Patchwork jbd: Fix oops in journal_remove_journal_head()

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Submitter Jan Kara
Date June 24, 2011, 10:36 p.m.
Message ID <1308954999-19788-1-git-send-email-jack@suse.cz>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/101923/
State Not Applicable
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Comments

Jan Kara - June 24, 2011, 10:36 p.m.
journal_remove_journal_head() can oops when trying to access journal_head
returned by bh2jh(). This is caused for example by the following race:

	TASK1					TASK2
  journal_commit_transaction()
    ...
    processing t_forget list
      __journal_refile_buffer(jh);
      if (!jh->b_transaction) {
        jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
					journal_try_to_free_buffers()
					  journal_grab_journal_head(bh)
					  jbd_lock_bh_state(bh)
					  __journal_try_to_free_buffer()
					  journal_put_journal_head(jh)
        journal_remove_journal_head(bh);

journal_put_journal_head() in TASK2 sees that b_jcount == 0 and buffer is not
part of any transaction and thus frees journal_head before TASK1 gets to doing
so. Note that even buffer_head can be released by try_to_free_buffers() after
journal_put_journal_head() which adds even larger opportunity for oops (but I
didn't see this happen in reality).

Fix the problem by making transactions hold their own journal_head reference
(in b_jcount). That way we don't have to remove journal_head explicitely via
journal_remove_journal_head() and instead just remove journal_head when
b_jcount drops to zero. The result of this is that [__]journal_refile_buffer(),
[__]journal_unfile_buffer(), and __journal_remove_checkpoint() can free
journal_head which needs modification of a few callers. Also we have to be
careful because once journal_head is removed, buffer_head might be freed as
well. So we have to get our own buffer_head reference where it matters.

Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
---
 fs/jbd/checkpoint.c  |   27 ++++++++------
 fs/jbd/commit.c      |   46 +++++++++++-------------
 fs/jbd/journal.c     |   95 ++++++++++++++++---------------------------------
 fs/jbd/transaction.c |   66 ++++++++++++++++++-----------------
 include/linux/jbd.h  |    1 -
 5 files changed, 101 insertions(+), 134 deletions(-)

 This is a port of JBD2 commit de1b794130b130e77ffa975bb58cb843744f9ae5. I
plan to pull it into my tree when some tests finish.

Patch

diff --git a/fs/jbd/checkpoint.c b/fs/jbd/checkpoint.c
index dea7503..61655a3 100644
--- a/fs/jbd/checkpoint.c
+++ b/fs/jbd/checkpoint.c
@@ -96,10 +96,14 @@  static int __try_to_free_cp_buf(struct journal_head *jh)
 
 	if (jh->b_jlist == BJ_None && !buffer_locked(bh) &&
 	    !buffer_dirty(bh) && !buffer_write_io_error(bh)) {
+		/*
+		 * Get our reference so that bh cannot be freed before
+		 * we unlock it
+		 */
+		get_bh(bh);
 		JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "remove from checkpoint list");
 		ret = __journal_remove_checkpoint(jh) + 1;
 		jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
-		journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
 		BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "release");
 		__brelse(bh);
 	} else {
@@ -221,8 +225,8 @@  restart:
 			spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 			goto restart;
 		}
+		get_bh(bh);
 		if (buffer_locked(bh)) {
-			get_bh(bh);
 			spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 			jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
 			wait_on_buffer(bh);
@@ -241,7 +245,6 @@  restart:
 		 */
 		released = __journal_remove_checkpoint(jh);
 		jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
-		journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
 		__brelse(bh);
 	}
 
@@ -305,12 +308,12 @@  static int __process_buffer(journal_t *journal, struct journal_head *jh,
 		ret = 1;
 		if (unlikely(buffer_write_io_error(bh)))
 			ret = -EIO;
+		get_bh(bh);
 		J_ASSERT_JH(jh, !buffer_jbddirty(bh));
 		BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "remove from checkpoint");
 		__journal_remove_checkpoint(jh);
 		spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 		jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
-		journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
 		__brelse(bh);
 	} else {
 		/*
@@ -526,9 +529,9 @@  int cleanup_journal_tail(journal_t *journal)
 /*
  * journal_clean_one_cp_list
  *
- * Find all the written-back checkpoint buffers in the given list and release them.
+ * Find all the written-back checkpoint buffers in the given list and release
+ * them.
  *
- * Called with the journal locked.
  * Called with j_list_lock held.
  * Returns number of bufers reaped (for debug)
  */
@@ -635,8 +638,8 @@  out:
  * checkpoint lists.
  *
  * The function returns 1 if it frees the transaction, 0 otherwise.
+ * The function can free jh and bh.
  *
- * This function is called with the journal locked.
  * This function is called with j_list_lock held.
  * This function is called with jbd_lock_bh_state(jh2bh(jh))
  */
@@ -655,13 +658,14 @@  int __journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *jh)
 	}
 	journal = transaction->t_journal;
 
