Patchwork [21/39] i2400m: firmware loading and bootrom initialization

login
register
mail settings
Submitter Inaky Perez-Gonzalez
Date Nov. 24, 2008, 9:50 p.m.
Message ID <e11f4648cd8f4b0484efacd543bb762840ff0b21.1227562829.git.inaky@linux.intel.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/10511/
State Changes Requested
Delegated to: David Miller
Headers show

Comments

Inaky Perez-Gonzalez - Nov. 24, 2008, 9:50 p.m.
Implements the firmware loader (using the bus-specific driver's
backends for the actual upload). The most critical thing in here is
the piece that puts the device in boot-mode from any other
(undetermined) state, otherwise, it is just pushing the bytes from the
firmware file to the device.

Signed-off-by: Inaky Perez-Gonzalez <inaky@linux.intel.com>
---
 drivers/net/wimax/i2400m/fw.c | 1095 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 files changed, 1095 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/net/wimax/i2400m/fw.c

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/net/wimax/i2400m/fw.c b/drivers/net/wimax/i2400m/fw.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1d8271f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/net/wimax/i2400m/fw.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1095 @@ 
+/*
+ * Intel Wireless WiMAX Connection 2400m
+ * Firmware uploader
+ *
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2007-2008 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
+ * are met:
+ *
+ *   * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+ *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ *   * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
+ *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
+ *     the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
+ *     distribution.
+ *   * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
+ *     contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
+ *     from this software without specific prior written permission.
+ *
+ * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
+ * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+ * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
+ * A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
+ * OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
+ * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
+ * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
+ * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
+ * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
+ * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
+ * OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
+ *
+ *
+ * Intel Corporation <linux-wimax@intel.com>
+ * Yanir Lubetkin <yanirx.lubetkin@intel.com>
+ * Inaky Perez-Gonzalez <inaky.perez-gonzalez@intel.com>
+ *  - Initial implementation
+ *
+ *
+ * THE PROCEDURE
+ *
+ * (this is decribed for USB, but for SDIO is similar)
+ *
+ * The 2400m works in two modes: boot-mode or normal mode. In boot
+ * mode we can execute only a handful of commands targeted at
+ * uploading the firmware and launching it.
+ *
+ * The 2400m enters boot mode when it is first connected to the
+ * system, when it crashes and when you ask it to reboot. There are
+ * two submodes of the boot mode: signed and non-signed. Signed takes
+ * firmwares signed with a certain private key, non-signed takes any
+ * firmware. Normal hardware takes only signed firmware.
+ *
+ * Upon entrance to boot mode, the device sends a few zero length
+ * packets (ZLPs) on the notification endpoint, then a reboot barker
+ * (4 le32 words with value I2400M_{S,N}BOOT_BARKER). We ack it by
+ * sending the same barker on the bulk out endpoint. The device acks
+ * with a reboot ack barker (4 le32 words with value 0xfeedbabe) and
+ * then the device is fully rebooted. At this point we can upload the
+ * firmware.
+ *
+ * This process is accomplished by the i2400m_bootrom_init()
+ * function. All the device interaction happens through the
+ * i2400m_bm_cmd() [boot mode command]. Special return values will
+ * indicate if the device resets.
+ *
+ * After this, we read the MAC address and then (if needed)
+ * reinitialize the device. We need to read it ahead of time because
+ * in the future, we might not upload the firmware until userspace
+ * 'ifconfig up's the device.
+ *
+ * We can then upload the firmware file. The file is composed of a BCF
+ * header (basic data, keys and signatures) and a list of write
+ * commands and payloads. We first upload the header
+ * [i2400m_dnload_init()] and then pass the commands and payloads
+ * verbatim to the i2400m_bm_cmd() function
+ * [i2400m_dnload_bcf()]. Then we tell the device to jump to the new
+ * firmware [i2400m_dnload_finalize()].
+ *
+ * Once firmware is uploaded, we are good to go :)
+ *
+ * When we don't know in which mode we are, we first try by sending a
+ * warm reset request that will take us to boot-mode. If we time out
+ * waiting for a reboot barker, that means maybe we are already in
+ * boot mode, so we send a reboot barker.
+ *
+ * COMMAND EXECUTION
+ *
+ * This code (and process) is single threaded; for executing commands,
+ * we post a URB to the notification endpoint, post the command, wait
+ * for data on the notification buffer. We don't need to worry about
+ * others as we know we are the only ones in there.
+ *
+ * BACKEND IMPLEMENTATION
+ *
+ * This code is bus-generic; the bus-specific driver provides back end
+ * implementations to send a boot mode command to the device and to
+ * read an acknolwedgement from it (or an asynchronous notification)
+ * from it.
+ *
+ * ROADMAP
+ *
+ * i2400m_dev_bootstrap               Called by __i2400m_dev_start()
+ *   request_firmware
+ *   i2400m_fw_check
+ *   i2400m_fw_dnload
+ *   release_firmware
+ *
+ * i2400m_fw_dnload
+ *   i2400m_bootrom_init
+ *     i2400m_bm_cmd
+ *     i2400m->bus_reset
+ *   i2400m_dnload_init
+ *     i2400m_dnload_init_signed
+ *     i2400m_dnload_init_nonsigned
+ *       i2400m_download_chunk
+ *         i2400m_bm_cmd
+ *   i2400m_dnload_bcf
+ *     i2400m_bm_cmd
+ *   i2400m_dnload_finalize
+ *     i2400m_bm_cmd
+ *
+ * i2400m_bm_cmd
+ *   i2400m->bus_bm_cmd_send()
+ *   i2400m->bus_bm_wait_for_ack
+ *   __i2400m_bm_ack_verify
+ *
+ * i2400m_bm_cmd_prepare              Used by bus-drivers to prep
+ *                                    commands before sending
+ */
+#include <linux/firmware.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/usb.h>
+#include "i2400m.h"
+
+
+#define D_SUBMODULE fw
+#include "debug-levels.h"
+
+
+static const __le32 i2400m_ACK_BARKER[4] = {
+	__constant_cpu_to_le32(I2400M_ACK_BARKER),
+	__constant_cpu_to_le32(I2400M_ACK_BARKER),
+	__constant_cpu_to_le32(I2400M_ACK_BARKER),
+	__constant_cpu_to_le32(I2400M_ACK_BARKER)
+};
+
+
+/**
+ * Prepare a boot-mode command for delivery
+ *
+ * @cmd: pointer to bootrom header to prepare
+ *
+ * Computes checksum if so needed. After calling this function, DO NOT
+ * modify the command or header as the checksum won't work anymore.
