command slot
+ *	or NULL if no command slots are available.
+ */
+struct scatterlist *mtip_hw_get_scatterlist(struct driver_data *dd,
+						int *tag)
+{
+	/*
+	 * It is possible that, even with this semaphore, a thread
+	 * may think that no command slots are available. Therefore, we
+	 * need to make an attempt to get_slot().
+	 */
+	down(&dd->port->cmd_slot);
+	*tag = get_slot(dd->port);
+
+	if (unlikely(*tag < 0))
+		return NULL;
+
+	return dd->port->commands[*tag].sg;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Sysfs register/status dump.
+ *
+ * @dev  Pointer to the device structure, passed by the kernrel.
+ * @attr Pointer to the device_attribute structure passed by the kernel.
+ * @buf  Pointer to the char buffer that will receive the stats info.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	The size, in bytes, of the data copied into buf.
+ */
+static ssize_t hw_show_registers(struct device *dev,
+				struct device_attribute *attr,
+				char *buf)
+{
+	u32 group_allocated;
+	struct driver_data *dd = dev_to_disk(dev)->private_data;
+	int size = 0;
+	int n;
+
+	size += sprintf(&buf[size], "%s:\ns_active:\n", __func__);
+
+	for (n = 0; n < dd->slot_groups; n++)
+		size += sprintf(&buf[size], "0x%08x\n",
+					 readl(dd->port->s_active[n]));
+
+	size += sprintf(&buf[size], "Command Issue:\n");
+
+	for (n = 0; n < dd->slot_groups; n++)
+		size += sprintf(&buf[size], "0x%08x\n",
+					readl(dd->port->cmd_issue[n]));
+
+	size += sprintf(&buf[size], "Allocated:\n");
+
+	for (n = 0; n < dd->slot_groups; n++) {
+		if (sizeof(long) > sizeof(u32))
+			group_allocated =
+				dd->port->allocated[n/2] >> (32*(n&1));
+		else
+			group_allocated = dd->port->allocated[n];
+		size += sprintf(&buf[size], "0x%08x\n",
+				 group_allocated);
+	}
+
+	size += sprintf(&buf[size], "completed:\n");
+
+	for (n = 0; n < dd->slot_groups; n++)
+		size += sprintf(&buf[size], "0x%08x\n",
+				readl(dd->port->completed[n]));
+
+	size += sprintf(&buf[size], "PORT_IRQ_STAT 0x%08x\n",
+				readl(dd->port->mmio + PORT_IRQ_STAT));
+	size += sprintf(&buf[size], "HOST_IRQ_STAT 0x%08x\n",
+				readl(dd->mmio + HOST_IRQ_STAT));
+
+	return size;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR(registers, S_IRUGO, hw_show_registers, NULL);
+
+/*
+ * Create the sysfs related attributes.
+ *
+ * @dd   Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ * @kobj Pointer to the kobj for the block device.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	Operation completed successfully.
+ *	-EINVAL Invalid parameter.
+ */
+int mtip_hw_sysfs_init(struct driver_data *dd, struct kobject *kobj)
+{
+	if (!kobj || !dd)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (sysfs_create_file(kobj, &dev_attr_registers.attr))
+		dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Error creating registers sysfs entry\n");
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove the sysfs related attributes.
+ *
+ * @dd   Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ * @kobj Pointer to the kobj for the block device.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	Operation completed successfully.
+ *	-EINVAL Invalid parameter.
+ */
+int mtip_hw_sysfs_exit(struct driver_data *dd, struct kobject *kobj)
+{
+	if (!kobj || !dd)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	sysfs_remove_file(kobj, &dev_attr_registers.attr);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Perform any init/resume time hardware setup
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static inline void hba_setup(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	u32 hwdata;
+	hwdata = readl(dd->mmio + HOST_HSORG);
+
+	/* interrupt bug workaround: use only 1 IS bit.*/
+	writel(hwdata |
+		HSORG_DISABLE_SLOTGRP_INTR |
+		HSORG_DISABLE_SLOTGRP_PXIS,
+		dd->mmio + HOST_HSORG);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Detect the details of the product, and store anything needed
+ * into the driver data structure.  This includes product type and
+ * version and number of slot groups.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static void mtip_detect_product(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	u32 hwdata;
+	unsigned int rev, slotgroups;
+
+	/*
+	 * HBA base + 0xFC [15:0] - vendor-specific hardware interface
+	 * info register:
+	 * [15:8] hardware/software interface rev#
+	 * [   3] asic-style interface
+	 * [ 2:0] number of slot groups, minus 1 (only valid for asic-style).
+	 */
+	hwdata = readl(dd->mmio + HOST_HSORG);
+
+	dd->product_type = MTIP_PRODUCT_UNKNOWN;
+	dd->slot_groups = 1;
+
+	if (hwdata & 0x8) {
+		dd->product_type = MTIP_PRODUCT_ASICFPGA;
+		rev = (hwdata & HSORG_HWREV) >> 8;
+		slotgroups = (hwdata & HSORG_SLOTGROUPS) + 1;
+		dev_info(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"ASIC-FPGA design, HS rev 0x%x, "
+			"%i slot groups [%i slots]\n",
+			 rev,
+			 slotgroups,
+			 slotgroups * 32);
+
+		if (slotgroups > MTIP_MAX_SLOT_GROUPS) {
+			dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+				"Warning: driver only supports "
+				"%i slot groups.\n", MTIP_MAX_SLOT_GROUPS);
+			slotgroups = MTIP_MAX_SLOT_GROUPS;
+		}
+		dd->slot_groups = slotgroups;
+		return;
+	}
+
+	dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev, "Unrecognized product id\n");
+}
+
+/*
+ * Blocking wait for FTL rebuild to complete
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the DRIVER_DATA structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	FTL rebuild completed successfully
+ *	-EFAULT FTL rebuild error/timeout/interruption
+ */
+static int mtip_ftl_rebuild_poll(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	unsigned long timeout, cnt = 0, start;
+
+	dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+		"FTL rebuild in progress. Polling for completion.\n");
+
+	start = jiffies;
+	dd->ftlrebuildflag = 1;
+	timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(MTIP_FTL_REBUILD_TIMEOUT_MS);
+
+	do {
+#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG
+		if (mtip_check_surprise_removal(dd->pdev))
+			return -EFAULT;
+#endif
+		if (mtip_get_identify(dd->port, NULL) < 0)
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (*(dd->port->identify + MTIP_FTL_REBUILD_OFFSET) ==
+			MTIP_FTL_REBUILD_MAGIC) {
+			ssleep(1);
+			/* Print message every 3 minutes */
+			if (cnt++ >= 180) {
+				dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+				"FTL rebuild in progress (%d secs).\n",
+				jiffies_to_msecs(jiffies - start) / 1000);
+				cnt = 0;
+			}
+		} else {
+			dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+				"FTL rebuild complete (%d secs).\n",
+			jiffies_to_msecs(jiffies - start) / 1000);
+			dd->ftlrebuildflag = 0;
+			break;
+		}
+		ssleep(10);
+	} while (time_before(jiffies, timeout));
+
+	/* Check for timeout */
+	if (dd->ftlrebuildflag) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+		"Timed out waiting for FTL rebuild to complete (%d secs).\n",
+		jiffies_to_msecs(jiffies - start) / 1000);
+		return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called once for each card.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0 on success, else an error code.
