Patchwork [net-next,RFC,7/7] virtio-net changes

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Submitter Jason Wang
Date Aug. 12, 2011, 1:55 a.m.
Message ID <20110812015551.31613.13885.stgit@intel-e5620-16-2.englab.nay.redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/109748/
State New
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Comments

Jason Wang - Aug. 12, 2011, 1:55 a.m.
From: Krishna Kumar <krkumar2@in.ibm.com>

Implement mq virtio-net driver.

Though struct virtio_net_config changes, it works with the old
qemu since the last element is not accessed unless qemu sets
VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE.

Signed-off-by: Krishna Kumar <krkumar2@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
---
 drivers/net/virtio_net.c   |  578 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 include/linux/virtio_net.h |    3 
 2 files changed, 411 insertions(+), 170 deletions(-)
Sasha Levin - Aug. 12, 2011, 9:09 a.m.
On Fri, 2011-08-12 at 09:55 +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> From: Krishna Kumar <krkumar2@in.ibm.com>
> 
> Implement mq virtio-net driver.
> 
> Though struct virtio_net_config changes, it works with the old
> qemu since the last element is not accessed unless qemu sets
> VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Krishna Kumar <krkumar2@in.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> ---

Could these changes be documented to virtio-spec as well?

>  drivers/net/virtio_net.c   |  578 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
>  include/linux/virtio_net.h |    3 
>  2 files changed, 411 insertions(+), 170 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/net/virtio_net.c b/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
> index 0c7321c..03a199d 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
> +++ b/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
> @@ -49,16 +49,48 @@ struct virtnet_stats {
>  	u64 rx_packets;
>  };
>  
> -struct virtnet_info {
> -	struct virtio_device *vdev;
> -	struct virtqueue *rvq, *svq, *cvq;
> -	struct net_device *dev;
> +/* Internal representation of a send virtqueue */
> +struct send_queue {
> +	/* Virtqueue associated with this send _queue */
> +	struct virtqueue *svq;
> +
> +	/* TX: fragments + linear part + virtio header */
> +	struct scatterlist tx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
> +};
> +
> +/* Internal representation of a receive virtqueue */
> +struct receive_queue {
> +	/* Virtqueue associated with this receive_queue */
> +	struct virtqueue *rvq;
> +
> +	/* Back pointer to the virtnet_info */
> +	struct virtnet_info *vi;
> +
>  	struct napi_struct napi;
> -	unsigned int status;
>  
>  	/* Number of input buffers, and max we've ever had. */
>  	unsigned int num, max;
>  
> +	/* Work struct for refilling if we run low on memory. */
> +	struct delayed_work refill;
> +
> +	/* Chain pages by the private ptr. */
> +	struct page *pages;
> +
> +	/* RX: fragments + linear part + virtio header */
> +	struct scatterlist rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
> +};
> +
> +struct virtnet_info {
> +	struct send_queue **sq;
> +	struct receive_queue **rq;
> +
> +	int numtxqs; /* # of rxqs/txqs */
> +	struct virtio_device *vdev;
> +	struct virtqueue *cvq;
> +	struct net_device *dev;
> +	unsigned int status;
> +
>  	/* I like... big packets and I cannot lie! */
>  	bool big_packets;
>  
> @@ -67,16 +99,6 @@ struct virtnet_info {
>  
>  	/* Active statistics */
>  	struct virtnet_stats __percpu *stats;
> -
> -	/* Work struct for refilling if we run low on memory. */
> -	struct delayed_work refill;
> -
> -	/* Chain pages by the private ptr. */
> -	struct page *pages;
> -
> -	/* fragments + linear part + virtio header */
> -	struct scatterlist rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
> -	struct scatterlist tx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
>  };
>  
>  struct skb_vnet_hdr {
> @@ -106,22 +128,22 @@ static inline struct skb_vnet_hdr *skb_vnet_hdr(struct sk_buff *skb)
>   * private is used to chain pages for big packets, put the whole
>   * most recent used list in the beginning for reuse
>   */
> -static void give_pages(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct page *page)
> +static void give_pages(struct receive_queue *rq, struct page *page)
>  {
>  	struct page *end;
>  
>  	/* Find end of list, sew whole thing into vi->pages. */
>  	for (end = page; end->private; end = (struct page *)end->private);
> -	end->private = (unsigned long)vi->pages;
> -	vi->pages = page;
> +	end->private = (unsigned long)rq->pages;
> +	rq->pages = page;
>  }
>  
> -static struct page *get_a_page(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp_mask)
> +static struct page *get_a_page(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp_mask)
>  {
> -	struct page *p = vi->pages;
> +	struct page *p = rq->pages;
>  
>  	if (p) {
> -		vi->pages = (struct page *)p->private;
> +		rq->pages = (struct page *)p->private;
>  		/* clear private here, it is used to chain pages */
>  		p->private = 0;
>  	} else
> @@ -132,12 +154,13 @@ static struct page *get_a_page(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp_mask)
>  static void skb_xmit_done(struct virtqueue *svq)
>  {
>  	struct virtnet_info *vi = svq->vdev->priv;
> +	int qnum = svq->queue_index / 2; /* RX/TX vqs are allocated in pairs */
>  
>  	/* Suppress further interrupts. */
>  	virtqueue_disable_cb(svq);
>  
>  	/* We were probably waiting for more output buffers. */
> -	netif_wake_queue(vi->dev);
> +	netif_wake_subqueue(vi->dev, qnum);
>  }
>  
>  static void set_skb_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, struct page *page,
> @@ -157,9 +180,10 @@ static void set_skb_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, struct page *page,
>  	*len -= f->size;
>  }
>  
> -static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi,
> +static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct receive_queue *rq,
>  				   struct page *page, unsigned int len)
>  {
> +	struct virtnet_info *vi = rq->vi;
>  	struct sk_buff *skb;
>  	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr;
>  	unsigned int copy, hdr_len, offset;
> @@ -202,12 +226,12 @@ static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi,
>  	}
>  
>  	if (page)
> -		give_pages(vi, page);
> +		give_pages(rq, page);
>  
>  	return skb;
>  }
>  
> -static int receive_mergeable(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
> +static int receive_mergeable(struct receive_queue *rq, struct sk_buff *skb)
>  {
>  	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
>  	struct page *page;
> @@ -221,7 +245,8 @@ static int receive_mergeable(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
>  			skb->dev->stats.rx_length_errors++;
>  			return -EINVAL;
>  		}
> -		page = virtqueue_get_buf(vi->rvq, &len);
> +
> +		page = virtqueue_get_buf(rq->rvq, &len);
>  		if (!page) {
>  			pr_debug("%s: rx error: %d buffers missing\n",
>  				 skb->dev->name, hdr->mhdr.num_buffers);
> @@ -234,13 +259,14 @@ static int receive_mergeable(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
>  
>  		set_skb_frag(skb, page, 0, &len);
>  
> -		--vi->num;
> +		--rq->num;
>  	}
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> -static void receive_buf(struct net_device *dev, void *buf, unsigned int len)
> +static void receive_buf(struct receive_queue *rq, void *buf, unsigned int len)
>  {
> +	struct net_device *dev = rq->vi->dev;
>  	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
>  	struct virtnet_stats __percpu *stats = this_cpu_ptr(vi->stats);
>  	struct sk_buff *skb;
> @@ -251,7 +277,7 @@ static void receive_buf(struct net_device *dev, void *buf, unsigned int len)
>  		pr_debug("%s: short packet %i\n", dev->name, len);
>  		dev->stats.rx_length_errors++;
>  		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs || vi->big_packets)
> -			give_pages(vi, buf);
> +			give_pages(rq, buf);
>  		else
>  			dev_kfree_skb(buf);
>  		return;
> @@ -263,14 +289,14 @@ static void receive_buf(struct net_device *dev, void *buf, unsigned int len)
>  		skb_trim(skb, len);
>  	} else {
>  		page = buf;
> -		skb = page_to_skb(vi, page, len);
> +		skb = page_to_skb(rq, page, len);
>  		if (unlikely(!skb)) {
>  			dev->stats.rx_dropped++;
> -			give_pages(vi, page);
> +			give_pages(rq, page);
>  			return;
>  		}
>  		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs)
> -			if (receive_mergeable(vi, skb)) {
> +			if (receive_mergeable(rq, skb)) {
>  				dev_kfree_skb(skb);
>  				return;
>  			}
> @@ -341,184 +367,200 @@ frame_err:
>  	dev_kfree_skb(skb);
>  }
>  
> -static int add_recvbuf_small(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
> +static int add_recvbuf_small(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
>  {
>  	struct sk_buff *skb;
>  	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr;
>  	int err;
>  
> -	skb = netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(vi->dev, MAX_PACKET_LEN);
> +	skb = netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(rq->vi->dev, MAX_PACKET_LEN);
>  	if (unlikely(!skb))
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
>  	skb_put(skb, MAX_PACKET_LEN);
>  
>  	hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
> -	sg_set_buf(vi->rx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
> +	sg_set_buf(rq->rx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
>  
> -	skb_to_sgvec(skb, vi->rx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len);
> +	skb_to_sgvec(skb, rq->rx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len);
>  
> -	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vi->rvq, vi->rx_sg, 0, 2, skb, gfp);
> +	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(rq->rvq, rq->rx_sg, 0, 2, skb, gfp);
>  	if (err < 0)
>  		dev_kfree_skb(skb);
>  
>  	return err;
>  }
>  
> -static int add_recvbuf_big(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
> +static int add_recvbuf_big(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
>  {
>  	struct page *first, *list = NULL;
>  	char *p;
>  	int i, err, offset;
>  
> -	/* page in vi->rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 1] is list tail */
> +	/* page in rq->rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 1] is list tail */
>  	for (i = MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 1; i > 1; --i) {
> -		first = get_a_page(vi, gfp);
> +		first = get_a_page(rq, gfp);
>  		if (!first) {
>  			if (list)
> -				give_pages(vi, list);
> +				give_pages(rq, list);
>  			return -ENOMEM;
>  		}
> -		sg_set_buf(&vi->rx_sg[i], page_address(first), PAGE_SIZE);
> +		sg_set_buf(&rq->rx_sg[i], page_address(first), PAGE_SIZE);
>  
>  		/* chain new page in list head to match sg */
>  		first->private = (unsigned long)list;
>  		list = first;
>  	}
>  
> -	first = get_a_page(vi, gfp);
> +	first = get_a_page(rq, gfp);
>  	if (!first) {
> -		give_pages(vi, list);
> +		give_pages(rq, list);
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  	}
>  	p = page_address(first);
>  
> -	/* vi->rx_sg[0], vi->rx_sg[1] share the same page */
> -	/* a separated vi->rx_sg[0] for virtio_net_hdr only due to QEMU bug */
> -	sg_set_buf(&vi->rx_sg[0], p, sizeof(struct virtio_net_hdr));
> +	/* rq->rx_sg[0], rq->rx_sg[1] share the same page */
> +	/* a separated rq->rx_sg[0] for virtio_net_hdr only due to QEMU bug */
> +	sg_set_buf(&rq->rx_sg[0], p, sizeof(struct virtio_net_hdr));
>  
> -	/* vi->rx_sg[1] for data packet, from offset */
> +	/* rq->rx_sg[1] for data packet, from offset */
>  	offset = sizeof(struct padded_vnet_hdr);
> -	sg_set_buf(&vi->rx_sg[1], p + offset, PAGE_SIZE - offset);
> +	sg_set_buf(&rq->rx_sg[1], p + offset, PAGE_SIZE - offset);
>  
>  	/* chain first in list head */
>  	first->private = (unsigned long)list;
> -	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vi->rvq, vi->rx_sg, 0, MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2,
> +	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(rq->rvq, rq->rx_sg, 0, MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2,
>  				    first, gfp);
>  	if (err < 0)
> -		give_pages(vi, first);
> +		give_pages(rq, first);
>  
>  	return err;
>  }
>  
> -static int add_recvbuf_mergeable(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
> +static int add_recvbuf_mergeable(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
>  {
>  	struct page *page;
>  	int err;
>  
> -	page = get_a_page(vi, gfp);
> +	page = get_a_page(rq, gfp);
>  	if (!page)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
> -	sg_init_one(vi->rx_sg, page_address(page), PAGE_SIZE);
> +	sg_init_one(rq->rx_sg, page_address(page), PAGE_SIZE);
>  
> -	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vi->rvq, vi->rx_sg, 0, 1, page, gfp);
> +	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(rq->rvq, rq->rx_sg, 0, 1, page, gfp);
>  	if (err < 0)
> -		give_pages(vi, page);
> +		give_pages(rq, page);
>  
>  	return err;
>  }
>  
>  /* Returns false if we couldn't fill entirely (OOM). */
> -static bool try_fill_recv(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
> +static bool try_fill_recv(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
>  {
> +	struct virtnet_info *vi = rq->vi;
>  	int err;
>  	bool oom;
>  
>  	do {
>  		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs)
> -			err = add_recvbuf_mergeable(vi, gfp);
> +			err = add_recvbuf_mergeable(rq, gfp);
>  		else if (vi->big_packets)
> -			err = add_recvbuf_big(vi, gfp);
> +			err = add_recvbuf_big(rq, gfp);
>  		else
> -			err = add_recvbuf_small(vi, gfp);
> +			err = add_recvbuf_small(rq, gfp);
>  
>  		oom = err == -ENOMEM;
>  		if (err < 0)
>  			break;
> -		++vi->num;
> +		++rq->num;
>  	} while (err > 0);
> -	if (unlikely(vi->num > vi->max))
> -		vi->max = vi->num;
> -	virtqueue_kick(vi->rvq);
> +	if (unlikely(rq->num > rq->max))
> +		rq->max = rq->num;
> +	virtqueue_kick(rq->rvq);
>  	return !oom;
>  }
>  
>  static void skb_recv_done(struct virtqueue *rvq)
>  {
> +	int qnum = rvq->queue_index / 2; /* RX/TX vqs are allocated in pairs */
>  	struct virtnet_info *vi = rvq->vdev->priv;
> +	struct napi_struct *napi = &vi->rq[qnum]->napi;
> +
>  	/* Schedule NAPI, Suppress further interrupts if successful. */
> -	if (napi_schedule_prep(&vi->napi)) {
> +	if (napi_schedule_prep(napi)) {
>  		virtqueue_disable_cb(rvq);
> -		__napi_schedule(&vi->napi);
> +		__napi_schedule(napi);
>  	}
>  }
>  
> -static void virtnet_napi_enable(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> +static void virtnet_napi_enable(struct receive_queue *rq)
>  {
> -	napi_enable(&vi->napi);
> +	napi_enable(&rq->napi);
>  
>  	/* If all buffers were filled by other side before we napi_enabled, we
>  	 * won't get another interrupt, so process any outstanding packets
>  	 * now.  virtnet_poll wants re-enable the queue, so we disable here.
>  	 * We synchronize against interrupts via NAPI_STATE_SCHED */
> -	if (napi_schedule_prep(&vi->napi)) {
> -		virtqueue_disable_cb(vi->rvq);
> -		__napi_schedule(&vi->napi);
> +	if (napi_schedule_prep(&rq->napi)) {
> +		virtqueue_disable_cb(rq->rvq);
> +		__napi_schedule(&rq->napi);
>  	}
>  }
>  
> +static void virtnet_napi_enable_all_queues(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> +{
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> +		virtnet_napi_enable(vi->rq[i]);
> +}
> +
>  static void refill_work(struct work_struct *work)
>  {
> -	struct virtnet_info *vi;
> +	struct napi_struct *napi;
> +	struct receive_queue *rq;
>  	bool still_empty;
>  
> -	vi = container_of(work, struct virtnet_info, refill.work);
> -	napi_disable(&vi->napi);
> -	still_empty = !try_fill_recv(vi, GFP_KERNEL);
> -	virtnet_napi_enable(vi);
> +	rq = container_of(work, struct receive_queue, refill.work);
> +	napi = &rq->napi;
> +
> +	napi_disable(napi);
> +	still_empty = !try_fill_recv(rq, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	virtnet_napi_enable(rq);
>  
>  	/* In theory, this can happen: if we don't get any buffers in
>  	 * we will *never* try to fill again. */
>  	if (still_empty)
> -		schedule_delayed_work(&vi->refill, HZ/2);
> +		schedule_delayed_work(&rq->refill, HZ/2);
>  }
>  
>  static int virtnet_poll(struct napi_struct *napi, int budget)
>  {
> -	struct virtnet_info *vi = container_of(napi, struct virtnet_info, napi);
> +	struct receive_queue *rq = container_of(napi, struct receive_queue,
> +						napi);
>  	void *buf;
>  	unsigned int len, received = 0;
>  
>  again:
>  	while (received < budget &&
> -	       (buf = virtqueue_get_buf(vi->rvq, &len)) != NULL) {
> -		receive_buf(vi->dev, buf, len);
> -		--vi->num;
> +	       (buf = virtqueue_get_buf(rq->rvq, &len)) != NULL) {
> +		receive_buf(rq, buf, len);
> +		--rq->num;
>  		received++;
>  	}
>  
> -	if (vi->num < vi->max / 2) {
> -		if (!try_fill_recv(vi, GFP_ATOMIC))
> -			schedule_delayed_work(&vi->refill, 0);
> +	if (rq->num < rq->max / 2) {
> +		if (!try_fill_recv(rq, GFP_ATOMIC))
> +			schedule_delayed_work(&rq->refill, 0);
>  	}
>  
>  	/* Out of packets? */
>  	if (received < budget) {
>  		napi_complete(napi);
> -		if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb(vi->rvq)) &&
> +		if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb(rq->rvq)) &&
>  		    napi_schedule_prep(napi)) {
> -			virtqueue_disable_cb(vi->rvq);
> +			virtqueue_disable_cb(rq->rvq);
>  			__napi_schedule(napi);
>  			goto again;
>  		}
> @@ -527,13 +569,14 @@ again:
>  	return received;
>  }
>  
> -static unsigned int free_old_xmit_skbs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> +static unsigned int free_old_xmit_skbs(struct virtnet_info *vi,
> +				       struct virtqueue *svq)
>  {
>  	struct sk_buff *skb;
>  	unsigned int len, tot_sgs = 0;
>  	struct virtnet_stats __percpu *stats = this_cpu_ptr(vi->stats);
>  
> -	while ((skb = virtqueue_get_buf(vi->svq, &len)) != NULL) {
> +	while ((skb = virtqueue_get_buf(svq, &len)) != NULL) {
>  		pr_debug("Sent skb %p\n", skb);
>  
>  		u64_stats_update_begin(&stats->syncp);
> @@ -547,7 +590,8 @@ static unsigned int free_old_xmit_skbs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
>  	return tot_sgs;
>  }
>  
> -static int xmit_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
> +static int xmit_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb,
> +		    struct virtqueue *svq, struct scatterlist *tx_sg)
>  {
>  	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
>  	const unsigned char *dest = ((struct ethhdr *)skb->data)->h_dest;
> @@ -585,12 +629,12 @@ static int xmit_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
>  
>  	/* Encode metadata header at front. */
>  	if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs)
> -		sg_set_buf(vi->tx_sg, &hdr->mhdr, sizeof hdr->mhdr);
