Patchwork Add RTC driver for NXP PCF2127A (I2C)

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Submitter Torsten Mehnert
Date June 17, 2011, 12:08 p.m.
Message ID <3F263ABB4EDE344D974E1983B56807734BAFD79A@EX-DAG01.eckelmann.group>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/100798/
State New
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Torsten Mehnert - June 17, 2011, 12:08 p.m.
Requesting for Comment and feedback.


From: T. Mehnert <t.mehnert@eckelmann.de>
Date: Thu, 16 Jun 2011 10:30:54 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] RTC pcf2127a i2c implementation

This drivers adds the driver for the nxp/phillips RTC pcf2127a.
The driver can only communicate via i2c with RTC, the SPI part is
not implemented.

It supports rtc_class_ops read_time and set_time.
---
 drivers/rtc/Kconfig        |   11 ++
 drivers/rtc/Makefile       |    1 +
 drivers/rtc/rtc-pcf2127a.c |  344 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 356 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/rtc/rtc-pcf2127a.c

--
1.7.0.4

ECKELMANN AG
Vorstand: Dr.-Ing. Gerd Eckelmann (Vorsitzender), Dr.-Ing. Peter Cordes, Dr.-Ing. Frank-Thomas Mellert
Vorsitzender des Aufsichtsrats: Hubertus G. Krossa
Sitz der Gesellschaft: Wiesbaden
Amtsgericht Wiesbaden, HRB 12636
Wolfram Sang - June 19, 2011, 7:54 p.m.
Hi,

thanks for your contribution! Here is a short review

On Fri, Jun 17, 2011 at 12:08:43PM +0000, Mehnert, Torsten wrote:
> Requesting for Comment and feedback.
> 
> 
> From: T. Mehnert <t.mehnert@eckelmann.de>
> Date: Thu, 16 Jun 2011 10:30:54 +0200
> Subject: [PATCH] RTC pcf2127a i2c implementation
> 
> This drivers adds the driver for the nxp/phillips RTC pcf2127a.
> The driver can only communicate via i2c with RTC, the SPI part is
> not implemented.
> 
> It supports rtc_class_ops read_time and set_time.
> ---
>  drivers/rtc/Kconfig        |   11 ++
>  drivers/rtc/Makefile       |    1 +
>  drivers/rtc/rtc-pcf2127a.c |  344 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 356 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/rtc/rtc-pcf2127a.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/rtc/Kconfig b/drivers/rtc/Kconfig
> index e187887..87da366 100644
> --- a/drivers/rtc/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/rtc/Kconfig
> @@ -264,6 +264,17 @@ config RTC_DRV_PCF8583
>           This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module
>           will be called rtc-pcf8583.
> 
> +config RTC_DRV_PCF2127A
> +       tristate "Philips PCF2127A (only I2C)"
> +       help
> +         If you say yes here you get support for the Philips PCF2127A
> +         RTC. This driver implements only the i2c-interface to the chip.
> +         It maybe work with other pcf2127, but's tested only against

"It may work". s/but's/but is/

> +         the pcf2127a.
> +
> +         This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module
> +         will be called rtc-pcf2127a.
> +
>  config RTC_DRV_M41T80
>         tristate "ST M41T62/65/M41T80/81/82/83/84/85/87"
>         help
> diff --git a/drivers/rtc/Makefile b/drivers/rtc/Makefile
> index ca91c3c..b77b577 100644
> --- a/drivers/rtc/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/rtc/Makefile
> @@ -70,6 +70,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_OMAP)    += rtc-omap.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCAP)     += rtc-pcap.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCF8563)  += rtc-pcf8563.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCF8583)  += rtc-pcf8583.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCF2127A) += rtc-pcf2127a.o

Not your fault, but maybe you could fix the sorting of the pcf-drivers while
you are here?

>  obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCF2123)  += rtc-pcf2123.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCF50633) += rtc-pcf50633.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PL030)    += rtc-pl030.o
> diff --git a/drivers/rtc/rtc-pcf2127a.c b/drivers/rtc/rtc-pcf2127a.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..7822036
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/rtc/rtc-pcf2127a.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,344 @@
> +/*
> + *  Driver the the NXP/Philips PCF2127A RTC (only I2C)

for?

