Patchwork [2/4] Return 32/64-bit dir name hash according to usage type

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Submitter Bernd Schubert
Date Aug. 8, 2011, 3:38 p.m.
Message ID <20110808153803.1872437.32460.stgit@fsdevel3>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/108983/
State Superseded
Headers show

Comments

Bernd Schubert - Aug. 8, 2011, 3:38 p.m.
From: Fan Yong <yong.fan@whamcloud.com>

Traditionally ext2/3/4 has returned a 32-bit hash value from llseek()
to appease NFSv2, which can only handle a 32-bit cookie for seekdir()
and telldir().  However, this causes problems if there are 32-bit hash
collisions, since the NFSv2 server can get stuck resending the same
entries from the directory repeatedly.

Allow ext4 to return a full 64-bit hash (both major and minor) for
telldir to decrease the chance of hash collisions.  This still needs
integration on the NFS side.

Patch-updated-by: Bernd Schubert <bernd.schubert@itwm.fraunhofer.de>
(blame me if something is not correct)

Signed-off-by: Fan Yong <yong.fan@whamcloud.com>
Signed-off-by: Andreas Dilger <adilger@whamcloud.com>
Signed-off-by: Bernd Schubert <bernd.schubert@itwm.fraunhofer.de>
---
 fs/ext4/dir.c  |  185 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 fs/ext4/ext4.h |    6 ++
 fs/ext4/hash.c |    4 +
 3 files changed, 154 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)


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Patch

diff --git a/fs/ext4/dir.c b/fs/ext4/dir.c
index 164c560..cc47087 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/dir.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/dir.c
@@ -32,24 +32,8 @@  static unsigned char ext4_filetype_table[] = {
 	DT_UNKNOWN, DT_REG, DT_DIR, DT_CHR, DT_BLK, DT_FIFO, DT_SOCK, DT_LNK
 };
 
-static int ext4_readdir(struct file *, void *, filldir_t);
 static int ext4_dx_readdir(struct file *filp,
 			   void *dirent, filldir_t filldir);
-static int ext4_release_dir(struct inode *inode,
-				struct file *filp);
-
-const struct file_operations ext4_dir_operations = {
-	.llseek		= ext4_llseek,
-	.read		= generic_read_dir,
-	.readdir	= ext4_readdir,		/* we take BKL. needed?*/
-	.unlocked_ioctl = ext4_ioctl,
-#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
-	.compat_ioctl	= ext4_compat_ioctl,
-#endif
-	.fsync		= ext4_sync_file,
-	.release	= ext4_release_dir,
-};
-
 