+ */
+int mtip_hw_init(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	int i;
+	int rv;
+	unsigned int num_command_slots;
+
+	dd->mmio = pcim_iomap_table(dd->pdev)[MTIP_ABAR];
+
+	mtip_detect_product(dd);
+	if (dd->product_type == MTIP_PRODUCT_UNKNOWN) {
+		rv = -EIO;
+		goto out1;
+	}
+	num_command_slots = dd->slot_groups * 32;
+
+	hba_setup(dd);
+
+	/*
+	 * Initialize the internal semaphore
+	 * Use a rw semaphore to enable prioritization of
+	 * mgmnt ioctl traffic during heavy IO load
+	 */
+	init_rwsem(&dd->internal_sem);
+
+	tasklet_init(&dd->tasklet, mtip_tasklet, (unsigned long)dd);
+
+	dd->port = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mtip_port), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!dd->port) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Memory allocation: port structure\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	/* Counting semaphore to track command slot usage */
+	sema_init(&dd->port->cmd_slot, num_command_slots - 1);
+
+	/* Spinlock to prevent concurrent issue */
+	spin_lock_init(&dd->port->cmd_issue_lock);
+
+	/* Set the port mmio base address. */
+	dd->port->mmio	= dd->mmio + PORT_OFFSET;
+	dd->port->dd	= dd;
+
+	/* Allocate memory for the command list. */
+	dd->port->command_list =
+		dmam_alloc_coherent(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			HW_PORT_PRIV_DMA_SZ + (ATA_SECT_SIZE * 2),
+			&dd->port->command_list_dma,
+			GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!dd->port->command_list) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Memory allocation: command list\n");
+		rv = -ENOMEM;
+		goto out1;
+	}
+
+	/* Clear the memory we have allocated. */
+	memset(dd->port->command_list,
+		0,
+		HW_PORT_PRIV_DMA_SZ + (ATA_SECT_SIZE * 2));
+
+	/* Setup the addresse of the RX FIS. */
+	dd->port->rxfis	    = dd->port->command_list + HW_CMD_SLOT_SZ;
+	dd->port->rxfis_dma = dd->port->command_list_dma + HW_CMD_SLOT_SZ;
+
+	/* Setup the address of the command tables. */
+	dd->port->command_table	  = dd->port->rxfis + AHCI_RX_FIS_SZ;
+	dd->port->command_tbl_dma = dd->port->rxfis_dma + AHCI_RX_FIS_SZ;
+
+	/* Setup the address of the identify data. */
+	dd->port->identify     = dd->port->command_table +
+					HW_CMD_TBL_AR_SZ;
+	dd->port->identify_dma = dd->port->command_tbl_dma +
+					HW_CMD_TBL_AR_SZ;
+
+	/* Setup the address of the sector buffer. */
+	dd->port->sector_buffer	= (void *) dd->port->identify + ATA_SECT_SIZE;
+	dd->port->sector_buffer_dma = dd->port->identify_dma + ATA_SECT_SIZE;
+
+	/* Point the command headers at the command tables. */
+	for (i = 0; i < num_command_slots; i++) {
+		dd->port->commands[i].command_header =
+					dd->port->command_list +
+					(sizeof(struct mtip_cmd_hdr) * i);
+		dd->port->commands[i].command_header_dma =
+					dd->port->command_list_dma +
+					(sizeof(struct mtip_cmd_hdr) * i);
+
+		dd->port->commands[i].command =
+			dd->port->command_table + (HW_CMD_TBL_SZ * i);
+		dd->port->commands[i].command_dma =
+			dd->port->command_tbl_dma + (HW_CMD_TBL_SZ * i);
+
+		if (readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CAP) & HOST_CAP_64)
+			dd->port->commands[i].command_header->ctbau =
+			cpu_to_le32(
+			(dd->port->commands[i].command_dma >> 16) >> 16);
+		dd->port->commands[i].command_header->ctba = cpu_to_le32(
+			dd->port->commands[i].command_dma & 0xffffffff);
+
+		/*
+		 * If this is not done, a bug is reported by the stock
+		 * FC11 i386. Due to the fact that it has lots of kernel
+		 * debugging enabled.
+		 */
+		sg_init_table(dd->port->commands[i].sg, MTIP_MAX_SG);
+
+		/* Mark all commands as currently inactive.*/
+		atomic_set(&dd->port->commands[i].active, 0);
+	}
+
+	/* Setup the pointers to the extended s_active and CI registers. */
+	for (i = 0; i < dd->slot_groups; i++) {
+		dd->port->s_active[i] =
+			dd->port->mmio + i*0x80 + PORT_SCR_ACT;
+		dd->port->cmd_issue[i] =
+			dd->port->mmio + i*0x80 + PORT_COMMAND_ISSUE;
+		dd->port->completed[i] =
+			dd->port->mmio + i*0x80 + PORT_SDBV;
+	}
+
+	/* Reset the HBA. */
+	if (mtip_hba_reset(dd) < 0) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Card did not reset within timeout\n");
+		rv = -EIO;
+		goto out2;
+	}
+
+	mtip_init_port(dd->port);
+	mtip_start_port(dd->port);
+
+	/* Setup the ISR and enable interrupts. */
+	rv = devm_request_irq(&dd->pdev->dev,
+				dd->pdev->irq,
+				mtip_irq_handler,
+				IRQF_SHARED,
+				dev_driver_string(&dd->pdev->dev),
+				dd);
+
+	if (rv) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Unable to allocate IRQ %d\n", dd->pdev->irq);
+		goto out2;
+	}
+
+	/* Enable interrupts on the HBA. */
+	writel(readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CTL) | HOST_IRQ_EN,
+					dd->mmio + HOST_CTL);
+
+	init_timer(&dd->port->cmd_timer);
+	dd->port->cmd_timer.data = (unsigned long int) dd->port;
+	dd->port->cmd_timer.function = mtip_timeout_function;
+	mod_timer(&dd->port->cmd_timer,
+		jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(MTIP_TIMEOUT_CHECK_PERIOD));
+
+	if (mtip_get_identify(dd->port, NULL) < 0) {
+		rv = -EFAULT;
+		goto out3;
+	}
+	mtip_dump_identify(dd->port);
+
+	if (*(dd->port->identify + MTIP_FTL_REBUILD_OFFSET) ==
+		MTIP_FTL_REBUILD_MAGIC) {
+		return mtip_ftl_rebuild_poll(dd);
+	}
+	return rv;
+
+out3:
+	del_timer_sync(&dd->port->cmd_timer);
+
+	/* Disable interrupts on the HBA. */
+	writel(readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CTL) & ~HOST_IRQ_EN,
+			dd->mmio + HOST_CTL);
+
+	/*Release the IRQ. */
+	devm_free_irq(&dd->pdev->dev, dd->pdev->irq, dd);
+
+out2:
+	mtip_deinit_port(dd->port);
+
+	/* Free the command/command header memory. */
+	dmam_free_coherent(&dd->pdev->dev,
+				HW_PORT_PRIV_DMA_SZ + (ATA_SECT_SIZE * 2),
+				dd->port->command_list,
+				dd->port->command_list_dma);
+out1:
+	/* Free the memory allocated for the for structure. */
+	kfree(dd->port);
+
+	return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called to deinitialize an interface.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0
+ */
+int mtip_hw_exit(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Send standby immediate (E0h) to the drive so that it
+	 * saves its state.