> + *
> + *  Copyright (c) 2011 ECKELMANN AG.
> + *
> + *  Authors:    Matthias Wolf  <m.wolf@eckelmann.de>
> + *              Torsten Mehnert <t.mehnert@eckelmann.de>
> + *
> + *  RTC-Datasheet: http://www.nxp.com/documents/data_sheet/PCF2127A.pdf
> + *
> + *  NOTE: This driver only implements the i2c-interface to the RTC.
> + *  This driver is based on rtc-pcf8363 from Alessandro Zummo.
> + *
> + *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + *  (at your option) any later version.
> + *
> + *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
> + *  GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
> + *  Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> +#include <linux/bcd.h>
> +#include <linux/rtc.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>

module.h would be good, at least

> +
> +#define DRV_VERSION "0.1.0"

Please drop it, it is not very useful these days.

> +
> +/* PCF2127A Registers */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_CTL1              0x00 /* Control 1 */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_CTL2              0x01 /* Control 2 */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_CTL3              0x02 /* Control 3 */
> +
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_SC                        0x03 /* second value    */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_MN                        0x04 /* minute value    */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_HR                        0x05 /* hour value      */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_DM                        0x06 /* day value       */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_DW                        0x07 /* weekday value   */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_MO                        0x08 /* month value     */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_YR                        0x09 /* year value      */
> +
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_SC_ALARM          0x0A /* second alarm            */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_MN_ALARM          0x0B /* minute alarm            */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_HR_ALARM          0x0C /* hour alarm              */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_DM_ALARM          0x0D /* day alarm               */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_DW_ALARM          0x0E /* weekday alarm           */
> +
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_CLKO              0x0F /* clock out       */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_WD_TMRC           0x10 /* watchdog timer control  */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_WD_TMVAL          0x11 /* watchdog timer value    */
> +
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_TSCTL             0x12 /* timestamp control       */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_SC_TS             0x13 /* second timestamp        */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_MN_TS             0x14 /* minute timestamp        */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_HR_TS             0x15 /* hour timestamp          */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_DM_TS             0x16 /* day timestamp           */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_MO_TS             0x17 /* month timestamp         */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_YR_TS             0x18 /* year timestamp          */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_AGI_OFF           0x19 /* aging offset            */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_RAM_MSB           0x1A /* RAM address MSB         */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_RAM_LSB           0x1B /* RAM address LSB         */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_RAM_WCMD          0x1C /* RAM write command       */
> +#define PCF2127A_REG_RAM_RCMD          0x1D /* RAM read command        */
> +
> +/* Bits in PCF2127A_REG_CTL1 */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_SI                        0x01 /* second interrupt        */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_MI                        0x02 /* minute interrupt        */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_H_24_12           0x04 /* 12/24 hour mode         */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_POR_OVRD          0x08 /* POR override            */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_TSF1              0x10 /* timestamp flag 1        */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_STOP              0x20 /* stop bit                */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_EXTTEST           0x80 /* external clock test mode*/
> +
> +/* Bits in PCF2127A_REG_CTL2 */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_CDTIE             0x01 /* countdown timer flag    */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_AIE               0x02 /* alarm interrupt enable  */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_TSIE              0x04 /* timestamp int. enable   */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_CDTF              0x08 /* countdown timer flag    */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_AF                        0x10 /* alarm flag              */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_TSF2              0x20 /* timestamp flag 2        */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_WDTF              0x40 /* watchdog timer flag     */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_MSF               0x80 /* minute/second flag      */
> +
> +/* Bits in PCF2127A_REG_CTL3 */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_BLIE              0x01 /* battery low Interrupt enable */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_BIE               0x02 /* battery Switch int. enable */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_BLF               0x04 /* battery low flag        */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_BF                        0x08 /* battery switch flag     */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_BTSE              0x10 /* battery timestamp enable */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_BLDOFF            0x20 /* battery low detection off */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_BSM               0x40 /* battery switch mode     */
> +#define PCF2127A_BIT_BSOFF             0x80 /* battery switch off      */
> +
> +static struct i2c_driver pcf2127a_driver;
> +
> +struct pcf2127a {
> +       struct rtc_device *rtc;
> +};

You could skip the struct if you store the rtc_device pointer directly.