> +		sg_set_buf(tx_sg, &hdr->mhdr, sizeof hdr->mhdr);
>  	else
> -		sg_set_buf(vi->tx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
> +		sg_set_buf(tx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
>  
> -	hdr->num_sg = skb_to_sgvec(skb, vi->tx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len) + 1;
> -	return virtqueue_add_buf(vi->svq, vi->tx_sg, hdr->num_sg,
> +	hdr->num_sg = skb_to_sgvec(skb, tx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len) + 1;
> +	return virtqueue_add_buf(svq, tx_sg, hdr->num_sg,
>  					0, skb);
>  }
>  
> @@ -598,31 +642,34 @@ static netdev_tx_t start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
>  {
>  	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
>  	int capacity;
> +	int qnum = skb_get_queue_mapping(skb);
> +	struct virtqueue *svq = vi->sq[qnum]->svq;
>  
>  	/* Free up any pending old buffers before queueing new ones. */
> -	free_old_xmit_skbs(vi);
> +	free_old_xmit_skbs(vi, svq);
>  
>  	/* Try to transmit */
> -	capacity = xmit_skb(vi, skb);
> +	capacity = xmit_skb(vi, skb, svq, vi->sq[qnum]->tx_sg);
>  
>  	/* This can happen with OOM and indirect buffers. */
>  	if (unlikely(capacity < 0)) {
>  		if (net_ratelimit()) {
>  			if (likely(capacity == -ENOMEM)) {
>  				dev_warn(&dev->dev,
> -					 "TX queue failure: out of memory\n");
> +					 "TXQ (%d) failure: out of memory\n",
> +					 qnum);
>  			} else {
>  				dev->stats.tx_fifo_errors++;
>  				dev_warn(&dev->dev,
> -					 "Unexpected TX queue failure: %d\n",
> -					 capacity);
> +					 "Unexpected TXQ (%d) failure: %d\n",
> +					 qnum, capacity);
>  			}
>  		}
>  		dev->stats.tx_dropped++;
>  		kfree_skb(skb);
>  		return NETDEV_TX_OK;
>  	}
> -	virtqueue_kick(vi->svq);
> +	virtqueue_kick(svq);
>  
>  	/* Don't wait up for transmitted skbs to be freed. */
>  	skb_orphan(skb);
> @@ -631,13 +678,13 @@ static netdev_tx_t start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
>  	/* Apparently nice girls don't return TX_BUSY; stop the queue
>  	 * before it gets out of hand.  Naturally, this wastes entries. */
>  	if (capacity < 2+MAX_SKB_FRAGS) {
> -		netif_stop_queue(dev);
> -		if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(vi->svq))) {
> +		netif_stop_subqueue(dev, qnum);
> +		if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(svq))) {
>  			/* More just got used, free them then recheck. */
> -			capacity += free_old_xmit_skbs(vi);
> +			capacity += free_old_xmit_skbs(vi, svq);
>  			if (capacity >= 2+MAX_SKB_FRAGS) {
> -				netif_start_queue(dev);
> -				virtqueue_disable_cb(vi->svq);
> +				netif_start_subqueue(dev, qnum);
> +				virtqueue_disable_cb(svq);
>  			}
>  		}
>  	}
> @@ -700,8 +747,10 @@ static struct rtnl_link_stats64 *virtnet_stats(struct net_device *dev,
>  static void virtnet_netpoll(struct net_device *dev)
>  {
>  	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
> +	int i;
>  
> -	napi_schedule(&vi->napi);
> +	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> +		napi_schedule(&vi->rq[i]->napi);
>  }
>  #endif
>  
> @@ -709,7 +758,7 @@ static int virtnet_open(struct net_device *dev)
>  {
>  	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
>  
> -	virtnet_napi_enable(vi);
> +	virtnet_napi_enable_all_queues(vi);
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> @@ -761,8 +810,10 @@ static bool virtnet_send_command(struct virtnet_info *vi, u8 class, u8 cmd,
>  static int virtnet_close(struct net_device *dev)
>  {
>  	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
> +	int i;
>  
> -	napi_disable(&vi->napi);
> +	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> +		napi_disable(&vi->rq[i]->napi);
>  
>  	return 0;
>  }
> @@ -919,10 +970,10 @@ static void virtnet_update_status(struct virtnet_info *vi)
>  
>  	if (vi->status & VIRTIO_NET_S_LINK_UP) {
>  		netif_carrier_on(vi->dev);
> -		netif_wake_queue(vi->dev);
> +		netif_tx_wake_all_queues(vi->dev);
>  	} else {
>  		netif_carrier_off(vi->dev);
> -		netif_stop_queue(vi->dev);
> +		netif_tx_stop_all_queues(vi->dev);
>  	}
>  }
>  
> @@ -933,18 +984,222 @@ static void virtnet_config_changed(struct virtio_device *vdev)
>  	virtnet_update_status(vi);
>  }
>  
> +static void free_receive_bufs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> +{
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++) {
> +		BUG_ON(vi->rq[i] == NULL);
> +		while (vi->rq[i]->pages)
> +			__free_pages(get_a_page(vi->rq[i], GFP_KERNEL), 0);
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +/* Free memory allocated for send and receive queues */
> +static void free_rq_sq(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> +{
> +	int i;
> +
> +	if (vi->rq) {
> +		for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> +			kfree(vi->rq[i]);
> +		kfree(vi->rq);
> +	}
> +
> +	if (vi->sq) {
> +		for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> +			kfree(vi->sq[i]);
> +		kfree(vi->sq);
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static void free_unused_bufs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> +{
> +	void *buf;
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++) {
> +		struct virtqueue *svq = vi->sq[i]->svq;
> +
> +		while (1) {
> +			buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(svq);
> +			if (!buf)
> +				break;
> +			dev_kfree_skb(buf);
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++) {
> +		struct virtqueue *rvq = vi->rq[i]->rvq;
> +
> +		while (1) {
> +			buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(rvq);
> +			if (!buf)
> +				break;
> +			if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs || vi->big_packets)
> +				give_pages(vi->rq[i], buf);
> +			else
> +				dev_kfree_skb(buf);
> +			--vi->rq[i]->num;
> +		}
> +		BUG_ON(vi->rq[i]->num != 0);
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +#define MAX_DEVICE_NAME		16
> +static int initialize_vqs(struct virtnet_info *vi, int numtxqs)
> +{
> +	vq_callback_t **callbacks;
> +	struct virtqueue **vqs;
> +	int i, err = -ENOMEM;
> +	int totalvqs;
> +	char **names;
> +
> +	/* Allocate receive queues */
> +	vi->rq = kcalloc(numtxqs, sizeof(*vi->rq), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!vi->rq)
> +		goto out;
> +	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
> +		vi->rq[i] = kzalloc(sizeof(*vi->rq[i]), GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!vi->rq[i])
> +			goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Allocate send queues */
> +	vi->sq = kcalloc(numtxqs, sizeof(*vi->sq), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!vi->sq)
> +		goto out;
> +	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
> +		vi->sq[i] = kzalloc(sizeof(*vi->sq[i]), GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!vi->sq[i])
> +			goto out;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* setup initial receive and send queue parameters */
> +	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
> +		vi->rq[i]->vi = vi;
> +		vi->rq[i]->pages = NULL;
> +		INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&vi->rq[i]->refill, refill_work);
> +		netif_napi_add(vi->dev, &vi->rq[i]->napi, virtnet_poll,
> +			       napi_weight);
> +
> +		sg_init_table(vi->rq[i]->rx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->rq[i]->rx_sg));
> +		sg_init_table(vi->sq[i]->tx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->sq[i]->tx_sg));
> +	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * We expect 1 RX virtqueue followed by 1 TX virtqueues, followed
> +	 * by the same 'numtxqs-1' times, and optionally one control virtqueue.
> +	 */
> +	totalvqs = numtxqs * 2 +
> +		   virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ);
> +
> +	/* Allocate space for find_vqs parameters */
> +	vqs = kmalloc(totalvqs * sizeof(*vqs), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	callbacks = kmalloc(totalvqs * sizeof(*callbacks), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	names = kzalloc(totalvqs * sizeof(*names), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!vqs || !callbacks || !names)
> +		goto free_params;
> +
> +#if 1
> +	/* Allocate/initialize parameters for recv/send virtqueues */
> +	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i++) {
> +		names[i] = kmalloc(MAX_DEVICE_NAME * sizeof(*names[i]),
> +				   GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!names[i])
> +			goto free_params;
> +
> +		if (!(i & 1)) {		/* RX */
> +			callbacks[i] = skb_recv_done;
> +			sprintf(names[i], "input.%d", i / 2);
> +		} else {
> +			callbacks[i] = skb_xmit_done;
> +			sprintf(names[i], "output.%d", i / 2);
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Parameters for control virtqueue, if any */
> +	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ)) {
> +		callbacks[i] = NULL;
> +		names[i] = "control";
> +	}
> +#else
> +	/* Allocate/initialize parameters for recv virtqueues */
> +	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i += 2) {
> +		callbacks[i] = skb_recv_done;
> +		names[i] = kmalloc(MAX_DEVICE_NAME * sizeof(*names[i]),
> +				   GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!names[i])
> +			goto free_params;
> +		sprintf(names[i], "input.%d", i / 2);
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Allocate/initialize parameters for send virtqueues */
> +	for (i = 1; i < numtxqs * 2; i += 2) {
> +		callbacks[i] = skb_xmit_done;
> +		names[i] = kmalloc(MAX_DEVICE_NAME * sizeof(*names[i]),
> +				   GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!names[i])
> +			goto free_params;
> +		sprintf(names[i], "output.%d", i / 2);
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Parameters for control virtqueue, if any */
> +	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ)) {
> +		callbacks[i - 1] = NULL;
> +		names[i - 1] = "control";
> +	}
> +#endif
> +
> +	err = vi->vdev->config->find_vqs(vi->vdev, totalvqs, vqs, callbacks,
> +					 (const char **)names);
> +	if (err)
> +		goto free_params;
> +
> +	/* Assign the allocated vqs alternatively for RX/TX */
> +	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i += 2) {
> +		vi->rq[i/2]->rvq = vqs[i];
> +		vi->sq[i/2]->svq = vqs[i + 1];
> +	}
> +
> +	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ))
> +		vi->cvq = vqs[i];
> +
> +free_params:
> +	if (names) {
> +		for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i++)
> +			kfree(names[i]);
> +		kfree(names);
> +	}
> +
> +	kfree(callbacks);
> +	kfree(vqs);
> +
> +out:
> +	if (err)
> +		free_rq_sq(vi);
> +
> +	return err;
> +}
> +
>  static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
>  {
> -	int err;
> +	int i, err;
> +	u16 numtxqs;
> +	u16 num_queue_pairs = 2;
>  	struct net_device *dev;
>  	struct virtnet_info *vi;
> -	struct virtqueue *vqs[3];
> -	vq_callback_t *callbacks[] = { skb_recv_done, skb_xmit_done, NULL};
> -	const char *names[] = { "input", "output", "control" };
> -	int nvqs;
> +
> +	/* Find if host supports MULTIQUEUE */
> +	err = virtio_config_val(vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE,
> +				offsetof(struct virtio_net_config,
> +				num_queue_pairs), &num_queue_pairs);
> +	numtxqs = num_queue_pairs / 2;
> +	if (!numtxqs)
> +		numtxqs = 1;
>  
>  	/* Allocate ourselves a network device with room for our info */
> -	dev = alloc_etherdev(sizeof(struct virtnet_info));
> +	dev = alloc_etherdev_mq(sizeof(struct virtnet_info), numtxqs);
>  	if (!dev)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
> @@ -991,19 +1246,14 @@ static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
>  
>  	/* Set up our device-specific information */
>  	vi = netdev_priv(dev);
> -	netif_napi_add(dev, &vi->napi, virtnet_poll, napi_weight);
>  	vi->dev = dev;
>  	vi->vdev = vdev;
>  	vdev->priv = vi;
> -	vi->pages = NULL;
>  	vi->stats = alloc_percpu(struct virtnet_stats);
>  	err = -ENOMEM;
>  	if (vi->stats == NULL)
>  		goto free;
> -
> -	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&vi->refill, refill_work);
> -	sg_init_table(vi->rx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->rx_sg));
> -	sg_init_table(vi->tx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->tx_sg));
> +	vi->numtxqs = numtxqs;
>  
>  	/* If we can receive ANY GSO packets, we must allocate large ones. */
>  	if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO4) ||
> @@ -1014,23 +1264,14 @@ static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
>  	if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_MRG_RXBUF))
>  		vi->mergeable_rx_bufs = true;
>  
> -	/* We expect two virtqueues, receive then send,
> -	 * and optionally control. */
> -	nvqs = virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ) ? 3 : 2;
> -
> -	err = vdev->config->find_vqs(vdev, nvqs, vqs, callbacks, names);
> +	/* Initialize our rx/tx queue parameters, and invoke find_vqs */
> +	err = initialize_vqs(vi, numtxqs);
>  	if (err)
>  		goto free_stats;
>  
> -	vi->rvq = vqs[0];
> -	vi->svq = vqs[1];
> -
> -	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ)) {
> -		vi->cvq = vqs[2];
> -
> -		if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN))
> -			dev->features |= NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_FILTER;
> -	}
> +	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ) &&
> +	    virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN))
> +		dev->features |= NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_FILTER;
>  
>  	err = register_netdev(dev);
>  	if (err) {
> @@ -1039,14 +1280,21 @@ static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
>  	}
>  
>  	/* Last of all, set up some receive buffers. */
> -	try_fill_recv(vi, GFP_KERNEL);
> -
> -	/* If we didn't even get one input buffer, we're useless. */
> -	if (vi->num == 0) {
> -		err = -ENOMEM;
> -		goto unregister;
> +	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
> +		try_fill_recv(vi->rq[i], GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> +		/* If we didn't even get one input buffer, we're useless. */
> +		if (vi->rq[i]->num == 0) {
> +			if (i)
> +				free_unused_bufs(vi);
> +			err = -ENOMEM;
> +			goto free_recv_bufs;
> +		}
>  	}
>  
> +	dev_info(&dev->dev, "(virtio-net) Allocated %d RX & TX vq's\n",
> +		 numtxqs);
> +
>  	/* Assume link up if device can't report link status,
>  	   otherwise get link status from config. */
>  	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_STATUS)) {
> @@ -1057,61 +1305,51 @@ static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
>  		netif_carrier_on(dev);
>  	}
>  
> -	pr_debug("virtnet: registered device %s\n", dev->name);
> +	pr_debug("virtnet: registered device %s with %d RX and TX vq's\n",
> +		 dev->name, numtxqs);
>  	return 0;
>  
> -unregister:
> +free_recv_bufs:
> +	free_receive_bufs(vi);
>  	unregister_netdev(dev);
> -	cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->refill);
> +
>  free_vqs:
> +	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++)
> +		cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->rq[i]->refill);
>  	vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
> +	free_rq_sq(vi);
> +
>  free_stats:
>  	free_percpu(vi->stats);
> +
>  free:
>  	free_netdev(dev);
>  	return err;
>  }
>  
> -static void free_unused_bufs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> -{
> -	void *buf;
> -	while (1) {
> -		buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(vi->svq);
> -		if (!buf)
> -			break;
> -		dev_kfree_skb(buf);
> -	}
> -	while (1) {
> -		buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(vi->rvq);
> -		if (!buf)
> -			break;
> -		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs || vi->big_packets)
> -			give_pages(vi, buf);
> -		else
> -			dev_kfree_skb(buf);
> -		--vi->num;
> -	}
> -	BUG_ON(vi->num != 0);
> -}
> -
>  static void __devexit virtnet_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
>  {
>  	struct virtnet_info *vi = vdev->priv;
> +	int i;
>  
>  	/* Stop all the virtqueues. */
>  	vdev->config->reset(vdev);
>  
> 
>  	unregister_netdev(vi->dev);
> -	cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->refill);
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> +		cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->rq[i]->refill);
>  
>  	/* Free unused buffers in both send and recv, if any. */
>  	free_unused_bufs(vi);
>  
>  	vdev->config->del_vqs(vi->vdev);
>  
> -	while (vi->pages)
> -		__free_pages(get_a_page(vi, GFP_KERNEL), 0);
> +	free_receive_bufs(vi);
> +
> +	/* Free memory for send and receive queues */
> +	free_rq_sq(vi);
>  
>  	free_percpu(vi->stats);
>  	free_netdev(vi->dev);
> @@ -1129,7 +1367,7 @@ static unsigned int features[] = {
>  	VIRTIO_NET_F_HOST_ECN, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO4, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO6,
>  	VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_ECN, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_UFO,
>  	VIRTIO_NET_F_MRG_RXBUF, VIRTIO_NET_F_STATUS, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ,
> -	VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN,
> +	VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN, VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE,
>  };
>  
>  static struct virtio_driver virtio_net_driver = {
> diff --git a/include/linux/virtio_net.h b/include/linux/virtio_net.h
> index 970d5a2..fa85ac3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/virtio_net.h
> +++ b/include/linux/virtio_net.h
> @@ -49,6 +49,7 @@
>  #define VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX	18	/* Control channel RX mode support */
>  #define VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN	19	/* Control channel VLAN filtering */
>  #define VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX_EXTRA 20	/* Extra RX mode control support */
> +#define VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE	21	/* Device supports multiple TXQ/RXQ */
>  
>  #define VIRTIO_NET_S_LINK_UP	1	/* Link is up */
>  
> @@ -57,6 +58,8 @@ struct virtio_net_config {
>  	__u8 mac[6];
>  	/* See VIRTIO_NET_F_STATUS and VIRTIO_NET_S_* above */
>  	__u16 status;
> +	/* total number of RX/TX queues */
> +	__u16 num_queue_pairs;
>  } __attribute__((packed));
>  
>  /* This is the first element of the scatter-gather list.  If you don't
> 
>
Jason Wang - Aug. 14, 2011, 5:59 a.m.
----- Original Message -----
> On Fri, 2011-08-12 at 09:55 +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> > From: Krishna Kumar <krkumar2@in.ibm.com>
> >
> > Implement mq virtio-net driver.
> >
> > Though struct virtio_net_config changes, it works with the old
> > qemu since the last element is not accessed unless qemu sets
> > VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Krishna Kumar <krkumar2@in.ibm.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> > ---
> 
> Could these changes be documented to virtio-spec as well?

