Patchwork [v3,2/2] The implement of block queue, block timer, and I/O throttling algorithm

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Submitter Zhi Yong Wu
Date July 28, 2011, 10:49 a.m.
Message ID <1311850166-9404-3-git-send-email-wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/107241/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Zhi Yong Wu - July 28, 2011, 10:49 a.m.
Note: 1.) When bps/iops limits are specified to a small value such as 511 bytes/s, this VM will hang up. We are considering how to handle this senario.
      2.) When "dd" command is issued in guest, if its option bs is set to a large value such as "bs=1024K", the result speed will slightly bigger than the limits.

For these problems, if you have nice thought, pls let us know.:)

Signed-off-by: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 block.c     |  302 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 block.h     |    1 -
 block_int.h |   29 ++++++
 3 files changed, 323 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/block.c b/block.c
index 24a25d5..c4c631b 100644
--- a/block.c
+++ b/block.c
@@ -29,6 +29,9 @@ 
 #include "module.h"
 #include "qemu-objects.h"
 
+#include "qemu-timer.h"
+#include "block/blk-queue.h"
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_BSD
 #include <sys/types.h>
 #include <sys/stat.h>
@@ -58,6 +61,13 @@  static int bdrv_read_em(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
 static int bdrv_write_em(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
                          const uint8_t *buf, int nb_sectors);
 
+static bool bdrv_exceed_bps_limits(BlockDriverState *bs, int nb_sectors,
+        bool is_write, double elapsed_time, uint64_t *wait);
+static bool bdrv_exceed_iops_limits(BlockDriverState *bs, bool is_write,
+        double elapsed_time, uint64_t *wait);
+static bool bdrv_exceed_io_limits(BlockDriverState *bs, int nb_sectors,
+        bool is_write, uint64_t *wait);
+
 static QTAILQ_HEAD(, BlockDriverState) bdrv_states =
     QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(bdrv_states);
 
@@ -90,6 +100,20 @@  int is_windows_drive(const char *filename)
 }
 #endif
 
+static int bdrv_io_limits_enable(BlockIOLimit *io_limits)
+{
+    if ((io_limits->bps[0] == 0)
+         && (io_limits->bps[1] == 0)
+         && (io_limits->bps[2] == 0)
+         && (io_limits->iops[0] == 0)
+         && (io_limits->iops[1] == 0)
+         && (io_limits->iops[2] == 0)) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    return 1;
+}
+
 /* check if the path starts with "<protocol>:" */
 static int path_has_protocol(const char *path)
 {
@@ -167,6 +191,28 @@  void path_combine(char *dest, int dest_size,
     }
 }
 
+static void bdrv_block_timer(void *opaque)
+{
+    BlockDriverState *bs = opaque;
+    BlockQueue *queue = bs->block_queue;
+
+    while (!QTAILQ_EMPTY(&queue->requests)) {
+        BlockIORequest *request;
+        int ret;
+
+        request = QTAILQ_FIRST(&queue->requests);
+        QTAILQ_REMOVE(&queue->requests, request, entry);
+
+        ret = qemu_block_queue_handler(request);
+        if (ret == 0) {
+            QTAILQ_INSERT_HEAD(&queue->requests, request, entry);
+            break;
+        }
+
+        qemu_free(request);
+    }
+}
+
 void bdrv_register(BlockDriver *bdrv)
 {
     if (!bdrv->bdrv_aio_readv) {
@@ -642,6 +688,19 @@  int bdrv_open(BlockDriverState *bs, const char *filename, int flags,
             bs->change_cb(bs->change_opaque, CHANGE_MEDIA);
     }
 
+    /* throttling disk I/O limits */
+    if (bdrv_io_limits_enable(&bs->io_limits)) {
+        bs->req_from_queue = false;
+        bs->block_queue    = qemu_new_block_queue();
+        bs->block_timer    = qemu_new_timer_ns(vm_clock, bdrv_block_timer, bs);
+
+        bs->slice_start[0] = qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock);
+        bs->slice_start[1] = qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock);
+
+        bs->slice_end[0]   = qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock) + BLOCK_IO_SLICE_TIME;
+        bs->slice_end[1]   = qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock) + BLOCK_IO_SLICE_TIME;
+    }
+
     return 0;
 
 unlink_and_fail:
@@ -680,6 +739,16 @@  void bdrv_close(BlockDriverState *bs)
         if (bs->change_cb)
             bs->change_cb(bs->change_opaque, CHANGE_MEDIA);
     }
+
+    /* throttling disk I/O limits */
+    if (bs->block_queue) {
+        qemu_del_block_queue(bs->block_queue);
+    }
+
+    if (bs->block_timer) {
+        qemu_del_timer(bs->block_timer);
+        qemu_free_timer(bs->block_timer);
+    }
 }
 
 void bdrv_close_all(void)
@@ -1312,6 +1381,14 @@  void bdrv_get_geometry_hint(BlockDriverState *bs,
     *psecs = bs->secs;
 }
 