+	 */
+	if (atomic_read(&dd->drv_cleanup_done) != true) {
+
+		mtip_standby_immediate(dd->port);
+
+		/* de-initialize the port. */
+		mtip_deinit_port(dd->port);
+
+		/* Disable interrupts on the HBA. */
+		writel(readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CTL) & ~HOST_IRQ_EN,
+				dd->mmio + HOST_CTL);
+	}
+
+	del_timer_sync(&dd->port->cmd_timer);
+
+	/* Stop the bottom half tasklet. */
+	tasklet_kill(&dd->tasklet);
+
+	/* Release the IRQ. */
+	devm_free_irq(&dd->pdev->dev, dd->pdev->irq, dd);
+
+	/* Free the command/command header memory. */
+	dmam_free_coherent(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			HW_PORT_PRIV_DMA_SZ + (ATA_SECT_SIZE * 2),
+			dd->port->command_list,
+			dd->port->command_list_dma);
+	/* Free the memory allocated for the for structure. */
+	kfree(dd->port);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Issue a Standby Immediate command to the device.
+ *
+ * This function is called by the Block Layer just before the
+ * system powers off during a shutdown.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0
+ */
+int mtip_hw_shutdown(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Send standby immediate (E0h) to the drive so that it
+	 * saves its state.
+	 */
+	mtip_standby_immediate(dd->port);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Suspend function
+ *
+ * This function is called by the Block Layer just before the
+ * system hibernates.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	Suspend was successful
+ *	-EFAULT Suspend was not successful
+ */
+int mtip_hw_suspend(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Send standby immediate (E0h) to the drive
+	 * so that it saves its state.
+	 */
+	if (mtip_standby_immediate(dd->port) != 0) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Failed standby-immediate command\n");
+		return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	/* Disable interrupts on the HBA.*/
+	writel(readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CTL) & ~HOST_IRQ_EN,
+			dd->mmio + HOST_CTL);
+	mtip_deinit_port(dd->port);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Resume function
+ *
+ * This function is called by the Block Layer as the
+ * system resumes.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0	Resume was successful
+ *      -EFAULT Resume was not successful
+ */
+int mtip_hw_resume(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	/* Perform any needed hardware setup steps */
+	hba_setup(dd);
+
+	/* Reset the HBA */
+	if (mtip_hba_reset(dd) != 0) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Unable to reset the HBA\n");
+		return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Enable the port, DMA engine, and FIS reception specific
+	 * h/w in controller.
+	 */
+	mtip_init_port(dd->port);
+	mtip_start_port(dd->port);
+
+	/* Enable interrupts on the HBA.*/
+	writel(readl(dd->mmio + HOST_CTL) | HOST_IRQ_EN,
+			dd->mmio + HOST_CTL);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function is called for clean the pending command in the
+ * command slot during the surprise removal of device and return
+ * error to the upper layer.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the DRIVER_DATA structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+void mtip_command_cleanup(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	int group = 0, commandslot = 0, commandindex = 0;
+	struct mtip_cmd *command;
+	struct mtip_port *port = dd->port;
+
+	for (group = 0; group < 4; group++) {
+		for (commandslot = 0; commandslot < 32; commandslot++) {
+			if (!(port->allocated[group] & (1 << commandslot)))
+				continue;
+
+			commandindex = group << 5 | commandslot;
+			command = &port->commands[commandindex];
+
+			if (atomic_read(&command->active)
+			    && (command->async_callback)) {
+				command->async_callback(command->async_data,
+					-ENODEV);
+				command->async_callback = NULL;
+				command->async_data = NULL;
+			}
+
+			dma_unmap_sg(&port->dd->pdev->dev,
+				command->sg,
+				command->scatter_ents,
+				command->direction);
+		}
+	}
+
+	up(&port->cmd_slot);
+
+	atomic_set(&dd->drv_cleanup_done, true);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Helper function for reusing disk name
+ * upon hot insertion.
+ */
+static int rssd_disk_name_format(char *prefix,
+				 int index,
+				 char *buf,
+				 int buflen)
+{
+	const int base = 'z' - 'a' + 1;
+	char *begin = buf + strlen(prefix);
+	char *end = buf + buflen;
+	char *p;
+	int unit;
+
+	p = end - 1;
+	*p = '\0';
+	unit = base;
+	do {
+		if (p == begin)
+			return -EINVAL;
+		*--p = 'a' + (index % unit);
+		index = (index / unit) - 1;
+	} while (index >= 0);
+
+	memmove(begin, p, end - p);
+	memcpy(buf, prefix, strlen(prefix));
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Block layer IOCTL handler.
+ *
+ * @dev Pointer to the block_device structure.
+ * @mode ignored
+ * @cmd IOCTL command passed from the user application.
+ * @arg Argument passed from the user application.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0        IOCTL completed successfully.
+ *	-ENOTTY  IOCTL not supported or invalid driver data
+ *                 structure pointer.
+ */
+static int mtip_block_ioctl(struct block_device *dev,
+			    fmode_t mode,
+			    unsigned cmd,
+			    unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct driver_data *dd = dev->bd_disk->private_data;
+
+	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+		return -EACCES;
+
+	if (!dd)
+		return -ENOTTY;
+
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case BLKFLSBUF:
+		return 0;
+	default:
+		return mtip_hw_ioctl(dd, cmd, arg, 0);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Block layer compat IOCTL handler.
+ *
+ * @dev Pointer to the block_device structure.
+ * @mode ignored
+ * @cmd IOCTL command passed from the user application.
+ * @arg Argument passed from the user application.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0        IOCTL completed successfully.
