[v4,04/18] kunit: test: add kunit_stream a std::stream likelogger
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190514221711.248228-5-brendanhiggins@google.com
State Not Applicable
Headers show
Series
  • kunit: introduce KUnit, the Linux kernel unittesting framework
Related show

Commit Message

Brendan Higgins May 14, 2019, 10:16 p.m. UTC
A lot of the expectation and assertion infrastructure prints out fairly
complicated test failure messages, so add a C++ style log library for
for logging test results.

Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
---
 include/kunit/kunit-stream.h |  85 ++++++++++++++++++++
 include/kunit/test.h         |   3 +
 kunit/Makefile               |   3 +-
 kunit/kunit-stream.c         | 152 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kunit/test.c                 |   7 ++
 5 files changed, 249 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 include/kunit/kunit-stream.h
 create mode 100644 kunit/kunit-stream.c

Comments

Stephen Boyd May 17, 2019, 5:58 p.m. UTC | #1
Quoting Brendan Higgins (2019-05-14 15:16:57)
> diff --git a/kunit/kunit-stream.c b/kunit/kunit-stream.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000..1884f1b550888
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/kunit/kunit-stream.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,152 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * C++ stream style string formatter and printer used in KUnit for outputting
> + * KUnit messages.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019, Google LLC.
> + * Author: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <kunit/test.h>
> +#include <kunit/kunit-stream.h>
> +#include <kunit/string-stream.h>
> +
> +static const char *kunit_stream_get_level(struct kunit_stream *this)
> +{
> +       unsigned long flags;
> +       const char *level;
> +
> +       spin_lock_irqsave(&this->lock, flags);
> +       level = this->level;
> +       spin_unlock_irqrestore(&this->lock, flags);
> +
> +       return level;

Please remove this whole function and inline it to the one call-site.

> +}
> +
> +void kunit_stream_set_level(struct kunit_stream *this, const char *level)
> +{
> +       unsigned long flags;
> +
> +       spin_lock_irqsave(&this->lock, flags);
> +       this->level = level;
> +       spin_unlock_irqrestore(&this->lock, flags);

I don't get the locking here. What are we protecting against? Are tests
running in parallel using the same kunit_stream? If so, why is the level
changeable in one call and then adding strings is done in a different
function call? It would make sense to combine the level setting and
string adding so that it's one atomic operation if it's truly a parallel
operation, or remove the locking entirely.

> +}
> +
> +void kunit_stream_add(struct kunit_stream *this, const char *fmt, ...)
> +{
> +       va_list args;
> +       struct string_stream *stream = this->internal_stream;
> +
> +       va_start(args, fmt);
> +
> +       if (string_stream_vadd(stream, fmt, args) < 0)
> +               kunit_err(this->test, "Failed to allocate fragment: %s\n", fmt);
> +
> +       va_end(args);
> +}
> +
> +void kunit_stream_append(struct kunit_stream *this,
> +                               struct kunit_stream *other)
> +{
> +       struct string_stream *other_stream = other->internal_stream;
> +       const char *other_content;
> +
> +       other_content = string_stream_get_string(other_stream);
> +
> +       if (!other_content) {
> +               kunit_err(this->test,
> +                         "Failed to get string from second argument for appending.\n");
> +               return;
> +       }
> +
> +       kunit_stream_add(this, other_content);
> +}
> +
> +void kunit_stream_clear(struct kunit_stream *this)
> +{
> +       string_stream_clear(this->internal_stream);
> +}
> +
> +void kunit_stream_commit(struct kunit_stream *this)

Should this be rather called kunit_stream_flush()?

> +{
> +       struct string_stream *stream = this->internal_stream;
> +       struct string_stream_fragment *fragment;
> +       const char *level;
> +       char *buf;
> +
> +       level = kunit_stream_get_level(this);
> +       if (!level) {
> +               kunit_err(this->test,
> +                         "Stream was committed without a specified log level.\n");

Drop the full-stop?

> +               level = KERN_ERR;
> +               kunit_stream_set_level(this, level);
> +       }
> +
> +       buf = string_stream_get_string(stream);
> +       if (!buf) {
> +               kunit_err(this->test,

Can you grow a local variable for 'this->test'? It's used many times.

Also, 'this' is not very kernel idiomatic. We usually name variables by
their type instead of 'this' which is a keyword in other languages.
Perhaps it could be named 'kstream'?

