[B,1/2] stop_machine: Disable preemption after queueing stopper threads
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Message ID 20190321234836.11774-2-mfo@canonical.com
State New
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Series
  • Fix for LP#1821259 (pending patches for) Fix for deadlock in cpu_stopper
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Commit Message

Mauricio Faria de Oliveira March 21, 2019, 11:48 p.m. UTC
From: "Isaac J. Manjarres" <isaacm@codeaurora.org>

BugLink: https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1821259

This commit:

  9fb8d5dc4b64 ("stop_machine, Disable preemption when waking two stopper threads")

does not fully address the race condition that can occur
as follows:

On one CPU, call it CPU 3, thread 1 invokes
cpu_stop_queue_two_works(2, 3,...), and the execution is such
that thread 1 queues the works for migration/2 and migration/3,
and is preempted after releasing the locks for migration/2 and
migration/3, but before waking the threads.

Then, On CPU 2, a kworker, call it thread 2, is running,
and it invokes cpu_stop_queue_two_works(1, 2,...), such that
thread 2 queues the works for migration/1 and migration/2.
Meanwhile, on CPU 3, thread 1 resumes execution, and wakes
migration/2 and migration/3. This means that when CPU 2
releases the locks for migration/1 and migration/2, but before
it wakes those threads, it can be preempted by migration/2.

If thread 2 is preempted by migration/2, then migration/2 will
execute the first work item successfully, since migration/3
was woken up by CPU 3, but when it goes to execute the second
work item, it disables preemption, calls multi_cpu_stop(),
and thus, CPU 2 will wait forever for migration/1, which should
have been woken up by thread 2. However migration/1 cannot be
woken up by thread 2, since it is a kworker, so it is affine to
CPU 2, but CPU 2 is running migration/2 with preemption
disabled, so thread 2 will never run.

Disable preemption after queueing works for stopper threads
to ensure that the operation of queueing the works and waking
the stopper threads is atomic.

Co-Developed-by: Prasad Sodagudi <psodagud@codeaurora.org>
Co-Developed-by: Pavankumar Kondeti <pkondeti@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Isaac J. Manjarres <isaacm@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Prasad Sodagudi <psodagud@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Pavankumar Kondeti <pkondeti@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: bigeasy@linutronix.de
Cc: gregkh@linuxfoundation.org
Cc: matt@codeblueprint.co.uk
Fixes: 9fb8d5dc4b64 ("stop_machine, Disable preemption when waking two stopper threads")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1531856129-9871-1-git-send-email-isaacm@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
(cherry picked from commit 2610e88946632afb78aa58e61f11368ac4c0af7b)
Signed-off-by: Mauricio Faria de Oliveira <mfo@canonical.com>
---
 kernel/stop_machine.c | 10 +++++++++-
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Patch
diff mbox series

diff --git a/kernel/stop_machine.c b/kernel/stop_machine.c
index 1ff523dae6e2..e190d1ef3a23 100644
--- a/kernel/stop_machine.c
+++ b/kernel/stop_machine.c
@@ -260,6 +260,15 @@  static int cpu_stop_queue_two_works(int cpu1, struct cpu_stop_work *work1,
 	err = 0;
 	__cpu_stop_queue_work(stopper1, work1, &wakeq);
 	__cpu_stop_queue_work(stopper2, work2, &wakeq);
+	/*
+	 * The waking up of stopper threads has to happen
+	 * in the same scheduling context as the queueing.
+	 * Otherwise, there is a possibility of one of the
+	 * above stoppers being woken up by another CPU,
+	 * and preempting us. This will cause us to n ot
+	 * wake up the other stopper forever.
+	 */
+	preempt_disable();
 unlock:
 	raw_spin_unlock(&stopper2->lock);
 	raw_spin_unlock_irq(&stopper1->lock);
@@ -271,7 +280,6 @@  static int cpu_stop_queue_two_works(int cpu1, struct cpu_stop_work *work1,
 	}
 
 	if (!err) {
-		preempt_disable();
 		wake_up_q(&wakeq);
 		preempt_enable();
 	}