+ *
+ * We do it from here because some times we cannot do it in the
+ * original context the command was sent (it is a const), so when we
+ * copy it to our staging buffer, we add the checksum there.
+ */
+void i2400m_bm_cmd_prepare(struct i2400m_bootrom_header *cmd)
+{
+	if (i2400m_brh_get_use_checksum(cmd)) {
+		int i;
+		u32 checksum = 0;
+		const u32 *checksum_ptr = (void *) cmd->payload;
+		for (i = 0; i < cmd->data_size / 4; i++)
+			checksum += cpu_to_le32(*checksum_ptr++);
+		checksum += cmd->command + cmd->target_addr + cmd->data_size;
+		cmd->block_checksum = cpu_to_le32(checksum);
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(i2400m_bm_cmd_prepare);
+
+
+/*
+ * Verify the ack data received
+ *
+ * Given a reply to a boot mode command, chew it and verify everything
+ * is ok.
+ *
+ * @opcode: opcode which generated this ack. For error messages.
+ * @ack: pointer to ack data we received
+ * @ack_size: size of that data buffer
+ * @flags: I2400M_BM_CMD_* flags we called the command with.
+ *
+ * Way too long function -- maybe it should be further split
+ */
+static
+ssize_t __i2400m_bm_ack_verify(struct i2400m *i2400m, int opcode,
+			       struct i2400m_bootrom_header *ack,
+			       size_t ack_size, int flags)
+{
+	ssize_t result = -ENOMEM;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+
+	d_fnstart(8, dev, "(i2400m %p opcode %d ack %p size %zu)\n",
+		  i2400m, opcode, ack, ack_size);
+	if (ack_size < sizeof(*ack)) {
+		result = -EIO;
+		dev_err(dev, "boot-mode cmd %d: HW BUG? notification didn't "
+			"return enough data (%zu bytes vs %zu expected)\n",
+			opcode, ack_size, sizeof(*ack));
+		goto error_ack_short;
+	}
+	if (ack_size == sizeof(i2400m_NBOOT_BARKER)
+		 && memcmp(ack, i2400m_NBOOT_BARKER, sizeof(*ack)) == 0) {
+		result = -ERESTARTSYS;
+		i2400m->sboot = 0;
+		d_printf(6, dev, "boot-mode cmd %d: "
+			 "HW non-signed boot barker\n", opcode);
+		goto error_reboot;
+	}
+	if (ack_size == sizeof(i2400m_SBOOT_BARKER)
+		 && memcmp(ack, i2400m_SBOOT_BARKER, sizeof(*ack)) == 0) {
+		result = -ERESTARTSYS;
+		i2400m->sboot = 1;
+		d_printf(6, dev, "boot-mode cmd %d: HW signed reboot barker\n",
+			 opcode);
+		goto error_reboot;
+	}
+	if (ack_size == sizeof(i2400m_ACK_BARKER)
+		 && memcmp(ack, i2400m_ACK_BARKER, sizeof(*ack)) == 0) {
+		result = -EISCONN;
+		d_printf(3, dev, "boot-mode cmd %d: HW reboot ack barker\n",
+			 opcode);
+		goto error_reboot_ack;
+	}
+	result = 0;
+	if (flags & I2400M_BM_CMD_RAW)
+		goto out_raw;
+	ack->data_size = le32_to_cpu(ack->data_size);
+	ack->target_addr = le32_to_cpu(ack->target_addr);
+	ack->block_checksum = le32_to_cpu(ack->block_checksum);
+	d_printf(5, dev, "boot-mode cmd %d: notification for opcode %u "
+		 "response %u csum %u rr %u da %u\n",
+		 opcode, i2400m_brh_get_opcode(ack),
+		 i2400m_brh_get_response(ack),
+		 i2400m_brh_get_use_checksum(ack),
+		 i2400m_brh_get_response_required(ack),
+		 i2400m_brh_get_direct_access(ack));
+	result = -EIO;
+	if (i2400m_brh_get_signature(ack) != 0xcbbc) {
+		dev_err(dev, "boot-mode cmd %d: HW BUG? wrong signature "
+			"0x%04x\n", opcode, i2400m_brh_get_signature(ack));
+		goto error_ack_signature;
+	}
+	if (opcode != -1 && opcode != i2400m_brh_get_opcode(ack)) {
+		dev_err(dev, "boot-mode cmd %d: HW BUG? "
+			"received response for opcode %u, expected %u\n",
+			opcode, i2400m_brh_get_opcode(ack), opcode);
+		goto error_ack_opcode;
+	}
+	if (i2400m_brh_get_response(ack) != 0) {	/* failed? */
+		dev_err(dev, "boot-mode cmd %d: error; hw response %u\n",
+			opcode, i2400m_brh_get_response(ack));
+		goto error_ack_failed;
+	}
+	if (ack_size < ack->data_size + sizeof(*ack)) {
+		dev_err(dev, "boot-mode cmd %d: SW BUG "
+			"driver provided only %zu bytes for %zu bytes "
+			"of data\n", opcode, ack_size,
+			(size_t) le32_to_cpu(ack->data_size) + sizeof(*ack));
+		goto error_ack_short_buffer;
+	}
+	result = ack_size;
+	/* Don't you love this stack of empty targets? Well, I don't
+	 * either, but it helps track exactly who comes in here and
+	 * why :) */
+error_ack_short_buffer:
+error_ack_failed:
+error_ack_opcode:
+error_ack_signature:
+out_raw:
+error_reboot_ack:
+error_reboot:
+error_ack_short:
+	d_fnend(8, dev, "(i2400m %p opcode %d ack %p size %zu) = %d\n",
+		i2400m, opcode, ack, ack_size, (int) result);
+	return result;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * i2400m_bm_cmd - Execute a boot mode command
+ *
+ * @cmd: buffer containing the command data (pointing at the header).
