Patchwork [2/5] powerpc: ftrace, fix cast aliasing and add code verification

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Submitter Steven Rostedt
Date Nov. 26, 2008, 9:58 p.m.
Message ID <20081126220423.074915031@goodmis.org>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/11014/
State Accepted, archived
Commit d9af12b72bfe2a4efc1d347e0ac1c669b85dcea9
Headers show

Comments

Steven Rostedt - Nov. 26, 2008, 9:58 p.m.
From: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>

Impact: clean up and robustness addition

This patch addresses the comments made by Paul Mackerras.
It removes the type casting between unsigned int and unsigned char
pointers, and replaces them with a use of all unsigned int.

Verification that the jump is indeed made to a trampoline has also
been added.

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
---
 arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c |  121 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
 1 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 56 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c
index 3271cd6..ea454a0 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ftrace.c
@@ -162,26 +162,25 @@  static int
 __ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
 		  struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
 {
-	unsigned char replaced[MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE * 2];
-	unsigned int *op = (unsigned *)&replaced;
-	unsigned char jmp[8];
-	unsigned long *ptr = (unsigned long *)&jmp;
+	unsigned int op;
+	unsigned int jmp[5];
+	unsigned long ptr;
 	unsigned long ip = rec->ip;
 	unsigned long tramp;
 	int offset;
 
 	/* read where this goes */
-	if (probe_kernel_read(replaced, (void *)ip, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
+	if (probe_kernel_read(&op, (void *)ip, sizeof(int)))
 		return -EFAULT;
 
 	/* Make sure that that this is still a 24bit jump */
-	if (!is_bl_op(*op)) {
-		printk(KERN_ERR "Not expected bl: opcode is %x\n", *op);
+	if (!is_bl_op(op)) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "Not expected bl: opcode is %x\n", op);
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
 	/* lets find where the pointer goes */
-	tramp = find_bl_target(ip, *op);
+	tramp = find_bl_target(ip, op);
 
 	/*
 	 * On PPC64 the trampoline looks like:
@@ -200,19 +199,25 @@  __ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
 	DEBUGP("ip:%lx jumps to %lx r2: %lx", ip, tramp, mod->arch.toc);
 
 	/* Find where the trampoline jumps to */
-	if (probe_kernel_read(jmp, (void *)tramp, 8)) {
+	if (probe_kernel_read(jmp, (void *)tramp, sizeof(jmp))) {
 		printk(KERN_ERR "Failed to read %lx\n", tramp);
 		return -EFAULT;
 	}
 
-	DEBUGP(" %08x %08x",
-	       (unsigned)(*ptr >> 32),
-	       (unsigned)*ptr);
+	DEBUGP(" %08x %08x", jmp[0], jmp[1]);
+
+	/* verify that this is what we expect it to be */
+	if (((jmp[0] & 0xffff0000) != 0x3d820000) ||
+	    ((jmp[1] & 0xffff0000) != 0x398c0000) ||
+	    (jmp[2] != 0xf8410028) ||
+	    (jmp[3] != 0xe96c0020) ||
+	    (jmp[4] != 0xe84c0028)) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "Not a trampoline\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
 
-	offset = (unsigned)jmp[2] << 24 |
-		(unsigned)jmp[3] << 16 |
-		(unsigned)jmp[6] << 8 |
-		(unsigned)jmp[7];
+	offset = (unsigned)((unsigned short)jmp[0]) << 16 |
+		(unsigned)((unsigned short)jmp[1]);
 
 	DEBUGP(" %x ", offset);
 
@@ -225,13 +230,13 @@  __ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
 		return -EFAULT;
 	}
 
-	DEBUGP(" %08x %08x\n",
-	       (unsigned)(*ptr >> 32),
-	       (unsigned)*ptr);
+	DEBUGP(" %08x %08x\n", jmp[0], jmp[1]);
+
+	ptr = ((unsigned long)jmp[0] << 32) + jmp[1];
 
 	/* This should match what was called */
-	if (*ptr != GET_ADDR(addr)) {
-		printk(KERN_ERR "addr does not match %lx\n", *ptr);
+	if (ptr != GET_ADDR(addr)) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "addr does not match %lx\n", ptr);
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
@@ -240,11 +245,11 @@  __ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
 	 *  0xe8, 0x41, 0x00, 0x28   ld r2,40(r1)
 	 * This needs to be turned to a nop too.
 	 */
-	if (probe_kernel_read(replaced, (void *)(ip+4), MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
+	if (probe_kernel_read(&op, (void *)(ip+4), MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
 		return -EFAULT;
 
-	if (*op != 0xe8410028) {
-		printk(KERN_ERR "Next line is not ld! (%08x)\n", *op);
+	if (op != 0xe8410028) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "Next line is not ld! (%08x)\n", op);
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
@@ -261,9 +266,9 @@  __ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
 	 *   ld r2,40(r1)
 	 *  1:
 	 */
-	op[0] = 0x48000008;	/* b +8 */
+	op = 0x48000008;	/* b +8 */
 