Yes, definitely.

> 
> >  drivers/net/virtio_net.c | 578
> >  +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
> >  include/linux/virtio_net.h | 3
> >  2 files changed, 411 insertions(+), 170 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/net/virtio_net.c b/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
> > index 0c7321c..03a199d 100644
> > --- a/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
> > +++ b/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
> > @@ -49,16 +49,48 @@ struct virtnet_stats {
> >  	u64 rx_packets;
> >  };
> >
> > -struct virtnet_info {
> > - struct virtio_device *vdev;
> > - struct virtqueue *rvq, *svq, *cvq;
> > - struct net_device *dev;
> > +/* Internal representation of a send virtqueue */
> > +struct send_queue {
> > + /* Virtqueue associated with this send _queue */
> > + struct virtqueue *svq;
> > +
> > + /* TX: fragments + linear part + virtio header */
> > + struct scatterlist tx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
> > +};
> > +
> > +/* Internal representation of a receive virtqueue */
> > +struct receive_queue {
> > + /* Virtqueue associated with this receive_queue */
> > + struct virtqueue *rvq;
> > +
> > + /* Back pointer to the virtnet_info */
> > + struct virtnet_info *vi;
> > +
> >  	struct napi_struct napi;
> > - unsigned int status;
> >
> >  	/* Number of input buffers, and max we've ever had. */
> >  	unsigned int num, max;
> >
> > + /* Work struct for refilling if we run low on memory. */
> > + struct delayed_work refill;
> > +
> > + /* Chain pages by the private ptr. */
> > + struct page *pages;
> > +
> > + /* RX: fragments + linear part + virtio header */
> > + struct scatterlist rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct virtnet_info {
> > + struct send_queue **sq;
> > + struct receive_queue **rq;
> > +
> > + int numtxqs; /* # of rxqs/txqs */
> > + struct virtio_device *vdev;
> > + struct virtqueue *cvq;
> > + struct net_device *dev;
> > + unsigned int status;
> > +
> >  	/* I like... big packets and I cannot lie! */
> >  	bool big_packets;
> >
> > @@ -67,16 +99,6 @@ struct virtnet_info {
> >
> >  	/* Active statistics */
> >  	struct virtnet_stats __percpu *stats;
> > -
> > - /* Work struct for refilling if we run low on memory. */
> > - struct delayed_work refill;
> > -
> > - /* Chain pages by the private ptr. */
> > - struct page *pages;
> > -
> > - /* fragments + linear part + virtio header */
> > - struct scatterlist rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
> > - struct scatterlist tx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
> >  };
> >
> >  struct skb_vnet_hdr {
> > @@ -106,22 +128,22 @@ static inline struct skb_vnet_hdr
> > *skb_vnet_hdr(struct sk_buff *skb)
> >   * private is used to chain pages for big packets, put the whole
> >   * most recent used list in the beginning for reuse
> >   */
> > -static void give_pages(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct page *page)
> > +static void give_pages(struct receive_queue *rq, struct page *page)
> >  {
> >  	struct page *end;
> >
> >  	/* Find end of list, sew whole thing into vi->pages. */
> >  	for (end = page; end->private; end = (struct page *)end->private);
> > - end->private = (unsigned long)vi->pages;
> > - vi->pages = page;
> > + end->private = (unsigned long)rq->pages;
> > + rq->pages = page;
> >  }
> >
> > -static struct page *get_a_page(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t
> > gfp_mask)
> > +static struct page *get_a_page(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t
> > gfp_mask)
> >  {
> > - struct page *p = vi->pages;
> > + struct page *p = rq->pages;
> >
> >  	if (p) {
> > - vi->pages = (struct page *)p->private;
> > + rq->pages = (struct page *)p->private;
> >  		/* clear private here, it is used to chain pages */
> >  		p->private = 0;
> >  	} else
> > @@ -132,12 +154,13 @@ static struct page *get_a_page(struct
> > virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp_mask)
> >  static void skb_xmit_done(struct virtqueue *svq)
> >  {
> >  	struct virtnet_info *vi = svq->vdev->priv;
> > + int qnum = svq->queue_index / 2; /* RX/TX vqs are allocated in
> > pairs */
> >
> >  	/* Suppress further interrupts. */
> >  	virtqueue_disable_cb(svq);
> >
> >  	/* We were probably waiting for more output buffers. */
> > - netif_wake_queue(vi->dev);
> > + netif_wake_subqueue(vi->dev, qnum);
> >  }
> >
> >  static void set_skb_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, struct page *page,
> > @@ -157,9 +180,10 @@ static void set_skb_frag(struct sk_buff *skb,
> > struct page *page,
> >  	*len -= f->size;
> >  }
> >
> > -static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi,
> > +static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct receive_queue *rq,
> >  				   struct page *page, unsigned int len)
> >  {
> > + struct virtnet_info *vi = rq->vi;
> >  	struct sk_buff *skb;
> >  	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr;
> >  	unsigned int copy, hdr_len, offset;
> > @@ -202,12 +226,12 @@ static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct
> > virtnet_info *vi,
> >  	}
> >
> >  	if (page)
> > - give_pages(vi, page);
> > + give_pages(rq, page);
> >
> >  	return skb;
> >  }
> >
> > -static int receive_mergeable(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct
> > sk_buff *skb)
> > +static int receive_mergeable(struct receive_queue *rq, struct
> > sk_buff *skb)
> >  {
> >  	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
> >  	struct page *page;
> > @@ -221,7 +245,8 @@ static int receive_mergeable(struct virtnet_info
> > *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
> >  			skb->dev->stats.rx_length_errors++;
> >  			return -EINVAL;
> >  		}
> > - page = virtqueue_get_buf(vi->rvq, &len);
> > +
> > + page = virtqueue_get_buf(rq->rvq, &len);
> >  		if (!page) {
> >  			pr_debug("%s: rx error: %d buffers missing\n",
> >  				 skb->dev->name, hdr->mhdr.num_buffers);
> > @@ -234,13 +259,14 @@ static int receive_mergeable(struct
> > virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
> >
> >  		set_skb_frag(skb, page, 0, &len);
> >
> > - --vi->num;
> > + --rq->num;
> >  	}
> >  	return 0;
> >  }
> >
> > -static void receive_buf(struct net_device *dev, void *buf, unsigned
> > int len)
> > +static void receive_buf(struct receive_queue *rq, void *buf,
> > unsigned int len)
> >  {
> > + struct net_device *dev = rq->vi->dev;
> >  	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
> >  	struct virtnet_stats __percpu *stats = this_cpu_ptr(vi->stats);
> >  	struct sk_buff *skb;
> > @@ -251,7 +277,7 @@ static void receive_buf(struct net_device *dev,
> > void *buf, unsigned int len)
> >  		pr_debug("%s: short packet %i\n", dev->name, len);
> >  		dev->stats.rx_length_errors++;
> >  		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs || vi->big_packets)
> > - give_pages(vi, buf);
> > + give_pages(rq, buf);
> >  		else
> >  			dev_kfree_skb(buf);
> >  		return;
> > @@ -263,14 +289,14 @@ static void receive_buf(struct net_device
> > *dev, void *buf, unsigned int len)
> >  		skb_trim(skb, len);
> >  	} else {
> >  		page = buf;
> > - skb = page_to_skb(vi, page, len);
> > + skb = page_to_skb(rq, page, len);
> >  		if (unlikely(!skb)) {
> >  			dev->stats.rx_dropped++;
> > - give_pages(vi, page);
> > + give_pages(rq, page);
> >  			return;
> >  		}
> >  		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs)
> > - if (receive_mergeable(vi, skb)) {
> > + if (receive_mergeable(rq, skb)) {
> >  				dev_kfree_skb(skb);
> >  				return;
> >  			}
> > @@ -341,184 +367,200 @@ frame_err:
> >  	dev_kfree_skb(skb);
> >  }
> >
> > -static int add_recvbuf_small(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
> > +static int add_recvbuf_small(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
> >  {
> >  	struct sk_buff *skb;
> >  	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr;
> >  	int err;
> >
> > - skb = netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(vi->dev, MAX_PACKET_LEN);
> > + skb = netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(rq->vi->dev, MAX_PACKET_LEN);
> >  	if (unlikely(!skb))
> >  		return -ENOMEM;
> >
> >  	skb_put(skb, MAX_PACKET_LEN);
> >
> >  	hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
> > - sg_set_buf(vi->rx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
> > + sg_set_buf(rq->rx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
> >
> > - skb_to_sgvec(skb, vi->rx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len);
> > + skb_to_sgvec(skb, rq->rx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len);
> >
> > - err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vi->rvq, vi->rx_sg, 0, 2, skb, gfp);
> > + err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(rq->rvq, rq->rx_sg, 0, 2, skb, gfp);
> >  	if (err < 0)
> >  		dev_kfree_skb(skb);
> >
> >  	return err;
> >  }
> >
> > -static int add_recvbuf_big(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
> > +static int add_recvbuf_big(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
> >  {
> >  	struct page *first, *list = NULL;
> >  	char *p;
> >  	int i, err, offset;
> >
> > - /* page in vi->rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 1] is list tail */
> > + /* page in rq->rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 1] is list tail */
> >  	for (i = MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 1; i > 1; --i) {
> > - first = get_a_page(vi, gfp);
> > + first = get_a_page(rq, gfp);
> >  		if (!first) {
> >  			if (list)
> > - give_pages(vi, list);
> > + give_pages(rq, list);
> >  			return -ENOMEM;
> >  		}
> > - sg_set_buf(&vi->rx_sg[i], page_address(first), PAGE_SIZE);
> > + sg_set_buf(&rq->rx_sg[i], page_address(first), PAGE_SIZE);
> >
> >  		/* chain new page in list head to match sg */
> >  		first->private = (unsigned long)list;
> >  		list = first;
> >  	}
> >
> > - first = get_a_page(vi, gfp);
> > + first = get_a_page(rq, gfp);
> >  	if (!first) {
> > - give_pages(vi, list);
> > + give_pages(rq, list);
> >  		return -ENOMEM;
> >  	}
> >  	p = page_address(first);
> >
> > - /* vi->rx_sg[0], vi->rx_sg[1] share the same page */
> > - /* a separated vi->rx_sg[0] for virtio_net_hdr only due to QEMU
> > bug */
> > - sg_set_buf(&vi->rx_sg[0], p, sizeof(struct virtio_net_hdr));
> > + /* rq->rx_sg[0], rq->rx_sg[1] share the same page */
> > + /* a separated rq->rx_sg[0] for virtio_net_hdr only due to QEMU
> > bug */
> > + sg_set_buf(&rq->rx_sg[0], p, sizeof(struct virtio_net_hdr));
> >
> > - /* vi->rx_sg[1] for data packet, from offset */
> > + /* rq->rx_sg[1] for data packet, from offset */
> >  	offset = sizeof(struct padded_vnet_hdr);
> > - sg_set_buf(&vi->rx_sg[1], p + offset, PAGE_SIZE - offset);
> > + sg_set_buf(&rq->rx_sg[1], p + offset, PAGE_SIZE - offset);
> >
> >  	/* chain first in list head */
> >  	first->private = (unsigned long)list;
> > - err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vi->rvq, vi->rx_sg, 0, MAX_SKB_FRAGS +
> > 2,
> > + err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(rq->rvq, rq->rx_sg, 0, MAX_SKB_FRAGS +
> > 2,
> >  				    first, gfp);
> >  	if (err < 0)
> > - give_pages(vi, first);
> > + give_pages(rq, first);
> >
> >  	return err;
> >  }
> >
> > -static int add_recvbuf_mergeable(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t
> > gfp)
> > +static int add_recvbuf_mergeable(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t
> > gfp)
> >  {
> >  	struct page *page;
> >  	int err;
> >
> > - page = get_a_page(vi, gfp);
> > + page = get_a_page(rq, gfp);
> >  	if (!page)
> >  		return -ENOMEM;
> >
> > - sg_init_one(vi->rx_sg, page_address(page), PAGE_SIZE);
> > + sg_init_one(rq->rx_sg, page_address(page), PAGE_SIZE);
> >
> > - err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vi->rvq, vi->rx_sg, 0, 1, page, gfp);
> > + err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(rq->rvq, rq->rx_sg, 0, 1, page, gfp);
> >  	if (err < 0)
> > - give_pages(vi, page);
> > + give_pages(rq, page);
> >
> >  	return err;
> >  }
> >
> >  /* Returns false if we couldn't fill entirely (OOM). */
> > -static bool try_fill_recv(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
> > +static bool try_fill_recv(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
> >  {
> > + struct virtnet_info *vi = rq->vi;
> >  	int err;
> >  	bool oom;
> >
> >  	do {