+/* throttling disk io limits */
+void bdrv_set_io_limits(BlockDriverState *bs,
+                            BlockIOLimit *io_limits)
+{
+    memset(&bs->io_limits, 0, sizeof(BlockIOLimit));
+    bs->io_limits = *io_limits;
+}
+
 /* Recognize floppy formats */
 typedef struct FDFormat {
     FDriveType drive;
@@ -2111,6 +2188,165 @@  char *bdrv_snapshot_dump(char *buf, int buf_size, QEMUSnapshotInfo *sn)
     return buf;
 }
 
+static bool bdrv_exceed_bps_limits(BlockDriverState *bs, int nb_sectors,
+                 bool is_write, double elapsed_time, uint64_t *wait) {
+    uint64_t bps_limit = 0;
+    double   bytes_limit, bytes_disp, bytes_res;
+    double   slice_time, wait_time;
+
+    if (bs->io_limits.bps[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_TOTAL]) {
+        bps_limit = bs->io_limits.bps[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_TOTAL];
+    } else if (bs->io_limits.bps[is_write]) {
+        bps_limit = bs->io_limits.bps[is_write];
+    } else {
+        if (wait) {
+            *wait = 0;
+        }
+
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    slice_time = bs->slice_end[is_write] - bs->slice_start[is_write];
+    slice_time /= (BLOCK_IO_SLICE_TIME * 10.0);
+    bytes_limit = bps_limit * slice_time;
+    bytes_disp  = bs->io_disps.bytes[is_write];
+    if (bs->io_limits.bps[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_TOTAL]) {
+        bytes_disp += bs->io_disps.bytes[!is_write];
+    }
+
+    bytes_res   = (unsigned) nb_sectors * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE;
+
+    if (bytes_disp + bytes_res <= bytes_limit) {
+        if (wait) {
+            *wait = 0;
+        }
+
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    /* Calc approx time to dispatch */
+    wait_time = (bytes_disp + bytes_res) / bps_limit - elapsed_time;
+
+    if (wait) {
+        *wait = wait_time * BLOCK_IO_SLICE_TIME * 10;
+    }
+
+    return true;
+}
+
+static bool bdrv_exceed_iops_limits(BlockDriverState *bs, bool is_write,
+                             double elapsed_time, uint64_t *wait) {
+    uint64_t iops_limit = 0;
+    double   ios_limit, ios_disp;
+    double   slice_time, wait_time;
+
+    if (bs->io_limits.iops[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_TOTAL]) {
+        iops_limit = bs->io_limits.iops[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_TOTAL];
+    } else if (bs->io_limits.iops[is_write]) {
+        iops_limit = bs->io_limits.iops[is_write];
+    } else {
+        if (wait) {
+            *wait = 0;
+        }
+
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    slice_time = bs->slice_end[is_write] - bs->slice_start[is_write];
+    slice_time /= (BLOCK_IO_SLICE_TIME * 10.0);
+    ios_limit  = iops_limit * slice_time;
+    ios_disp   = bs->io_disps.ios[is_write];
+    if (bs->io_limits.iops[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_TOTAL]) {
+        ios_disp += bs->io_disps.ios[!is_write];
+    }
+
+    if (ios_disp + 1 <= ios_limit) {
+        if (wait) {
+            *wait = 0;
+        }
+
+        return false;
+    }
+
+    /* Calc approx time to dispatch */
+    wait_time = (ios_disp + 1) / iops_limit;
+    if (wait_time > elapsed_time) {
+        wait_time = wait_time - elapsed_time;
+    } else {
+        wait_time = 0;
+    }
+
+    if (wait) {
+        *wait = wait_time * BLOCK_IO_SLICE_TIME * 10;
+    }
+
+    return true;
+}
+
+static bool bdrv_exceed_io_limits(BlockDriverState *bs, int nb_sectors,
+                           bool is_write, uint64_t *wait) {
+    int64_t  real_time, real_slice;
+    uint64_t bps_wait = 0, iops_wait = 0, max_wait;
+    double   elapsed_time;
+    int      bps_ret, iops_ret;
+
+    real_time = qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock);
+    real_slice = bs->slice_end[is_write] - bs->slice_start[is_write];
+    if ((bs->slice_start[is_write] < real_time)
+        && (bs->slice_end[is_write] > real_time)) {
+        bs->slice_end[is_write]   = real_time + BLOCK_IO_SLICE_TIME;
+    } else {
+        bs->slice_start[is_write]     = real_time;
+        bs->slice_end[is_write]       = real_time + BLOCK_IO_SLICE_TIME;
+
+        bs->io_disps.bytes[is_write]  = 0;
+        bs->io_disps.bytes[!is_write] = 0;
+
+        bs->io_disps.ios[is_write]    = 0;
+        bs->io_disps.ios[!is_write]   = 0;
+    }
+
+    /* If a limit was exceeded, immediately queue this request */
+    if ((bs->req_from_queue == false)
+        && !QTAILQ_EMPTY(&bs->block_queue->requests)) {
+        if (bs->io_limits.bps[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_TOTAL]
+            || bs->io_limits.bps[is_write] || bs->io_limits.iops[is_write]
+            || bs->io_limits.iops[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_TOTAL]) {
+            if (wait) {
+                *wait = 0;
+            }
+
+            return true;
+        }
+    }
+
+    elapsed_time  = real_time - bs->slice_start[is_write];
+    elapsed_time  /= (BLOCK_IO_SLICE_TIME * 10.0);
+
+    bps_ret  = bdrv_exceed_bps_limits(bs, nb_sectors,
+                                      is_write, elapsed_time, &bps_wait);
+    iops_ret = bdrv_exceed_iops_limits(bs, is_write,
+                                      elapsed_time, &iops_wait);
+    if (bps_ret || iops_ret) {
+        max_wait = bps_wait > iops_wait ? bps_wait : iops_wait;
+        if (wait) {
+            *wait = max_wait;
+        }
+
+        real_time = qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock);
+        if (bs->slice_end[is_write] < real_time + max_wait) {
+            bs->slice_end[is_write] = real_time + max_wait;
+        }
+
+        return true;
+    }
+
+    if (wait) {
+        *wait = 0;
+    }
+
+    return false;
+}
 
