[RFC,v3,05/19] kunit: test: add the concept of expectations

Message ID 20181128193636.254378-6-brendanhiggins@google.com
State Needs Review / ACK
Headers show
Series
  • kunit: introduce KUnit, the Linux kernel unit testing framework
Related show

Commit Message

Brendan Higgins Nov. 28, 2018, 7:36 p.m.
Add support for expectations, which allow properties to be specified and
then verified in tests.

Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
---
 include/kunit/test.h | 379 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kunit/test.c         |  34 ++++
 2 files changed, 413 insertions(+)

Patch

diff --git a/include/kunit/test.h b/include/kunit/test.h
index ea424095e4fb4..098a9dceef9ea 100644
--- a/include/kunit/test.h
+++ b/include/kunit/test.h
@@ -273,4 +273,383 @@  void __printf(3, 4) kunit_printk(const char *level,
 #define kunit_err(test, fmt, ...) \
 		kunit_printk(KERN_ERR, test, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
 
+static inline struct kunit_stream *kunit_expect_start(struct kunit *test,
+						      const char *file,
+						      const char *line)
+{
+	struct kunit_stream *stream = kunit_new_stream(test);
+
+	stream->add(stream, "EXPECTATION FAILED at %s:%s\n\t", file, line);
+
+	return stream;
+}
+
+static inline void kunit_expect_end(struct kunit *test,
+				    bool success,
+				    struct kunit_stream *stream)
+{
+	if (!success)
+		test->fail(test, stream);
+	else
+		stream->clear(stream);
+}
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_START(test) \
+		kunit_expect_start(test, __FILE__, __stringify(__LINE__))
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_END(test, success, stream) \
+		kunit_expect_end(test, success, stream)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_MSG(test, success, message, fmt, ...) do {		       \
+	struct kunit_stream *__stream = KUNIT_EXPECT_START(test);	       \
+									       \
+	__stream->add(__stream, message);				       \
+	__stream->add(__stream, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);			       \
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_END(test, success, __stream);			       \
+} while (0)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT(test, success, message) do {			       \
+	struct kunit_stream *__stream = KUNIT_EXPECT_START(test);	       \
+									       \
+	__stream->add(__stream, message);				       \
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_END(test, success, __stream);			       \
+} while (0)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_SUCCEED() - A no-op expectation. Only exists for code clarity.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ *
+ * The opposite of KUNIT_FAIL(), it is an expectation that cannot fail. In other
+ * words, it does nothing and only exists for code clarity. See
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE() for more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_SUCCEED(test) do {} while (0)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_FAIL() - Always causes a test to fail when evaluated.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @fmt: an informational message to be printed when the assertion is made.
+ * @...: string format arguments.
+ *
+ * The opposite of KUNIT_SUCCEED(), it is an expectation that always fails. In
+ * other words, it always results in a failed expectation, and consequently
+ * always causes the test case to fail when evaluated. See KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE()
+ * for more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_FAIL(test, fmt, ...) \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_MSG(test, false, "", fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE() - Causes a test failure when the expression is not true.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @condition: an arbitrary boolean expression. The test fails when this does
+ * not evaluate to true.
+ *
+ * This and expectations of the form `KUNIT_EXPECT_*` will cause the test case
+ * to fail when the specified condition is not met; however, it will not prevent
+ * the test case from continuing to run; this is otherwise known as an
+ * *expectation failure*.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(test, condition)				       \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT(test, (condition),				       \
+		       "Expected " #condition " is true, but is false.")
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE_MSG(test, condition, fmt, ...)		       \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_MSG(test, (condition),			       \
+				"Expected " #condition " is true, but is false.\n",\
+				fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_FALSE() - Makes a test failure when the expression is not false.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @condition: an arbitrary boolean expression. The test fails when this does
+ * not evaluate to false.
+ *
+ * Sets an expectation that @condition evaluates to false. See
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE() for more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_FALSE(test, condition)				       \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT(test, !(condition),			       \
+		       "Expected " #condition " is false, but is true.")
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_FALSE_MSG(test, condition, fmt, ...)		       \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_MSG(test, !(condition),			       \
+				"Expected " #condition " is false, but is true.\n",\
+				fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+void kunit_expect_binary_msg(struct kunit *test,
+			    long long left, const char *left_name,
+			    long long right, const char *right_name,
+			    bool compare_result,
+			    const char *compare_name,
+			    const char *file,
+			    const char *line,
+			    const char *fmt, ...);
+
+static inline void kunit_expect_binary(struct kunit *test,
+				       long long left, const char *left_name,
+				       long long right, const char *right_name,
+				       bool compare_result,
+				       const char *compare_name,
+				       const char *file,
+				       const char *line)
+{
+	struct kunit_stream *stream = kunit_expect_start(test, file, line);
+
+	stream->add(stream,
+		    "Expected %s %s %s, but\n",
+		    left_name, compare_name, right_name);
+	stream->add(stream, "\t\t%s == %lld\n", left_name, left);
+	stream->add(stream, "\t\t%s == %lld", right_name, right);
+