+	JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "removing from transaction");
 	__buffer_unlink(jh);
 	jh->b_cp_transaction = NULL;
+	journal_put_journal_head(jh);
 
 	if (transaction->t_checkpoint_list != NULL ||
 	    transaction->t_checkpoint_io_list != NULL)
 		goto out;
-	JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "transaction has no more buffers");
 
 	/*
 	 * There is one special case to worry about: if we have just pulled the
@@ -672,10 +676,8 @@  int __journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *jh)
 	 * The locking here around t_state is a bit sleazy.
 	 * See the comment at the end of journal_commit_transaction().
 	 */
-	if (transaction->t_state != T_FINISHED) {
-		JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "belongs to running/committing transaction");
+	if (transaction->t_state != T_FINISHED)
 		goto out;
-	}
 
 	/* OK, that was the last buffer for the transaction: we can now
 	   safely remove this transaction from the log */
@@ -687,7 +689,6 @@  int __journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *jh)
 	wake_up(&journal->j_wait_logspace);
 	ret = 1;
 out:
-	JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "exit");
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -706,6 +707,8 @@  void __journal_insert_checkpoint(struct journal_head *jh,
 	J_ASSERT_JH(jh, buffer_dirty(jh2bh(jh)) || buffer_jbddirty(jh2bh(jh)));
 	J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_cp_transaction == NULL);
 
+	/* Get reference for checkpointing transaction */
+	journal_grab_journal_head(jh2bh(jh));
 	jh->b_cp_transaction = transaction;
 
 	if (!transaction->t_checkpoint_list) {
diff --git a/fs/jbd/commit.c b/fs/jbd/commit.c
index eedd201..8799207 100644
--- a/fs/jbd/commit.c
+++ b/fs/jbd/commit.c
@@ -258,10 +258,6 @@  write_out_data:
 			jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
 			if (locked)
 				unlock_buffer(bh);
-			journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
-			/* One for our safety reference, other for
-			 * journal_remove_journal_head() */
-			put_bh(bh);
 			release_data_buffer(bh);
 		}
 
@@ -455,14 +451,9 @@  void journal_commit_transaction(journal_t *journal)
 		}
 		if (buffer_jbd(bh) && bh2jh(bh) == jh &&
 		    jh->b_transaction == commit_transaction &&
-		    jh->b_jlist == BJ_Locked) {
+		    jh->b_jlist == BJ_Locked)
 			__journal_unfile_buffer(jh);
-			jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
-			journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
-			put_bh(bh);
-		} else {
-			jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
-		}
+		jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
 		release_data_buffer(bh);
 		cond_resched_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 	}
@@ -807,10 +798,16 @@  restart_loop:
 	while (commit_transaction->t_forget) {
 		transaction_t *cp_transaction;
 		struct buffer_head *bh;
+		int try_to_free = 0;
 