 static unsigned char get_dtype(struct super_block *sb, int filetype)
 {
@@ -254,22 +238,134 @@  out:
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static inline int is_32bit_api(void)
+{
+#ifdef HAVE_IS_COMPAT_TASK
+	return is_compat_task();
+#else
+	return (BITS_PER_LONG == 32);
+#endif
+}
+
 /*
  * These functions convert from the major/minor hash to an f_pos
- * value.
+ * value for dx directories
+ *
+ * Upper layer (for example NFS) should specify FMODE_32BITHASH or
+ * FMODE_64BITHASH explicitly. On the other hand, we allow ext4 to be mounted
+ * directly on both 32-bit and 64-bit nodes, under such case, neither
+ * FMODE_32BITHASH nor FMODE_64BITHASH is specified.
+ */
+static inline loff_t hash2pos(struct file *filp, __u32 major, __u32 minor)
+{
+	if ((filp->f_flags & FMODE_32BITHASH) ||
+	    (!(filp->f_flags & FMODE_64BITHASH) && is_32bit_api()))
+		return major >> 1;
+	else
+		return ((__u64)(major >> 1) << 32) | (__u64)minor;
+}
+
+static inline __u32 pos2maj_hash(struct file *filp, loff_t pos)
+{
+	if ((filp->f_flags & FMODE_32BITHASH) ||
+	    (!(filp->f_mode & FMODE_64BITHASH) && is_32bit_api()))
+		return (pos << 1) & 0xffffffff;
+	else
+		return ((pos >> 32) << 1) & 0xffffffff;
+}
+
+static inline __u32 pos2min_hash(struct file *filp, loff_t pos)
+{
+	if ((filp->f_flags & FMODE_32BITHASH) ||
+	    (!(filp->f_flags & FMODE_64BITHASH) && is_32bit_api()))
+		return 0;
+	else
+		return pos & 0xffffffff;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return 32- or 64-bit end-of-file for dx directories
+ */
+static inline loff_t ext4_get_htree_eof(struct file *filp)
+{
+	if ((filp->f_mode & FMODE_32BITHASH) ||
+	    (!(filp->f_mode & FMODE_64BITHASH) && is_32bit_api()))
+		return EXT4_HTREE_EOF_32BIT;
+	else
+		return EXT4_HTREE_EOF_64BIT;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * ext4_dir_llseek() based on generic_file_llseek() to handle both
+ * non-htree and htree directories, where the "offset" is in terms
+ * of the filename hash value instead of the byte offset.
  *
- * Currently we only use major hash numer.  This is unfortunate, but
- * on 32-bit machines, the same VFS interface is used for lseek and
- * llseek, so if we use the 64 bit offset, then the 32-bit versions of
- * lseek/telldir/seekdir will blow out spectacularly, and from within
- * the ext2 low-level routine, we don't know if we're being called by
- * a 64-bit version of the system call or the 32-bit version of the
- * system call.  Worse yet, NFSv2 only allows for a 32-bit readdir
- * cookie.  Sigh.
+ * NOTE: offsets obtained *before* ext4_set_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_INDEX)
+ *       will be invalid once the directory was converted into a dx directory
  */
-#define hash2pos(major, minor)	(major >> 1)
-#define pos2maj_hash(pos)	((pos << 1) & 0xffffffff)
-#define pos2min_hash(pos)	(0)
+loff_t ext4_dir_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin)
+{
+	struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
+	loff_t ret = -EINVAL;
+	int is_dx_dir = ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX);
+
+	mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
+
+	/* NOTE: relative offsets with dx directories might not work
+	 *       as expected, as it is difficult to figure out the
+	 *       correct offset between dx hashes */
+
+	switch (origin) {
+	case SEEK_END:
+		if (unlikely(offset > 0))
+			goto out_err; /* not supported for directories */
+
+		/* so only negative offsets are left, does that have a
+		 * meaning for directories at all? */
+		if (is_dx_dir)
+			offset += ext4_get_htree_eof(file);
+		else
+			offset += inode->i_size;
+		break;
+	case SEEK_CUR:
+		/*
+		 * Here we special-case the lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR)
+		 * position-querying operation.  Avoid rewriting the "same"
+		 * f_pos value back to the file because a concurrent read(),
+		 * write() or lseek() might have altered it
+		 */
+		if (offset == 0) {
+			offset = file->f_pos;
+			goto out_ok;
+		}
+
+		offset += file->f_pos;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	if (unlikely(offset < 0))
+		goto out_err;
+
+	if (!is_dx_dir) {
+		if (offset > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes)
+			goto out_err;
+	} else if (offset > ext4_get_htree_eof(file))
+		goto out_err;
+
+	/* Special lock needed here? */
+	if (offset != file->f_pos) {
+		file->f_pos = offset;
+		file->f_version = 0;
+	}
+
+out_ok:
+	ret = offset;
+out_err:
+	mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
+
+	return ret;
+}
 
 /*
  * This structure holds the nodes of the red-black tree used to store
@@ -330,15 +426,16 @@  static void free_rb_tree_fname(struct rb_root *root)
 }
 
 
-static struct dir_private_info *ext4_htree_create_dir_info(loff_t pos)
+static struct dir_private_info *ext4_htree_create_dir_info(struct file *filp,
+							   loff_t pos)
 {
 	struct dir_private_info *p;
 
 	p = kzalloc(sizeof(struct dir_private_info), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!p)
 		return NULL;
-	p->curr_hash = pos2maj_hash(pos);
-	p->curr_minor_hash = pos2min_hash(pos);
+	p->curr_hash = pos2maj_hash(filp, pos);
+	p->curr_minor_hash = pos2min_hash(filp, pos);
 	return p;
 }
 