> +
> +/*
> + * In the routines that deal directly with the pcf2127a hardware, we use
> + * rtc_time -- month 0-11, hour 0-23, yr = calendar year-epoch.
> + */
> +static
> +int pcf2127a_get_datetime(struct i2c_client *client, struct rtc_time *tm)
> +{
> +    unsigned char buf[10] = { PCF2127A_REG_CTL1 };
> +
> +    /*
> +     * Note: We can't use i2c_transfer to send/recv multiple i2c_msg's
> +     * to/from pcf2127a at once. The reason is that the pcf2127a doesn't
> +     * handle (repeated START)-Conditions correctly.
> +     *
> +     * PCF2127A Manual, Section 9.2.2 START and STOP conditions:
> +     * "Remark: For the PCF2127A a repeated START is not allowed. Therefore
> +     * a STOP has to be released before the next START."
> +     */
> +    /* setup read ptr */
> +    if (!i2c_master_send(client,buf,1)) {
> +        dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: write error\n", __func__);
> +        return -EIO;
> +    }
> +
> +    /* read status + date */
> +    if (!i2c_master_recv(client,buf,10)) {

Is it possible to use SMBUS-commands instead in this driver? Either
I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BLOCK_DATA or I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_I2C_BLOCK?

> +        dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: read error\n", __func__);
> +        return -EIO;
> +    }
> +
> +    if (buf[PCF2127A_REG_CTL3] & PCF2127A_BIT_BLF)
> +       dev_info(&client->dev,
> +           "low battery detected, date/time is not reliable.\n");
> +
> +#ifdef DEBUG
> +    unsigned char bf_buf[2];
> +    if (buf[PCF2127A_REG_CTL3] & PCF2127A_BIT_BF){
> +       dev_info(&client->dev,
> +               "battery switch-over detected - reset BF flag.\n");
> +
> +       bf_buf[0] = PCF2127A_REG_CTL3;
> +       bf_buf[1] = buf[PCF2127A_REG_CTL3] & ~PCF2127A_BIT_BF;
> +       if (!i2c_master_send(client, bf_buf, 2)) {
> +           dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: write error\n", __func__);
> +           return -EIO;
> +       }
> +    }
> +#endif
> +
> +       dev_dbg(&client->dev,
> +               "%s: raw data is ctl1=%02x, ctl2=%02x, ctl3=%02x, sec=%02x, "
> +               "min=%02x, hour=%02x, day=%02x, wday=%02x, month=%02x, "
> +               "year=%02x\n",
> +               __func__,
> +               buf[0], buf[1], buf[2], buf[3],
> +               buf[4], buf[5], buf[6], buf[7],
> +               buf[8], buf[9]);
> +
> +       tm->tm_sec = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_SC] & 0x7F);
> +       tm->tm_min = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_MN] & 0x7F);
> +       tm->tm_hour = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_HR] & 0x3F); /* rtc hr 0-23 */
> +       tm->tm_mday = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_DM] & 0x3F);
> +       tm->tm_wday = buf[PCF2127A_REG_DW] & 0x07;
> +       tm->tm_mon = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_MO] & 0x1F) -1; /* rtc mn 1-12 */
> +       tm->tm_year = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_YR]);
> +
> +       if (tm->tm_year < 70)
> +               tm->tm_year += 100;     /* assume we are in 1970...2069 */
> +
> +       dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s: tm is secs=%d, mins=%d, hours=%d, "
> +               "mday=%d, mon=%d, year=%d, wday=%d\n",
> +               __func__,
> +               tm->tm_sec, tm->tm_min, tm->tm_hour,
> +               tm->tm_mday, tm->tm_mon, tm->tm_year, tm->tm_wday);

This might be a bit too much debug output.