> >  		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs)
> > - err = add_recvbuf_mergeable(vi, gfp);
> > + err = add_recvbuf_mergeable(rq, gfp);
> >  		else if (vi->big_packets)
> > - err = add_recvbuf_big(vi, gfp);
> > + err = add_recvbuf_big(rq, gfp);
> >  		else
> > - err = add_recvbuf_small(vi, gfp);
> > + err = add_recvbuf_small(rq, gfp);
> >
> >  		oom = err == -ENOMEM;
> >  		if (err < 0)
> >  			break;
> > - ++vi->num;
> > + ++rq->num;
> >  	} while (err > 0);
> > - if (unlikely(vi->num > vi->max))
> > - vi->max = vi->num;
> > - virtqueue_kick(vi->rvq);
> > + if (unlikely(rq->num > rq->max))
> > + rq->max = rq->num;
> > + virtqueue_kick(rq->rvq);
> >  	return !oom;
> >  }
> >
> >  static void skb_recv_done(struct virtqueue *rvq)
> >  {
> > + int qnum = rvq->queue_index / 2; /* RX/TX vqs are allocated in
> > pairs */
> >  	struct virtnet_info *vi = rvq->vdev->priv;
> > + struct napi_struct *napi = &vi->rq[qnum]->napi;
> > +
> >  	/* Schedule NAPI, Suppress further interrupts if successful. */
> > - if (napi_schedule_prep(&vi->napi)) {
> > + if (napi_schedule_prep(napi)) {
> >  		virtqueue_disable_cb(rvq);
> > - __napi_schedule(&vi->napi);
> > + __napi_schedule(napi);
> >  	}
> >  }
> >
> > -static void virtnet_napi_enable(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> > +static void virtnet_napi_enable(struct receive_queue *rq)
> >  {
> > - napi_enable(&vi->napi);
> > + napi_enable(&rq->napi);
> >
> >  	/* If all buffers were filled by other side before we
> >  	napi_enabled, we
> >  	 * won't get another interrupt, so process any outstanding packets
> >  	 * now. virtnet_poll wants re-enable the queue, so we disable
> >  	 here.
> >  	 * We synchronize against interrupts via NAPI_STATE_SCHED */
> > - if (napi_schedule_prep(&vi->napi)) {
> > - virtqueue_disable_cb(vi->rvq);
> > - __napi_schedule(&vi->napi);
> > + if (napi_schedule_prep(&rq->napi)) {
> > + virtqueue_disable_cb(rq->rvq);
> > + __napi_schedule(&rq->napi);
> >  	}
> >  }
> >
> > +static void virtnet_napi_enable_all_queues(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> > +{
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> > + virtnet_napi_enable(vi->rq[i]);
> > +}
> > +
> >  static void refill_work(struct work_struct *work)
> >  {
> > - struct virtnet_info *vi;
> > + struct napi_struct *napi;
> > + struct receive_queue *rq;
> >  	bool still_empty;
> >
> > - vi = container_of(work, struct virtnet_info, refill.work);
> > - napi_disable(&vi->napi);
> > - still_empty = !try_fill_recv(vi, GFP_KERNEL);
> > - virtnet_napi_enable(vi);
> > + rq = container_of(work, struct receive_queue, refill.work);
> > + napi = &rq->napi;
> > +
> > + napi_disable(napi);
> > + still_empty = !try_fill_recv(rq, GFP_KERNEL);
> > + virtnet_napi_enable(rq);
> >
> >  	/* In theory, this can happen: if we don't get any buffers in
> >  	 * we will *never* try to fill again. */
> >  	if (still_empty)
> > - schedule_delayed_work(&vi->refill, HZ/2);
> > + schedule_delayed_work(&rq->refill, HZ/2);
> >  }
> >
> >  static int virtnet_poll(struct napi_struct *napi, int budget)
> >  {
> > - struct virtnet_info *vi = container_of(napi, struct virtnet_info,
> > napi);
> > + struct receive_queue *rq = container_of(napi, struct
> > receive_queue,
> > + napi);
> >  	void *buf;
> >  	unsigned int len, received = 0;
> >
> >  again:
> >  	while (received < budget &&
> > - (buf = virtqueue_get_buf(vi->rvq, &len)) != NULL) {
> > - receive_buf(vi->dev, buf, len);
> > - --vi->num;
> > + (buf = virtqueue_get_buf(rq->rvq, &len)) != NULL) {
> > + receive_buf(rq, buf, len);
> > + --rq->num;
> >  		received++;
> >  	}
> >
> > - if (vi->num < vi->max / 2) {
> > - if (!try_fill_recv(vi, GFP_ATOMIC))
> > - schedule_delayed_work(&vi->refill, 0);
> > + if (rq->num < rq->max / 2) {
> > + if (!try_fill_recv(rq, GFP_ATOMIC))
> > + schedule_delayed_work(&rq->refill, 0);
> >  	}
> >
> >  	/* Out of packets? */
> >  	if (received < budget) {
> >  		napi_complete(napi);
> > - if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb(vi->rvq)) &&
> > + if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb(rq->rvq)) &&
> >  		    napi_schedule_prep(napi)) {
> > - virtqueue_disable_cb(vi->rvq);
> > + virtqueue_disable_cb(rq->rvq);
> >  			__napi_schedule(napi);
> >  			goto again;
> >  		}
> > @@ -527,13 +569,14 @@ again:
> >  	return received;
> >  }
> >
> > -static unsigned int free_old_xmit_skbs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> > +static unsigned int free_old_xmit_skbs(struct virtnet_info *vi,
> > + struct virtqueue *svq)
> >  {
> >  	struct sk_buff *skb;
> >  	unsigned int len, tot_sgs = 0;
> >  	struct virtnet_stats __percpu *stats = this_cpu_ptr(vi->stats);
> >
> > - while ((skb = virtqueue_get_buf(vi->svq, &len)) != NULL) {
> > + while ((skb = virtqueue_get_buf(svq, &len)) != NULL) {
> >  		pr_debug("Sent skb %p\n", skb);
> >
> >  		u64_stats_update_begin(&stats->syncp);
> > @@ -547,7 +590,8 @@ static unsigned int free_old_xmit_skbs(struct
> > virtnet_info *vi)
> >  	return tot_sgs;
> >  }
> >
> > -static int xmit_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
> > +static int xmit_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb,
> > + struct virtqueue *svq, struct scatterlist *tx_sg)
> >  {
> >  	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
> >  	const unsigned char *dest = ((struct ethhdr *)skb->data)->h_dest;
> > @@ -585,12 +629,12 @@ static int xmit_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi,
> > struct sk_buff *skb)
> >
> >  	/* Encode metadata header at front. */
> >  	if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs)
> > - sg_set_buf(vi->tx_sg, &hdr->mhdr, sizeof hdr->mhdr);
> > + sg_set_buf(tx_sg, &hdr->mhdr, sizeof hdr->mhdr);
> >  	else
> > - sg_set_buf(vi->tx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
> > + sg_set_buf(tx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
> >
> > - hdr->num_sg = skb_to_sgvec(skb, vi->tx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len) + 1;
> > - return virtqueue_add_buf(vi->svq, vi->tx_sg, hdr->num_sg,
> > + hdr->num_sg = skb_to_sgvec(skb, tx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len) + 1;
> > + return virtqueue_add_buf(svq, tx_sg, hdr->num_sg,
> >  					0, skb);
> >  }
> >
> > @@ -598,31 +642,34 @@ static netdev_tx_t start_xmit(struct sk_buff
> > *skb, struct net_device *dev)
> >  {
> >  	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
> >  	int capacity;
> > + int qnum = skb_get_queue_mapping(skb);
> > + struct virtqueue *svq = vi->sq[qnum]->svq;
> >
> >  	/* Free up any pending old buffers before queueing new ones. */
> > - free_old_xmit_skbs(vi);
> > + free_old_xmit_skbs(vi, svq);
> >
> >  	/* Try to transmit */
> > - capacity = xmit_skb(vi, skb);
> > + capacity = xmit_skb(vi, skb, svq, vi->sq[qnum]->tx_sg);
> >
> >  	/* This can happen with OOM and indirect buffers. */
> >  	if (unlikely(capacity < 0)) {
> >  		if (net_ratelimit()) {
> >  			if (likely(capacity == -ENOMEM)) {
> >  				dev_warn(&dev->dev,
> > - "TX queue failure: out of memory\n");
> > + "TXQ (%d) failure: out of memory\n",
> > + qnum);
> >  			} else {
> >  				dev->stats.tx_fifo_errors++;
> >  				dev_warn(&dev->dev,
> > - "Unexpected TX queue failure: %d\n",
> > - capacity);
> > + "Unexpected TXQ (%d) failure: %d\n",
> > + qnum, capacity);
> >  			}
> >  		}
> >  		dev->stats.tx_dropped++;
> >  		kfree_skb(skb);
> >  		return NETDEV_TX_OK;
> >  	}
> > - virtqueue_kick(vi->svq);
> > + virtqueue_kick(svq);
> >
> >  	/* Don't wait up for transmitted skbs to be freed. */
> >  	skb_orphan(skb);
> > @@ -631,13 +678,13 @@ static netdev_tx_t start_xmit(struct sk_buff
> > *skb, struct net_device *dev)
> >  	/* Apparently nice girls don't return TX_BUSY; stop the queue
> >  	 * before it gets out of hand. Naturally, this wastes entries. */
> >  	if (capacity < 2+MAX_SKB_FRAGS) {
> > - netif_stop_queue(dev);
> > - if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(vi->svq))) {
> > + netif_stop_subqueue(dev, qnum);
> > + if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(svq))) {
> >  			/* More just got used, free them then recheck. */
> > - capacity += free_old_xmit_skbs(vi);
> > + capacity += free_old_xmit_skbs(vi, svq);
> >  			if (capacity >= 2+MAX_SKB_FRAGS) {
> > - netif_start_queue(dev);
> > - virtqueue_disable_cb(vi->svq);
> > + netif_start_subqueue(dev, qnum);
> > + virtqueue_disable_cb(svq);
> >  			}
> >  		}
> >  	}
> > @@ -700,8 +747,10 @@ static struct rtnl_link_stats64
> > *virtnet_stats(struct net_device *dev,
> >  static void virtnet_netpoll(struct net_device *dev)
> >  {
> >  	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
> > + int i;
> >
> > - napi_schedule(&vi->napi);
> > + for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> > + napi_schedule(&vi->rq[i]->napi);
> >  }
> >  #endif
> >
> > @@ -709,7 +758,7 @@ static int virtnet_open(struct net_device *dev)
> >  {
> >  	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
> >
> > - virtnet_napi_enable(vi);
> > + virtnet_napi_enable_all_queues(vi);
> >  	return 0;
> >  }
> >
> > @@ -761,8 +810,10 @@ static bool virtnet_send_command(struct
> > virtnet_info *vi, u8 class, u8 cmd,
> >  static int virtnet_close(struct net_device *dev)
> >  {
> >  	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
> > + int i;
> >
> > - napi_disable(&vi->napi);
> > + for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> > + napi_disable(&vi->rq[i]->napi);
> >
> >  	return 0;
> >  }
> > @@ -919,10 +970,10 @@ static void virtnet_update_status(struct
> > virtnet_info *vi)
> >
> >  	if (vi->status & VIRTIO_NET_S_LINK_UP) {
> >  		netif_carrier_on(vi->dev);
> > - netif_wake_queue(vi->dev);
> > + netif_tx_wake_all_queues(vi->dev);
> >  	} else {
> >  		netif_carrier_off(vi->dev);
> > - netif_stop_queue(vi->dev);
> > + netif_tx_stop_all_queues(vi->dev);
> >  	}
> >  }
> >
> > @@ -933,18 +984,222 @@ static void virtnet_config_changed(struct
> > virtio_device *vdev)
> >  	virtnet_update_status(vi);
> >  }
> >
> > +static void free_receive_bufs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> > +{
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++) {
> > + BUG_ON(vi->rq[i] == NULL);
> > + while (vi->rq[i]->pages)
> > + __free_pages(get_a_page(vi->rq[i], GFP_KERNEL), 0);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +/* Free memory allocated for send and receive queues */
> > +static void free_rq_sq(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> > +{
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + if (vi->rq) {
> > + for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> > + kfree(vi->rq[i]);
> > + kfree(vi->rq);
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (vi->sq) {
> > + for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> > + kfree(vi->sq[i]);
> > + kfree(vi->sq);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void free_unused_bufs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> > +{
> > + void *buf;
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++) {
> > + struct virtqueue *svq = vi->sq[i]->svq;
> > +
> > + while (1) {
> > + buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(svq);
> > + if (!buf)
> > + break;
> > + dev_kfree_skb(buf);
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++) {
> > + struct virtqueue *rvq = vi->rq[i]->rvq;
> > +
> > + while (1) {
> > + buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(rvq);
> > + if (!buf)
> > + break;
> > + if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs || vi->big_packets)
> > + give_pages(vi->rq[i], buf);
> > + else
> > + dev_kfree_skb(buf);
> > + --vi->rq[i]->num;
> > + }
> > + BUG_ON(vi->rq[i]->num != 0);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > +#define MAX_DEVICE_NAME 16
> > +static int initialize_vqs(struct virtnet_info *vi, int numtxqs)
> > +{
> > + vq_callback_t **callbacks;
> > + struct virtqueue **vqs;
> > + int i, err = -ENOMEM;
> > + int totalvqs;
> > + char **names;
> > +
> > + /* Allocate receive queues */
> > + vi->rq = kcalloc(numtxqs, sizeof(*vi->rq), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!vi->rq)
> > + goto out;
> > + for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
> > + vi->rq[i] = kzalloc(sizeof(*vi->rq[i]), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!vi->rq[i])
> > + goto out;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Allocate send queues */