+ *	-ENOTTY  IOCTL not supported or invalid driver data
+ *                 structure pointer.
+ */
+static int mtip_block_compat_ioctl(struct block_device *dev,
+			    fmode_t mode,
+			    unsigned cmd,
+			    unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct driver_data *dd = dev->bd_disk->private_data;
+
+	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+		return -EACCES;
+
+	if (!dd)
+		return -ENOTTY;
+
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case BLKFLSBUF:
+		return 0;
+	default:
+		return mtip_hw_ioctl(dd, cmd, arg, 1);
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Obtain the geometry of the device.
+ *
+ * You may think that this function is obsolete, but some applications,
+ * fdisk for example still used CHS values. This function describes the
+ * device as having 224 heads and 56 sectors per cylinder. These values are
+ * chosen so that each cylinder is aligned on a 4KB boundary. Since a
+ * partition is described in terms of a start and end cylinder this means
+ * that each partition is also 4KB aligned. Non-aligned partitions adversely
+ * affects performance.
+ *
+ * @dev Pointer to the block_device strucutre.
+ * @geo Pointer to a hd_geometry structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0       Operation completed successfully.
+ *	-ENOTTY An error occurred while reading the drive capacity.
+ */
+static int mtip_block_getgeo(struct block_device *dev,
+				struct hd_geometry *geo)
+{
+	struct driver_data *dd = dev->bd_disk->private_data;
+	sector_t capacity;
+
+	if (!dd)
+		return -ENOTTY;
+
+	if (!(mtip_hw_get_capacity(dd, &capacity))) {
+		dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Could not get drive capacity.\n");
+		return -ENOTTY;
+	}
+
+	geo->heads = 224;
+	geo->sectors = 56;
+#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64
+	geo->cylinders = capacity / (geo->heads * geo->sectors);
+#else
+	do_div(capacity, (geo->heads * geo->sectors));
+	geo->cylinders = capacity;
+#endif
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Block device operation function.
+ *
+ * This structure contains pointers to the functions required by the block
+ * layer.
+ */
+static const struct block_device_operations mtip_block_ops = {
+	.ioctl		= mtip_block_ioctl,
+	.compat_ioctl	= mtip_block_compat_ioctl,
+	.getgeo		= mtip_block_getgeo,
+	.owner		= THIS_MODULE
+};
+
+/*
+ * Block layer make request function.
+ *
+ * This function is called by the kernel to process a BIO for
+ * the P320 device.
+ *
+ * @queue Pointer to the request queue. Unused other than to obtain
+ *              the driver data structure.
+ * @bio   Pointer to the BIO.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0
+ */
+static int mtip_make_request(struct request_queue *queue, struct bio *bio)
+{
+	struct driver_data *dd = queue->queuedata;
+	struct scatterlist *sg;
+	struct bio_vec *bvec;
+	int nents = 0;
+	int tag = 0;
+
+	if (unlikely(!bio_has_data(bio))) {
+		blk_queue_flush(queue, 0);
+		bio_endio(bio, 0);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (unlikely(atomic_read(&dd->eh_active))) {
+		bio_endio(bio, -EBUSY);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	sg = mtip_hw_get_scatterlist(dd, &tag);
+	if (likely(sg != NULL)) {
+		blk_queue_bounce(queue, &bio);
+
+		if (unlikely((bio)->bi_vcnt > MTIP_MAX_SG)) {
+			dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+				"Maximum number of SGL entries exceeded");
+			bio_io_error(bio);
+			mtip_hw_release_scatterlist(dd, tag);
+			return 0;
+		}
+
+		/* Create the scatter list for this bio. */
+		bio_for_each_segment(bvec, bio, nents) {
+			sg_set_page(&sg[nents],
+					bvec->bv_page,
+					bvec->bv_len,
+					bvec->bv_offset);
+		}
+
+		/* Issue the read/write. */
+		mtip_hw_submit_io(dd,
+				bio->bi_sector,
+				bio_sectors(bio),
+				nents,
+				tag,
+				bio_endio,
+				bio,
+				bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH,
+				bio_data_dir(bio));
+	} else {
+		bio_io_error(bio);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Block layer initialization function.
+ *
+ * This function is called once by the PCI layer for each P320
+ * device that is connected to the system.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0 on success else an error code.
+ */
+int mtip_block_initialize(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	int rv = 0;
+	sector_t capacity;
+	unsigned int index = 0;
+	struct kobject *kobj;
+
+	/* Initialize the protocol layer. */
+	rv = mtip_hw_init(dd);
+	if (rv < 0) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Protocol layer initialization failed\n");
+		rv = -EINVAL;
+		goto protocol_init_error;
+	}
+
+	/* Allocate the request queue. */
+	dd->queue = blk_alloc_queue(GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (dd->queue == NULL) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Unable to allocate request queue\n");
+		rv = -ENOMEM;
+		goto block_queue_alloc_init_error;
+	}
+
+	/* Attach our request function to the request queue. */
+	blk_queue_make_request(dd->queue, mtip_make_request);
+
+	/* Set device limits. */
+	set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT, &dd->queue->queue_flags);
+	blk_queue_max_segments(dd->queue, MTIP_MAX_SG);
+	blk_queue_physical_block_size(dd->queue, 4096);
+	blk_queue_io_min(dd->queue, 4096);
+
+	dd->disk = alloc_disk(MTIP_MAX_MINORS);
+	if (dd->disk  == NULL) {
+		dev_err(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Unable to allocate gendisk structure\n");
+		rv = -EINVAL;
+		goto alloc_disk_error;
+	}
+
+	/* Generate the disk name, implemented same as in sd.c */
+	do {
+		if (!ida_pre_get(&rssd_index_ida, GFP_KERNEL))
+			goto ida_get_error;
+
+		spin_lock(&rssd_index_lock);
+		rv = ida_get_new(&rssd_index_ida, &index);
+		spin_unlock(&rssd_index_lock);
+	} while (rv == -EAGAIN);
+
+	if (rv)
+		goto ida_get_error;
+
+	rv = rssd_disk_name_format("rssd",
+				index,
+				dd->disk->disk_name,
+				DISK_NAME_LEN);
+	if (rv)
+		goto disk_index_error;
+
+	dd->disk->driverfs_dev	= &dd->pdev->dev;
+	dd->disk->major		= dd->major;
+	dd->disk->first_minor	= dd->instance * MTIP_MAX_MINORS;
+	dd->disk->fops		= &mtip_block_ops;
+	dd->disk->queue		= dd->queue;
+	dd->disk->private_data	= dd;
+	dd->queue->queuedata	= dd;
+	dd->index		= index;
+
+	/* Set the capacity of the device in 512 byte sectors. */
+	if (!(mtip_hw_get_capacity(dd, &capacity))) {
+		dev_warn(&dd->pdev->dev,
+			"Could not read drive capacity\n");
+		rv = -EIO;
+		goto read_capacity_error;
+	}
+	set_capacity(dd->disk, capacity);
+
+	/* Enable the block device and add it to /dev */
+	add_disk(dd->disk);
+
+	/*
+	 * Now that the disk is active, initialize any sysfs attributes
+	 * managed by the protocol layer.