> +
> +       /* the clock can give out invalid datetime, but we cannot return
> +        * -EINVAL otherwise hwclock will refuse to set the time on bootup.
> +        */

Minor: Comment opening should be plain /*

> +       if (rtc_valid_tm(tm) < 0)
> +               dev_err(&client->dev, "retrieved date/time is not valid.\n");
> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +//*****************************************************************************

Please no C++ comments here and later.

> +
> +static
> +int pcf2127a_set_datetime(struct i2c_client *client, struct rtc_time *tm)
> +{
> +       int i, err;
> +       unsigned char msgdata[2];       /* send data*/
> +       unsigned char buf[10];          /* Index 0 - 9 */
> +
> +       dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s: secs=%d, mins=%d, hours=%d, "
> +               "mday=%d, mon=%d, year=%d, wday=%d\n",
> +               __func__,
> +               tm->tm_sec, tm->tm_min, tm->tm_hour,
> +               tm->tm_mday, tm->tm_mon, tm->tm_year, tm->tm_wday);

too much debug?

> +
> +       /* hours, minutes and seconds */
> +       buf[PCF2127A_REG_SC] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_sec);
> +       buf[PCF2127A_REG_MN] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_min);
> +       buf[PCF2127A_REG_HR] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_hour);
> +
> +       /* day of month */
> +       buf[PCF2127A_REG_DM] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_mday);
> +
> +       /* weekday */
> +       buf[PCF2127A_REG_DW] = tm->tm_wday & 0x07;
> +
> +       /* month, 1 - 12 */
> +       buf[PCF2127A_REG_MO] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_mon + 1);
> +
> +       /* year */
> +       buf[PCF2127A_REG_YR] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_year % 100);
> +
> +       /* write register's data */
> +       for (i = 0; i < 7; i++) {
> +               msgdata[0] = PCF2127A_REG_SC + i;
> +               msgdata[1] = buf[PCF2127A_REG_SC + i];
> +               err = i2c_master_send(client, msgdata, sizeof(msgdata));
> +               if (err != sizeof(msgdata)) {
> +                       dev_err(&client->dev,
> +                               "%s: err=%d addr=%02x, data=%02x\n",
> +                               __func__, err, msgdata[0], msgdata[1]);
> +                       return -EIO;
> +               }

ditto about SMBUS

> +       }
> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +//*****************************************************************************
> +
> +static int pcf2127a_rtc_read_time(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
> +{
> +       return pcf2127a_get_datetime(to_i2c_client(dev), tm);
> +}
> +
> +static int pcf2127a_rtc_set_time(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
> +{
> +       return pcf2127a_set_datetime(to_i2c_client(dev), tm);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct rtc_class_ops pcf2127a_rtc_ops = {
> +       .read_time      = pcf2127a_rtc_read_time,
> +       .set_time       = pcf2127a_rtc_set_time,
> +};
> +
> +//*****************************************************************************
> +
> +static int pcf2127a_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
> +                               const struct i2c_device_id *id)
> +{
> +       struct pcf2127a *pcf2127a;
> +       int err;
> +
> +       if (!i2c_check_functionality(client->adapter, I2C_FUNC_I2C))
> +               return -ENODEV;
> +
> +       pcf2127a = kzalloc(sizeof(struct pcf2127a), GFP_KERNEL);
> +       if (!pcf2127a)
> +               return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +       dev_info(&client->dev, "chip found, driver version " DRV_VERSION "\n");
> +
> +       pcf2127a->rtc = rtc_device_register(pcf2127a_driver.driver.name,
> +                               &client->dev, &pcf2127a_rtc_ops, THIS_MODULE);
> +
> +       if (IS_ERR(pcf2127a->rtc)) {
> +               err = PTR_ERR(pcf2127a->rtc);
> +               goto exit_kfree;
> +       }
> +
> +       i2c_set_clientdata(client, pcf2127a);
> +
> +       return 0;
> +
> +exit_kfree:
> +       kfree(pcf2127a);
> +
> +       return err;
> +}
> +
> +//*****************************************************************************
> +
> +static
> +int pcf2127a_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
> +{
> +       struct pcf2127a *pcf2127a = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> +
> +       if (pcf2127a->rtc)
> +               rtc_device_unregister(pcf2127a->rtc);
> +
> +       kfree(pcf2127a);
> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct i2c_device_id pcf2127a_id[] = {
> +       /*
> +        * This driver should also work with the pcf2127, but
> +        * I can't prove it.
> +        */
> +       { "pcf2127a", 0 },
> +       { "rtc2127a", 0 },

Is there really a chip called "rtc2127a"?

> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, pcf2127a_id);
> +
> +static struct i2c_driver pcf2127a_driver = {
> +       .driver         = {
> +               .name   = "rtc-pcf2127a",
> +       },
> +       .probe          = pcf2127a_probe,
> +       .remove         = pcf2127a_remove,
> +       .id_table       = pcf2127a_id,
> +};
> +
> +static
> +int __init pcf2127a_init(void)

That should fit into one line.

> +{
> +       return i2c_add_driver(&pcf2127a_driver);
> +}
> +
> +static
> +void __exit pcf2127a_exit(void)
> +{
> +       i2c_del_driver(&pcf2127a_driver);
> +}
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("M. Wolf <m.wolf@eckelmann.de>");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("T. Mehnert <t.mehnert@eckelmann.de>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("NXP/Philips PCF2127A RTC (I2C) driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +MODULE_VERSION(DRV_VERSION);
> +
> +module_init(pcf2127a_init);
> +module_exit(pcf2127a_exit);

Please put those directly below the functions.

> --
> 1.7.0.4
> 
> ECKELMANN AG
> Vorstand: Dr.-Ing. Gerd Eckelmann (Vorsitzender), Dr.-Ing. Peter Cordes, Dr.-Ing. Frank-Thomas Mellert
> Vorsitzender des Aufsichtsrats: Hubertus G. Krossa
> Sitz der Gesellschaft: Wiesbaden
> Amtsgericht Wiesbaden, HRB 12636
> 
> -- 
> You received this message because you are subscribed to "rtc-linux".
> Membership options at http://groups.google.com/group/rtc-linux .
> Please read http://groups.google.com/group/rtc-linux/web/checklist
> before submitting a driver.

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/rtc/Kconfig b/drivers/rtc/Kconfig
index e187887..87da366 100644
--- a/drivers/rtc/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/rtc/Kconfig
@@ -264,6 +264,17 @@  config RTC_DRV_PCF8583
          This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module
          will be called rtc-pcf8583.