-	if (probe_kernel_write((void *)ip, replaced, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
+	if (probe_kernel_write((void *)ip, &op, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
 		return -EPERM;
 
 	return 0;
@@ -274,46 +279,52 @@  static int
 __ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
 		  struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
 {
-	unsigned char replaced[MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE];
-	unsigned int *op = (unsigned *)&replaced;
-	unsigned char jmp[8];
-	unsigned int *ptr = (unsigned int *)&jmp;
+	unsigned int op;
+	unsigned int jmp[4];
 	unsigned long ip = rec->ip;
 	unsigned long tramp;
-	int offset;
 
-	if (probe_kernel_read(replaced, (void *)ip, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
+	if (probe_kernel_read(&op, (void *)ip, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
 		return -EFAULT;
 
 	/* Make sure that that this is still a 24bit jump */
-	if (!is_bl_op(*op)) {
-		printk(KERN_ERR "Not expected bl: opcode is %x\n", *op);
+	if (!is_bl_op(op)) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "Not expected bl: opcode is %x\n", op);
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
 	/* lets find where the pointer goes */
-	tramp = find_bl_target(ip, *op);
+	tramp = find_bl_target(ip, op);
 
 	/*
 	 * On PPC32 the trampoline looks like:
-	 * lis r11,sym@ha
-	 * addi r11,r11,sym@l
-	 * mtctr r11
-	 * bctr
+	 *  0x3d, 0x60, 0x00, 0x00  lis r11,sym@ha
+	 *  0x39, 0x6b, 0x00, 0x00  addi r11,r11,sym@l
+	 *  0x7d, 0x69, 0x03, 0xa6  mtctr r11
+	 *  0x4e, 0x80, 0x04, 0x20  bctr
 	 */
 
 	DEBUGP("ip:%lx jumps to %lx", ip, tramp);
 
 	/* Find where the trampoline jumps to */
-	if (probe_kernel_read(jmp, (void *)tramp, 8)) {
+	if (probe_kernel_read(jmp, (void *)tramp, sizeof(jmp))) {
 		printk(KERN_ERR "Failed to read %lx\n", tramp);
 		return -EFAULT;
 	}
 
-	DEBUGP(" %08x %08x ", ptr[0], ptr[1]);
+	DEBUGP(" %08x %08x ", jmp[0], jmp[1]);
+
+	/* verify that this is what we expect it to be */
+	if (((jmp[0] & 0xffff0000) != 0x3d600000) ||
+	    ((jmp[1] & 0xffff0000) != 0x396b0000) ||
+	    (jmp[2] != 0x7d6903a6) ||
+	    (jmp[3] != 0x4e800420)) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "Not a trampoline\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
 
-	tramp = (ptr[1] & 0xffff) |
-		((ptr[0] & 0xffff) << 16);
+	tramp = (jmp[1] & 0xffff) |
+		((jmp[0] & 0xffff) << 16);
 	if (tramp & 0x8000)
 		tramp -= 0x10000;
 
@@ -326,9 +337,9 @@  __ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
-	op[0] = PPC_NOP_INSTR;
+	op = PPC_NOP_INSTR;
 
-	if (probe_kernel_write((void *)ip, replaced, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
+	if (probe_kernel_write((void *)ip, &op, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
 		return -EPERM;
 
 	return 0;
@@ -384,13 +395,12 @@  int ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
 static int
 __ftrace_make_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
 {
-	unsigned char replaced[MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE * 2];
-	unsigned int *op = (unsigned *)&replaced;
+	unsigned int op[2];
 	unsigned long ip = rec->ip;
 	unsigned long offset;
 
 	/* read where this goes */
-	if (probe_kernel_read(replaced, (void *)ip, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE * 2))
+	if (probe_kernel_read(op, (void *)ip, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE * 2))
 		return -EFAULT;
 
 	/*
@@ -425,7 +435,7 @@  __ftrace_make_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
 
 	DEBUGP("write to %lx\n", rec->ip);
 
-	if (probe_kernel_write((void *)ip, replaced, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE * 2))
+	if (probe_kernel_write((void *)ip, op, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE * 2))
 		return -EPERM;
 
 	return 0;
@@ -434,18 +444,17 @@  __ftrace_make_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
 static int
 __ftrace_make_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
 {
-	unsigned char replaced[MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE];
-	unsigned int *op = (unsigned *)&replaced;
+	unsigned int op;
 	unsigned long ip = rec->ip;
 	unsigned long offset;
 
 	/* read where this goes */
-	if (probe_kernel_read(replaced, (void *)ip, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
+	if (probe_kernel_read(&op, (void *)ip, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
 		return -EFAULT;
 
 	/* It should be pointing to a nop */
-	if (op[0] != PPC_NOP_INSTR) {
-		printk(KERN_ERR "Expected NOP but have %x\n", op[0]);
+	if (op != PPC_NOP_INSTR) {
+		printk(KERN_ERR "Expected NOP but have %x\n", op);
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
@@ -465,11 +474,11 @@  __ftrace_make_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
 	}
 
 	/* Set to "bl addr" */
-	op[0] = branch_offset(offset);
+	op = branch_offset(offset);
 
 	DEBUGP("write to %lx\n", rec->ip);
 
-	if (probe_kernel_write((void *)ip, replaced, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
+	if (probe_kernel_write((void *)ip, &op, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
 		return -EPERM;
 
 	return 0;