> > + vi->sq = kcalloc(numtxqs, sizeof(*vi->sq), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!vi->sq)
> > + goto out;
> > + for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
> > + vi->sq[i] = kzalloc(sizeof(*vi->sq[i]), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!vi->sq[i])
> > + goto out;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* setup initial receive and send queue parameters */
> > + for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
> > + vi->rq[i]->vi = vi;
> > + vi->rq[i]->pages = NULL;
> > + INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&vi->rq[i]->refill, refill_work);
> > + netif_napi_add(vi->dev, &vi->rq[i]->napi, virtnet_poll,
> > + napi_weight);
> > +
> > + sg_init_table(vi->rq[i]->rx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->rq[i]->rx_sg));
> > + sg_init_table(vi->sq[i]->tx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->sq[i]->tx_sg));
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * We expect 1 RX virtqueue followed by 1 TX virtqueues, followed
> > + * by the same 'numtxqs-1' times, and optionally one control
> > virtqueue.
> > + */
> > + totalvqs = numtxqs * 2 +
> > + virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ);
> > +
> > + /* Allocate space for find_vqs parameters */
> > + vqs = kmalloc(totalvqs * sizeof(*vqs), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + callbacks = kmalloc(totalvqs * sizeof(*callbacks), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + names = kzalloc(totalvqs * sizeof(*names), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!vqs || !callbacks || !names)
> > + goto free_params;
> > +
> > +#if 1
> > + /* Allocate/initialize parameters for recv/send virtqueues */
> > + for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i++) {
> > + names[i] = kmalloc(MAX_DEVICE_NAME * sizeof(*names[i]),
> > + GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!names[i])
> > + goto free_params;
> > +
> > + if (!(i & 1)) { /* RX */
> > + callbacks[i] = skb_recv_done;
> > + sprintf(names[i], "input.%d", i / 2);
> > + } else {
> > + callbacks[i] = skb_xmit_done;
> > + sprintf(names[i], "output.%d", i / 2);
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Parameters for control virtqueue, if any */
> > + if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ)) {
> > + callbacks[i] = NULL;
> > + names[i] = "control";
> > + }
> > +#else
> > + /* Allocate/initialize parameters for recv virtqueues */
> > + for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i += 2) {
> > + callbacks[i] = skb_recv_done;
> > + names[i] = kmalloc(MAX_DEVICE_NAME * sizeof(*names[i]),
> > + GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!names[i])
> > + goto free_params;
> > + sprintf(names[i], "input.%d", i / 2);
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Allocate/initialize parameters for send virtqueues */
> > + for (i = 1; i < numtxqs * 2; i += 2) {
> > + callbacks[i] = skb_xmit_done;
> > + names[i] = kmalloc(MAX_DEVICE_NAME * sizeof(*names[i]),
> > + GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!names[i])
> > + goto free_params;
> > + sprintf(names[i], "output.%d", i / 2);
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Parameters for control virtqueue, if any */
> > + if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ)) {
> > + callbacks[i - 1] = NULL;
> > + names[i - 1] = "control";
> > + }
> > +#endif
> > +
> > + err = vi->vdev->config->find_vqs(vi->vdev, totalvqs, vqs,
> > callbacks,
> > + (const char **)names);
> > + if (err)
> > + goto free_params;
> > +
> > + /* Assign the allocated vqs alternatively for RX/TX */
> > + for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i += 2) {
> > + vi->rq[i/2]->rvq = vqs[i];
> > + vi->sq[i/2]->svq = vqs[i + 1];
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ))
> > + vi->cvq = vqs[i];
> > +
> > +free_params:
> > + if (names) {
> > + for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i++)
> > + kfree(names[i]);
> > + kfree(names);
> > + }
> > +
> > + kfree(callbacks);
> > + kfree(vqs);
> > +
> > +out:
> > + if (err)
> > + free_rq_sq(vi);
> > +
> > + return err;
> > +}
> > +
> >  static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> >  {
> > - int err;
> > + int i, err;
> > + u16 numtxqs;
> > + u16 num_queue_pairs = 2;
> >  	struct net_device *dev;
> >  	struct virtnet_info *vi;
> > - struct virtqueue *vqs[3];
> > - vq_callback_t *callbacks[] = { skb_recv_done, skb_xmit_done,
> > NULL};
> > - const char *names[] = { "input", "output", "control" };
> > - int nvqs;
> > +
> > + /* Find if host supports MULTIQUEUE */
> > + err = virtio_config_val(vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE,
> > + offsetof(struct virtio_net_config,
> > + num_queue_pairs), &num_queue_pairs);
> > + numtxqs = num_queue_pairs / 2;
> > + if (!numtxqs)
> > + numtxqs = 1;
> >
> >  	/* Allocate ourselves a network device with room for our info */
> > - dev = alloc_etherdev(sizeof(struct virtnet_info));
> > + dev = alloc_etherdev_mq(sizeof(struct virtnet_info), numtxqs);
> >  	if (!dev)
> >  		return -ENOMEM;
> >
> > @@ -991,19 +1246,14 @@ static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device
> > *vdev)
> >
> >  	/* Set up our device-specific information */
> >  	vi = netdev_priv(dev);
> > - netif_napi_add(dev, &vi->napi, virtnet_poll, napi_weight);
> >  	vi->dev = dev;
> >  	vi->vdev = vdev;
> >  	vdev->priv = vi;
> > - vi->pages = NULL;
> >  	vi->stats = alloc_percpu(struct virtnet_stats);
> >  	err = -ENOMEM;
> >  	if (vi->stats == NULL)
> >  		goto free;
> > -
> > - INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&vi->refill, refill_work);
> > - sg_init_table(vi->rx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->rx_sg));
> > - sg_init_table(vi->tx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->tx_sg));
> > + vi->numtxqs = numtxqs;
> >
> >  	/* If we can receive ANY GSO packets, we must allocate large ones.
> >  	*/
> >  	if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO4) ||
> > @@ -1014,23 +1264,14 @@ static int virtnet_probe(struct
> > virtio_device *vdev)
> >  	if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_MRG_RXBUF))
> >  		vi->mergeable_rx_bufs = true;
> >
> > - /* We expect two virtqueues, receive then send,
> > - * and optionally control. */
> > - nvqs = virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ) ? 3 : 2;
> > -
> > - err = vdev->config->find_vqs(vdev, nvqs, vqs, callbacks, names);
> > + /* Initialize our rx/tx queue parameters, and invoke find_vqs */
> > + err = initialize_vqs(vi, numtxqs);
> >  	if (err)
> >  		goto free_stats;
> >
> > - vi->rvq = vqs[0];
> > - vi->svq = vqs[1];
> > -
> > - if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ)) {
> > - vi->cvq = vqs[2];
> > -
> > - if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN))
> > - dev->features |= NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_FILTER;
> > - }
> > + if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ) &&
> > + virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN))
> > + dev->features |= NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_FILTER;
> >
> >  	err = register_netdev(dev);
> >  	if (err) {
> > @@ -1039,14 +1280,21 @@ static int virtnet_probe(struct
> > virtio_device *vdev)
> >  	}
> >
> >  	/* Last of all, set up some receive buffers. */
> > - try_fill_recv(vi, GFP_KERNEL);
> > -
> > - /* If we didn't even get one input buffer, we're useless. */
> > - if (vi->num == 0) {
> > - err = -ENOMEM;
> > - goto unregister;
> > + for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
> > + try_fill_recv(vi->rq[i], GFP_KERNEL);
> > +
> > + /* If we didn't even get one input buffer, we're useless. */
> > + if (vi->rq[i]->num == 0) {
> > + if (i)
> > + free_unused_bufs(vi);
> > + err = -ENOMEM;
> > + goto free_recv_bufs;
> > + }
> >  	}
> >
> > + dev_info(&dev->dev, "(virtio-net) Allocated %d RX & TX vq's\n",
> > + numtxqs);
> > +
> >  	/* Assume link up if device can't report link status,
> >  	   otherwise get link status from config. */
> >  	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_STATUS)) {
> > @@ -1057,61 +1305,51 @@ static int virtnet_probe(struct
> > virtio_device *vdev)
> >  		netif_carrier_on(dev);
> >  	}
> >
> > - pr_debug("virtnet: registered device %s\n", dev->name);
> > + pr_debug("virtnet: registered device %s with %d RX and TX vq's\n",
> > + dev->name, numtxqs);
> >  	return 0;
> >
> > -unregister:
> > +free_recv_bufs:
> > + free_receive_bufs(vi);
> >  	unregister_netdev(dev);
> > - cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->refill);
> > +
> >  free_vqs:
> > + for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++)
> > + cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->rq[i]->refill);
> >  	vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
> > + free_rq_sq(vi);
> > +
> >  free_stats:
> >  	free_percpu(vi->stats);
> > +
> >  free:
> >  	free_netdev(dev);
> >  	return err;
> >  }
> >
> > -static void free_unused_bufs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
> > -{
> > - void *buf;
> > - while (1) {
> > - buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(vi->svq);
> > - if (!buf)
> > - break;
> > - dev_kfree_skb(buf);
> > - }
> > - while (1) {
> > - buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(vi->rvq);
> > - if (!buf)
> > - break;
> > - if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs || vi->big_packets)
> > - give_pages(vi, buf);
> > - else
> > - dev_kfree_skb(buf);
> > - --vi->num;
> > - }
> > - BUG_ON(vi->num != 0);
> > -}
> > -
> >  static void __devexit virtnet_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> >  {
> >  	struct virtnet_info *vi = vdev->priv;
> > + int i;
> >
> >  	/* Stop all the virtqueues. */
> >  	vdev->config->reset(vdev);
> >
> >
> >  	unregister_netdev(vi->dev);
> > - cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->refill);
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
> > + cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->rq[i]->refill);
> >
> >  	/* Free unused buffers in both send and recv, if any. */
> >  	free_unused_bufs(vi);
> >
> >  	vdev->config->del_vqs(vi->vdev);
> >
> > - while (vi->pages)
> > - __free_pages(get_a_page(vi, GFP_KERNEL), 0);
> > + free_receive_bufs(vi);
> > +
> > + /* Free memory for send and receive queues */
> > + free_rq_sq(vi);
> >
> >  	free_percpu(vi->stats);
> >  	free_netdev(vi->dev);
> > @@ -1129,7 +1367,7 @@ static unsigned int features[] = {
> >  	VIRTIO_NET_F_HOST_ECN, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO4,
> >  	VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO6,
> >  	VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_ECN, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_UFO,
> >  	VIRTIO_NET_F_MRG_RXBUF, VIRTIO_NET_F_STATUS, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ,
> > - VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN,
> > + VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN,
> > VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE,
> >  };
> >
> >  static struct virtio_driver virtio_net_driver = {
> > diff --git a/include/linux/virtio_net.h b/include/linux/virtio_net.h
> > index 970d5a2..fa85ac3 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/virtio_net.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/virtio_net.h
> > @@ -49,6 +49,7 @@
> >  #define VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX 18 /* Control channel RX mode support
> >  */
> >  #define VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN 19 /* Control channel VLAN filtering
> >  */
> >  #define VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX_EXTRA 20 /* Extra RX mode control
> >  support */
> > +#define VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE 21 /* Device supports multiple
> > TXQ/RXQ */
> >
> >  #define VIRTIO_NET_S_LINK_UP 1 /* Link is up */
> >
> > @@ -57,6 +58,8 @@ struct virtio_net_config {
> >  	__u8 mac[6];
> >  	/* See VIRTIO_NET_F_STATUS and VIRTIO_NET_S_* above */
> >  	__u16 status;
> > + /* total number of RX/TX queues */
> > + __u16 num_queue_pairs;
> >  } __attribute__((packed));
> >
> >  /* This is the first element of the scatter-gather list. If you
> >  don't
> >
> >
> 
> --
> 
> Sasha.
WANG Cong - Aug. 17, 2011, 1:24 p.m.
On Fri, 12 Aug 2011 09:55:51 +0800, Jason Wang wrote:

> From: Krishna Kumar <krkumar2@in.ibm.com>
> 
> Implement mq virtio-net driver.
> 
> Though struct virtio_net_config changes, it works with the old qemu
> since the last element is not accessed unless qemu sets
> VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE.
> 
...
> +
> +#if 1
<...>
> +#else
<...>
> +#endif

Any reason to keep this #else code of #if 1? which is dead.

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/net/virtio_net.c b/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
index 0c7321c..03a199d 100644
--- a/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
+++ b/drivers/net/virtio_net.c
@@ -49,16 +49,48 @@  struct virtnet_stats {
 	u64 rx_packets;
 };
 
-struct virtnet_info {
-	struct virtio_device *vdev;
-	struct virtqueue *rvq, *svq, *cvq;
-	struct net_device *dev;
+/* Internal representation of a send virtqueue */
+struct send_queue {
+	/* Virtqueue associated with this send _queue */
+	struct virtqueue *svq;
+
+	/* TX: fragments + linear part + virtio header */
+	struct scatterlist tx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
+};
+
+/* Internal representation of a receive virtqueue */
+struct receive_queue {
+	/* Virtqueue associated with this receive_queue */
+	struct virtqueue *rvq;
+
+	/* Back pointer to the virtnet_info */
+	struct virtnet_info *vi;
+
 	struct napi_struct napi;
-	unsigned int status;
 
 	/* Number of input buffers, and max we've ever had. */
 	unsigned int num, max;
 
+	/* Work struct for refilling if we run low on memory. */
+	struct delayed_work refill;
+
+	/* Chain pages by the private ptr. */
+	struct page *pages;
+
+	/* RX: fragments + linear part + virtio header */
+	struct scatterlist rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
+};
+
+struct virtnet_info {
+	struct send_queue **sq;
+	struct receive_queue **rq;
+
+	int numtxqs; /* # of rxqs/txqs */
+	struct virtio_device *vdev;
+	struct virtqueue *cvq;
+	struct net_device *dev;
+	unsigned int status;
+
 	/* I like... big packets and I cannot lie! */
 	bool big_packets;
 
@@ -67,16 +99,6 @@  struct virtnet_info {
 
 	/* Active statistics */
 	struct virtnet_stats __percpu *stats;
-
-	/* Work struct for refilling if we run low on memory. */
-	struct delayed_work refill;
-
-	/* Chain pages by the private ptr. */
-	struct page *pages;
-
-	/* fragments + linear part + virtio header */
-	struct scatterlist rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
-	struct scatterlist tx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2];
 };
 
 struct skb_vnet_hdr {
@@ -106,22 +128,22 @@  static inline struct skb_vnet_hdr *skb_vnet_hdr(struct sk_buff *skb)
  * private is used to chain pages for big packets, put the whole
  * most recent used list in the beginning for reuse
  */
-static void give_pages(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct page *page)
+static void give_pages(struct receive_queue *rq, struct page *page)
 {
 	struct page *end;
 
 	/* Find end of list, sew whole thing into vi->pages. */
 	for (end = page; end->private; end = (struct page *)end->private);
-	end->private = (unsigned long)vi->pages;
-	vi->pages = page;
+	end->private = (unsigned long)rq->pages;
+	rq->pages = page;
 }
 
-static struct page *get_a_page(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp_mask)
+static struct page *get_a_page(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp_mask)
 {
-	struct page *p = vi->pages;
+	struct page *p = rq->pages;
 
 	if (p) {
-		vi->pages = (struct page *)p->private;
+		rq->pages = (struct page *)p->private;
 		/* clear private here, it is used to chain pages */
 		p->private = 0;
 	} else
@@ -132,12 +154,13 @@  static struct page *get_a_page(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp_mask)
 static void skb_xmit_done(struct virtqueue *svq)
 {
 	struct virtnet_info *vi = svq->vdev->priv;
+	int qnum = svq->queue_index / 2; /* RX/TX vqs are allocated in pairs */
 
 	/* Suppress further interrupts. */
 	virtqueue_disable_cb(svq);
 
 	/* We were probably waiting for more output buffers. */
-	netif_wake_queue(vi->dev);
+	netif_wake_subqueue(vi->dev, qnum);
 }
 
 static void set_skb_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, struct page *page,
@@ -157,9 +180,10 @@  static void set_skb_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, struct page *page,
 	*len -= f->size;
 }
 
-static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi,
+static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct receive_queue *rq,
 				   struct page *page, unsigned int len)
 {
+	struct virtnet_info *vi = rq->vi;
 	struct sk_buff *skb;
 	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr;
 	unsigned int copy, hdr_len, offset;
@@ -202,12 +226,12 @@  static struct sk_buff *page_to_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi,
 	}
 
 	if (page)
-		give_pages(vi, page);
+		give_pages(rq, page);
 
 	return skb;
 }
 
-static int receive_mergeable(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
+static int receive_mergeable(struct receive_queue *rq, struct sk_buff *skb)
 {
 	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
 	struct page *page;
@@ -221,7 +245,8 @@  static int receive_mergeable(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
 			skb->dev->stats.rx_length_errors++;
 			return -EINVAL;
 		}
-		page = virtqueue_get_buf(vi->rvq, &len);
+
+		page = virtqueue_get_buf(rq->rvq, &len);
 		if (!page) {
 			pr_debug("%s: rx error: %d buffers missing\n",
 				 skb->dev->name, hdr->mhdr.num_buffers);
@@ -234,13 +259,14 @@  static int receive_mergeable(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
 
 		set_skb_frag(skb, page, 0, &len);
 
-		--vi->num;
+		--rq->num;
 	}
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static void receive_buf(struct net_device *dev, void *buf, unsigned int len)
+static void receive_buf(struct receive_queue *rq, void *buf, unsigned int len)
 {
+	struct net_device *dev = rq->vi->dev;
 	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
 	struct virtnet_stats __percpu *stats = this_cpu_ptr(vi->stats);
 	struct sk_buff *skb;
@@ -251,7 +277,7 @@  static void receive_buf(struct net_device *dev, void *buf, unsigned int len)
 		pr_debug("%s: short packet %i\n", dev->name, len);
 		dev->stats.rx_length_errors++;
 		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs || vi->big_packets)
-			give_pages(vi, buf);
+			give_pages(rq, buf);
 		else
 			dev_kfree_skb(buf);
 		return;
@@ -263,14 +289,14 @@  static void receive_buf(struct net_device *dev, void *buf, unsigned int len)
 		skb_trim(skb, len);
 	} else {
 		page = buf;
-		skb = page_to_skb(vi, page, len);
+		skb = page_to_skb(rq, page, len);
 		if (unlikely(!skb)) {
 			dev->stats.rx_dropped++;
-			give_pages(vi, page);
+			give_pages(rq, page);
 			return;
 		}
 		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs)
-			if (receive_mergeable(vi, skb)) {
+			if (receive_mergeable(rq, skb)) {
 				dev_kfree_skb(skb);
 				return;
 			}
@@ -341,184 +367,200 @@  frame_err:
 	dev_kfree_skb(skb);
 }
 
-static int add_recvbuf_small(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
+static int add_recvbuf_small(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
 {
 	struct sk_buff *skb;
 	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr;
 	int err;
 
-	skb = netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(vi->dev, MAX_PACKET_LEN);
+	skb = netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(rq->vi->dev, MAX_PACKET_LEN);
 	if (unlikely(!skb))
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	skb_put(skb, MAX_PACKET_LEN);
 
 	hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
-	sg_set_buf(vi->rx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
+	sg_set_buf(rq->rx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
 