+	 */
+	kobj = kobject_get(&disk_to_dev(dd->disk)->kobj);
+	if (kobj) {
+		mtip_hw_sysfs_init(dd, kobj);
+		kobject_put(kobj);
+	}
+
+	return rv;
+
+read_capacity_error:
+	/*
+	 * Delete our gendisk structure. This also removes the device
+	 * from /dev
+	 */
+	del_gendisk(dd->disk);
+
+disk_index_error:
+	spin_lock(&rssd_index_lock);
+	ida_remove(&rssd_index_ida, index);
+	spin_unlock(&rssd_index_lock);
+
+ida_get_error:
+	put_disk(dd->disk);
+
+alloc_disk_error:
+	blk_cleanup_queue(dd->queue);
+
+block_queue_alloc_init_error:
+	/* De-initialize the protocol layer. */
+	mtip_hw_exit(dd);
+
+protocol_init_error:
+	return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Block layer deinitialization function.
+ *
+ * Called by the PCI layer as each P320 device is removed.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0
+ */
+int mtip_block_remove(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	struct kobject *kobj;
+	/* Clean up the sysfs attributes managed by the protocol layer. */
+	kobj = kobject_get(&disk_to_dev(dd->disk)->kobj);
+	if (kobj) {
+		mtip_hw_sysfs_exit(dd, kobj);
+		kobject_put(kobj);
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Delete our gendisk structure. This also removes the device
+	 * from /dev
+	 */
+	del_gendisk(dd->disk);
+	blk_cleanup_queue(dd->queue);
+	dd->disk  = NULL;
+	dd->queue = NULL;
+
+	/* De-initialize the protocol layer. */
+	mtip_hw_exit(dd);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Function called by the PCI layer when just before the
+ * machine shuts down.
+ *
+ * If a protocol layer shutdown function is present it will be called
+ * by this function.
+ *
+ * @dd Pointer to the driver data structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0
+ */
+int mtip_block_shutdown(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	dev_info(&dd->pdev->dev,
+		"Shutting down %s ...\n", dd->disk->disk_name);
+
+	/* Delete our gendisk structure, and cleanup the blk queue. */
+	del_gendisk(dd->disk);
+	blk_cleanup_queue(dd->queue);
+	dd->disk  = NULL;
+	dd->queue = NULL;
+
+	mtip_hw_shutdown(dd);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int mtip_block_suspend(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	dev_info(&dd->pdev->dev,
+		"Suspending %s ...\n", dd->disk->disk_name);
+	mtip_hw_suspend(dd);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int mtip_block_resume(struct driver_data *dd)
+{
+	dev_info(&dd->pdev->dev, "Resuming %s ...\n",
+		dd->disk->disk_name);
+	mtip_hw_resume(dd);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called for each supported PCI device detected.
+ *
+ * This function allocates the private data structure, enables the
+ * PCI device and then calls the block layer initialization function.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0 on success else an error code.
+ */
+static int mtip_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev,
+			const struct pci_device_id *ent)
+{
+	int rv = 0;
+	struct driver_data *dd = NULL;
+
+	/* Allocate memory for this devices private data. */
+	dd = kzalloc(sizeof(struct driver_data), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (dd == NULL) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+			"Unable to allocate memory for driver data\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	/* Set the atomic variable as 1 in case of SRSI */
+	atomic_set(&dd->drv_cleanup_done, true);
+
+	atomic_set(&dd->resumeflag, false);
+	atomic_set(&dd->eh_active, 0);
+
+	/* Attach the private data to this PCI device.  */
+	pci_set_drvdata(pdev, dd);
+
+	rv = pcim_enable_device(pdev);
+	if (rv < 0) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Unable to enable device\n");
+		goto iomap_err;
+	}
+
+	/* Map BAR5 to memory. */
+	rv = pcim_iomap_regions(pdev, 1 << MTIP_ABAR, MTIP_DRV_NAME);
+	if (rv < 0) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Unable to map regions\n");
+		goto iomap_err;
+	}
+
+	if (!pci_set_dma_mask(pdev, DMA_BIT_MASK(64))) {
+		rv = pci_set_consistent_dma_mask(pdev, DMA_BIT_MASK(64));
+
+		if (rv) {
+			rv = pci_set_consistent_dma_mask(pdev,
+						DMA_BIT_MASK(32));
+			if (rv) {
+				dev_warn(&pdev->dev,
+					"64-bit DMA enable failed\n");
+				goto setmask_err;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	pci_set_master(pdev);
+
+	if (pci_enable_msi(pdev)) {
+		dev_warn(&pdev->dev,
+			"Unable to enable MSI interrupt.\n");
+		goto block_initialize_err;
+	}
+
+	/* Copy the info we may need later into the private data structure. */
+	dd->major	= mtip_major;
+	dd->protocol	= ent->driver_data;
+	dd->instance	= instance;
+	dd->pdev	= pdev;
+
+	/* Initialize the block layer. */
+	rv = mtip_block_initialize(dd);
+	if (rv < 0) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+			"Unable to initialize block layer\n");
+		goto block_initialize_err;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Increment the instance count so that each device has a unique
+	 * instance number.
