[v3,07/18] kunit: test: add initial tests
diff mbox series

Message ID 20190514054251.186196-8-brendanhiggins@google.com
State Not Applicable
Headers show
Series
  • kunit: introduce KUnit, the Linux kernel unittesting framework
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Commit Message

Brendan Higgins May 14, 2019, 5:42 a.m. UTC
Add a test for string stream along with a simpler example.

Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
---
Changes Since Last Revision:
 - Added more Kconfig help text for KUNIT_TEST and KUNIT_EXAMPLE_TEST as
   per Shuah's comments.
---
 kunit/Kconfig              | 25 ++++++++++-
 kunit/Makefile             |  4 ++
 kunit/example-test.c       | 88 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kunit/string-stream-test.c | 60 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 175 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 kunit/example-test.c
 create mode 100644 kunit/string-stream-test.c

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/kunit/Kconfig b/kunit/Kconfig
index 64480092b2c24..2052536cf9d3c 100644
--- a/kunit/Kconfig
+++ b/kunit/Kconfig
@@ -10,7 +10,28 @@  config KUNIT
 	  Enables support for kernel unit tests (KUnit), a lightweight unit
 	  testing and mocking framework for the Linux kernel. These tests are
 	  able to be run locally on a developer's workstation without a VM or
-	  special hardware. For more information, please see
-	  Documentation/kunit/
+	  special hardware when using UML. Can also be used on most other
+	  architectures. For more information, please see Documentation/kunit/.
+
+config KUNIT_TEST
+	bool "KUnit test for KUnit"
+	depends on KUNIT
+	help
+	  Enables the unit tests for the KUnit test framework. These tests test
+	  the KUnit test framework itself; the tests are both written using
+	  KUnit and test KUnit. This option should only be enabled for testing
+	  purposes by developers interested in testing that KUnit works as
+	  expected.
+
+config KUNIT_EXAMPLE_TEST
+	bool "Example test for KUnit"
+	depends on KUNIT
+	help
+	  Enables an example unit test that illustrates some of the basic
+	  features of KUnit. This test only exists to help new users understand
+	  what KUnit is and how it is used. Please refer to the example test
+	  itself, kunit/example-test.c, for more information. This option is
+	  intended for curious hackers who would like to understand how to use
+	  KUnit for kernel development.
 
 endmenu
diff --git a/kunit/Makefile b/kunit/Makefile
index 6ddc622ee6b1c..60a9ea6cb4697 100644
--- a/kunit/Makefile
+++ b/kunit/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,7 @@ 
 obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT) +=			test.o \
 					string-stream.o \
 					kunit-stream.o
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT_TEST) +=		string-stream-test.o
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT_EXAMPLE_TEST) +=	example-test.o
diff --git a/kunit/example-test.c b/kunit/example-test.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..3947dd7c8f922
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kunit/example-test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Example KUnit test to show how to use KUnit.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019, Google LLC.
+ * Author: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
+ */
+
+#include <kunit/test.h>
+
+/*
+ * This is the most fundamental element of KUnit, the test case. A test case
+ * makes a set EXPECTATIONs and ASSERTIONs about the behavior of some code; if
+ * any expectations or assertions are not met, the test fails; otherwise, the
+ * test passes.
+ *
+ * In KUnit, a test case is just a function with the signature
+ * `void (*)(struct kunit *)`. `struct kunit` is a context object that stores
+ * information about the current test.
+ */
+static void example_simple_test(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	/*
+	 * This is an EXPECTATION; it is how KUnit tests things. When you want
+	 * to test a piece of code, you set some expectations about what the
+	 * code should do. KUnit then runs the test and verifies that the code's
+	 * behavior matched what was expected.
+	 */
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 1 + 1, 2);
+}
+
+/*
+ * This is run once before each test case, see the comment on
+ * example_test_module for more information.
+ */
+static int example_test_init(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	kunit_info(test, "initializing\n");
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Here we make a list of all the test cases we want to add to the test module
+ * below.
+ */
+static struct kunit_case example_test_cases[] = {
+	/*
+	 * This is a helper to create a test case object from a test case
+	 * function; its exact function is not important to understand how to
+	 * use KUnit, just know that this is how you associate test cases with a
+	 * test module.
+	 */
+	KUNIT_CASE(example_simple_test),
+	{},
+};
+
+/*
+ * This defines a suite or grouping of tests.
+ *
+ * Test cases are defined as belonging to the suite by adding them to
+ * `kunit_cases`.
+ *
+ * Often it is desirable to run some function which will set up things which
+ * will be used by every test; this is accomplished with an `init` function
+ * which runs before each test case is invoked. Similarly, an `exit` function
+ * may be specified which runs after every test case and can be used to for
+ * cleanup. For clarity, running tests in a test module would behave as follows:
+ *
+ * module.init(test);
+ * module.test_case[0](test);
+ * module.exit(test);
+ * module.init(test);
+ * module.test_case[1](test);
+ * module.exit(test);
+ * ...;
+ */
+static struct kunit_module example_test_module = {
+	.name = "example",
+	.init = example_test_init,
+	.test_cases = example_test_cases,
+};
+
+/*
+ * This registers the above test module telling KUnit that this is a suite of
+ * tests that need to be run.
+ */
+module_test(example_test_module);
diff --git a/kunit/string-stream-test.c b/kunit/string-stream-test.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..9cbd99236d15e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kunit/string-stream-test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * KUnit test for struct string_stream.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019, Google LLC.
+ * Author: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <kunit/test.h>
+#include <kunit/string-stream.h>
+
+static void string_stream_test_get_string(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct string_stream *stream = new_string_stream();
+	char *output;
+
+	string_stream_add(stream, "Foo");
+	string_stream_add(stream, " %s", "bar");
+
+	output = string_stream_get_string(stream);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ(test, output, "Foo bar");
+	kfree(output);
+	destroy_string_stream(stream);
+}
+
+static void string_stream_test_add_and_clear(struct kunit *test)
+{
+	struct string_stream *stream = new_string_stream();
+	char *output;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < 10; i++)
+		string_stream_add(stream, "A");
+
+	output = string_stream_get_string(stream);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ(test, output, "AAAAAAAAAA");
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, stream->length, 10);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_FALSE(test, string_stream_is_empty(stream));
+	kfree(output);
+
+	string_stream_clear(stream);
+
+	output = string_stream_get_string(stream);
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ(test, output, "");
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(test, string_stream_is_empty(stream));
+	destroy_string_stream(stream);
+}
+
+static struct kunit_case string_stream_test_cases[] = {
+	KUNIT_CASE(string_stream_test_get_string),
+	KUNIT_CASE(string_stream_test_add_and_clear),
+	{}
+};
+
+static struct kunit_module string_stream_test_module = {
+	.name = "string-stream-test",
+	.test_cases = string_stream_test_cases
+};
+module_test(string_stream_test_module);