+config RTC_DRV_PCF2127A
+       tristate "Philips PCF2127A (only I2C)"
+       help
+         If you say yes here you get support for the Philips PCF2127A
+         RTC. This driver implements only the i2c-interface to the chip.
+         It maybe work with other pcf2127, but's tested only against
+         the pcf2127a.
+
+         This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module
+         will be called rtc-pcf2127a.
+
 config RTC_DRV_M41T80
        tristate "ST M41T62/65/M41T80/81/82/83/84/85/87"
        help
diff --git a/drivers/rtc/Makefile b/drivers/rtc/Makefile
index ca91c3c..b77b577 100644
--- a/drivers/rtc/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/rtc/Makefile
@@ -70,6 +70,7 @@  obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_OMAP)    += rtc-omap.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCAP)     += rtc-pcap.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCF8563)  += rtc-pcf8563.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCF8583)  += rtc-pcf8583.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCF2127A) += rtc-pcf2127a.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCF2123)  += rtc-pcf2123.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PCF50633) += rtc-pcf50633.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_RTC_DRV_PL030)    += rtc-pl030.o
diff --git a/drivers/rtc/rtc-pcf2127a.c b/drivers/rtc/rtc-pcf2127a.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7822036
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/rtc/rtc-pcf2127a.c
@@ -0,0 +1,344 @@ 
+/*
+ *  Driver the the NXP/Philips PCF2127A RTC (only I2C)
+ *
+ *  Copyright (c) 2011 ECKELMANN AG.
+ *
+ *  Authors:    Matthias Wolf  <m.wolf@eckelmann.de>
+ *              Torsten Mehnert <t.mehnert@eckelmann.de>
+ *
+ *  RTC-Datasheet: http://www.nxp.com/documents/data_sheet/PCF2127A.pdf
+ *
+ *  NOTE: This driver only implements the i2c-interface to the RTC.
+ *  This driver is based on rtc-pcf8363 from Alessandro Zummo.
+ *
+ *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ *  (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *  GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ *  Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/bcd.h>
+#include <linux/rtc.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+#define DRV_VERSION "0.1.0"
+
+/* PCF2127A Registers */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_CTL1              0x00 /* Control 1 */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_CTL2              0x01 /* Control 2 */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_CTL3              0x02 /* Control 3 */
+
+#define PCF2127A_REG_SC                        0x03 /* second value    */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_MN                        0x04 /* minute value    */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_HR                        0x05 /* hour value      */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_DM                        0x06 /* day value       */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_DW                        0x07 /* weekday value   */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_MO                        0x08 /* month value     */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_YR                        0x09 /* year value      */
+
+#define PCF2127A_REG_SC_ALARM          0x0A /* second alarm            */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_MN_ALARM          0x0B /* minute alarm            */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_HR_ALARM          0x0C /* hour alarm              */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_DM_ALARM          0x0D /* day alarm               */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_DW_ALARM          0x0E /* weekday alarm           */
+
+#define PCF2127A_REG_CLKO              0x0F /* clock out       */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_WD_TMRC           0x10 /* watchdog timer control  */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_WD_TMVAL          0x11 /* watchdog timer value    */
+
+#define PCF2127A_REG_TSCTL             0x12 /* timestamp control       */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_SC_TS             0x13 /* second timestamp        */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_MN_TS             0x14 /* minute timestamp        */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_HR_TS             0x15 /* hour timestamp          */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_DM_TS             0x16 /* day timestamp           */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_MO_TS             0x17 /* month timestamp         */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_YR_TS             0x18 /* year timestamp          */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_AGI_OFF           0x19 /* aging offset            */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_RAM_MSB           0x1A /* RAM address MSB         */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_RAM_LSB           0x1B /* RAM address LSB         */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_RAM_WCMD          0x1C /* RAM write command       */
+#define PCF2127A_REG_RAM_RCMD          0x1D /* RAM read command        */
+