+	 */
+	instance++;
+
+	goto done;
+
+block_initialize_err:
+	pci_disable_msi(pdev);
+
+setmask_err:
+	pcim_iounmap_regions(pdev, 1 << MTIP_ABAR);
+
+iomap_err:
+	kfree(dd);
+	pci_set_drvdata(pdev, NULL);
+	return rv;
+done:
+	/* Set the atomic variable as 0 in case of SRSI */
+	atomic_set(&dd->drv_cleanup_done, true);
+
+	return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called for each probed device when the device is removed or the
+ * driver is unloaded.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	None
+ */
+static void mtip_pci_remove(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+	struct driver_data *dd = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
+	int counter = 0;
+
+	if (mtip_check_surprise_removal(pdev)) {
+		while (atomic_read(&dd->drv_cleanup_done) == false) {
+			counter++;
+			msleep(20);
+			if (counter == 10) {
+				/* Cleanup the outstanding commands */
+				mtip_command_cleanup(dd);
+				break;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+	/* Set the atomic variable as 1 in case of SRSI */
+	atomic_set(&dd->drv_cleanup_done, true);
+
+	/* Clean up the block layer. */
+	mtip_block_remove(dd);
+
+	pci_disable_msi(pdev);
+
+	kfree(dd);
+	pcim_iounmap_regions(pdev, 1 << MTIP_ABAR);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called for each probed device when the device is suspended.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	0  Success
+ *	<0 Error
+ */
+static int mtip_pci_suspend(struct pci_dev *pdev, pm_message_t mesg)
+{
+	int rv = 0;
+	struct driver_data *dd = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+	if (!dd) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+			"Driver private datastructure is NULL\n");
+		return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	atomic_set(&dd->resumeflag, true);
+
+	/* Disable ports & interrupts then send standby immediate */
+	rv = mtip_block_suspend(dd);
+	if (rv < 0) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+			"Failed to suspend controller\n");
+		return rv;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Save the pci config space to pdev structure &
+	 * disable the device
+	 */
+	pci_save_state(pdev);
+	pci_disable_device(pdev);
+
+	/* Move to Low power state*/
+	pci_set_power_state(pdev, PCI_D3hot);
+
+	return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called for each probed device when the device is resumed.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *      0  Success
+ *      <0 Error
+ */
+static int mtip_pci_resume(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+	int rv = 0;
+	struct driver_data *dd;
+
+	dd = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
+	if (!dd) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+			"Driver private datastructure is NULL\n");
+		return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	/* Move the device to active State */
+	pci_set_power_state(pdev, PCI_D0);
+
+	/* Restore PCI configuration space */
+	pci_restore_state(pdev);
+
+	/* Enable the PCI device*/
+	rv = pcim_enable_device(pdev);
+	if (rv < 0) {
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev,
+			"Failed to enable card during resume\n");
+		goto err;
+	}
+	pci_set_master(pdev);
+
+	/*
+	 * Calls hbaReset, initPort, & startPort function
+	 * then enables interrupts
+	 */
+	rv = mtip_block_resume(dd);
+	if (rv < 0)
+		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Unable to resume\n");
+
+err:
+	atomic_set(&dd->resumeflag, false);
+
+	return rv;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Shutdown routine
+ *
+ * return value
+ *      None
+ */
+static void mtip_pci_shutdown(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+	struct driver_data *dd = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
+	if (dd)
+		mtip_block_shutdown(dd);
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function check_for_surprise_removal is called
+ * while card is removed from the system and it will
+ * read the vendor id from the configration space
+ *
+ * @pdev Pointer to the pci_dev structure.
+ *
+ * return value
+ *	 true if device removed, else false
+ */
+bool mtip_check_surprise_removal(struct pci_dev *pdev)
+{
+	u16 vendor_id = 0;
+
+       /* Read the vendorID from the configuration space */
+	pci_read_config_word(pdev, 0x00, &vendor_id);
+	if (vendor_id == 0xFFFF)
+		return true; /* device removed */
+
+	return false; /* device present */
+}
+
+/* Table of device ids supported by this driver. */
+static DEFINE_PCI_DEVICE_TABLE(mtip_pci_tbl) = {
+	{  PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_MICRON, P320_DEVICE_ID) },
+	{ 0 }
+};
+
+/* Structure that describes the PCI driver functions. */
+struct pci_driver mtip_pci_driver = {
+	.name			= MTIP_DRV_NAME,
+	.id_table		= mtip_pci_tbl,
+	.probe			= mtip_pci_probe,
+	.remove			= mtip_pci_remove,
+	.suspend		= mtip_pci_suspend,
+	.resume			= mtip_pci_resume,
+	.shutdown		= mtip_pci_shutdown,
+};
+
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pci, mtip_pci_tbl);
+
+/*
+ * Module initialization function.
+ *
+ * Called once when the module is loaded. This function allocates a major
+ * block device number to the Cyclone devices and registers the PCI layer
+ * of the driver.
+ *
+ * Return value
+ *      0 on success else error code.
+ */
+static int __init mtip_init(void)
+{
+	printk(KERN_INFO MTIP_DRV_NAME " Version " MTIP_DRV_VERSION "\n");
+
+	/* Allocate a major block device number to use with this driver. */
+	mtip_major = register_blkdev(0, MTIP_DRV_NAME);
+	if (mtip_major < 0) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to register block device (%d)\n",
+		mtip_major);
+		return -EBUSY;
+	}
+
+	/* Register our PCI operations. */
+	return pci_register_driver(&mtip_pci_driver);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Module de-initialization function.
+ *
+ * Called once when the module is unloaded. This function deallocates
+ * the major block device number allocated by mtip_init() and
+ * unregisters the PCI layer of the driver.
+ *
+ * Return value
+ *      none
+ */
+static void __exit mtip_exit(void)
+{
+	/* Release the allocated major block device number. */
+	unregister_blkdev(mtip_major, MTIP_DRV_NAME);
+
+	/* Unregister the PCI driver. */
+	pci_unregister_driver(&mtip_pci_driver);
+}
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Micron Technology, Inc");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Micron RealSSD PCIe Block Driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_VERSION(MTIP_DRV_VERSION);
+
+module_init(mtip_init);
+module_exit(mtip_exit);
diff --git a/drivers/block/mtip32xx/mtip32xx.h b/drivers/block/mtip32xx/mtip32xx.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d234d7f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/block/mtip32xx/mtip32xx.h
@@ -0,0 +1,445 @@ 
+/*
+ * mtip32xx.h - Header file for the P320 SSD Block Driver
+ *   Copyright (C) 2011 Micron Technology, Inc.
+ *
+ * Portions of this code were derived from works subjected to the
+ * following copyright:
+ *    Copyright (C) 2009 Integrated Device Technology, Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef __MTIP32XX_H__
+#define __MTIP32XX_H__
+
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/rwsem.h>
+#include <linux/ata.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/genhd.h>
+#include <linux/version.h>
+
+/* Offset of Subsystem Device ID in pci confoguration space */
+#define PCI_SUBSYSTEM_DEVICEID	0x2E
+
+/* offset of Device Control register in PCIe extended capabilites space */
+#define PCIE_CONFIG_EXT_DEVICE_CONTROL_OFFSET	0x48
+
+/* # of times to retry timed out IOs */
+#define MTIP_MAX_RETRIES	5
+
+/* Various timeout values in ms */
+#define MTIP_NCQ_COMMAND_TIMEOUT_MS       5000
+#define MTIP_IOCTL_COMMAND_TIMEOUT_MS     5000
+#define MTIP_INTERNAL_COMMAND_TIMEOUT_MS  5000
+
+/* check for timeouts every 500ms */
+#define MTIP_TIMEOUT_CHECK_PERIOD	500
+
+/* ftl rebuild */
+#define MTIP_FTL_REBUILD_OFFSET		142
+#define MTIP_FTL_REBUILD_MAGIC		0xed51
+#define MTIP_FTL_REBUILD_TIMEOUT_MS	2400000
+
+/* Macro to extract the tag bit number from a tag value. */
+#define MTIP_TAG_BIT(tag)	(tag & 0x1f)
+
+/*
+ * Macro to extract the tag index from a tag value. The index
+ * is used to access the correct s_active/Command Issue register based
+ * on the tag value.