> +                        "Could not allocate buffer, dumping stream:\n");
> +               list_for_each_entry(fragment, &stream->fragments, node) {
> +                       kunit_err(this->test, fragment->fragment);
> +               }
> +               kunit_err(this->test, "\n");
> +               goto cleanup;
> +       }
> +
> +       kunit_printk(level, this->test, buf);
> +       kfree(buf);
> +
> +cleanup:
> +       kunit_stream_clear(this);
> +}
> +
> +static int kunit_stream_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
> +{
> +       struct kunit *test = context;
> +       struct kunit_stream *stream;
> +
> +       stream = kzalloc(sizeof(*stream), GFP_KERNEL);

Of course, here it's called 'stream', so maybe it should be 'kstream'
here too.

> +       if (!stream)
> +               return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +       res->allocation = stream;
> +       stream->test = test;
> +       spin_lock_init(&stream->lock);
> +       stream->internal_stream = new_string_stream();

Can new_string_stream() be renamed to alloc_string_stream()? Sorry, I
just see so much C++ isms in here it's hard to read from the kernel
developer perspective.

> +
> +       if (!stream->internal_stream) {

Nitpick: Please join this to the "allocation" event above instead of
keeping it separated.

> +               kfree(stream);
> +               return -ENOMEM;
> +       }
> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void kunit_stream_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
> +{
> +       struct kunit_stream *stream = res->allocation;
> +
> +       if (!string_stream_is_empty(stream->internal_stream)) {
> +               kunit_err(stream->test,
> +                        "End of test case reached with uncommitted stream entries.\n");
> +               kunit_stream_commit(stream);
> +       }
> +
> +       destroy_string_stream(stream->internal_stream);
> +       kfree(stream);
> +}
> +
> +struct kunit_stream *kunit_new_stream(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> +       struct kunit_resource *res;
> +
> +       res = kunit_alloc_resource(test,
> +                                  kunit_stream_init,
> +                                  kunit_stream_free,
> +                                  test);
> +
> +       if (res)
> +               return res->allocation;
> +       else
> +               return NULL;

Don't have if (...) return ...; else return ..., just return instead of
else.
Brendan Higgins June 5, 2019, 12:47 a.m. UTC | #2
On Fri, May 17, 2019 at 10:58 AM Stephen Boyd <sboyd@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> Quoting Brendan Higgins (2019-05-14 15:16:57)
> > diff --git a/kunit/kunit-stream.c b/kunit/kunit-stream.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000000000..1884f1b550888
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/kunit/kunit-stream.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,152 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +/*
> > + * C++ stream style string formatter and printer used in KUnit for outputting
> > + * KUnit messages.
> > + *
> > + * Copyright (C) 2019, Google LLC.
> > + * Author: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <kunit/test.h>
> > +#include <kunit/kunit-stream.h>
> > +#include <kunit/string-stream.h>
> > +
> > +static const char *kunit_stream_get_level(struct kunit_stream *this)
> > +{
> > +       unsigned long flags;
> > +       const char *level;
> > +
> > +       spin_lock_irqsave(&this->lock, flags);
> > +       level = this->level;
> > +       spin_unlock_irqrestore(&this->lock, flags);
> > +
> > +       return level;
>
> Please remove this whole function and inline it to the one call-site.
>
> > +}
> > +
> > +void kunit_stream_set_level(struct kunit_stream *this, const char *level)
> > +{
> > +       unsigned long flags;
> > +
> > +       spin_lock_irqsave(&this->lock, flags);
> > +       this->level = level;
> > +       spin_unlock_irqrestore(&this->lock, flags);
>
> I don't get the locking here. What are we protecting against? Are tests
> running in parallel using the same kunit_stream? If so, why is the level
> changeable in one call and then adding strings is done in a different
> function call? It would make sense to combine the level setting and
> string adding so that it's one atomic operation if it's truly a parallel
> operation, or remove the locking entirely.

I think you are right. I am not sure it makes sense for two separate
threads to share a kunit_stream; even if locked properly, it would end
up printing out corrupted text.

In anycase, I think it makes sense to decide the level when the stream
is allocated which would sidestep this issue entirely.