+ *     This data can be ANYWHERE (for USB, we will copy it to an
+ *     specific buffer). Make sure everything is in proper little
+ *     endian.
+ *
+ *     A raw buffer can be also sent, just cast it and set flags to
+ *     I2400M_BM_CMD_RAW.
+ *
+ *     This function will generate a checksum for you if the
+ *     checksum bit in the command is set (unless I2400M_BM_CMD_RAW
+ *     is set).
+ *
+ *     You can use the i2400m->bm_cmd_buf to stage your commands and
+ *     send them.
+ *
+ *     If NULL, no command is sent (we just wait for an ack).
+ *
+ * @cmd_size: size of the command. Will be auto padded to the
+ *     bus-specific drivers padding requirements.
+ *
+ * @ack: buffer where to place the acknowledgement. If it is a regular
+ *     command response, all fields will be returned with the right,
+ *     native endianess.
+ *
+ *     You *cannot* use i2400m->bm_ack_buf for this buffer.
+ *
+ * @ack_size: size of @ack, 16 aligned; you need to provide at least
+ *     sizeof(*ack) bytes and then enough to contain the return data
+ *     from the command
+ *
+ * @flags: see I2400M_BM_CMD_* above.
+ *
+ * @returns: bytes received by the notification; if < 0, an errno code
+ *     denoting an error or:
+ *
+ *     -ERESTARTSYS  The device has rebooted
+ *
+ * Executes a boot-mode command and waits for a response, doing basic
+ * validation on it; if a zero length response is received, it retries
+ * waiting for a response until a non-zero one is received (timing out
+ * after %I2400M_BOOT_RETRIES retries).
+ */
+static
+ssize_t i2400m_bm_cmd(struct i2400m *i2400m,
+		      const struct i2400m_bootrom_header *cmd, size_t cmd_size,
+		      struct i2400m_bootrom_header *ack, size_t ack_size,
+		      int flags)
+{
+	ssize_t result = -ENOMEM, rx_bytes;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	int opcode = cmd == NULL ? -1 : i2400m_brh_get_opcode(cmd);
+
+	d_fnstart(6, dev, "(i2400m %p cmd %p size %zu ack %p size %zu)\n",
+		  i2400m, cmd, cmd_size, ack, ack_size);
+	BUG_ON(ack_size < sizeof(*ack));
+	BUG_ON(i2400m->boot_mode == 0);
+
+	if (cmd != NULL) {		/* send the command */
+		memcpy(i2400m->bm_cmd_buf, cmd, cmd_size);
+		result = i2400m->bus_bm_cmd_send(i2400m, cmd, cmd_size, flags);
+		if (result < 0)
+			goto error_cmd_send;
+		if ((flags & I2400M_BM_CMD_RAW) == 0)
+			d_printf(5, dev,
+				 "boot-mode cmd %d csum %u rr %u da %u: "
+				 "addr 0x%04x size %u block csum 0x%04x\n",
+				 opcode, i2400m_brh_get_use_checksum(cmd),
+				 i2400m_brh_get_response_required(cmd),
+				 i2400m_brh_get_direct_access(cmd),
+				 cmd->target_addr, cmd->data_size,
+				 cmd->block_checksum);
+	}
+	result = i2400m->bus_bm_wait_for_ack(i2400m, ack, ack_size);
+	if (result < 0) {
+		dev_err(dev, "boot-mode cmd %d: error waiting for an ack: %d\n",
+			opcode, (int) result);	/* bah, %zd doesn't work */
+		goto error_wait_for_ack;
+	}
+	rx_bytes = result;
+	/* verify the ack and read more if neccessary [result is the
+	 * final amount of bytes we get in the ack]  */
+	result = __i2400m_bm_ack_verify(i2400m, opcode, ack, ack_size, flags);
+	if (result < 0)
+		goto error_bad_ack;
+	/* Don't you love this stack of empty targets? Well, I don't
+	 * either, but it helps track exactly who comes in here and
+	 * why :) */
+	result = rx_bytes;
+error_bad_ack:
+error_wait_for_ack:
+error_cmd_send:
+	d_fnend(6, dev, "(i2400m %p cmd %p size %zu ack %p size %zu) = %d\n",
+		i2400m, cmd, cmd_size, ack, ack_size, (int) result);
+	return result;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * i2400m_download_chunk - write a single chunk of data to the device's memory
+ *
+ * @i2400m: device descriptor
+ * @buf: the buffer to write
+ * @buf_len: length of the buffer to write
+ * @addr: address in the device memory space
+ * @direct: bootrom write mode
+ * @do_csum: should a checksum validation be performed
+ */
+static int i2400m_download_chunk(struct i2400m *i2400m, const void *chunk,
+				 size_t __chunk_len, unsigned long addr,
+				 unsigned int direct, unsigned int do_csum)
+{
+	int ret;