+ */
+#define MTIP_TAG_INDEX(tag)	(tag >> 5)
+
+/*
+ * Maximum number of scatter gather entries
+ * a single command may have.
+ */
+#define MTIP_MAX_SG		128
+
+/*
+ * Maximum number of slot groups (Command Issue & s_active registers)
+ * NOTE: This is the driver maximum; check dd->slot_groups for actual value.
+ */
+#define MTIP_MAX_SLOT_GROUPS	8
+
+/* Internal command tag. */
+#define MTIP_TAG_INTERNAL	0
+
+/* Micron Vendor ID & P320x SSD Device ID */
+#define PCI_VENDOR_ID_MICRON    0x1344
+#define P320_DEVICE_ID		0x5150
+
+/* Driver name and version strings */
+#define MTIP_DRV_NAME		"mtip32xx"
+#define MTIP_DRV_VERSION	"1.2.6os2"
+
+/* Maximum number of minor device numbers per device. */
+#define MTIP_MAX_MINORS		16
+
+/* Maximum number of supported command slots. */
+#define MTIP_MAX_COMMAND_SLOTS	(MTIP_MAX_SLOT_GROUPS * 32)
+
+/*
+ * Per-tag bitfield size in longs.
+ * Linux bit manipulation functions
+ * (i.e. test_and_set_bit, find_next_zero_bit)
+ * manipulate memory in longs, so we try to make the math work.
+ * take the slot groups and find the number of longs, rounding up.
+ * Careful! i386 and x86_64 use different size longs!
+ */
+#define U32_PER_LONG	(sizeof(long) / sizeof(u32))
+#define SLOTBITS_IN_LONGS ((MTIP_MAX_SLOT_GROUPS +			\
+					(U32_PER_LONG-1))/U32_PER_LONG)
+
+/* BAR number used to access the HBA registers. */
+#define MTIP_ABAR		5
+
+/* Forced Unit Access Bit */
+#define FUA_BIT			0x80
+
+#ifdef DEBUG
+ #define dbg_printk(format, arg...)	\
+	printk(pr_fmt(format), ##arg);
+#else
+ #define dbg_printk(format, arg...)
+#endif
+
+/* Register Frame Information Structure (FIS), host to device. */
+struct host_to_dev_fis {
+	/*
+	 * FIS type.
+	 * - 27h Register FIS, host to device.
+	 * - 34h Register FIS, device to host.
+	 * - 39h DMA Activate FIS, device to host.
+	 * - 41h DMA Setup FIS, bi-directional.
+	 * - 46h Data FIS, bi-directional.
+	 * - 58h BIST Activate FIS, bi-directional.
+	 * - 5Fh PIO Setup FIS, device to host.
+	 * - A1h Set Device Bits FIS, device to host.
+	 */
+	unsigned char type;
+	unsigned char opts;
+	unsigned char command;
+	unsigned char features;
+
+	union {
+		unsigned char lba_low;
+		unsigned char sector;
+	};
+	union {
+		unsigned char lba_mid;
+		unsigned char cyl_low;
+	};
+	union {
+		unsigned char lba_hi;
+		unsigned char cyl_hi;
+	};
+	union {
+		unsigned char device;
+		unsigned char head;
+	};
+
+	union {
+		unsigned char lba_low_ex;
+		unsigned char sector_ex;
+	};
+	union {
+		unsigned char lba_mid_ex;
+		unsigned char cyl_low_ex;
+	};
+	union {
+		unsigned char lba_hi_ex;
+		unsigned char cyl_hi_ex;
+	};
+	unsigned char features_ex;
+
+	unsigned char sect_count;
+	unsigned char sect_cnt_ex;
+	unsigned char res2;
+	unsigned char control;
+
+	unsigned int res3;
+};
+
+/* Command header structure. */
+struct mtip_cmd_hdr {
+	/*
+	 * Command options.
+	 * - Bits 31:16 Number of PRD entries.
+	 * - Bits 15:8 Unused in this implementation.
+	 * - Bit 7 Prefetch bit, informs the drive to prefetch PRD entries.
+	 * - Bit 6 Write bit, should be set when writing data to the device.
+	 * - Bit 5 Unused in this implementation.
+	 * - Bits 4:0 Length of the command FIS in DWords (DWord = 4 bytes).
+	 */
+	unsigned int opts;
+	/* This field is unsed when using NCQ. */
+	union {
+		unsigned int byte_count;
+		unsigned int status;
+	};
+	/*
+	 * Lower 32 bits of the command table address associated with this
+	 * header. The command table addresses must be 128 byte aligned.
+	 */
+	unsigned int ctba;
+	/*
+	 * If 64 bit addressing is used this field is the upper 32 bits
+	 * of the command table address associated with this command.
+	 */
+	unsigned int ctbau;
+	/* Reserved and unused. */
+	unsigned int res[4];
+};
+
+/* Command scatter gather structure (PRD). */
+struct mtip_cmd_sg {
+	/*
+	 * Low 32 bits of the data buffer address. For P320 this
+	 * address must be 8 byte aligned signified by bits 2:0 being
+	 * set to 0.
+	 */
+	unsigned int dba;
+	/*
+	 * When 64 bit addressing is used this field is the upper
+	 * 32 bits of the data buffer address.
+	 */
+	unsigned int dba_upper;
+	/* Unused. */
+	unsigned int reserved;
+	/*
+	 * Bit 31: interrupt when this data block has been transferred.
+	 * Bits 30..22: reserved
+	 * Bits 21..0: byte count (minus 1).  For P320 the byte count must be
+	 * 8 byte aligned signified by bits 2:0 being set to 1.
+	 */
+	unsigned int info;
+};
+struct mtip_port;
+
+/* Structure used to describe a command. */
+struct mtip_cmd {
+
+	struct mtip_cmd_hdr *command_header; /* ptr to command header entry */
+
+	dma_addr_t command_header_dma; /* corresponding physical address */
+
+	void *command; /* ptr to command table entry */
+
+	dma_addr_t command_dma; /* corresponding physical address */
+
+	void *comp_data; /* data passed to completion function comp_func() */
+	/*
+	 * Completion function called by the ISR upon completion of
+	 * a command.