> > +}
> > +
> > +void kunit_stream_add(struct kunit_stream *this, const char *fmt, ...)
> > +{
> > +       va_list args;
> > +       struct string_stream *stream = this->internal_stream;
> > +
> > +       va_start(args, fmt);
> > +
> > +       if (string_stream_vadd(stream, fmt, args) < 0)
> > +               kunit_err(this->test, "Failed to allocate fragment: %s\n", fmt);
> > +
> > +       va_end(args);
> > +}
> > +
> > +void kunit_stream_append(struct kunit_stream *this,
> > +                               struct kunit_stream *other)
> > +{
> > +       struct string_stream *other_stream = other->internal_stream;
> > +       const char *other_content;
> > +
> > +       other_content = string_stream_get_string(other_stream);
> > +
> > +       if (!other_content) {
> > +               kunit_err(this->test,
> > +                         "Failed to get string from second argument for appending.\n");
> > +               return;
> > +       }
> > +
> > +       kunit_stream_add(this, other_content);
> > +}
> > +
> > +void kunit_stream_clear(struct kunit_stream *this)
> > +{
> > +       string_stream_clear(this->internal_stream);
> > +}
> > +
> > +void kunit_stream_commit(struct kunit_stream *this)
>
> Should this be rather called kunit_stream_flush()?

So the intention is that the string in the buffer will not get printed
out until commit is called. In this way, you can build up a message
and then decide not to print it. This is useful when you are parsing
through a lot of data that would be useful in debugging a failing or
broken test, but are not yet sure if it is going to pass or not.

I think flush has the connotation, that you are just forcing the
buffer to get written out now, but that it will happen regardless
eventually, where commit has the correct connotation that you *must*
call it in order to write out the data stored in the buffer.

Seems as though I should probably add this distinction to the
kernel-doc comment.

> > +{
> > +       struct string_stream *stream = this->internal_stream;
> > +       struct string_stream_fragment *fragment;
> > +       const char *level;
> > +       char *buf;
> > +
> > +       level = kunit_stream_get_level(this);
> > +       if (!level) {
> > +               kunit_err(this->test,
> > +                         "Stream was committed without a specified log level.\n");
>
> Drop the full-stop?

Whoops, nice catch. Will fix in next revision.

> > +               level = KERN_ERR;
> > +               kunit_stream_set_level(this, level);
> > +       }
> > +
> > +       buf = string_stream_get_string(stream);
> > +       if (!buf) {
> > +               kunit_err(this->test,
>
> Can you grow a local variable for 'this->test'? It's used many times.

Sure, will fix in next revision.

> Also, 'this' is not very kernel idiomatic. We usually name variables by
> their type instead of 'this' which is a keyword in other languages.
> Perhaps it could be named 'kstream'?

Seems reasonable. Will fix in next revision.

> > +                        "Could not allocate buffer, dumping stream:\n");
> > +               list_for_each_entry(fragment, &stream->fragments, node) {
> > +                       kunit_err(this->test, fragment->fragment);
> > +               }
> > +               kunit_err(this->test, "\n");
> > +               goto cleanup;
> > +       }
> > +
> > +       kunit_printk(level, this->test, buf);
> > +       kfree(buf);
> > +
> > +cleanup:
> > +       kunit_stream_clear(this);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int kunit_stream_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
> > +{
> > +       struct kunit *test = context;
> > +       struct kunit_stream *stream;
> > +
> > +       stream = kzalloc(sizeof(*stream), GFP_KERNEL);
>
> Of course, here it's called 'stream', so maybe it should be 'kstream'
> here too.

Will do.

>
> > +       if (!stream)
> > +               return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > +       res->allocation = stream;
> > +       stream->test = test;
> > +       spin_lock_init(&stream->lock);
> > +       stream->internal_stream = new_string_stream();
>
> Can new_string_stream() be renamed to alloc_string_stream()? Sorry, I
> just see so much C++ isms in here it's hard to read from the kernel
> developer perspective.

No problem. WIll fix in next revision.

> > +
> > +       if (!stream->internal_stream) {
>
> Nitpick: Please join this to the "allocation" event above instead of
> keeping it separated.

Yeah, that's a lot cleaner. Will do.