-	skb_to_sgvec(skb, vi->rx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len);
+	skb_to_sgvec(skb, rq->rx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len);
 
-	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vi->rvq, vi->rx_sg, 0, 2, skb, gfp);
+	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(rq->rvq, rq->rx_sg, 0, 2, skb, gfp);
 	if (err < 0)
 		dev_kfree_skb(skb);
 
 	return err;
 }
 
-static int add_recvbuf_big(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
+static int add_recvbuf_big(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
 {
 	struct page *first, *list = NULL;
 	char *p;
 	int i, err, offset;
 
-	/* page in vi->rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 1] is list tail */
+	/* page in rq->rx_sg[MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 1] is list tail */
 	for (i = MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 1; i > 1; --i) {
-		first = get_a_page(vi, gfp);
+		first = get_a_page(rq, gfp);
 		if (!first) {
 			if (list)
-				give_pages(vi, list);
+				give_pages(rq, list);
 			return -ENOMEM;
 		}
-		sg_set_buf(&vi->rx_sg[i], page_address(first), PAGE_SIZE);
+		sg_set_buf(&rq->rx_sg[i], page_address(first), PAGE_SIZE);
 
 		/* chain new page in list head to match sg */
 		first->private = (unsigned long)list;
 		list = first;
 	}
 
-	first = get_a_page(vi, gfp);
+	first = get_a_page(rq, gfp);
 	if (!first) {
-		give_pages(vi, list);
+		give_pages(rq, list);
 		return -ENOMEM;
 	}
 	p = page_address(first);
 
-	/* vi->rx_sg[0], vi->rx_sg[1] share the same page */
-	/* a separated vi->rx_sg[0] for virtio_net_hdr only due to QEMU bug */
-	sg_set_buf(&vi->rx_sg[0], p, sizeof(struct virtio_net_hdr));
+	/* rq->rx_sg[0], rq->rx_sg[1] share the same page */
+	/* a separated rq->rx_sg[0] for virtio_net_hdr only due to QEMU bug */
+	sg_set_buf(&rq->rx_sg[0], p, sizeof(struct virtio_net_hdr));
 
-	/* vi->rx_sg[1] for data packet, from offset */
+	/* rq->rx_sg[1] for data packet, from offset */
 	offset = sizeof(struct padded_vnet_hdr);
-	sg_set_buf(&vi->rx_sg[1], p + offset, PAGE_SIZE - offset);
+	sg_set_buf(&rq->rx_sg[1], p + offset, PAGE_SIZE - offset);
 
 	/* chain first in list head */
 	first->private = (unsigned long)list;
-	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vi->rvq, vi->rx_sg, 0, MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2,
+	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(rq->rvq, rq->rx_sg, 0, MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 2,
 				    first, gfp);
 	if (err < 0)
-		give_pages(vi, first);
+		give_pages(rq, first);
 
 	return err;
 }
 
-static int add_recvbuf_mergeable(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
+static int add_recvbuf_mergeable(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
 {
 	struct page *page;
 	int err;
 
-	page = get_a_page(vi, gfp);
+	page = get_a_page(rq, gfp);
 	if (!page)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	sg_init_one(vi->rx_sg, page_address(page), PAGE_SIZE);
+	sg_init_one(rq->rx_sg, page_address(page), PAGE_SIZE);
 
-	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(vi->rvq, vi->rx_sg, 0, 1, page, gfp);
+	err = virtqueue_add_buf_gfp(rq->rvq, rq->rx_sg, 0, 1, page, gfp);
 	if (err < 0)
-		give_pages(vi, page);
+		give_pages(rq, page);
 
 	return err;
 }
 
 /* Returns false if we couldn't fill entirely (OOM). */
-static bool try_fill_recv(struct virtnet_info *vi, gfp_t gfp)
+static bool try_fill_recv(struct receive_queue *rq, gfp_t gfp)
 {
+	struct virtnet_info *vi = rq->vi;
 	int err;
 	bool oom;
 
 	do {
 		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs)
-			err = add_recvbuf_mergeable(vi, gfp);
+			err = add_recvbuf_mergeable(rq, gfp);
 		else if (vi->big_packets)
-			err = add_recvbuf_big(vi, gfp);
+			err = add_recvbuf_big(rq, gfp);
 		else
-			err = add_recvbuf_small(vi, gfp);
+			err = add_recvbuf_small(rq, gfp);
 
 		oom = err == -ENOMEM;
 		if (err < 0)
 			break;
-		++vi->num;
+		++rq->num;
 	} while (err > 0);
-	if (unlikely(vi->num > vi->max))
-		vi->max = vi->num;
-	virtqueue_kick(vi->rvq);
+	if (unlikely(rq->num > rq->max))
+		rq->max = rq->num;
+	virtqueue_kick(rq->rvq);
 	return !oom;
 }
 
 static void skb_recv_done(struct virtqueue *rvq)
 {
+	int qnum = rvq->queue_index / 2; /* RX/TX vqs are allocated in pairs */
 	struct virtnet_info *vi = rvq->vdev->priv;
+	struct napi_struct *napi = &vi->rq[qnum]->napi;
+
 	/* Schedule NAPI, Suppress further interrupts if successful. */
-	if (napi_schedule_prep(&vi->napi)) {
+	if (napi_schedule_prep(napi)) {
 		virtqueue_disable_cb(rvq);
-		__napi_schedule(&vi->napi);
+		__napi_schedule(napi);
 	}
 }
 
-static void virtnet_napi_enable(struct virtnet_info *vi)
+static void virtnet_napi_enable(struct receive_queue *rq)
 {
-	napi_enable(&vi->napi);
+	napi_enable(&rq->napi);
 
 	/* If all buffers were filled by other side before we napi_enabled, we
 	 * won't get another interrupt, so process any outstanding packets
 	 * now.  virtnet_poll wants re-enable the queue, so we disable here.
 	 * We synchronize against interrupts via NAPI_STATE_SCHED */
-	if (napi_schedule_prep(&vi->napi)) {
-		virtqueue_disable_cb(vi->rvq);
-		__napi_schedule(&vi->napi);
+	if (napi_schedule_prep(&rq->napi)) {
+		virtqueue_disable_cb(rq->rvq);
+		__napi_schedule(&rq->napi);
 	}
 }
 
+static void virtnet_napi_enable_all_queues(struct virtnet_info *vi)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
+		virtnet_napi_enable(vi->rq[i]);
+}
+
 static void refill_work(struct work_struct *work)
 {
-	struct virtnet_info *vi;
+	struct napi_struct *napi;
+	struct receive_queue *rq;
 	bool still_empty;
 
-	vi = container_of(work, struct virtnet_info, refill.work);
-	napi_disable(&vi->napi);
-	still_empty = !try_fill_recv(vi, GFP_KERNEL);
-	virtnet_napi_enable(vi);
+	rq = container_of(work, struct receive_queue, refill.work);
+	napi = &rq->napi;
+
+	napi_disable(napi);
+	still_empty = !try_fill_recv(rq, GFP_KERNEL);
+	virtnet_napi_enable(rq);
 
 	/* In theory, this can happen: if we don't get any buffers in
 	 * we will *never* try to fill again. */
 	if (still_empty)
-		schedule_delayed_work(&vi->refill, HZ/2);
+		schedule_delayed_work(&rq->refill, HZ/2);
 }
 
 static int virtnet_poll(struct napi_struct *napi, int budget)
 {
-	struct virtnet_info *vi = container_of(napi, struct virtnet_info, napi);
+	struct receive_queue *rq = container_of(napi, struct receive_queue,
+						napi);
 	void *buf;
 	unsigned int len, received = 0;
 
 again:
 	while (received < budget &&
-	       (buf = virtqueue_get_buf(vi->rvq, &len)) != NULL) {
-		receive_buf(vi->dev, buf, len);
-		--vi->num;
+	       (buf = virtqueue_get_buf(rq->rvq, &len)) != NULL) {
+		receive_buf(rq, buf, len);
+		--rq->num;
 		received++;
 	}
 
-	if (vi->num < vi->max / 2) {
-		if (!try_fill_recv(vi, GFP_ATOMIC))
-			schedule_delayed_work(&vi->refill, 0);
+	if (rq->num < rq->max / 2) {
+		if (!try_fill_recv(rq, GFP_ATOMIC))
+			schedule_delayed_work(&rq->refill, 0);
 	}
 
 	/* Out of packets? */
 	if (received < budget) {
 		napi_complete(napi);
-		if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb(vi->rvq)) &&
+		if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb(rq->rvq)) &&
 		    napi_schedule_prep(napi)) {
-			virtqueue_disable_cb(vi->rvq);
+			virtqueue_disable_cb(rq->rvq);
 			__napi_schedule(napi);
 			goto again;
 		}
@@ -527,13 +569,14 @@  again:
 	return received;
 }
 
-static unsigned int free_old_xmit_skbs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
+static unsigned int free_old_xmit_skbs(struct virtnet_info *vi,
+				       struct virtqueue *svq)
 {
 	struct sk_buff *skb;
 	unsigned int len, tot_sgs = 0;
 	struct virtnet_stats __percpu *stats = this_cpu_ptr(vi->stats);
 
-	while ((skb = virtqueue_get_buf(vi->svq, &len)) != NULL) {
+	while ((skb = virtqueue_get_buf(svq, &len)) != NULL) {
 		pr_debug("Sent skb %p\n", skb);
 
 		u64_stats_update_begin(&stats->syncp);
@@ -547,7 +590,8 @@  static unsigned int free_old_xmit_skbs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
 	return tot_sgs;
 }
 
-static int xmit_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
+static int xmit_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb,
+		    struct virtqueue *svq, struct scatterlist *tx_sg)
 {
 	struct skb_vnet_hdr *hdr = skb_vnet_hdr(skb);
 	const unsigned char *dest = ((struct ethhdr *)skb->data)->h_dest;
@@ -585,12 +629,12 @@  static int xmit_skb(struct virtnet_info *vi, struct sk_buff *skb)
 
 	/* Encode metadata header at front. */
 	if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs)
-		sg_set_buf(vi->tx_sg, &hdr->mhdr, sizeof hdr->mhdr);
+		sg_set_buf(tx_sg, &hdr->mhdr, sizeof hdr->mhdr);
 	else
-		sg_set_buf(vi->tx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
+		sg_set_buf(tx_sg, &hdr->hdr, sizeof hdr->hdr);
 
-	hdr->num_sg = skb_to_sgvec(skb, vi->tx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len) + 1;
-	return virtqueue_add_buf(vi->svq, vi->tx_sg, hdr->num_sg,
+	hdr->num_sg = skb_to_sgvec(skb, tx_sg + 1, 0, skb->len) + 1;
+	return virtqueue_add_buf(svq, tx_sg, hdr->num_sg,
 					0, skb);
 }
 
@@ -598,31 +642,34 @@  static netdev_tx_t start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
 {
 	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
 	int capacity;
+	int qnum = skb_get_queue_mapping(skb);
+	struct virtqueue *svq = vi->sq[qnum]->svq;
 
 	/* Free up any pending old buffers before queueing new ones. */
-	free_old_xmit_skbs(vi);
+	free_old_xmit_skbs(vi, svq);
 
 	/* Try to transmit */
-	capacity = xmit_skb(vi, skb);
+	capacity = xmit_skb(vi, skb, svq, vi->sq[qnum]->tx_sg);
 
 	/* This can happen with OOM and indirect buffers. */
 	if (unlikely(capacity < 0)) {
 		if (net_ratelimit()) {
 			if (likely(capacity == -ENOMEM)) {
 				dev_warn(&dev->dev,
-					 "TX queue failure: out of memory\n");
+					 "TXQ (%d) failure: out of memory\n",
+					 qnum);
 			} else {
 				dev->stats.tx_fifo_errors++;
 				dev_warn(&dev->dev,
-					 "Unexpected TX queue failure: %d\n",
-					 capacity);
+					 "Unexpected TXQ (%d) failure: %d\n",
+					 qnum, capacity);
 			}
 		}
 		dev->stats.tx_dropped++;
 		kfree_skb(skb);
 		return NETDEV_TX_OK;
 	}
-	virtqueue_kick(vi->svq);
+	virtqueue_kick(svq);
 
 	/* Don't wait up for transmitted skbs to be freed. */
 	skb_orphan(skb);
@@ -631,13 +678,13 @@  static netdev_tx_t start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
 	/* Apparently nice girls don't return TX_BUSY; stop the queue
 	 * before it gets out of hand.  Naturally, this wastes entries. */
 	if (capacity < 2+MAX_SKB_FRAGS) {
-		netif_stop_queue(dev);
-		if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(vi->svq))) {
+		netif_stop_subqueue(dev, qnum);
+		if (unlikely(!virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(svq))) {
 			/* More just got used, free them then recheck. */
-			capacity += free_old_xmit_skbs(vi);
+			capacity += free_old_xmit_skbs(vi, svq);
 			if (capacity >= 2+MAX_SKB_FRAGS) {
-				netif_start_queue(dev);
-				virtqueue_disable_cb(vi->svq);
+				netif_start_subqueue(dev, qnum);
+				virtqueue_disable_cb(svq);
 			}
 		}
 	}
@@ -700,8 +747,10 @@  static struct rtnl_link_stats64 *virtnet_stats(struct net_device *dev,
 static void virtnet_netpoll(struct net_device *dev)
 {
 	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
+	int i;
 
-	napi_schedule(&vi->napi);
+	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
+		napi_schedule(&vi->rq[i]->napi);
 }
 #endif
 
@@ -709,7 +758,7 @@  static int virtnet_open(struct net_device *dev)
 {
 	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
 