+	 */
+	void (*comp_func)(struct mtip_port *port,
+				int tag,
+				void *data,
+				int status);
+	/* Additional callback function that may be called by comp_func() */
+	void (*async_callback)(void *data, int status);
+
+	void *async_data; /* Addl. data passed to async_callback() */
+
+	int scatter_ents; /* Number of scatter list entries used */
+
+	struct scatterlist sg[MTIP_MAX_SG]; /* Scatter list entries */
+
+	int retries; /* The number of retries left for this command. */
+
+	int direction; /* Data transfer direction */
+
+	unsigned long comp_time; /* command completion time, in jiffies */
+
+	atomic_t active; /* declares if this command sent to the drive. */
+};
+
+/* Structure used to describe a port. */
+struct mtip_port {
+	/* Pointer back to the driver data for this port. */
+	struct driver_data *dd;
+	/*
+	 * Used to determine if the data pointed to by the
+	 * identify field is valid.
+	 */
+	unsigned long identify_valid;
+	/* Base address of the memory mapped IO for the port. */
+	void __iomem *mmio;
+	/* Array of pointers to the memory mapped s_active registers. */
+	void __iomem *s_active[MTIP_MAX_SLOT_GROUPS];
+	/* Array of pointers to the memory mapped completed registers. */
+	void __iomem *completed[MTIP_MAX_SLOT_GROUPS];
+	/* Array of pointers to the memory mapped Command Issue registers. */
+	void __iomem *cmd_issue[MTIP_MAX_SLOT_GROUPS];
+	/*
+	 * Pointer to the beginning of the command header memory as used
+	 * by the driver.
+	 */
+	void *command_list;
+	/*
+	 * Pointer to the beginning of the command header memory as used
+	 * by the DMA.
+	 */
+	dma_addr_t command_list_dma;
+	/*
+	 * Pointer to the beginning of the RX FIS memory as used
+	 * by the driver.
+	 */
+	void *rxfis;
+	/*
+	 * Pointer to the beginning of the RX FIS memory as used
+	 * by the DMA.
+	 */
+	dma_addr_t rxfis_dma;
+	/*
+	 * Pointer to the beginning of the command table memory as used
+	 * by the driver.
+	 */
+	void *command_table;
+	/*
+	 * Pointer to the beginning of the command table memory as used
+	 * by the DMA.
+	 */
+	dma_addr_t command_tbl_dma;
+	/*
+	 * Pointer to the beginning of the identify data memory as used
+	 * by the driver.
+	 */
+	u16 *identify;
+	/*
+	 * Pointer to the beginning of the identify data memory as used
+	 * by the DMA.
+	 */
+	dma_addr_t identify_dma;
+	/*
+	 * Pointer to the beginning of a sector buffer that is used
+	 * by the driver when issuing internal commands.
+	 */
+	u16 *sector_buffer;
+	/*
+	 * Pointer to the beginning of a sector buffer that is used
+	 * by the DMA when the driver issues internal commands.
+	 */
+	dma_addr_t sector_buffer_dma;
+	/*
+	 * Bit significant, used to determine if a command slot has
+	 * been allocated. i.e. the slot is in use.  Bits are cleared
+	 * when the command slot and all associated data structures
+	 * are no longer needed.
+	 */
+	unsigned long allocated[SLOTBITS_IN_LONGS];
+	/*
+	 * Array of command slots. Structure includes pointers to the
+	 * command header and command table, and completion function and data
+	 * pointers.
+	 */
+	struct mtip_cmd commands[MTIP_MAX_COMMAND_SLOTS];
+	/* Non-zero if an internal command is in progress. */
+	int internal_cmd_in_progress;
+	/*
+	 * Timer used to complete commands that have been active for too long.
+	 */
+	struct timer_list cmd_timer;
+	/*
+	 * Semaphore used to block threads if there are no
+	 * command slots available.
+	 */
+	struct semaphore cmd_slot;
+	/* Spinlock for working around command-issue bug. */
+	spinlock_t cmd_issue_lock;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Driver private data structure.
+ *
+ * One structure is allocated per probed device.
+ */
+struct driver_data {
+	void __iomem *mmio; /* Base address of the HBA registers. */
+
+	int major; /* Major device number. */
+
+	int instance; /* Instance number. First device probed is 0, ... */
+
+	int protocol; /* FIXME: Protocol ops array index. */
+
+	struct gendisk *disk; /* Pointer to our gendisk structure. */
+
+	struct pci_dev *pdev; /* Pointer to the PCI device structure. */
+
+	struct request_queue *queue; /* Our request queue. */
+	/*
+	 * Semaphore used to lock out read/write commands during the
+	 * execution of an internal command.
+	 */
+	struct rw_semaphore internal_sem;
+
+	struct mtip_port *port; /* Pointer to the port data structure. */
+
+	/* Tasklet used to process the bottom half of the ISR. */
+	struct tasklet_struct tasklet;
+
+	unsigned product_type; /* magic value declaring the product type */
+
+	unsigned slot_groups; /* number of slot groups the product supports */
+
+	atomic_t drv_cleanup_done; /* Atomic variable for SRSI */
+
+	unsigned long index; /* Index to determine the disk name */
+
+	unsigned int ftlrebuildflag; /* FTL rebuild flag */
+
+	atomic_t resumeflag; /* Atomic variable to track suspend/resume */
+
+	atomic_t eh_active; /* Flag for error handling tracking */
+};
+
+/* Function declarations */
+extern int mtip_block_initialize(struct driver_data *dd);
+extern int mtip_block_remove(struct driver_data *dd);
+extern int mtip_block_shutdown(struct driver_data *dd);
+extern int mtip_block_suspend(struct driver_data *dd);
+extern int mtip_block_resume(struct driver_data *dd);
+extern int mtip_hw_init(struct driver_data *dd);
+extern int mtip_hw_exit(struct driver_data *dd);
+extern int mtip_hw_shutdown(struct driver_data *dd);
+extern bool mtip_hw_get_capacity(struct driver_data *dd, sector_t *sectors);
+extern void mtip_hw_release_scatterlist(
+			struct driver_data *dd,
+			int tag);
+extern struct scatterlist *mtip_hw_get_scatterlist(
+			struct driver_data *dd,
+			int *tag);
+extern void mtip_hw_submit_io(struct driver_data *dd,
+			sector_t start,
+			int nsect,
+			int nents,
+			int tag,
+			void *callback,
+			void *data,
+			int barrier,
+			int dir);
+extern int mtip_hw_ioctl(struct driver_data *dd,
+			unsigned int cmd,
+			unsigned long arg,
+			unsigned char compat);
+extern int mtip_hw_sysfs_init(struct driver_data *dd, struct kobject *kobj);
+extern int mtip_hw_sysfs_exit(struct driver_data *dd, struct kobject *kobj);
+extern int mtip_hw_resume(struct driver_data *dd);
+extern int mtip_hw_suspend(struct driver_data *dd);
+void mtip_command_cleanup(struct driver_data *dd);
+bool mtip_check_surprise_removal(struct pci_dev *pdev);
+void mtip_restart_port(struct mtip_port *port);
+
+#endif