> > +               kfree(stream);
> > +               return -ENOMEM;
> > +       }
> > +
> > +       return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void kunit_stream_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
> > +{
> > +       struct kunit_stream *stream = res->allocation;
> > +
> > +       if (!string_stream_is_empty(stream->internal_stream)) {
> > +               kunit_err(stream->test,
> > +                        "End of test case reached with uncommitted stream entries.\n");
> > +               kunit_stream_commit(stream);
> > +       }
> > +
> > +       destroy_string_stream(stream->internal_stream);
> > +       kfree(stream);
> > +}
> > +
> > +struct kunit_stream *kunit_new_stream(struct kunit *test)
> > +{
> > +       struct kunit_resource *res;
> > +
> > +       res = kunit_alloc_resource(test,
> > +                                  kunit_stream_init,
> > +                                  kunit_stream_free,
> > +                                  test);
> > +
> > +       if (res)
> > +               return res->allocation;
> > +       else
> > +               return NULL;
>
> Don't have if (...) return ...; else return ..., just return instead of
> else.

Sorry. Will fix.

Thanks!

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/include/kunit/kunit-stream.h b/include/kunit/kunit-stream.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..d457a54fe0100
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/kunit/kunit-stream.h
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * C++ stream style string formatter and printer used in KUnit for outputting
+ * KUnit messages.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019, Google LLC.
+ * Author: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _KUNIT_KUNIT_STREAM_H
+#define _KUNIT_KUNIT_STREAM_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <kunit/string-stream.h>
+
+struct kunit;
+
+/**
+ * struct kunit_stream - a std::stream style string builder.
+ *
+ * A std::stream style string builder. Allows messages to be built up and
+ * printed all at once.
+ */
+struct kunit_stream {
+	/* private: internal use only. */
+	struct kunit *test;
+	spinlock_t lock; /* Guards level. */
+	const char *level;
+	struct string_stream *internal_stream;
+};
+
+/**
+ * kunit_new_stream() - constructs a new &struct kunit_stream.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ *
+ * Constructs a new test managed &struct kunit_stream.
+ */
+struct kunit_stream *kunit_new_stream(struct kunit *test);
+
+/**
+ * kunit_stream_set_level(): sets the level that string should be printed at.
+ * @this: the stream being operated on.
+ * @level: the print level the stream is set to output to.
+ *
+ * Sets the print level at which the stream outputs.
+ */
+void kunit_stream_set_level(struct kunit_stream *this, const char *level);
+
+/**
+ * kunit_stream_add(): adds the formatted input to the internal buffer.
+ * @this: the stream being operated on.
+ * @fmt: printf style format string to append to stream.
+ *
+ * Appends the formatted string, @fmt, to the internal buffer.
+ */
+void __printf(2, 3) kunit_stream_add(struct kunit_stream *this,
+				     const char *fmt, ...);
+
+/**
+ * kunit_stream_append(): appends the contents of @other to @this.
+ * @this: the stream to which @other is appended.
+ * @other: the stream whose contents are appended to @this.
+ *
+ * Appends the contents of @other to @this.
+ */
+void kunit_stream_append(struct kunit_stream *this, struct kunit_stream *other);
+
+/**
+ * kunit_stream_commit(): prints out the internal buffer to the user.
+ * @this: the stream being operated on.
+ *
+ * Outputs the contents of the internal buffer as a kunit_printk formatted
+ * output.
+ */
+void kunit_stream_commit(struct kunit_stream *this);
+
+/**
+ * kunit_stream_clear(): clears the internal buffer.
+ * @this: the stream being operated on.
+ *
+ * Clears the contents of the internal buffer.
+ */
+void kunit_stream_clear(struct kunit_stream *this);
+
+#endif /* _KUNIT_KUNIT_STREAM_H */
diff --git a/include/kunit/test.h b/include/kunit/test.h
index 5e86d88cd5305..4bc839884a83c 100644
--- a/include/kunit/test.h
+++ b/include/kunit/test.h
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@ 
 
 #include <linux/types.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <kunit/kunit-stream.h>
 
 struct kunit_resource;
 
@@ -172,6 +173,8 @@  struct kunit {
 
 void kunit_init_test(struct kunit *test, const char *name);
 
+void kunit_fail(struct kunit *test, struct kunit_stream *stream);
+
 int kunit_run_tests(struct kunit_module *module);
 