+	kunit_expect_end(test, compare_result, stream);
+}
+
+/*
+ * A factory macro for defining the expectations for the basic comparisons
+ * defined for the built in types.
+ *
+ * Unfortunately, there is no common type that all types can be promoted to for
+ * which all the binary operators behave the same way as for the actual types
+ * (for example, there is no type that long long and unsigned long long can
+ * both be cast to where the comparison result is preserved for all values). So
+ * the best we can do is do the comparison in the original types and then coerce
+ * everything to long long for printing; this way, the comparison behaves
+ * correctly and the printed out value usually makes sense without
+ * interpretation, but can always be interpretted to figure out the actual
+ * value.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY(test, left, condition, right) do {		       \
+	typeof(left) __left = (left);					       \
+	typeof(right) __right = (right);				       \
+	kunit_expect_binary(test,					       \
+			   (long long) __left, #left,			       \
+			   (long long) __right, #right,			       \
+			   __left condition __right, #condition,	       \
+			   __FILE__, __stringify(__LINE__));		       \
+} while (0)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY_MSG(test, left, condition, right, fmt, ...) do {   \
+	typeof(left) __left = (left);					       \
+	typeof(right) __right = (right);				       \
+	kunit_expect_binary_msg(test,					       \
+			   (long long) __left, #left,			       \
+			   (long long) __right, #right,			       \
+			   __left condition __right, #condition,	       \
+			   __FILE__, __stringify(__LINE__),		       \
+			   fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);				       \
+} while (0)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ() - Sets an expectation that @left and @right are equal.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @left: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ * @right: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ *
+ * Sets an expectation that the values that @left and @right evaluate to are
+ * equal. This is semantically equivalent to
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(@test, (@left) == (@right)). See KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE() for
+ * more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, left, right) \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY(test, left, ==, right)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, left, right, fmt, ...)		       \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY_MSG(test,				       \
+					left,				       \
+					==,				       \
+					right,				       \
+					fmt,				       \
+					##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_NE() - An expectation that @left and @right are not equal.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @left: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ * @right: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ *
+ * Sets an expectation that the values that @left and @right evaluate to are not
+ * equal. This is semantically equivalent to
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(@test, (@left) != (@right)). See KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE() for
+ * more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_NE(test, left, right) \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY(test, left, !=, right)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_NE_MSG(test, left, right, fmt, ...)		       \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY_MSG(test,				       \
+					left,				       \
+					!=,				       \
+					right,				       \
+					fmt,				       \
+					##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_LT() - An expectation that @left is less than @right.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @left: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ * @right: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ *
+ * Sets an expectation that the value that @left evaluates to is less than the
+ * value that @right evaluates to. This is semantically equivalent to
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(@test, (@left) < (@right)). See KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE() for
+ * more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_LT(test, left, right) \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY(test, left, <, right)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_LT_MSG(test, left, right, fmt, ...)		       \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY_MSG(test,				       \
+					left,				       \
+					<,				       \
+					right,				       \
+					fmt,				       \
+					##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_LE() - Expects that @left is less than or equal to @right.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @left: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ * @right: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ *
+ * Sets an expectation that the value that @left evaluates to is less than or
+ * equal to the value that @right evaluates to. Semantically this is equivalent
+ * to KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(@test, (@left) <= (@right)). See KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE() for
+ * more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_LE(test, left, right) \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY(test, left, <=, right)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_LE_MSG(test, left, right, fmt, ...)		       \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY_MSG(test,				       \
+					left,				       \
+					<=,				       \
+					right,				       \
+					fmt,				       \
+					##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_GT() - An expectation that @left is greater than @right.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @left: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ * @right: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ *
+ * Sets an expectation that the value that @left evaluates to is greater than
+ * the value that @right evaluates to. This is semantically equivalent to
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(@test, (@left) > (@right)). See KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE() for
