Patchwork [11/30] posix-aio-compat: fix latency issues

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Submitter Kevin Wolf
Date Aug. 29, 2011, 2:53 p.m.
Message ID <1314629618-8308-12-git-send-email-kwolf@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/112088/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Kevin Wolf - Aug. 29, 2011, 2:53 p.m.
From: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>

In certain circumstances, posix-aio-compat can incur a lot of latency:
 - threads are created by vcpu threads, so if vcpu affinity is set,
   aio threads inherit vcpu affinity.  This can cause many aio threads
   to compete for one cpu.
 - we can create up to max_threads (64) aio threads in one go; since a
   pthread_create can take around 30μs, we have up to 2ms of cpu time
   under a global lock.

Fix by:
 - moving thread creation to the main thread, so we inherit the main
   thread's affinity instead of the vcpu thread's affinity.
 - if a thread is currently being created, and we need to create yet
   another thread, let thread being born create the new thread, reducing
   the amount of time we spend under the main thread.
 - drop the local lock while creating a thread (we may still hold the
   global mutex, though)

Note this doesn't eliminate latency completely; scheduler artifacts or
lack of host cpu resources can still cause it.  We may want pre-allocated
threads when this cannot be tolerated.

Thanks to Uli Obergfell of Red Hat for his excellent analysis and suggestions.

Signed-off-by: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Kevin Wolf <kwolf@redhat.com>
---
 posix-aio-compat.c |   44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 1 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/posix-aio-compat.c b/posix-aio-compat.c
index babb094..3193dbf 100644
--- a/posix-aio-compat.c
+++ b/posix-aio-compat.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ 
 
 #include "block/raw-posix-aio.h"
 
+static void do_spawn_thread(void);
 
 struct qemu_paiocb {
     BlockDriverAIOCB common;
@@ -64,6 +65,9 @@  static pthread_attr_t attr;
 static int max_threads = 64;
 static int cur_threads = 0;
 static int idle_threads = 0;
+static int new_threads = 0;     /* backlog of threads we need to create */
+static int pending_threads = 0; /* threads created but not running yet */
+static QEMUBH *new_thread_bh;
 static QTAILQ_HEAD(, qemu_paiocb) request_list;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_PREADV
@@ -311,6 +315,11 @@  static void *aio_thread(void *unused)
 
     pid = getpid();
 
+    mutex_lock(&lock);
+    pending_threads--;
+    mutex_unlock(&lock);
+    do_spawn_thread();
+
     while (1) {
         struct qemu_paiocb *aiocb;
         ssize_t ret = 0;
@@ -381,11 +390,20 @@  static void *aio_thread(void *unused)
     return NULL;
 }
 
-static void spawn_thread(void)
+static void do_spawn_thread(void)
 {
     sigset_t set, oldset;
 
-    cur_threads++;
+    mutex_lock(&lock);
+    if (!new_threads) {
+        mutex_unlock(&lock);
+        return;
+    }
+
+    new_threads--;
+    pending_threads++;
+
+    mutex_unlock(&lock);
 
     /* block all signals */
     if (sigfillset(&set)) die("sigfillset");
@@ -396,6 +414,27 @@  static void spawn_thread(void)
     if (sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &oldset, NULL)) die("sigprocmask restore");
 }
 
+static void spawn_thread_bh_fn(void *opaque)
+{
+    do_spawn_thread();
+}
+
+static void spawn_thread(void)
+{
+    cur_threads++;
+    new_threads++;
+    /* If there are threads being created, they will spawn new workers, so
+     * we don't spend time creating many threads in a loop holding a mutex or
+     * starving the current vcpu.
+     *
+     * If there are no idle threads, ask the main thread to create one, so we
+     * inherit the correct affinity instead of the vcpu affinity.
+     */
+    if (!pending_threads) {
+        qemu_bh_schedule(new_thread_bh);
+    }
+}
+
 static void qemu_paio_submit(struct qemu_paiocb *aiocb)
 {
     aiocb->ret = -EINPROGRESS;
@@ -665,6 +704,7 @@  int paio_init(void)
         die2(ret, "pthread_attr_setdetachstate");
 
     QTAILQ_INIT(&request_list);
+    new_thread_bh = qemu_bh_new(spawn_thread_bh_fn, NULL);
 
     posix_aio_state = s;
     return 0;