+	size_t chunk_len = ALIGN(__chunk_len, I2400M_PL_PAD);
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	struct {
+		struct i2400m_bootrom_header cmd;
+		u8 cmd_payload[chunk_len];
+	} __attribute__((packed)) *buf;
+	struct i2400m_bootrom_header ack;
+
+	d_fnstart(5, dev, "(i2400m %p chunk %p __chunk_len %zu addr 0x%08lx "
+		  "direct %u do_csum %u)\n", i2400m, chunk, __chunk_len,
+		  addr, direct, do_csum);
+	buf = i2400m->bm_cmd_buf;
+	memcpy(buf->cmd_payload, chunk, __chunk_len);
+	memset(buf->cmd_payload + __chunk_len, 0xad, chunk_len - __chunk_len);
+
+	buf->cmd.command = i2400m_brh_command(I2400M_BRH_WRITE,
+					      __chunk_len & 0x3 ? 0 : do_csum,
+					      __chunk_len & 0xf ? 0 : direct);
+	buf->cmd.target_addr = cpu_to_le32(addr);
+	buf->cmd.data_size = cpu_to_le32(__chunk_len);
+	ret = i2400m_bm_cmd(i2400m, &buf->cmd, sizeof(buf->cmd) + chunk_len,
+			    &ack, sizeof(ack), 0);
+	if (ret >= 0)
+		ret = 0;
+	d_fnend(5, dev, "(i2400m %p chunk %p __chunk_len %zu addr 0x%08lx "
+		"direct %u do_csum %u) = %d\n", i2400m, chunk, __chunk_len,
+		addr, direct, do_csum, ret);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Download a BCF file's sections to the device
+ *
+ * @i2400m: device descriptor
+ * @bcf: pointer to firmware data (followed by the payloads). Assumed
+ *       verified and consistent.
+ * @bcf_len: length (in bytes) of the @bcf buffer.
+ *
+ * Returns: < 0 errno code on error or the offset to the jump instruction.
+ *
+ * Given a BCF file, downloads each section (a command and a payload)
+ * to the device's address space. Actually, it just executes each
+ * command i the BCF file.
+ *
+ * The section size has to be aligned to 4 bytes AND the padding has
+ * to be taken from the firmware file, as the signature takes it into
+ * account.
+ */
+static
+ssize_t i2400m_dnload_bcf(struct i2400m *i2400m,
+			  const struct i2400m_bcf_hdr *bcf, size_t bcf_len)
+{
+	ssize_t ret;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	size_t offset,		/* iterator offset */
+		data_size,	/* Size of the data payload */
+		section_size,	/* Size of the whole section (cmd + payload) */
+		section = 1;
+	const struct i2400m_bootrom_header *bh;
+	struct i2400m_bootrom_header ack;
+
+	d_fnstart(3, dev, "(i2400m %p bcf %p bcf_len %zu)\n",
+		  i2400m, bcf, bcf_len);
+	/* Iterate over the command blocks in the BCF file that start
+	 * after the header */
+	offset = le32_to_cpu(bcf->header_len) * sizeof(u32);
+	while (1) {	/* start sending the file */
+		bh = (void *) bcf + offset;
+		data_size = le32_to_cpu(bh->data_size);
+		section_size = ALIGN(sizeof(*bh) + data_size, 4);
+		d_printf(7, dev,
+			 "downloading section #%zu (@%zu %zu B) to 0x%08x\n",
+			 section, offset, sizeof(*bh) + data_size,
+			 le32_to_cpu(bh->target_addr));
+		if (i2400m_brh_get_opcode(bh) == I2400M_BRH_SIGNED_JUMP) {
+			/* Secure boot needs to stop here */
+			d_printf(5, dev,  "signed jump found @%zu\n", offset);
+			break;
+		}
+		if (offset + section_size == bcf_len)
+			/* Non-secure boot stops here */
+			break;
+		if (offset + section_size > bcf_len) {
+			dev_err(dev, "fw %s: bad section #%zu, "
+				"end (@%zu) beyond EOF (@%zu)\n",
+				i2400m->bus_fw_name, section,
+				offset + section_size,  bcf_len);
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			goto error_section_beyond_eof;
+		}
+		__i2400m_msleep(20);
+		ret = i2400m_bm_cmd(i2400m, bh, section_size,
+				    &ack, sizeof(ack), I2400M_BM_CMD_RAW);
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			dev_err(dev, "fw %s: section #%zu (@%zu %zu B) "
+				"failed %d\n", i2400m->bus_fw_name, section,
+				offset, sizeof(*bh) + data_size, (int) ret);
+			goto error_send;
+		}
+		offset += section_size;
+		section++;
+	}
+	ret = offset;
+error_section_beyond_eof:
+error_send:
+	d_fnend(3, dev, "(i2400m %p bcf %p bcf_len %zu) = %d\n",
+		i2400m, bcf, bcf_len, (int) ret);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Do the final steps of uploading firmware
+ *
+ * Depending on the boot mode (signed vs non-signed), different
+ * actions need to be taken.