+ * more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_GT(test, left, right) \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY(test, left, >, right)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_GT_MSG(test, left, right, fmt, ...)		       \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY_MSG(test,				       \
+					left,				       \
+					>,				       \
+					right,				       \
+					fmt,				       \
+					##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_GE() - Expects that @left is greater than or equal to @right.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @left: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ * @right: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a primitive C type.
+ *
+ * Sets an expectation that the value that @left evaluates to is greater than
+ * the value that @right evaluates to. This is semantically equivalent to
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(@test, (@left) >= (@right)). See KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE() for
+ * more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_GE(test, left, right) \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY(test, left, >=, right)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_GE_MSG(test, left, right, fmt, ...)		       \
+		KUNIT_EXPECT_BINARY_MSG(test,				       \
+					left,				       \
+					>=,				       \
+					right,				       \
+					fmt,				       \
+					##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ() - Expects that strings @left and @right are equal.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @left: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a null terminated string.
+ * @right: an arbitrary expression that evaluates to a null terminated string.
+ *
+ * Sets an expectation that the values that @left and @right evaluate to are
+ * equal. This is semantically equivalent to
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(@test, !strcmp((@left), (@right))). See KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE()
+ * for more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ(test, left, right) do {			       \
+	struct kunit_stream *__stream = KUNIT_EXPECT_START(test);	       \
+	typeof(left) __left = (left);					       \
+	typeof(right) __right = (right);				       \
+									       \
+	__stream->add(__stream, "Expected " #left " == " #right ", but\n");    \
+	__stream->add(__stream, "\t\t%s == %s\n", #left, __left);	       \
+	__stream->add(__stream, "\t\t%s == %s\n", #right, __right);	       \
+									       \
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_END(test, !strcmp(left, right), __stream);		       \
+} while (0)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, left, right, fmt, ...) do {	       \
+	struct kunit_stream *__stream = KUNIT_EXPECT_START(test);	       \
+	typeof(left) __left = (left);					       \
+	typeof(right) __right = (right);				       \
+									       \
+	__stream->add(__stream, "Expected " #left " == " #right ", but\n");    \
+	__stream->add(__stream, "\t\t%s == %s\n", #left, __left);	       \
+	__stream->add(__stream, "\t\t%s == %s\n", #right, __right);	       \
+	__stream->add(__stream, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);			       \
+									       \
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_END(test, !strcmp(left, right), __stream);		       \
+} while (0)
+
+/**
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL() - Expects that @ptr is not null and not err.
+ * @test: The test context object.
+ * @ptr: an arbitrary pointer.
+ *
+ * Sets an expectation that the value that @ptr evaluates to is not null and not
+ * an errno stored in a pointer. This is semantically equivalent to
+ * KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(@test, !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(@ptr)). See KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE() for
+ * more information.
+ */
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, ptr) do {			       \
+	struct kunit_stream *__stream = KUNIT_EXPECT_START(test);	       \
+	typeof(ptr) __ptr = (ptr);					       \
+									       \
+	if (!__ptr)							       \
+		__stream->add(__stream,					       \
+			      "Expected " #ptr " is not null, but is.");       \
+	if (IS_ERR(__ptr))						       \
+		__stream->add(__stream,					       \
+			      "Expected " #ptr " is not error, but is: %ld",   \
+			      PTR_ERR(__ptr));				       \
+									       \
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_END(test, !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(__ptr), __stream);	       \
+} while (0)
+
+#define KUNIT_EXPECT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL_MSG(test, ptr, fmt, ...) do {	       \
+	struct kunit_stream *__stream = KUNIT_EXPECT_START(test);	       \
+	typeof(ptr) __ptr = (ptr);					       \
+									       \
+	if (!__ptr) {							       \
+		__stream->add(__stream,					       \
+			      "Expected " #ptr " is not null, but is.");       \
+		__stream->add(__stream, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);		       \
+	}								       \
+	if (IS_ERR(__ptr)) {						       \
+		__stream->add(__stream,					       \
+			      "Expected " #ptr " is not error, but is: %ld",   \
+			      PTR_ERR(__ptr));				       \
+									       \
+		__stream->add(__stream, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);		       \
+	}								       \
+	KUNIT_EXPECT_END(test, !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(__ptr), __stream);	       \
+} while (0)
+
 #endif /* _KUNIT_TEST_H */
diff --git a/kunit/test.c b/kunit/test.c
index abeb939dc7fa2..0fe6571f23d41 100644
--- a/kunit/test.c
+++ b/kunit/test.c
@@ -269,3 +269,37 @@  void kunit_printk(const char *level,
 
 	va_end(args);
 }
+
+void kunit_expect_binary_msg(struct kunit *test,
+			     long long left, const char *left_name,
+			     long long right, const char *right_name,
+			     bool compare_result,
+			     const char *compare_name,
+			     const char *file,
+			     const char *line,
+			     const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+	struct kunit_stream *stream = kunit_expect_start(test, file, line);
+	struct va_format vaf;
+	va_list args;
+
+	stream->add(stream,
+		    "Expected %s %s %s, but\n",
+		    left_name, compare_name, right_name);
+	stream->add(stream, "\t\t%s == %lld\n", left_name, left);
+	stream->add(stream, "\t\t%s == %lld", right_name, right);
+
+	if (fmt) {
+		va_start(args, fmt);
+
+		vaf.fmt = fmt;
+		vaf.va = &args;
+
+		stream->add(stream, "\n%pV", &vaf);
+
+		va_end(args);
+	}
+
+	kunit_expect_end(test, compare_result, stream);
+}
+