-	virtnet_napi_enable(vi);
+	virtnet_napi_enable_all_queues(vi);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -761,8 +810,10 @@  static bool virtnet_send_command(struct virtnet_info *vi, u8 class, u8 cmd,
 static int virtnet_close(struct net_device *dev)
 {
 	struct virtnet_info *vi = netdev_priv(dev);
+	int i;
 
-	napi_disable(&vi->napi);
+	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
+		napi_disable(&vi->rq[i]->napi);
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -919,10 +970,10 @@  static void virtnet_update_status(struct virtnet_info *vi)
 
 	if (vi->status & VIRTIO_NET_S_LINK_UP) {
 		netif_carrier_on(vi->dev);
-		netif_wake_queue(vi->dev);
+		netif_tx_wake_all_queues(vi->dev);
 	} else {
 		netif_carrier_off(vi->dev);
-		netif_stop_queue(vi->dev);
+		netif_tx_stop_all_queues(vi->dev);
 	}
 }
 
@@ -933,18 +984,222 @@  static void virtnet_config_changed(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 	virtnet_update_status(vi);
 }
 
+static void free_receive_bufs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++) {
+		BUG_ON(vi->rq[i] == NULL);
+		while (vi->rq[i]->pages)
+			__free_pages(get_a_page(vi->rq[i], GFP_KERNEL), 0);
+	}
+}
+
+/* Free memory allocated for send and receive queues */
+static void free_rq_sq(struct virtnet_info *vi)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	if (vi->rq) {
+		for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
+			kfree(vi->rq[i]);
+		kfree(vi->rq);
+	}
+
+	if (vi->sq) {
+		for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
+			kfree(vi->sq[i]);
+		kfree(vi->sq);
+	}
+}
+
+static void free_unused_bufs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
+{
+	void *buf;
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++) {
+		struct virtqueue *svq = vi->sq[i]->svq;
+
+		while (1) {
+			buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(svq);
+			if (!buf)
+				break;
+			dev_kfree_skb(buf);
+		}
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++) {
+		struct virtqueue *rvq = vi->rq[i]->rvq;
+
+		while (1) {
+			buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(rvq);
+			if (!buf)
+				break;
+			if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs || vi->big_packets)
+				give_pages(vi->rq[i], buf);
+			else
+				dev_kfree_skb(buf);
+			--vi->rq[i]->num;
+		}
+		BUG_ON(vi->rq[i]->num != 0);
+	}
+}
+
+#define MAX_DEVICE_NAME		16
+static int initialize_vqs(struct virtnet_info *vi, int numtxqs)
+{
+	vq_callback_t **callbacks;
+	struct virtqueue **vqs;
+	int i, err = -ENOMEM;
+	int totalvqs;
+	char **names;
+
+	/* Allocate receive queues */
+	vi->rq = kcalloc(numtxqs, sizeof(*vi->rq), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!vi->rq)
+		goto out;
+	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
+		vi->rq[i] = kzalloc(sizeof(*vi->rq[i]), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!vi->rq[i])
+			goto out;
+	}
+
+	/* Allocate send queues */
+	vi->sq = kcalloc(numtxqs, sizeof(*vi->sq), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!vi->sq)
+		goto out;
+	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
+		vi->sq[i] = kzalloc(sizeof(*vi->sq[i]), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!vi->sq[i])
+			goto out;
+	}
+
+	/* setup initial receive and send queue parameters */
+	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
+		vi->rq[i]->vi = vi;
+		vi->rq[i]->pages = NULL;
+		INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&vi->rq[i]->refill, refill_work);
+		netif_napi_add(vi->dev, &vi->rq[i]->napi, virtnet_poll,
+			       napi_weight);
+
+		sg_init_table(vi->rq[i]->rx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->rq[i]->rx_sg));
+		sg_init_table(vi->sq[i]->tx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->sq[i]->tx_sg));
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * We expect 1 RX virtqueue followed by 1 TX virtqueues, followed
+	 * by the same 'numtxqs-1' times, and optionally one control virtqueue.
+	 */
+	totalvqs = numtxqs * 2 +
+		   virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ);
+
+	/* Allocate space for find_vqs parameters */
+	vqs = kmalloc(totalvqs * sizeof(*vqs), GFP_KERNEL);
+	callbacks = kmalloc(totalvqs * sizeof(*callbacks), GFP_KERNEL);
+	names = kzalloc(totalvqs * sizeof(*names), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!vqs || !callbacks || !names)
+		goto free_params;
+
+#if 1
+	/* Allocate/initialize parameters for recv/send virtqueues */
+	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i++) {
+		names[i] = kmalloc(MAX_DEVICE_NAME * sizeof(*names[i]),
+				   GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!names[i])
+			goto free_params;
+
+		if (!(i & 1)) {		/* RX */
+			callbacks[i] = skb_recv_done;
+			sprintf(names[i], "input.%d", i / 2);
+		} else {
+			callbacks[i] = skb_xmit_done;
+			sprintf(names[i], "output.%d", i / 2);
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Parameters for control virtqueue, if any */
+	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ)) {
+		callbacks[i] = NULL;
+		names[i] = "control";
+	}
+#else
+	/* Allocate/initialize parameters for recv virtqueues */
+	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i += 2) {
+		callbacks[i] = skb_recv_done;
+		names[i] = kmalloc(MAX_DEVICE_NAME * sizeof(*names[i]),
+				   GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!names[i])
+			goto free_params;
+		sprintf(names[i], "input.%d", i / 2);
+	}
+
+	/* Allocate/initialize parameters for send virtqueues */
+	for (i = 1; i < numtxqs * 2; i += 2) {
+		callbacks[i] = skb_xmit_done;
+		names[i] = kmalloc(MAX_DEVICE_NAME * sizeof(*names[i]),
+				   GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!names[i])
+			goto free_params;
+		sprintf(names[i], "output.%d", i / 2);
+	}
+
+	/* Parameters for control virtqueue, if any */
+	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ)) {
+		callbacks[i - 1] = NULL;
+		names[i - 1] = "control";
+	}
+#endif
+
+	err = vi->vdev->config->find_vqs(vi->vdev, totalvqs, vqs, callbacks,
+					 (const char **)names);
+	if (err)
+		goto free_params;
+
+	/* Assign the allocated vqs alternatively for RX/TX */
+	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i += 2) {
+		vi->rq[i/2]->rvq = vqs[i];
+		vi->sq[i/2]->svq = vqs[i + 1];
+	}
+
+	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ))
+		vi->cvq = vqs[i];
+
+free_params:
+	if (names) {
+		for (i = 0; i < numtxqs * 2; i++)
+			kfree(names[i]);
+		kfree(names);
+	}
+
+	kfree(callbacks);
+	kfree(vqs);
+
+out:
+	if (err)
+		free_rq_sq(vi);
+
+	return err;
+}
+
 static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 {
-	int err;
+	int i, err;
+	u16 numtxqs;
+	u16 num_queue_pairs = 2;
 	struct net_device *dev;
 	struct virtnet_info *vi;
-	struct virtqueue *vqs[3];
-	vq_callback_t *callbacks[] = { skb_recv_done, skb_xmit_done, NULL};
-	const char *names[] = { "input", "output", "control" };
-	int nvqs;
+
+	/* Find if host supports MULTIQUEUE */
+	err = virtio_config_val(vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE,
+				offsetof(struct virtio_net_config,
+				num_queue_pairs), &num_queue_pairs);
+	numtxqs = num_queue_pairs / 2;
+	if (!numtxqs)
+		numtxqs = 1;
 
 	/* Allocate ourselves a network device with room for our info */
-	dev = alloc_etherdev(sizeof(struct virtnet_info));
+	dev = alloc_etherdev_mq(sizeof(struct virtnet_info), numtxqs);
 	if (!dev)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
@@ -991,19 +1246,14 @@  static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 
 	/* Set up our device-specific information */
 	vi = netdev_priv(dev);
-	netif_napi_add(dev, &vi->napi, virtnet_poll, napi_weight);
 	vi->dev = dev;
 	vi->vdev = vdev;
 	vdev->priv = vi;
-	vi->pages = NULL;
 	vi->stats = alloc_percpu(struct virtnet_stats);
 	err = -ENOMEM;
 	if (vi->stats == NULL)
 		goto free;
-
-	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&vi->refill, refill_work);
-	sg_init_table(vi->rx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->rx_sg));
-	sg_init_table(vi->tx_sg, ARRAY_SIZE(vi->tx_sg));
+	vi->numtxqs = numtxqs;
 
 	/* If we can receive ANY GSO packets, we must allocate large ones. */
 	if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO4) ||
@@ -1014,23 +1264,14 @@  static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 	if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_MRG_RXBUF))
 		vi->mergeable_rx_bufs = true;
 
-	/* We expect two virtqueues, receive then send,
-	 * and optionally control. */
-	nvqs = virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ) ? 3 : 2;
-
-	err = vdev->config->find_vqs(vdev, nvqs, vqs, callbacks, names);
+	/* Initialize our rx/tx queue parameters, and invoke find_vqs */
+	err = initialize_vqs(vi, numtxqs);
 	if (err)
 		goto free_stats;
 
-	vi->rvq = vqs[0];
-	vi->svq = vqs[1];
-
-	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ)) {
-		vi->cvq = vqs[2];
-
-		if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN))
-			dev->features |= NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_FILTER;
-	}
+	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ) &&
+	    virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN))
+		dev->features |= NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_FILTER;
 
 	err = register_netdev(dev);
 	if (err) {
@@ -1039,14 +1280,21 @@  static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 	}
 
 	/* Last of all, set up some receive buffers. */
-	try_fill_recv(vi, GFP_KERNEL);
-
-	/* If we didn't even get one input buffer, we're useless. */
-	if (vi->num == 0) {
-		err = -ENOMEM;
-		goto unregister;
+	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++) {
+		try_fill_recv(vi->rq[i], GFP_KERNEL);
+
+		/* If we didn't even get one input buffer, we're useless. */
+		if (vi->rq[i]->num == 0) {
+			if (i)
+				free_unused_bufs(vi);
+			err = -ENOMEM;
+			goto free_recv_bufs;
+		}
 	}
 
+	dev_info(&dev->dev, "(virtio-net) Allocated %d RX & TX vq's\n",
+		 numtxqs);
+
 	/* Assume link up if device can't report link status,
 	   otherwise get link status from config. */
 	if (virtio_has_feature(vi->vdev, VIRTIO_NET_F_STATUS)) {
@@ -1057,61 +1305,51 @@  static int virtnet_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 		netif_carrier_on(dev);
 	}
 
-	pr_debug("virtnet: registered device %s\n", dev->name);
+	pr_debug("virtnet: registered device %s with %d RX and TX vq's\n",
+		 dev->name, numtxqs);
 	return 0;
 
-unregister:
+free_recv_bufs:
+	free_receive_bufs(vi);
 	unregister_netdev(dev);
-	cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->refill);
+
 free_vqs:
+	for (i = 0; i < numtxqs; i++)
+		cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->rq[i]->refill);
 	vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
+	free_rq_sq(vi);
+
 free_stats:
 	free_percpu(vi->stats);
+
 free:
 	free_netdev(dev);
 	return err;
 }
 
-static void free_unused_bufs(struct virtnet_info *vi)
-{
-	void *buf;
-	while (1) {
-		buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(vi->svq);
-		if (!buf)
-			break;
-		dev_kfree_skb(buf);
-	}
-	while (1) {
-		buf = virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(vi->rvq);
-		if (!buf)
-			break;
-		if (vi->mergeable_rx_bufs || vi->big_packets)
-			give_pages(vi, buf);
-		else
-			dev_kfree_skb(buf);
-		--vi->num;
-	}
-	BUG_ON(vi->num != 0);
-}
-
 static void __devexit virtnet_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 {
 	struct virtnet_info *vi = vdev->priv;
+	int i;
 
 	/* Stop all the virtqueues. */
 	vdev->config->reset(vdev);
 
 
 	unregister_netdev(vi->dev);
-	cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->refill);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < vi->numtxqs; i++)
+		cancel_delayed_work_sync(&vi->rq[i]->refill);
 
 	/* Free unused buffers in both send and recv, if any. */
 	free_unused_bufs(vi);
 
 	vdev->config->del_vqs(vi->vdev);
 
-	while (vi->pages)
-		__free_pages(get_a_page(vi, GFP_KERNEL), 0);
+	free_receive_bufs(vi);
+
+	/* Free memory for send and receive queues */
+	free_rq_sq(vi);
 
 	free_percpu(vi->stats);
 	free_netdev(vi->dev);
@@ -1129,7 +1367,7 @@  static unsigned int features[] = {
 	VIRTIO_NET_F_HOST_ECN, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO4, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO6,
 	VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_ECN, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_UFO,
 	VIRTIO_NET_F_MRG_RXBUF, VIRTIO_NET_F_STATUS, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VQ,
-	VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN,
+	VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX, VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN, VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE,
 };
 
 static struct virtio_driver virtio_net_driver = {
diff --git a/include/linux/virtio_net.h b/include/linux/virtio_net.h
index 970d5a2..fa85ac3 100644
--- a/include/linux/virtio_net.h
+++ b/include/linux/virtio_net.h
@@ -49,6 +49,7 @@ 
 #define VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX	18	/* Control channel RX mode support */
 #define VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_VLAN	19	/* Control channel VLAN filtering */
 #define VIRTIO_NET_F_CTRL_RX_EXTRA 20	/* Extra RX mode control support */
+#define VIRTIO_NET_F_MULTIQUEUE	21	/* Device supports multiple TXQ/RXQ */
 
 #define VIRTIO_NET_S_LINK_UP	1	/* Link is up */
 
@@ -57,6 +58,8 @@  struct virtio_net_config {
 	__u8 mac[6];
 	/* See VIRTIO_NET_F_STATUS and VIRTIO_NET_S_* above */
 	__u16 status;
+	/* total number of RX/TX queues */
+	__u16 num_queue_pairs;
 } __attribute__((packed));
 
 /* This is the first element of the scatter-gather list.  If you don't