 /**************************************************************/
 /* async I/Os */
@@ -2121,13 +2357,28 @@  BlockDriverAIOCB *bdrv_aio_readv(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
 {
     BlockDriver *drv = bs->drv;
     BlockDriverAIOCB *ret;
+    uint64_t wait_time = 0;
 
     trace_bdrv_aio_readv(bs, sector_num, nb_sectors, opaque);
 
-    if (!drv)
-        return NULL;
-    if (bdrv_check_request(bs, sector_num, nb_sectors))
+    if (!drv || bdrv_check_request(bs, sector_num, nb_sectors)) {
+        if (bdrv_io_limits_enable(&bs->io_limits)) {
+            bs->req_from_queue = false;
+        }
         return NULL;
+    }
+
+    /* throttling disk read I/O */
+    if (bdrv_io_limits_enable(&bs->io_limits)) {
+        if (bdrv_exceed_io_limits(bs, nb_sectors, false, &wait_time)) {
+            ret = qemu_block_queue_enqueue(bs->block_queue, bs, bdrv_aio_readv,
+                              sector_num, qiov, nb_sectors, cb, opaque);
+            qemu_mod_timer(bs->block_timer,
+                       wait_time + qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock));
+            bs->req_from_queue = false;
+            return ret;
+        }
+    }
 
     ret = drv->bdrv_aio_readv(bs, sector_num, qiov, nb_sectors,
                               cb, opaque);
@@ -2136,6 +2387,16 @@  BlockDriverAIOCB *bdrv_aio_readv(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
 	/* Update stats even though technically transfer has not happened. */
 	bs->rd_bytes += (unsigned) nb_sectors * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE;
 	bs->rd_ops ++;
+
+        if (bdrv_io_limits_enable(&bs->io_limits)) {
+            bs->io_disps.bytes[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_READ] +=
+                              (unsigned) nb_sectors * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE;
+            bs->io_disps.ios[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_READ]++;
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (bdrv_io_limits_enable(&bs->io_limits)) {
+        bs->req_from_queue = false;
     }
 
     return ret;
@@ -2184,15 +2445,18 @@  BlockDriverAIOCB *bdrv_aio_writev(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
     BlockDriver *drv = bs->drv;
     BlockDriverAIOCB *ret;
     BlockCompleteData *blk_cb_data;
+    uint64_t wait_time = 0;
 
     trace_bdrv_aio_writev(bs, sector_num, nb_sectors, opaque);
 
