[V3,6/6] PCI: rcar: Fix 64bit MSI message address handling
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Message ID 20190323015359.7231-6-marek.vasut@gmail.com
State Superseded
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Series
  • [V3,1/6] PCI: rcar: Clean up remaining macros defining bits
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Commit Message

Marek Vasut March 23, 2019, 1:53 a.m. UTC
From: Marek Vasut <marek.vasut+renesas@gmail.com>

The MSI message address in the RC address space can be 64 bit. The
R-Car PCIe RC supports such a 64bit MSI message address as well.
The code currently uses virt_to_phys(__get_free_pages()) to obtain
a reserved page for the MSI message address, and the return value
of which can be a 64 bit physical address on 64 bit system.

However, the driver only programs PCIEMSIALR register with the bottom
32 bits of the virt_to_phys(__get_free_pages()) return value and does
not program the top 32 bits into PCIEMSIAUR, but rather programs the
PCIEMSIAUR register with 0x0. This worked fine on older 32 bit R-Car
SoCs, however may fail on new 64 bit R-Car SoCs.

Since from a PCIe controller perspective, an inbound MSI is a memory
write to a special address (in case of this controller, defined by
the value in PCIEMSIAUR:PCIEMSIALR), which triggers an interrupt, but
never hits the DRAM _and_ because allocation of an MSI by a PCIe card
driver obtains the MSI message address by reading PCIEMSIAUR:PCIEMSIALR
in rcar_msi_setup_irqs(), incorrectly programmed PCIEMSIAUR cannot
cause memory corruption or other issues.

There is however the possibility that if virt_to_phys(__get_free_pages())
returned address above the 32bit boundary _and_ PCIEMSIAUR was programmed
to 0x0 _and_ if the system had physical RAM at the address matching the
value of PCIEMSIALR, a PCIe card driver could allocate a buffer with a
physical address matching the value of PCIEMSIALR and a remote write to
such a buffer by a PCIe card would trigger a spurious MSI.

Signed-off-by: Marek Vasut <marek.vasut+renesas@gmail.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be>
Cc: Phil Edworthy <phil.edworthy@renesas.com>
Cc: Simon Horman <horms+renesas@verge.net.au>
Cc: Wolfram Sang <wsa@the-dreams.de>
Cc: linux-renesas-soc@vger.kernel.org
To: linux-pci@vger.kernel.org
---
V2: - s/it's/its/ in commit message
    - Add R-B from Geert
V3: - Reworded commit message and thus dropped Geerts R-B
---
 drivers/pci/controller/pcie-rcar.c | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

Comments

Geert Uytterhoeven March 25, 2019, 8:28 a.m. UTC | #1
On Sat, Mar 23, 2019 at 2:54 AM <marek.vasut@gmail.com> wrote:
> From: Marek Vasut <marek.vasut+renesas@gmail.com>
>
> The MSI message address in the RC address space can be 64 bit. The
> R-Car PCIe RC supports such a 64bit MSI message address as well.
> The code currently uses virt_to_phys(__get_free_pages()) to obtain
> a reserved page for the MSI message address, and the return value
> of which can be a 64 bit physical address on 64 bit system.
>
> However, the driver only programs PCIEMSIALR register with the bottom
> 32 bits of the virt_to_phys(__get_free_pages()) return value and does
> not program the top 32 bits into PCIEMSIAUR, but rather programs the
> PCIEMSIAUR register with 0x0. This worked fine on older 32 bit R-Car
> SoCs, however may fail on new 64 bit R-Car SoCs.
>
> Since from a PCIe controller perspective, an inbound MSI is a memory
> write to a special address (in case of this controller, defined by
> the value in PCIEMSIAUR:PCIEMSIALR), which triggers an interrupt, but
> never hits the DRAM _and_ because allocation of an MSI by a PCIe card
> driver obtains the MSI message address by reading PCIEMSIAUR:PCIEMSIALR
> in rcar_msi_setup_irqs(), incorrectly programmed PCIEMSIAUR cannot
> cause memory corruption or other issues.
>
> There is however the possibility that if virt_to_phys(__get_free_pages())
> returned address above the 32bit boundary _and_ PCIEMSIAUR was programmed
> to 0x0 _and_ if the system had physical RAM at the address matching the
> value of PCIEMSIALR, a PCIe card driver could allocate a buffer with a
> physical address matching the value of PCIEMSIALR and a remote write to
> such a buffer by a PCIe card would trigger a spurious MSI.
>
> Signed-off-by: Marek Vasut <marek.vasut+renesas@gmail.com>

Thanks for the nice explanation!

Reviewed-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be>

Gr{oetje,eeting}s,

                        Geert

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-rcar.c b/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-rcar.c
index 4d9e68ddcdd9..6bedd2167f3c 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-rcar.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-rcar.c
@@ -890,7 +890,7 @@  static int rcar_pcie_enable_msi(struct rcar_pcie *pcie)
 {
 	struct device *dev = pcie->dev;
 	struct rcar_msi *msi = &pcie->msi;
-	unsigned long base;
+	phys_addr_t base;
 	int err, i;
 
 	mutex_init(&msi->lock);
@@ -932,7 +932,7 @@  static int rcar_pcie_enable_msi(struct rcar_pcie *pcie)
 	base = virt_to_phys((void *)msi->pages);
 
 	rcar_pci_write_reg(pcie, base | MSIFE, PCIEMSIALR);
-	rcar_pci_write_reg(pcie, 0, PCIEMSIAUR);
+	rcar_pci_write_reg(pcie, base >> 32, PCIEMSIAUR);
 
 	/* enable all MSI interrupts */
 	rcar_pci_write_reg(pcie, 0xffffffff, PCIEMSIIER);