 		jh = commit_transaction->t_forget;
 		spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 		bh = jh2bh(jh);
+		/*
+		 * Get a reference so that bh cannot be freed before we are
+		 * done with it.
+		 */
+		get_bh(bh);
 		jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
 		J_ASSERT_JH(jh,	jh->b_transaction == commit_transaction ||
 			jh->b_transaction == journal->j_running_transaction);
@@ -868,28 +865,27 @@  restart_loop:
 			__journal_insert_checkpoint(jh, commit_transaction);
 			if (is_journal_aborted(journal))
 				clear_buffer_jbddirty(bh);
-			JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "refile for checkpoint writeback");
-			__journal_refile_buffer(jh);
-			jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
 		} else {
 			J_ASSERT_BH(bh, !buffer_dirty(bh));
-			/* The buffer on BJ_Forget list and not jbddirty means
+			/*
+			 * The buffer on BJ_Forget list and not jbddirty means
 			 * it has been freed by this transaction and hence it
 			 * could not have been reallocated until this
 			 * transaction has committed. *BUT* it could be
 			 * reallocated once we have written all the data to
 			 * disk and before we process the buffer on BJ_Forget
-			 * list. */
-			JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "refile or unfile freed buffer");
-			__journal_refile_buffer(jh);
-			if (!jh->b_transaction) {
-				jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
-				 /* needs a brelse */
-				journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
-				release_buffer_page(bh);
-			} else
-				jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
+			 * list.
+			 */
+			if (!jh->b_next_transaction)
+				try_to_free = 1;
 		}
+		JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "refile or unfile freed buffer");
+		__journal_refile_buffer(jh);
+		jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
+		if (try_to_free)
+			release_buffer_page(bh);
+		else
+			__brelse(bh);
 		cond_resched_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 	}
 	spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
diff --git a/fs/jbd/journal.c b/fs/jbd/journal.c
index ab019ee..9fe061f 100644
--- a/fs/jbd/journal.c
+++ b/fs/jbd/journal.c
@@ -1803,10 +1803,9 @@  static void journal_free_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh)
  * When a buffer has its BH_JBD bit set it is immune from being released by
  * core kernel code, mainly via ->b_count.
  *
- * A journal_head may be detached from its buffer_head when the journal_head's
- * b_transaction, b_cp_transaction and b_next_transaction pointers are NULL.
- * Various places in JBD call journal_remove_journal_head() to indicate that the
- * journal_head can be dropped if needed.
+ * A journal_head is detached from its buffer_head when the journal_head's
+ * b_jcount reaches zero. Running transaction (b_transaction) and checkpoint
+ * transaction (b_cp_transaction) hold their references to b_jcount.
  *
  * Various places in the kernel want to attach a journal_head to a buffer_head
  * _before_ attaching the journal_head to a transaction.  To protect the
@@ -1819,17 +1818,16 @@  static void journal_free_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh)
  *	(Attach a journal_head if needed.  Increments b_jcount)
  *	struct journal_head *jh = journal_add_journal_head(bh);
  *	...
- *	jh->b_transaction = xxx;
- *	journal_put_journal_head(jh);
- *
- * Now, the journal_head's b_jcount is zero, but it is safe from being released
- * because it has a non-zero b_transaction.
+ *      (Get another reference for transaction)
+ *      journal_grab_journal_head(bh);
+ *      jh->b_transaction = xxx;
+ *      (Put original reference)
+ *      journal_put_journal_head(jh);
  */
 
 /*
  * Give a buffer_head a journal_head.
  *
- * Doesn't need the journal lock.
  * May sleep.
  */
 struct journal_head *journal_add_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh)
@@ -1893,61 +1891,29 @@  static void __journal_remove_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh)
 	struct journal_head *jh = bh2jh(bh);
 
 	J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_jcount >= 0);
-
-	get_bh(bh);
-	if (jh->b_jcount == 0) {
-		if (jh->b_transaction == NULL &&
-				jh->b_next_transaction == NULL &&
-				jh->b_cp_transaction == NULL) {
-			J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_jlist == BJ_None);
-			J_ASSERT_BH(bh, buffer_jbd(bh));
-			J_ASSERT_BH(bh, jh2bh(jh) == bh);
-			BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "remove journal_head");
-			if (jh->b_frozen_data) {
-				printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: freeing "
-						"b_frozen_data\n",
-						__func__);
-				jbd_free(jh->b_frozen_data, bh->b_size);
-			}
-			if (jh->b_committed_data) {
-				printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: freeing "
-						"b_committed_data\n",
-						__func__);
-				jbd_free(jh->b_committed_data, bh->b_size);
-			}
-			bh->b_private = NULL;
-			jh->b_bh = NULL;	/* debug, really */
-			clear_buffer_jbd(bh);
-			__brelse(bh);
-			journal_free_journal_head(jh);
-		} else {
-			BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "journal_head was locked");
-		}
+	J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_transaction == NULL);
+	J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_next_transaction == NULL);
+	J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_cp_transaction == NULL);
+	J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_jlist == BJ_None);
+	J_ASSERT_BH(bh, buffer_jbd(bh));
+	J_ASSERT_BH(bh, jh2bh(jh) == bh);
+	BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "remove journal_head");
+	if (jh->b_frozen_data) {
+		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: freeing b_frozen_data\n", __func__);
+		jbd_free(jh->b_frozen_data, bh->b_size);
 	}
+	if (jh->b_committed_data) {
+		printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: freeing b_committed_data\n", __func__);
+		jbd_free(jh->b_committed_data, bh->b_size);
+	}
+	bh->b_private = NULL;
+	jh->b_bh = NULL;	/* debug, really */
+	clear_buffer_jbd(bh);
+	journal_free_journal_head(jh);
 }
 