-    if (!drv)
-        return NULL;
-    if (bs->read_only)
-        return NULL;
-    if (bdrv_check_request(bs, sector_num, nb_sectors))
+    if (!drv || bs->read_only
+        || bdrv_check_request(bs, sector_num, nb_sectors)) {
+        if (bdrv_io_limits_enable(&bs->io_limits)) {
+            bs->req_from_queue = false;
+        }
+
         return NULL;
+    }
 
     if (bs->dirty_bitmap) {
         blk_cb_data = blk_dirty_cb_alloc(bs, sector_num, nb_sectors, cb,
@@ -2201,6 +2465,18 @@  BlockDriverAIOCB *bdrv_aio_writev(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
         opaque = blk_cb_data;
     }
 
+    /* throttling disk write I/O */
+    if (bdrv_io_limits_enable(&bs->io_limits)) {
+        if (bdrv_exceed_io_limits(bs, nb_sectors, true, &wait_time)) {
+            ret = qemu_block_queue_enqueue(bs->block_queue, bs, bdrv_aio_writev,
+                                  sector_num, qiov, nb_sectors, cb, opaque);
+            qemu_mod_timer(bs->block_timer,
+                                  wait_time + qemu_get_clock_ns(vm_clock));
+            bs->req_from_queue = false;
+            return ret;
+        }
+    }
+
     ret = drv->bdrv_aio_writev(bs, sector_num, qiov, nb_sectors,
                                cb, opaque);
 
@@ -2211,6 +2487,16 @@  BlockDriverAIOCB *bdrv_aio_writev(BlockDriverState *bs, int64_t sector_num,
         if (bs->wr_highest_sector < sector_num + nb_sectors - 1) {
             bs->wr_highest_sector = sector_num + nb_sectors - 1;
         }
+
+        if (bdrv_io_limits_enable(&bs->io_limits)) {
+            bs->io_disps.bytes[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_WRITE] +=
+                               (unsigned) nb_sectors * BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE;
+            bs->io_disps.ios[BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_WRITE]++;
+        }
+    }
+
+    if (bdrv_io_limits_enable(&bs->io_limits)) {
+        bs->req_from_queue = false;
     }
 
     return ret;
diff --git a/block.h b/block.h
index 859d1d9..f0dac62 100644
--- a/block.h
+++ b/block.h
@@ -97,7 +97,6 @@  int bdrv_change_backing_file(BlockDriverState *bs,
     const char *backing_file, const char *backing_fmt);
 void bdrv_register(BlockDriver *bdrv);
 
-
 typedef struct BdrvCheckResult {
     int corruptions;
     int leaks;
diff --git a/block_int.h b/block_int.h
index 1e265d2..1ca826b 100644
--- a/block_int.h
+++ b/block_int.h
@@ -27,10 +27,17 @@ 
 #include "block.h"
 #include "qemu-option.h"
 #include "qemu-queue.h"
+#include "block/blk-queue.h"
 
 #define BLOCK_FLAG_ENCRYPT	1
 #define BLOCK_FLAG_COMPAT6	4
 
+#define BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_READ     0
+#define BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_WRITE    1
+#define BLOCK_IO_LIMIT_TOTAL    2
+
+#define BLOCK_IO_SLICE_TIME     100000000
+
 #define BLOCK_OPT_SIZE          "size"
 #define BLOCK_OPT_ENCRYPT       "encryption"
 #define BLOCK_OPT_COMPAT6       "compat6"
@@ -46,6 +53,16 @@  typedef struct AIOPool {
     BlockDriverAIOCB *free_aiocb;
 } AIOPool;
 
+typedef struct BlockIOLimit {
+    uint64_t bps[3];
+    uint64_t iops[3];
+} BlockIOLimit;
+
+typedef struct BlockIODisp {
+    uint64_t bytes[2];
+    uint64_t ios[2];
+} BlockIODisp;
+
 struct BlockDriver {
     const char *format_name;
     int instance_size;
@@ -175,6 +192,15 @@  struct BlockDriverState {
 
     void *sync_aiocb;
 
+    /* the time for latest disk I/O */
+    int64_t slice_start[2];
+    int64_t slice_end[2];
+    BlockIOLimit io_limits;
+    BlockIODisp  io_disps;
+    BlockQueue   *block_queue;
+    QEMUTimer    *block_timer;
+    bool         req_from_queue;
+
     /* I/O stats (display with "info blockstats"). */
     uint64_t rd_bytes;
     uint64_t wr_bytes;
@@ -222,6 +248,9 @@  void qemu_aio_release(void *p);
 
 void *qemu_blockalign(BlockDriverState *bs, size_t size);
 
+void bdrv_set_io_limits(BlockDriverState *bs,
+                            BlockIOLimit *io_limits);
+
 #ifdef _WIN32
 int is_windows_drive(const char *filename);
 #endif