@@ -429,7 +526,7 @@  static int call_filldir(struct file *filp, void *dirent,
 		       "null fname?!?\n");
 		return 0;
 	}
-	curr_pos = hash2pos(fname->hash, fname->minor_hash);
+	curr_pos = hash2pos(filp, fname->hash, fname->minor_hash);
 	while (fname) {
 		error = filldir(dirent, fname->name,
 				fname->name_len, curr_pos,
@@ -454,13 +551,13 @@  static int ext4_dx_readdir(struct file *filp,
 	int	ret;
 
 	if (!info) {
-		info = ext4_htree_create_dir_info(filp->f_pos);
+		info = ext4_htree_create_dir_info(filp, filp->f_pos);
 		if (!info)
 			return -ENOMEM;
 		filp->private_data = info;
 	}
 
-	if (filp->f_pos == EXT4_HTREE_EOF)
+	if (filp->f_pos == ext4_get_htree_eof(filp))
 		return 0;	/* EOF */
 
 	/* Some one has messed with f_pos; reset the world */
@@ -468,8 +565,8 @@  static int ext4_dx_readdir(struct file *filp,
 		free_rb_tree_fname(&info->root);
 		info->curr_node = NULL;
 		info->extra_fname = NULL;
-		info->curr_hash = pos2maj_hash(filp->f_pos);
-		info->curr_minor_hash = pos2min_hash(filp->f_pos);
+		info->curr_hash = pos2maj_hash(filp, filp->f_pos);
+		info->curr_minor_hash = pos2min_hash(filp, filp->f_pos);
 	}
 
 	/*
@@ -501,7 +598,7 @@  static int ext4_dx_readdir(struct file *filp,
 			if (ret < 0)
 				return ret;
 			if (ret == 0) {
-				filp->f_pos = EXT4_HTREE_EOF;
+				filp->f_pos = ext4_get_htree_eof(filp);
 				break;
 			}
 			info->curr_node = rb_first(&info->root);
@@ -521,7 +618,7 @@  static int ext4_dx_readdir(struct file *filp,
 			info->curr_minor_hash = fname->minor_hash;
 		} else {
 			if (info->next_hash == ~0) {
-				filp->f_pos = EXT4_HTREE_EOF;
+				filp->f_pos = ext4_get_htree_eof(filp);
 				break;
 			}
 			info->curr_hash = info->next_hash;
@@ -540,3 +637,15 @@  static int ext4_release_dir(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 
 	return 0;
 }
+
+const struct file_operations ext4_dir_operations = {
+	.llseek		= ext4_dir_llseek,
+	.read		= generic_read_dir,
+	.readdir	= ext4_readdir,
+	.unlocked_ioctl = ext4_ioctl,
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+	.compat_ioctl	= ext4_compat_ioctl,
+#endif
+	.fsync		= ext4_sync_file,
+	.release	= ext4_release_dir,
+};
diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
index e717dfd..31d9ba0 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -1560,7 +1560,11 @@  struct dx_hash_info
 	u32		*seed;
 };
 
-#define EXT4_HTREE_EOF	0x7fffffff
+
+/* 32 and 64 bit signed EOF for dx directories */
+#define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_32BIT   ((1UL  << (32 - 1)) - 1)
+#define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_64BIT   ((1ULL << (64 - 1)) - 1)
+
 
 /*
  * Control parameters used by ext4_htree_next_block
diff --git a/fs/ext4/hash.c b/fs/ext4/hash.c
index ac8f168..fa8e491 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/hash.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/hash.c
@@ -200,8 +200,8 @@  int ext4fs_dirhash(const char *name, int len, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo)
 		return -1;
 	}
 	hash = hash & ~1;
-	if (hash == (EXT4_HTREE_EOF << 1))
-		hash = (EXT4_HTREE_EOF-1) << 1;
+	if (hash == (EXT4_HTREE_EOF_32BIT << 1))
+		hash = (EXT4_HTREE_EOF_32BIT - 1) << 1;
 	hinfo->hash = hash;
 	hinfo->minor_hash = minor_hash;
 	return 0;