 /*
- * journal_remove_journal_head(): if the buffer isn't attached to a transaction
- * and has a zero b_jcount then remove and release its journal_head.   If we did
- * see that the buffer is not used by any transaction we also "logically"
- * decrement ->b_count.
- *
- * We in fact take an additional increment on ->b_count as a convenience,
- * because the caller usually wants to do additional things with the bh
- * after calling here.
- * The caller of journal_remove_journal_head() *must* run __brelse(bh) at some
- * time.  Once the caller has run __brelse(), the buffer is eligible for
- * reaping by try_to_free_buffers().
- */
-void journal_remove_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh)
-{
-	jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(bh);
-	__journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
-	jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(bh);
-}
-
-/*
- * Drop a reference on the passed journal_head.  If it fell to zero then try to
+ * Drop a reference on the passed journal_head.  If it fell to zero then
  * release the journal_head from the buffer_head.
  */
 void journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh)
@@ -1957,11 +1923,12 @@  void journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh)
 	jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(bh);
 	J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_jcount > 0);
 	--jh->b_jcount;
-	if (!jh->b_jcount && !jh->b_transaction) {
+	if (!jh->b_jcount) {
 		__journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
+		jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(bh);
 		__brelse(bh);
-	}
-	jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(bh);
+	} else
+		jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(bh);
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/fs/jbd/transaction.c b/fs/jbd/transaction.c
index dc39efd..2512bc5 100644
--- a/fs/jbd/transaction.c
+++ b/fs/jbd/transaction.c
@@ -696,7 +696,6 @@  repeat:
 	if (!jh->b_transaction) {
 		JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "no transaction");
 		J_ASSERT_JH(jh, !jh->b_next_transaction);
-		jh->b_transaction = transaction;
 		JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "file as BJ_Reserved");
 		spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 		__journal_file_buffer(jh, transaction, BJ_Reserved);
@@ -818,7 +817,6 @@  int journal_get_create_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
 		 * committed and so it's safe to clear the dirty bit.
 		 */
 		clear_buffer_dirty(jh2bh(jh));
-		jh->b_transaction = transaction;
 
 		/* first access by this transaction */
 		jh->b_modified = 0;
@@ -1300,8 +1298,6 @@  int journal_forget (handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
 			__journal_file_buffer(jh, transaction, BJ_Forget);
 		} else {
 			__journal_unfile_buffer(jh);
-			journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
-			__brelse(bh);
 			if (!buffer_jbd(bh)) {
 				spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 				jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
@@ -1622,19 +1618,32 @@  static void __journal_temp_unlink_buffer(struct journal_head *jh)
 		mark_buffer_dirty(bh);	/* Expose it to the VM */
 }
 
+/*
+ * Remove buffer from all transactions.
+ *
+ * Called with bh_state lock and j_list_lock
+ *
+ * jh and bh may be already freed when this function returns.
+ */
 void __journal_unfile_buffer(struct journal_head *jh)
 {
 	__journal_temp_unlink_buffer(jh);
 	jh->b_transaction = NULL;
+	journal_put_journal_head(jh);
 }
 