+ */
+static
+int i2400m_dnload_finalize(struct i2400m *i2400m,
+			   const struct i2400m_bcf_hdr *bcf, size_t offset)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	struct i2400m_bootrom_header *cmd, ack;
+	struct {
+		struct i2400m_bootrom_header cmd;
+		u8 cmd_pl[0];
+	} __attribute__((packed)) *cmd_buf;
+	size_t signature_block_offset, signature_block_size;
+
+	d_fnstart(3, dev, "offset %zu\n", offset);
+	cmd = (void *) bcf + offset;
+	if (i2400m->sboot == 0) {
+		struct i2400m_bootrom_header jump_ack;
+		d_printf(3, dev, "unsecure boot, jumping to 0x%08x\n",
+			le32_to_cpu(cmd->target_addr));
+		i2400m_brh_set_opcode(cmd, I2400M_BRH_JUMP);
+		cmd->data_size = 0;
+		ret = i2400m_bm_cmd(i2400m, cmd, sizeof(*cmd),
+				    &jump_ack, sizeof(jump_ack), 0);
+	} else {
+		d_printf(3, dev, "secure boot, jumping to 0x%08x\n",
+			 le32_to_cpu(cmd->target_addr));
+		cmd_buf = i2400m->bm_cmd_buf;
+		memcpy(&cmd_buf->cmd, cmd, sizeof(*cmd));
+		signature_block_offset =
+			sizeof(*bcf)
+			+ le32_to_cpu(bcf->key_size) * sizeof(u32)
+			+ le32_to_cpu(bcf->exponent_size) * sizeof(u32);
+		signature_block_size =
+			le32_to_cpu(bcf->modulus_size) * sizeof(u32);
+		memcpy(cmd_buf->cmd_pl, (void *) bcf + signature_block_offset,
+		       signature_block_size);
+		ret = i2400m_bm_cmd(i2400m, &cmd_buf->cmd,
+				    sizeof(cmd_buf->cmd) + signature_block_size,
+				    &ack, sizeof(ack), I2400M_BM_CMD_RAW);
+	}
+	d_fnend(3, dev, "returning %d\n", ret);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * i2400m_bootrom_init - Reboots a powered device into boot mode
+ *
+ * @i2400m: device descriptor
+ * @flags:
+ *      I2400M_BRI_SOFT: a reboot notification has been seen
+ *          already, so don't wait for it.
+ *
+ *      I2400M_BRI_NO_REBOOT: Don't send a reboot command, but wait
+ *          for a reboot barker notification. This is a one shot; if
+ *          the state machine needs to send a reboot command it will.
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ *
+ *     < 0 errno code on error, 0 if ok.
+ *
+ *     i2400m->sboot set to 0 for unsecure boot process, 1 for secure
+ *     boot process.
+ *
+ * Description:
+ *
+ * Tries hard enough to put the device in boot-mode. There are two
+ * main phases to this:
+ *
+ * a. (1) send a reboot command and (2) get a reboot barker
+ * b. (1) ack the reboot sending a reboot barker and (2) getting an
+ *        ack barker in return
+ *
+ * We want to skip (a) in some cases [soft]. The state machine is
+ * horrible, but it is basically: on each phase, send what has to be
+ * sent (if any), wait for the answer and act on the answer. We might
+ * have to backtrack and retry, so we keep a max tries counter for
+ * that.
+ *
+ * If we get a timeout after sending a warm reset, we do it again.
+ */
+int i2400m_bootrom_init(struct i2400m *i2400m, enum i2400m_bri flags)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	struct i2400m_bootrom_header *cmd;
+	struct i2400m_bootrom_header ack;
+	int count = I2400M_BOOT_RETRIES;
+	int ack_timeout_cnt = 1;
+
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(*cmd) != sizeof(i2400m_NBOOT_BARKER));
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(ack) != sizeof(i2400m_ACK_BARKER));
+
+	d_fnstart(4, dev, "(i2400m %p flags 0x%08x)\n", i2400m, flags);
+	result = -ENOMEM;
+	cmd = i2400m->bm_cmd_buf;
+	if (flags & I2400M_BRI_SOFT)
+		goto do_reboot_ack;
+do_reboot:
+	if (--count < 0)
+		goto error_timeout;
+	d_printf(4, dev, "device reboot: reboot command [%d # left]\n",
+		 count);
+	if ((flags & I2400M_BRI_NO_REBOOT) == 0)
+		i2400m->bus_reset(i2400m, I2400M_RT_WARM);
+	result = i2400m_bm_cmd(i2400m, NULL, 0, &ack, sizeof(ack),
+			       I2400M_BM_CMD_RAW);
+	flags &= ~I2400M_BRI_NO_REBOOT;
+	switch (result) {
+	case -ERESTARTSYS:
+		d_printf(4, dev, "device reboot: got reboot barker\n");
+		break;
+	case -EISCONN:	/* we don't know how it got here...but we follow it */
+		d_printf(4, dev, "device reboot: got ack barker - whatever\n");
+		goto do_reboot;
+	case -ETIMEDOUT:	/* device has timed out, we might be in boot
+				 * mode already and expecting an ack, let's try
+				 * that */
+		dev_info(dev, "warm reset timed out, trying an ack\n");
+		goto do_reboot_ack;
+	case -EPROTO:
+	case -ESHUTDOWN:	/* dev is gone */
+	case -EINTR:		/* user cancelled */
+		goto error_dev_gone;
+	default:
+		dev_err(dev, "device reboot: error %d while waiting "
+			"for reboot barker - rebooting\n", result);
+		goto do_reboot;
+	}
+	/* At this point we ack back with 4 REBOOT barkers and expect
+	 * 4 ACK barkers. This is ugly, as we send a raw command --
+	 * hence the cast. _bm_cmd() will catch the reboot ack
+	 * notification and report it as -EISCONN. */
+do_reboot_ack:
+	d_printf(4, dev, "device reboot ack: sending ack [%d # left]\n", count);
+	if (i2400m->sboot == 0)
+		memcpy(cmd, i2400m_NBOOT_BARKER,
+		       sizeof(i2400m_NBOOT_BARKER));
+	else
+		memcpy(cmd, i2400m_SBOOT_BARKER,
+		       sizeof(i2400m_SBOOT_BARKER));
+	result = i2400m_bm_cmd(i2400m, cmd, sizeof(*cmd),
+			       &ack, sizeof(ack), I2400M_BM_CMD_RAW);
+	switch (result) {
+	case -ERESTARTSYS:
+		d_printf(4, dev, "reboot ack: got reboot barker - retrying\n");
+		if (--count < 0)
+			goto error_timeout;
+		goto do_reboot_ack;
+	case -EISCONN:
+		d_printf(4, dev, "reboot ack: got ack barker - good\n");
+		break;
+	case -ETIMEDOUT:	/* no response, maybe it is the other type? */
+		if (ack_timeout_cnt-- >= 0) {
+			d_printf(4, dev, "reboot ack timedout: "
+				 "trying the other type?\n");
+			i2400m->sboot = !i2400m->sboot;
+			goto do_reboot_ack;
+		} else {
+			dev_err(dev, "reboot ack timedout too long: "
+				"trying reboot\n");
+			goto do_reboot;
+		}
+		break;
+	case -EPROTO:
+	case -ESHUTDOWN:	/* dev is gone */
+		goto error_dev_gone;
+	default:
+		dev_err(dev, "device reboot ack: error %d while waiting for "
+			"reboot ack barker - rebooting\n", result);
+		goto do_reboot;
+	}
+	d_printf(2, dev, "device reboot ack: got ack barker - boot done\n");
+	result = 0;
+exit_timeout:
+error_dev_gone:
+	d_fnend(4, dev, "(i2400m %p flags 0x%08x) = %d\n",
+		i2400m, flags, result);
+	return result;
+
+error_timeout:
+	dev_err(dev, "Timed out waiting for reboot ack, resetting\n");
+	i2400m->bus_reset(i2400m, I2400M_RT_BUS);
+	result = -ETIMEDOUT;
+	goto exit_timeout;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Read the MAC addr
+ *
+ * The position this function reads is fixed in device memory and
+ * always available, even without firmware.
+ *
+ * Note we specify we want to read only six bytes, but provide space
+ * for 16, as we always get it rounded up.
+ */
+int i2400m_read_mac_addr(struct i2400m *i2400m)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	struct net_device *net_dev = i2400m->wimax_dev.net_dev;
+	struct i2400m_bootrom_header *cmd;
+	struct {
+		struct i2400m_bootrom_header ack;
+		u8 ack_pl[16];
+	} __attribute__((packed)) ack_buf;
+
+	d_fnstart(5, dev, "(i2400m %p)\n", i2400m);
+	cmd = i2400m->bm_cmd_buf;
+	cmd->command = i2400m_brh_command(I2400M_BRH_READ, 0, 1);
+	cmd->target_addr = cpu_to_le32(0x00203fe8);
+	cmd->data_size = cpu_to_le32(6);
+	result = i2400m_bm_cmd(i2400m, cmd, sizeof(*cmd),
+			       &ack_buf.ack, sizeof(ack_buf), 0);
+	if (result < 0) {
+		dev_err(dev, "BM: read mac addr failed: %d\n", result);
+		goto error_read_mac;
+	}
+	d_printf(2, dev,
+		 "mac addr is %02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x\n",
+		 ack_buf.ack_pl[0], ack_buf.ack_pl[1],
+		 ack_buf.ack_pl[2], ack_buf.ack_pl[3],
+		 ack_buf.ack_pl[4], ack_buf.ack_pl[5]);
+	if (i2400m->bus_bm_mac_addr_impaired == 1) {
+		ack_buf.ack_pl[0] = 0x00;
+		ack_buf.ack_pl[1] = 0x16;
+		ack_buf.ack_pl[2] = 0xd3;
+		get_random_bytes(&ack_buf.ack_pl[3], 3);
+		dev_err(dev, "BM is MAC addr impaired, faking MAC addr to "
+			"mac addr is %02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x\n",
+			ack_buf.ack_pl[0], ack_buf.ack_pl[1],
+			ack_buf.ack_pl[2], ack_buf.ack_pl[3],
+			ack_buf.ack_pl[4], ack_buf.ack_pl[5]);
+		result = 0;
+	}
+	net_dev->addr_len = ETH_ALEN;
+	memcpy(net_dev->perm_addr, ack_buf.ack_pl, ETH_ALEN);
+	memcpy(net_dev->dev_addr, ack_buf.ack_pl, ETH_ALEN);
+error_read_mac:
+	d_fnend(5, dev, "(i2400m %p) = %d\n", i2400m, result);
+	return result;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Initialize a non signed boot
+ *
+ * This implies sending some magic values to the device's memory. Note
+ * we convert the values to little endian in the same array
+ * declaration.