 /**
diff --git a/kunit/Makefile b/kunit/Makefile
index 275b565a0e81f..6ddc622ee6b1c 100644
--- a/kunit/Makefile
+++ b/kunit/Makefile
@@ -1,2 +1,3 @@ 
 obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT) +=			test.o \
-					string-stream.o
+					string-stream.o \
+					kunit-stream.o
diff --git a/kunit/kunit-stream.c b/kunit/kunit-stream.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..1884f1b550888
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kunit/kunit-stream.c
@@ -0,0 +1,152 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * C++ stream style string formatter and printer used in KUnit for outputting
+ * KUnit messages.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019, Google LLC.
+ * Author: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
+ */
+
+#include <kunit/test.h>
+#include <kunit/kunit-stream.h>
+#include <kunit/string-stream.h>
+
+static const char *kunit_stream_get_level(struct kunit_stream *this)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+	const char *level;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&this->lock, flags);
+	level = this->level;
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&this->lock, flags);
+
+	return level;
+}
+
+void kunit_stream_set_level(struct kunit_stream *this, const char *level)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&this->lock, flags);
+	this->level = level;
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&this->lock, flags);
+}
+
+void kunit_stream_add(struct kunit_stream *this, const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+	va_list args;
+	struct string_stream *stream = this->internal_stream;
+
+	va_start(args, fmt);
+
+	if (string_stream_vadd(stream, fmt, args) < 0)
+		kunit_err(this->test, "Failed to allocate fragment: %s\n", fmt);
+
+	va_end(args);
+}
+
+void kunit_stream_append(struct kunit_stream *this,
+				struct kunit_stream *other)
+{
+	struct string_stream *other_stream = other->internal_stream;
+	const char *other_content;
+
+	other_content = string_stream_get_string(other_stream);
+
+	if (!other_content) {
+		kunit_err(this->test,
+			  "Failed to get string from second argument for appending.\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	kunit_stream_add(this, other_content);
+}
+
+void kunit_stream_clear(struct kunit_stream *this)
+{
+	string_stream_clear(this->internal_stream);
+}
+
+void kunit_stream_commit(struct kunit_stream *this)
+{
+	struct string_stream *stream = this->internal_stream;
+	struct string_stream_fragment *fragment;
+	const char *level;
+	char *buf;
+
+	level = kunit_stream_get_level(this);
+	if (!level) {
+		kunit_err(this->test,
+			  "Stream was committed without a specified log level.\n");
+		level = KERN_ERR;
+		kunit_stream_set_level(this, level);
+	}
+
+	buf = string_stream_get_string(stream);
+	if (!buf) {
+		kunit_err(this->test,
+			 "Could not allocate buffer, dumping stream:\n");
+		list_for_each_entry(fragment, &stream->fragments, node) {
+			kunit_err(this->test, fragment->fragment);
+		}
+		kunit_err(this->test, "\n");
+		goto cleanup;
+	}
+
+	kunit_printk(level, this->test, buf);
+	kfree(buf);
+
+cleanup:
+	kunit_stream_clear(this);
+}
+
+static int kunit_stream_init(struct kunit_resource *res, void *context)
+{
+	struct kunit *test = context;
+	struct kunit_stream *stream;
+
+	stream = kzalloc(sizeof(*stream), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!stream)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	res->allocation = stream;
+	stream->test = test;
+	spin_lock_init(&stream->lock);
+	stream->internal_stream = new_string_stream();
+
+	if (!stream->internal_stream) {
+		kfree(stream);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void kunit_stream_free(struct kunit_resource *res)
+{
+	struct kunit_stream *stream = res->allocation;
+
+	if (!string_stream_is_empty(stream->internal_stream)) {
+		kunit_err(stream->test,
+			 "End of test case reached with uncommitted stream entries.\n");
+		kunit_stream_commit(stream);
+	}
+
+	destroy_string_stream(stream->internal_stream);
+	kfree(stream);
+}
+
+struct kunit_stream *kunit_new_stream(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct kunit_resource *res;
+
+	res = kunit_alloc_resource(test,
+				   kunit_stream_init,
+				   kunit_stream_free,
+				   test);
+
+	if (res)
+		return res->allocation;
+	else
+		return NULL;
+}
diff --git a/kunit/test.c b/kunit/test.c
index a15e6f8c41582..0bb6f53a7f87e 100644
--- a/kunit/test.c
+++ b/kunit/test.c
@@ -138,6 +138,13 @@  static void kunit_print_test_case_ok_not_ok(struct kunit_case *test_case,
 			      test_case->name);
 }
 
+void kunit_fail(struct kunit *test, struct kunit_stream *stream)
+{
+	kunit_set_success(test, false);
+	kunit_stream_set_level(stream, KERN_ERR);
+	kunit_stream_commit(stream);
+}
+
 void kunit_init_test(struct kunit *test, const char *name)
 {
 	spin_lock_init(&test->lock);