+/* Bits in PCF2127A_REG_CTL1 */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_SI                        0x01 /* second interrupt        */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_MI                        0x02 /* minute interrupt        */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_H_24_12           0x04 /* 12/24 hour mode         */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_POR_OVRD          0x08 /* POR override            */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_TSF1              0x10 /* timestamp flag 1        */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_STOP              0x20 /* stop bit                */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_EXTTEST           0x80 /* external clock test mode*/
+
+/* Bits in PCF2127A_REG_CTL2 */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_CDTIE             0x01 /* countdown timer flag    */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_AIE               0x02 /* alarm interrupt enable  */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_TSIE              0x04 /* timestamp int. enable   */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_CDTF              0x08 /* countdown timer flag    */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_AF                        0x10 /* alarm flag              */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_TSF2              0x20 /* timestamp flag 2        */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_WDTF              0x40 /* watchdog timer flag     */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_MSF               0x80 /* minute/second flag      */
+
+/* Bits in PCF2127A_REG_CTL3 */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_BLIE              0x01 /* battery low Interrupt enable */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_BIE               0x02 /* battery Switch int. enable */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_BLF               0x04 /* battery low flag        */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_BF                        0x08 /* battery switch flag     */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_BTSE              0x10 /* battery timestamp enable */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_BLDOFF            0x20 /* battery low detection off */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_BSM               0x40 /* battery switch mode     */
+#define PCF2127A_BIT_BSOFF             0x80 /* battery switch off      */
+
+static struct i2c_driver pcf2127a_driver;
+
+struct pcf2127a {
+       struct rtc_device *rtc;
+};
+
+/*
+ * In the routines that deal directly with the pcf2127a hardware, we use
+ * rtc_time -- month 0-11, hour 0-23, yr = calendar year-epoch.
+ */
+static
+int pcf2127a_get_datetime(struct i2c_client *client, struct rtc_time *tm)
+{
+    unsigned char buf[10] = { PCF2127A_REG_CTL1 };
+
+    /*
+     * Note: We can't use i2c_transfer to send/recv multiple i2c_msg's
+     * to/from pcf2127a at once. The reason is that the pcf2127a doesn't
+     * handle (repeated START)-Conditions correctly.
+     *
+     * PCF2127A Manual, Section 9.2.2 START and STOP conditions:
+     * "Remark: For the PCF2127A a repeated START is not allowed. Therefore
+     * a STOP has to be released before the next START."
+     */
+    /* setup read ptr */
+    if (!i2c_master_send(client,buf,1)) {
+        dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: write error\n", __func__);
+        return -EIO;
+    }
+
+    /* read status + date */
+    if (!i2c_master_recv(client,buf,10)) {
+        dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: read error\n", __func__);
+        return -EIO;
+    }
+
+    if (buf[PCF2127A_REG_CTL3] & PCF2127A_BIT_BLF)
+       dev_info(&client->dev,
+           "low battery detected, date/time is not reliable.\n");
+
+#ifdef DEBUG
+    unsigned char bf_buf[2];
+    if (buf[PCF2127A_REG_CTL3] & PCF2127A_BIT_BF){
+       dev_info(&client->dev,
+               "battery switch-over detected - reset BF flag.\n");
+
+       bf_buf[0] = PCF2127A_REG_CTL3;
+       bf_buf[1] = buf[PCF2127A_REG_CTL3] & ~PCF2127A_BIT_BF;
+       if (!i2c_master_send(client, bf_buf, 2)) {
+           dev_err(&client->dev, "%s: write error\n", __func__);
+           return -EIO;
+       }
+    }
+#endif
+
+       dev_dbg(&client->dev,
+               "%s: raw data is ctl1=%02x, ctl2=%02x, ctl3=%02x, sec=%02x, "
+               "min=%02x, hour=%02x, day=%02x, wday=%02x, month=%02x, "
+               "year=%02x\n",
+               __func__,
+               buf[0], buf[1], buf[2], buf[3],
+               buf[4], buf[5], buf[6], buf[7],
+               buf[8], buf[9]);
+
+       tm->tm_sec = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_SC] & 0x7F);
+       tm->tm_min = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_MN] & 0x7F);
+       tm->tm_hour = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_HR] & 0x3F); /* rtc hr 0-23 */
+       tm->tm_mday = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_DM] & 0x3F);
+       tm->tm_wday = buf[PCF2127A_REG_DW] & 0x07;
+       tm->tm_mon = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_MO] & 0x1F) -1; /* rtc mn 1-12 */
+       tm->tm_year = bcd2bin(buf[PCF2127A_REG_YR]);
+
+       if (tm->tm_year < 70)
+               tm->tm_year += 100;     /* assume we are in 1970...2069 */
+
+       dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s: tm is secs=%d, mins=%d, hours=%d, "
+               "mday=%d, mon=%d, year=%d, wday=%d\n",