+ */
+static
+int i2400m_dnload_init_nonsigned(struct i2400m *i2400m)
+{
+#define POKE(a, d) {					\
+	.address = __constant_cpu_to_le32(a),		\
+	.data = __constant_cpu_to_le32(d)		\
+}
+	static const struct {
+		__le32 address;
+		__le32 data;
+	} i2400m_pokes[] = {
+		POKE(0x081A58, 0xA7810230),
+		POKE(0x080040, 0x00000000),
+		POKE(0x080048, 0x00000082),
+		POKE(0x08004C, 0x0000081F),
+		POKE(0x080054, 0x00000085),
+		POKE(0x080058, 0x00000180),
+		POKE(0x08005C, 0x00000018),
+		POKE(0x080060, 0x00000010),
+		POKE(0x080574, 0x00000001),
+		POKE(0x080550, 0x00000005),
+		POKE(0xAE0000, 0x00000000),
+	};
+#undef POKE
+	unsigned i;
+	int ret;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+
+	dev_warn(dev, "WARNING!!! non-signed boot UNTESTED PATH!\n");
+
+	d_fnstart(5, dev, "(i2400m %p)\n", i2400m);
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(i2400m_pokes); i++) {
+		ret = i2400m_download_chunk(i2400m, &i2400m_pokes[i].data,
+					    sizeof(i2400m_pokes[i].data),
+					    i2400m_pokes[i].address, 1, 1);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			break;
+	}
+	d_fnend(5, dev, "(i2400m %p) = %d\n", i2400m, ret);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Initialize the signed boot process
+ *
+ * @i2400m: device descriptor
+ *
+ * @bcf_hdr: pointer to the firmware header; assumes it is fully in
+ *     memory (it has gone through basic validation).
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 if ok, < 0 errno code on error, -ERESTARTSYS if the hw
+ *     rebooted.
+ *
+ * This writes the firmware BCF header to the device using the
+ * HASH_PAYLOAD_ONLY command.
+ */
+static
+int i2400m_dnload_init_signed(struct i2400m *i2400m,
+			      const struct i2400m_bcf_hdr *bcf_hdr)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	struct {
+		struct i2400m_bootrom_header cmd;
+		struct i2400m_bcf_hdr cmd_pl;
+	} __attribute__((packed)) *cmd_buf;
+	struct i2400m_bootrom_header ack;
+
+	d_fnstart(5, dev, "(i2400m %p bcf_hdr %p)\n", i2400m, bcf_hdr);
+	cmd_buf = i2400m->bm_cmd_buf;
+	cmd_buf->cmd.command =
+		i2400m_brh_command(I2400M_BRH_HASH_PAYLOAD_ONLY, 0, 0);
+	cmd_buf->cmd.target_addr = 0;
+	cmd_buf->cmd.data_size = cpu_to_le32(sizeof(cmd_buf->cmd_pl));
+	memcpy(&cmd_buf->cmd_pl, bcf_hdr, sizeof(*bcf_hdr));
+	ret = i2400m_bm_cmd(i2400m, &cmd_buf->cmd, sizeof(*cmd_buf),
+			    &ack, sizeof(ack), 0);
+	if (ret >= 0)
+		ret = 0;
+	d_fnend(5, dev, "(i2400m %p bcf_hdr %p) = %d\n", i2400m, bcf_hdr, ret);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Initialize the firmware download at the device size
+ *
+ * Multiplex to the one that matters based on the device's mode
+ * (signed or non-signed).
+ */
+static
+int i2400m_dnload_init(struct i2400m *i2400m, const struct i2400m_bcf_hdr *bcf)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	u32 module_id = le32_to_cpu(bcf->module_id);
+
+	if (i2400m->sboot == 0
+	    && (module_id & I2400M_BCF_MOD_ID_POKES) == 0) {
+		/* non-signed boot process without pokes */
+		result = i2400m_dnload_init_nonsigned(i2400m);
+		if (result == -ERESTARTSYS)
+			return result;
+		if (result < 0)
+			dev_err(dev, "fw %s: non-signed download "
+				"initialization failed: %d\n",
+				i2400m->bus_fw_name, result);
+	} else if (i2400m->sboot == 0
+		 && (module_id & I2400M_BCF_MOD_ID_POKES)) {
+		/* non-signed boot process with pokes, nothing to do */
+		result = 0;
+	} else {		 /* signed boot process */
+		result = i2400m_dnload_init_signed(i2400m, bcf);
+		if (result == -ERESTARTSYS)
+			return result;
+		if (result < 0)
+			dev_err(dev, "fw %s: signed boot download "
+				"initialization failed: %d\n",
+				i2400m->bus_fw_name, result);
+	}
+	return result;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Run quick consistency tests on the firmware file
+ *
+ * Check for the firmware being made for the i2400m device,
+ * etc...These checks are mostly informative, as the device will make
+ * them too; but the driver's response is more informative on what
+ * went wrong.
+ */
+static
+int i2400m_fw_check(struct i2400m *i2400m,
+		    const struct i2400m_bcf_hdr *bcf,
+		    size_t bcf_size)
+{
+	int result;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	unsigned module_type, header_len, major_version, minor_version,
+		module_id, module_vendor, date, size;
+
+	/* Check hard errors */
+	result = -EINVAL;
+	if (bcf_size < sizeof(*bcf)) {	/* big enough header? */
+		dev_err(dev, "firmware %s too short: "
+			"%zu B vs %zu (at least) expected\n",
+			i2400m->bus_fw_name, bcf_size, sizeof(*bcf));
+		goto error;
+	}
+
+	module_type = bcf->module_type;
+	header_len = sizeof(u32) * le32_to_cpu(bcf->header_len);
+	major_version = le32_to_cpu(bcf->header_version) & 0xffff0000 >> 16;
+	minor_version = le32_to_cpu(bcf->header_version) & 0x0000ffff;
+	module_id = le32_to_cpu(bcf->module_id);
+	module_vendor = le32_to_cpu(bcf->module_vendor);
+	date = le32_to_cpu(bcf->date);
+	size = sizeof(u32) * le32_to_cpu(bcf->size);
+
+	if (bcf_size != size) {		/* annoyingly paranoid */
+		dev_err(dev, "firmware %s: bad size, got "
+			"%zu B vs %u expected\n",
+			i2400m->bus_fw_name, bcf_size, size);
+		goto error;
+	}
+
+	d_printf(2, dev, "type 0x%x id 0x%x vendor 0x%x; header v%u.%u (%zu B) "
+		 "date %08x (%zu B)\n",
+		 module_type, module_id, module_vendor,
+		 major_version, minor_version, (size_t) header_len,
+		 date, (size_t) size);
+
+	if (module_type != 6) {		/* built for the right hardware? */
+		dev_err(dev, "bad fw %s: unexpected module type 0x%x; "
+			"aborting\n", i2400m->bus_fw_name, module_type);
+		goto error;
+	}
+
+	/* Check soft-er errors */
+	result = 0;
+	if (module_vendor != 0x8086)
+		dev_err(dev, "bad fw %s? unexpected vendor 0x%04x\n",
+			i2400m->bus_fw_name, module_vendor);
+	if (date < 0x20080300)
+		dev_err(dev, "bad fw %s? build date too old %08x\n",
+			i2400m->bus_fw_name, date);
+error:
+	return result;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * Download the firmware to the device
+ *
+ * @i2400m: device descriptor
+ * @bcf: pointer to loaded (and minimally verified for consistency)
+ *    firmware
+ * @bcf_size: size of the @bcf buffer (header plus payloads)
+ *
+ * The process for doing this is described in this file's header.