 void journal_unfile_buffer(journal_t *journal, struct journal_head *jh)
 {
-	jbd_lock_bh_state(jh2bh(jh));
+	struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
+
+	/* Get reference so that buffer cannot be freed before we unlock it */
+	get_bh(bh);
+	jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
 	spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 	__journal_unfile_buffer(jh);
 	spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
-	jbd_unlock_bh_state(jh2bh(jh));
+	jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
+	__brelse(bh);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -1661,16 +1670,12 @@  __journal_try_to_free_buffer(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head *bh)
 			/* A written-back ordered data buffer */
 			JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "release data");
 			__journal_unfile_buffer(jh);
-			journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
-			__brelse(bh);
 		}
 	} else if (jh->b_cp_transaction != NULL && jh->b_transaction == NULL) {
 		/* written-back checkpointed metadata buffer */
 		if (jh->b_jlist == BJ_None) {
 			JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "remove from checkpoint list");
 			__journal_remove_checkpoint(jh);
-			journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
-			__brelse(bh);
 		}
 	}
 	spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
@@ -1733,7 +1738,7 @@  int journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal,
 		/*
 		 * We take our own ref against the journal_head here to avoid
 		 * having to add tons of locking around each instance of
-		 * journal_remove_journal_head() and journal_put_journal_head().
+		 * journal_put_journal_head().
 		 */
 		jh = journal_grab_journal_head(bh);
 		if (!jh)
@@ -1770,10 +1775,9 @@  static int __dispose_buffer(struct journal_head *jh, transaction_t *transaction)
 	int may_free = 1;
 	struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
 
-	__journal_unfile_buffer(jh);
-
 	if (jh->b_cp_transaction) {
 		JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "on running+cp transaction");
+		__journal_temp_unlink_buffer(jh);
 		/*
 		 * We don't want to write the buffer anymore, clear the
 		 * bit so that we don't confuse checks in
@@ -1784,8 +1788,7 @@  static int __dispose_buffer(struct journal_head *jh, transaction_t *transaction)
 		may_free = 0;
 	} else {
 		JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "on running transaction");
-		journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
-		__brelse(bh);
+		__journal_unfile_buffer(jh);
 	}
 	return may_free;
 }
@@ -2070,6 +2073,8 @@  void __journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *jh,
 
 	if (jh->b_transaction)
 		__journal_temp_unlink_buffer(jh);
+	else
+		journal_grab_journal_head(bh);
 	jh->b_transaction = transaction;
 
 	switch (jlist) {
@@ -2127,9 +2132,10 @@  void journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *jh,
  * already started to be used by a subsequent transaction, refile the
  * buffer on that transaction's metadata list.
  *
- * Called under journal->j_list_lock
- *
+ * Called under j_list_lock
  * Called under jbd_lock_bh_state(jh2bh(jh))
+ *
+ * jh and bh may be already free when this function returns
  */
 void __journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *jh)
 {
@@ -2153,6 +2159,11 @@  void __journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *jh)
 
 	was_dirty = test_clear_buffer_jbddirty(bh);
 	__journal_temp_unlink_buffer(jh);
+	/*
+	 * We set b_transaction here because b_next_transaction will inherit
+	 * our jh reference and thus __journal_file_buffer() must not take a
+	 * new one.
+	 */
 	jh->b_transaction = jh->b_next_transaction;
 	jh->b_next_transaction = NULL;
 	if (buffer_freed(bh))
@@ -2169,30 +2180,21 @@  void __journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *jh)
 }
 
 /*
- * For the unlocked version of this call, also make sure that any
- * hanging journal_head is cleaned up if necessary.
- *
- * __journal_refile_buffer is usually called as part of a single locked
- * operation on a buffer_head, in which the caller is probably going to
- * be hooking the journal_head onto other lists.  In that case it is up
- * to the caller to remove the journal_head if necessary.  For the
- * unlocked journal_refile_buffer call, the caller isn't going to be
- * doing anything else to the buffer so we need to do the cleanup
- * ourselves to avoid a jh leak.
- *
- * *** The journal_head may be freed by this call! ***
+ * __journal_refile_buffer() with necessary locking added. We take our bh
+ * reference so that we can safely unlock bh.
+ *
+ * The jh and bh may be freed by this call.
  */
 void journal_refile_buffer(journal_t *journal, struct journal_head *jh)
 {
 	struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
 
+	/* Get reference so that buffer cannot be freed before we unlock it */
+	get_bh(bh);
 	jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
 	spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
-
 	__journal_refile_buffer(jh);
 	jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
-	journal_remove_journal_head(bh);
-
 	spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
 	__brelse(bh);
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/jbd.h b/include/linux/jbd.h
index e069650..e6a5e34 100644
--- a/include/linux/jbd.h
+++ b/include/linux/jbd.h
@@ -940,7 +940,6 @@  extern int	   journal_force_commit(journal_t *);
  */
 struct journal_head *journal_add_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh);
 struct journal_head *journal_grab_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh);
-void journal_remove_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh);
 void journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh);
 
 /*