+               __func__,
+               tm->tm_sec, tm->tm_min, tm->tm_hour,
+               tm->tm_mday, tm->tm_mon, tm->tm_year, tm->tm_wday);
+
+       /* the clock can give out invalid datetime, but we cannot return
+        * -EINVAL otherwise hwclock will refuse to set the time on bootup.
+        */
+       if (rtc_valid_tm(tm) < 0)
+               dev_err(&client->dev, "retrieved date/time is not valid.\n");
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+//*****************************************************************************
+
+static
+int pcf2127a_set_datetime(struct i2c_client *client, struct rtc_time *tm)
+{
+       int i, err;
+       unsigned char msgdata[2];       /* send data*/
+       unsigned char buf[10];          /* Index 0 - 9 */
+
+       dev_dbg(&client->dev, "%s: secs=%d, mins=%d, hours=%d, "
+               "mday=%d, mon=%d, year=%d, wday=%d\n",
+               __func__,
+               tm->tm_sec, tm->tm_min, tm->tm_hour,
+               tm->tm_mday, tm->tm_mon, tm->tm_year, tm->tm_wday);
+
+       /* hours, minutes and seconds */
+       buf[PCF2127A_REG_SC] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_sec);
+       buf[PCF2127A_REG_MN] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_min);
+       buf[PCF2127A_REG_HR] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_hour);
+
+       /* day of month */
+       buf[PCF2127A_REG_DM] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_mday);
+
+       /* weekday */
+       buf[PCF2127A_REG_DW] = tm->tm_wday & 0x07;
+
+       /* month, 1 - 12 */
+       buf[PCF2127A_REG_MO] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_mon + 1);
+
+       /* year */
+       buf[PCF2127A_REG_YR] = bin2bcd(tm->tm_year % 100);
+
+       /* write register's data */
+       for (i = 0; i < 7; i++) {
+               msgdata[0] = PCF2127A_REG_SC + i;
+               msgdata[1] = buf[PCF2127A_REG_SC + i];
+               err = i2c_master_send(client, msgdata, sizeof(msgdata));
+               if (err != sizeof(msgdata)) {
+                       dev_err(&client->dev,
+                               "%s: err=%d addr=%02x, data=%02x\n",
+                               __func__, err, msgdata[0], msgdata[1]);
+                       return -EIO;
+               }
+       }
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+//*****************************************************************************
+
+static int pcf2127a_rtc_read_time(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
+{
+       return pcf2127a_get_datetime(to_i2c_client(dev), tm);
+}
+
+static int pcf2127a_rtc_set_time(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
+{
+       return pcf2127a_set_datetime(to_i2c_client(dev), tm);
+}
+
+static const struct rtc_class_ops pcf2127a_rtc_ops = {
+       .read_time      = pcf2127a_rtc_read_time,
+       .set_time       = pcf2127a_rtc_set_time,
+};
+
+//*****************************************************************************
+
+static int pcf2127a_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
+                               const struct i2c_device_id *id)
+{
+       struct pcf2127a *pcf2127a;
+       int err;
+
+       if (!i2c_check_functionality(client->adapter, I2C_FUNC_I2C))
+               return -ENODEV;
+
+       pcf2127a = kzalloc(sizeof(struct pcf2127a), GFP_KERNEL);
+       if (!pcf2127a)
+               return -ENOMEM;
+
+       dev_info(&client->dev, "chip found, driver version " DRV_VERSION "\n");
+
+       pcf2127a->rtc = rtc_device_register(pcf2127a_driver.driver.name,
+                               &client->dev, &pcf2127a_rtc_ops, THIS_MODULE);
+
+       if (IS_ERR(pcf2127a->rtc)) {
+               err = PTR_ERR(pcf2127a->rtc);
+               goto exit_kfree;
+       }
+
+       i2c_set_clientdata(client, pcf2127a);
+
+       return 0;
+
+exit_kfree:
+       kfree(pcf2127a);
+
+       return err;
+}
+
+//*****************************************************************************
+
+static
+int pcf2127a_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+       struct pcf2127a *pcf2127a = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+
+       if (pcf2127a->rtc)
+               rtc_device_unregister(pcf2127a->rtc);
+
+       kfree(pcf2127a);
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct i2c_device_id pcf2127a_id[] = {
+       /*
+        * This driver should also work with the pcf2127, but
+        * I can't prove it.
+        */
+       { "pcf2127a", 0 },
+       { "rtc2127a", 0 },
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, pcf2127a_id);
+
+static struct i2c_driver pcf2127a_driver = {
+       .driver         = {
+               .name   = "rtc-pcf2127a",
+       },
+       .probe          = pcf2127a_probe,
+       .remove         = pcf2127a_remove,
+       .id_table       = pcf2127a_id,
+};
+
+static
+int __init pcf2127a_init(void)
+{
+       return i2c_add_driver(&pcf2127a_driver);
+}
+
+static
+void __exit pcf2127a_exit(void)
+{
+       i2c_del_driver(&pcf2127a_driver);
+}
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("M. Wolf <m.wolf@eckelmann.de>");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("T. Mehnert <t.mehnert@eckelmann.de>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("NXP/Philips PCF2127A RTC (I2C) driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_VERSION(DRV_VERSION);
+
+module_init(pcf2127a_init);
+module_exit(pcf2127a_exit);