+ *
+ * Note we only reinitialize boot-mode if the flags say so. Some hw
+ * iterations need it, some don't. In any case, if we loop, we always
+ * need to reinitialize the boot room, hence the flags modification.
+ */
+static
+int i2400m_fw_dnload(struct i2400m *i2400m, const struct i2400m_bcf_hdr *bcf,
+		     size_t bcf_size, enum i2400m_bri flags)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	int count = I2400M_BOOT_RETRIES;
+
+	d_fnstart(5, dev, "(i2400m %p bcf %p size %zu)\n",
+		  i2400m, bcf, bcf_size);
+	i2400m->boot_mode = 1;
+hw_reboot:
+	if (count-- == 0) {
+		ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
+		dev_err(dev, "device rebooted too many times, aborting\n");
+		goto error_too_many_reboots;
+	}
+	if (flags & I2400M_BRI_MAC_REINIT) {
+		ret = i2400m_bootrom_init(i2400m, flags);
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			dev_err(dev, "bootrom init failed: %d\n", ret);
+			goto error_bootrom_init;
+		}
+	}
+	flags |= I2400M_BRI_MAC_REINIT;
+
+	/*
+	 * Initialize the download, push the bytes to the device and
+	 * then jump to the new firmware. Note @ret is passed with the
+	 * offset of the jump instruction to _dnload_finalize()
+	 */
+	ret = i2400m_dnload_init(i2400m, bcf);	/* Init device's dnload */
+	if (ret == -ERESTARTSYS)
+		goto error_dev_rebooted;
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto error_dnload_init;
+
+	ret = i2400m_dnload_bcf(i2400m, bcf, bcf_size);
+	if (ret == -ERESTARTSYS)
+		goto error_dev_rebooted;
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		dev_err(dev, "fw %s: download failed: %d\n",
+			i2400m->bus_fw_name, ret);
+		goto error_dnload_bcf;
+	}
+
+	ret = i2400m_dnload_finalize(i2400m, bcf, ret);
+	if (ret == -ERESTARTSYS)
+		goto error_dev_rebooted;
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		dev_err(dev, "fw %s: "
+			"download finalization failed: %d\n",
+			i2400m->bus_fw_name, ret);
+		goto error_dnload_finalize;
+	}
+
+	d_printf(2, dev, "fw %s successfully uploaded\n",
+		 i2400m->bus_fw_name);
+	i2400m->boot_mode = 0;
+error_dnload_finalize:
+error_dnload_bcf:
+error_dnload_init:
+error_bootrom_init:
+error_too_many_reboots:
+	d_fnend(5, dev, "(i2400m %p bcf %p size %zu) = %d\n",
+		i2400m, bcf, bcf_size, ret);
+	return ret;
+
+error_dev_rebooted:
+	dev_err(dev, "device rebooted, %d tries left\n", count);
+	/* we got the notification already, no need to wait for it again */
+	flags |= I2400M_BRI_SOFT;
+	goto hw_reboot;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * i2400m_dev_bootstrap - Bring the device to a known state and upload firmware
+ *
+ * @i2400m: device descriptor
+ *
+ * Returns: >= 0 if ok, < 0 errno code on error.
+ *
+ * This sets up the firmware upload environment, loads the firmware
+ * file from disk, verifies and then calls the firmware upload process
+ * per se.
+ *
+ * Can be called either from probe, or after a warm reset.  Can not be
+ * called from within an interrupt.  All the flow in this code is
+ * single-threade; all I/Os are synchronous.
+ */
+int i2400m_dev_bootstrap(struct i2400m *i2400m, enum i2400m_bri flags)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	struct device *dev = i2400m_dev(i2400m);
+	const struct firmware *fw;
+	const struct i2400m_bcf_hdr *bcf;	/* Firmware data */
+
+	d_fnstart(5, dev, "(i2400m %p)\n", i2400m);
+	/* Load firmware files to memory. */
+	ret = request_firmware(&fw, i2400m->bus_fw_name, dev);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(dev, "fw %s: request failed: %d\n",
+			i2400m->bus_fw_name, ret);
+		goto error_fw_req;
+	}
+	bcf = (void *) fw->data;
+
+	ret = i2400m_fw_check(i2400m, bcf, fw->size);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto error_fw_bad;
+	ret = i2400m_fw_dnload(i2400m, bcf, fw->size, flags);
+error_fw_bad:
+	release_firmware(fw);
+error_fw_req:
+	d_fnend(5, dev, "(i2400m %p) = %d\n", i2400m, ret);
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(i2400m_dev_bootstrap);